1880’s Census/Livestock Quiz
1. What section of the country has the largest
2. What section of the country produced the largest
amount of hogs?
Industrial Development of the
United States (1870-1900)
United States History
Era 6 State Performance Indicators
Hunters Lane High School
Social Studies Department
6.1 The Civil War created a massive production network that
fueled the industrial success of the United States after the war.
1. Building railroads was critical to supplying the Union and Confederate Armies.
2. Steel began to replace iron as a more reliable metal for building the weapons of
3. Textiles were mass produced to supply Union and Confederate soldiers.
4. Coal was necessary for producing steam and heating homes.
5. Rubber had a variety of uses during the war, specifically for constructing rafts.
6. Processed foods were used to feed the Union and Confederate Armies.
6.2 Identify major agricultural post-Civil War American
geographic areas on a map.
1. Northeast: Lumber
2. Midwest: Corn
3. South: Cotton, Tobacco
4. West: Wheat
6.3 Identify major urban areas of the United States on a map
1. Northeast: New York City, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia
2. Upper Midwest: Chicago, Detroit
3. Atlantic Coast: Boston, Charleston, Savannah, Baltimore
4. California: San Francisco
6.4 Identify patterns of immigration and the causal factors that
led to immigration to the United States of America
1. Many Chinese immigrants came to America to escape crop famines, imperial
domination, and civil war.
2. European immigrants came to America to escape the pressures of strict social
class guidelines and crop famines.
3. Many Jewish immigrants came to America to escape religious persecution in
6.5 Distinguish the differences in assimilation of "old" vs. "new" immigration.
1. The new immigrants spoke a variety of languages including
Italian, Russian, Chinese, and Japanese.
2. The new immigrants settled in cities.
3. Most immigrants lacked formal education but were taught English in settlement
4. Most of the new immigrants found work in factories, sweatshops, or building
5. Many immigrants were clustered together in tenement housing or ghettos.
6. Nativists reacted against immigrants because they feared immigrants were taking
jobs away from the Americans.
7. The old immigrants were mainly protestant; the new immigrants were
Jewish, Catholic, and Orthodox Christians.
8. The old immigrants came from Northern and Western Europe; the new
immigrants came from Southern and Eastern Europe.
Old Immigration New Immigration
Northern and Western Europe Southern and Eastern Europe
Settled on Farms Settled in Cities
Germanic-based Languages Diverse Languages
Primarily Protestant Religions
Catholic and Orthodox
Likely to adopt American Values
Unlikely to adopt American
6.6 Read and interpret a primary source document reflecting the
dynamics of the Gilded Age American society.
1. Booker T. Washington's Atlanta Compromise declares that black Americans will
progress through knowledge and hard work.
2. Carnegie's Gospel of Wealth documents his view of how the wealthy should feel
obligated to give something back to society.
3. Sojourner Truth’s Ain't I A Woman reveals the struggle of both black Americans
and women in their desire for suffrage.
4. Jane Addams' Hull House accounts documents the attempt to help the immigrant
poor find work, education, and medical care.
5. Jacob Riis’ How the Other Half Lives documented the urban poor through
6. Many personal accounts from sweatshop and factory workers document the
extremely harsh working conditions.
6.7 Recognize technological and industrial advancements to the
1. Advancements in mining included hydraulic mining.
2. Advancements in farming included new plows, reapers, and drills.
3. Advancements in ranching included barbed wire and the emergence of the Texas
6.8 Match innovators to their industrial and technological
1. Vanderbilt: Railroad Industry
2. Westinghouse/Tesla: The Air Brake System, AC current
3. Carnegie: Steel Industry
4. Pullman: Railroad Cars
5. Hershey: Chocolate
6. Dupont: Chemical Industry
7. Bell: The Telephone
8. Edison: Electric light bulb, Phonograph, DC current, Motion Pictures
9. Rockefeller: Oil Industry
10. Swift: Meatpacking and Food Processing/Transportaion Industry
11. Armour: Meatpacking Industry
6.9 Recognize the economic disparity among farmers, wage
earners, immigrants, or racial groups when compared to industrial
1. Industrial capitalists or tycoons were extremely wealthy, but they were also
known for great philanthropy.
2. Wage earners were very poor and endured harsh working conditions; many began
to join labor unions to improve working conditions (progressive/socialist).
3. Farmers were deeply in debt and looked for help from the National Grange and
the Populist Party (progressive/socialist).
6.10 Interpret a political cartoon which portrays the controversial
aspects of the Gilded Age
1. The Populist Party tried to level the playing field between poor farmers and the
wealthy business owners.
2. The Transcontinental Railroad created many jobs but was also the associated with
many government scandals.
3. Westward expansion was a result of Manifest Destiny but came at the expense of
the Native Americans.
4. The Dawes Act was an attempt to Americanize the Native Americans by making
5. Cities were becoming more technologically advanced but were still extremely
crowded and dirty.
The Gilded Age made life hard for …
Poor Wage Earners
6.11 Analyze the impact of different forms of corruption and its
consequences in American politics during the later half of the
1. “Black Friday” was the result of speculators illegally trying to corner the gold
2. The Crédit Mobilier Scandal involved railroad profiteers illegally accepting
government money for building railroads.
3. The “Whiskey Ring” was a scandal that involved illegally diverting tax revenues.
4. Tammany Hall was one of the most famous political machines headed by Boss
5. The “Party Boss System” was a corrupt system consisting of bribery and extortion
in city politics.
6. President Garfield was assassinated by a man who believed the spoils system was
keeping him from gaining government employment.
7. Civil Service Reform was needed to eliminate unfair hiring and firing practices in
8. Granger laws: Progressive laws were passed to eliminate discrimination against
9. Interstate Commerce Act was an attempt to regulate unfair railroad rates.
6.12 Assess the effect of late 19th century technological
innovation on the daily lives of American people
1. Electricity replaced oil lamps and extended business hours.
2. Water closets and sewer systems began to replace dumping waste onto city streets.
3. The telephone, telegraph, and typewriter connected people all across the country.
4. Subways and other forms of mass transportation helped people get from their
homes to work; Railroads encouraged travel across the continent.
Quality of Life
Era 6 Quiz
1.) The need to clothe thousands of Union soldiers in the Northern United States during the Civil War led to the expansion of
A. Cotton plantations
B. Textile manufacturing
C. The steel industry
D. Labor unions
2.) In the late 1800s, how did political and social unrest in Europe affect the United States?
A. United States military forces were deployed in Europe
B. European Immigrants sought refuge in the United States
C. European nations requested mediation led by the Unites States
D. United States political influence declined in Europe
3.) No race can prosper till it learns that there is as much dignity in tilling a field as in writing a poem.
It is at the bottom of life we must begin, and not at the top.
Which of the following early civil rights leaders’ ideas is best represented by the quotations above?
A. Booker T. Washington
B. W.E.B. Du Bois
C. Martin Luther King, Jr.
D. Marcus Garvey
Era 6 Quiz (cont’d)
4.) Which development during the Industrial Era led to the expansion of farming and ranching in the United States
A. Steel beam construction
B. Assembly line manufacturing
C. Growth of the railroads
D. Increase in electric lighting
Molly Maguire Strike of 1875
Haymarket Affair of 1886
Homestead Strike of 1892
Pullman Strike of 1894
5.) The primary cause of the labor strikes in the list above was the
A. Entry of women into industrial workplaces
B. Decision of business owners to integrate factories
C. Inability of immigrants to find employment in industry
D. Low wages of workers compared to factory owners
U.S. Imperialism Map
1.What area of the world did the U.S. fight for
most of its possessions?
A.The Atlantic Ocean
B.The Caribbean Sea
C.The South Pacific Ocean
Emergence of Modern America
United States History
Era 7 State Performance Indicators
7.1 Identify causes of American imperialism
1. The United States needed raw materials to support growing industry.
2. The United States believed in asserting its cultural superiority.
3. Many Americans wanted to spread Christianity to the lesser developed countries.
4. The United States began searching for potential naval bases around the world.
5. The United States did not want European countries to interfere with Latin
America—Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine.
7.2 Identify consequences of American imperialism
1. The United States went to war against Spain to end Cuban oppression.
2. Imperialism increased the United States’ ability to trade with foreign countries.
3. The United States benefitted from the economies of industrializing nations.
4. The United States built and operated the Panama Canal.
5. The United States exerted its cultural superiority around the world.
6. Yellow Journalism was a major contributor to the outbreak of the Spanish
7. The United States used military occupation as a means of diplomacy.
The United States acquired…
7.3 Recognize the progress of political and social reform in
America during this era
1. Women won the right to vote with the passing of the 19th Amendment.
2. The Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act were reforms aimed at
improving the quality of foods and medicine.
3. Initiative, Referendum, and Recall were improvements to the election process in
4. Child labor was prohibited and eight hour workdays were established during the
progressive era. Henry Ford championed higher wages and the
5. The Sherman Antitrust Act and the Clayton Antitrust Act were attempts to reform
unfair business processes such as monopolies.
6. Muckrakers were progressive journalists who tried to get rid of the corruption and
filth in society.
7.4 Identify the causes of American involvement in World War I
1. The United States was concerned about the security of its passenger and merchant ships
2. The United States benefitted from trading with both Allied and Central Powers during
3. President Wilson encouraged the United States and other nations to form a league of
democratic nations in order to avoid future conflicts.
4. British propaganda and President Wilson’s desire were factors in the United States’
entry into WWI.
7.5 Recognize the new trends, ideas, and innovations of the
1920's popular culture
1. The radio was the single most important innovation impacting popular culture.
2. Henry Ford’s Model T Ford was mass produced and affordable to the average
3. Popular music could be bought on vinyl records and listened to on a phonograph.
4. The passage of the Volstead Act made it illegal to buy, sell, or produce alcohol.
5. Birth control became a controversial topic among Catholics and Protestants.
6. Prohibition led to a rise in organized crime.
7. Sports became a popular attraction for spectators in the 1920s.
8. Women “flappers” exerted their freedom through the
vote, promiscuity, smoking, drinking, short skirts, and bobbed hair.
Sports Radios Credit
7.6 Recognize the role of Tennessee in the women's suffrage
1. Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify the 19th Amendment, thus granting
enough support for it to become a national law.
2. Anne Dallas Dudley was instrumental in the campaign to ratify the 19th
Amendment in Tennessee.
3. Harry Burns was the youngest member of the Tennessee State Legislature and
noted for his support of the 19th Amendment.
4. Governor Albert Roberts called the special session in which the Tennessee State
legislature ratified the 19th Amendment.
7.7 Determine the possible factors that led to the economic
collapse of 1929
1. Agriculture and Industry produced too many goods during the 1920s. By
1929, consumers stopped purchasing products.
2. Many Americans bought goods and stocks using credit.
3. Most Americans purchased stock in companies and expected to become
rich (“buying on the margin”—10% of face value).
4. Farmers experienced a depression after the European farms began
producing crops after WWI.
5. Tariffs were used to influence consumers to buy American products—It
backfired and Canada and South America filled the void worldwide.
6. The government did little to control the economy in the 1920s.
7.8 Read and interpret a primary source document reflecting the
social dynamics of the 1920's.
1. The Harlem Renaissance was a black American cultural movement that produced
unique sounds such as jazz.
2. The Lost Generation was a group of young writers, musicians, and artists who
were “lost” as a result of the trauma experienced during WWI.
7.9 Compare and contrast the philosophies of DuBois,
Washington, and Garvey.
1. W.E. B. DuBois joined the NAACP and fought racial discrimination using the
2. Booker T. Washington encouraged black Americans to get an education and find
3. Marcus Garvey began the “Back to Africa” movement.
Booker T. Washington
7.10 Analyze the American isolationist position versus
1. Isolationist (conservative/Founding Father’s intent) believed that America needed
to focus on the economy and stay out of foreign affairs.
2. Interventionists (progressive/socialists) believed that America had a moral
responsibility to spread and defend democracy.
The Allies (Formerly known as the
Countries that only cut off trade
Add Up To
Central Powers (Formerly known
as the Triple Alliance)
WWI Allies Quiz
World War I Quiz
List the Allies and the Central Powers of World War I.
Allies Central Powers
Era 7 Quiz1.) During the 1920s, which innovation became an important part of popular culture?
2.) British propaganda had the greatest influence on the United States’ entry into which war?
A. Spanish-American War
B. World War I
C. World War II
D. Korean War
3.) What was the 19th Amendment?
A. Abolished slavery
B. Black men could vote
C. Women suffrage
D. Equal rights
4.) Causes leading to the ?
Overproduction in agriculture
Weak financial regulations
Purchasing “stock on margin”
Which of these best completes the title of the above list?
A. Federal Reserve Act of 1913
B. Economic collapse of 1929
C. Auto workers strike of 1936
D. Lend-lease agreement of 1941
5.) Which phrase best describes the similarities between Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois?
A. Opposed Supreme Court Decision in Brown v. Board of Education
B. Opposed racial discrimination against black Americans
C. Believed minorities should unite in a violent revolution to gain equality
D. Believed black Americans should start a nationalist movement
WWII Timeline Quiz
1. What event precipitated the end of World War II?
A. The Yalta Conference
B. The unconditional surrender of Germany
C. Hitler commits suicide
D. Atomic bombs are dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
2. What event led the United States to enter WWII?
A. Germany’s attack on Poland
B. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, HI
C. Great Britain’s war declaration on Germany
D. The forming of the alliance
The Great Depression and World
War II (1929-1945)
United States History
Era 8 State Performance Indicators
8.1 Identify the causes of World War II
1. The Treaty of Versailles placed many restrictions on Germany that crippled their military
2. Fascism is a violent form of politics that places the well-being of the country above
individual rights of the citizens.
3. The League of Nations was not powerful enough to stop Japan from invading China nor
Germany from starting WWII.
4. Japan invaded China and began taking control of many countries in the South Pacific
and Southeast Asia.
5. The Great Depression affected many countries around the world.
Terms of the
8.2 Recognize the negative patterns of an economic cycle
1. The Great Depression caused a rise in unemployment.
2. Prices fell as a result of overproduction.
3. Many businesses experienced an excess of inventory.
4. Most businesses had to stop production and lay off employees.
5. The Great Depression began to affect other countries in addition to the after-effects
6. Many businesses failed due to the poor economic conditions.
7. Many people, businesses, and even banks had to declare bankruptcy.
8.3 Recognize the definitions of
1. Totalitarianism: A dictator has total control of the government.
2. Fascism: The well-being of the country is more important than the well-being of the
3. Communism: Everything is owned by the government; government makes all of
your personal decisions.
4. Nationalism: Love of one’s country.
5. Ultra-nationalism: An extreme love of one’s country over other countries and
6. Anti-Semitism: Racism toward Jewish people.
8.4 Identify the changes in social and cultural life caused by the
Great Depression and the Dust Bowl.
1. Shanty towns were renamed Hoovervilles because the residents blamed President
Hoover for their troubles.
2. The Bonus Army was WWI Veterans who marched on Congress to collect their
bonuses from WWI.
3. People moved to different parts of the country in search of employment or to escape
the dust storms during the Dust Bowl.
4. The economic problems of the United States spread to other parts of the world.
5. FDR won a landslide victory in 1932 because citizens blamed the Republicans for
6. Most people were poor and could not afford basic necessities.
7. Most people struggled to find employment.
8. Many people turned to their religious roots and motion pictures to ease the pain of
8.5 Interpret a timeline of major events from World War II
Japan invades China
Bombs Pearl Harbor
Bomb Dropped on
8.6 Identify New Deal Programs/Initiatives.
1. Social Security: Money for the unemployed and citizens over age 65.
2. WPA: Employed millions of workers on fine arts related projects and wasted lots of
taxpayers money—nicknamed- “We piddle around”.
3. TVA: Created jobs and energy in the Tennessee valley.
4. Indian Reorganization Act: Allowed Native Americans to manage their assets.
5. FDIC: Insured the money in banks to build public confidence in banks.
6. CCC: Employed 250,000 young men on various conservation tasks.
7. Wagner/Fair Labor Standards' Act: Established a minimum wage.
8.7 Recognize World War II alliances
Japan United States**
*France surrendered to Germany early in the war.
**The United States did not enter the war until after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor.
***The Soviet Union originally had signed a non-aggression pact with Germany.
8.8 Analyze how World War II affected the American economy
1. Women joined the workforce to replace the men who joined the military.
2. Cities were popular because there were many job openings.
3. Minorities moved to cities to find employment.
4. The G.I. Bill allowed returning soldiers to buy homes and pay for college.
5. Americans had to ration food in order to support the war effort.
6. Childcare became a popular job because more women joined the workforce.
8.9 Recognize the effect of the New Deal and World War II on
1. Fort Campbell was established to support the military buildup prior to WWII.
2. The Tennessee Valley Authority was created to control the wild Tennessee River
flooding and provide hydroelectric energy.
3. Secretary of State Cordell Hull was a considered the “father of the United Nations.”
4. Oak Ridge, TN was chosen as a nuclear facility to supply the uranium for the
8.10 Evaluate the impact of the Manhattan Project.
1. Oak Ridge played a critical role in supporting the Manhattan Project.
2. Nuclear technology began to spread to other countries.
3. There was a massive campaign to keep the atomic bomb secret during the war.
4. There were many concerns about whether it was ethical to use an atomic bomb on
5. There were many alleged unethical medical experiments conducted in the United
States in order to understand the effects of radiation and chemical exposures.
6. The United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Nagasaki and
8.11 Interpret a political cartoon involving the New Deal.
Things to consider:
1. Most political cartoons will focus on President Roosevelt having trouble
getting approval of funding for his New Deal programs or stacking the
2. There may be an emphasis on the concept of the government becoming too
3. There may be an emphasis on President Roosevelt gaining too much power.
WWII Allies Quiz
World War II Quiz
List the Allies and the Axis Powers of World War Ii.
Allies Axis Powers
Era 8 Quiz
Strict terms of the Treaty of Versailles
Extremely high inflation
1.) How did factors listed above contribute to the start of World War II?
A. They created conditions in Britain that increased support for isolationism
B. They encouraged a close political alliance between Italy and Japan
C. They encouraged investment in military industries in France and Poland
D. They created conditions in Germany that allowed for the rise of Nazism
Limited individual rights
Supremacy of the state
2.) The above list defines the characteristics of
3.) During the 1930s, religious revivalism expanded in the United States as a response to the
A. Experience of trench warfare in World War I
B. Fear of communist invasion during the Cold War
C. Economic hardships of the Great Depression
D. Increase in charitable giving during the Progressive Era
Era 8 Quiz (cont’d)
1 - Unconditional surrender of all German forces to Allies
2 - Allies divide up Germany and Berlin
3 - Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
4 - Japanese offer unconditional surrender
5 - United Nations is established
4.) The event numbered 3 on the timeline above was a result of the
A. New Deal
B. Yalta Conference
C. Truman Doctrine
D. Manhattan Project
Created in 1935
Built public improvements
Gave jobs to writers and artists
Set up National Youth Administration
Spent the most money of any New Deal program
5.) Which New Deal program is described above?
A. Social Security Administration’
B. Works Progress Administration
C. National Recovery Administration
D. Tennessee Valley Authority
Iron Curtain –
A term used by
to describe the
lands of East
Europe from the
Divided Germany Quiz
1. Which WWII ally had the least territory of the
A. Great Britain
C. United States
Era 9: Post World War II Era (1945-
United States History
Era 9 State Performance Indicators
9.1 Recognize differences among the victorious Allied Powers
after World War II
1. The United States, Britain, and France remained part a free market economy.
2. The Soviet Union remained communist and began to impress communism on its
satellite countries in the Warsaw Pact.
3. The Military Industrial Complex changed the structure of the United States’
4. The United States, Britain, and France confronted the Soviet Union and eventually
China over the spread of communism.
9.2 Distinguish social inequities in America in the post World
War II era
1. Racial segregation and discrimination remained strong in the South and the North .
2. A generation conflict existed between the Greatest Generation and the Baby
3. Women began to demand equal rights in society.
4. Many ethnicities began to express their individuality.
9.3 Locate and label countries, using a map, dominated or
threatened by Communism.
9.4 Recognize the impact of technological and cultural changes
on American society
1. President Kennedy was determined to win the Space Race against the USSR and
put an American on the moon.
2. Hollywood became a center for popular culture and grew very rapidly.
3. The United States was becoming more connected: physically and electronically.
4. Mass media became a popular means of advertising and disseminating information.
5. Medical advancements were becoming more common due to technology.
6. Interstates connected the country and created evacuation routes for people living in
9.5 Identify areas associated with American containment policies
1. The Korean War was technically a United Nations police action resulting in over
three years of combat and heavy casualties.
2. The Vietnam War became a burden on the United States because of the political
government control, media and the cost of the war.
3. Cuba and the United States experienced hostilities over the threat of nuclear war.
4. The division of East and West Germany served as an example of the extremities of
the Cold War.
9.6 Recognize domestic impact of the Cold War on American
1. Senator McCarthy attempted to rid the country of suspected communists.
2. Americans lived in fear of nuclear attacks.
3. Americans did not want to associate themselves with communists in any way.
4. A counterculture developed as a result of the fear and violence experienced during
the Cold War.
5. A generation gap existed between the World War II generation and the people of the
6. Highway systems served as evacuation routes for the people living in the cities.
7. Advertising and consumerism were at all time highs during the Cold War because
of American industry and manufacturing.
9.7 Determine the effects of the Supreme Court's decisions and
legislation on Civil Rights
1. Plessy v. Ferguson: Legalized segregation under “Separate but Equal”
2. The 19th Amendment gave women’s suffrage
3. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KS: De-segregated the public school
4. Miranda v. Arizona: Guaranteed rights to be read for arrested individuals awaiting a
5. Gideon v. Wainwright: Provided an attorney for individuals awaiting a trial
6. Korematsu v. U.S.: Japanese/German internment
7. Escobedo v. Illinois: Right to have counsel
Supreme Court Civil Rights Cases Quiz
1. The Warren Court decision requiring that a police officer inform suspects of their rights during
the arrest process.
A. Engel v. Vitale
B. Miranda v. Arizona
C. Escobedo v. Illinois
D. Gideon v. Wainwright
2. What was the 24th Amendment?
A. Outlawed the poll tax
B. Women’s suffrage
C. Abolished slavery
D. Equal rights
3. Brown v. Board of Education was a significant case because:
A. It declared the prevention of black Americans to vote illegal
B. It declared segregated restaurants illegal
C. It declared segregated public schools illegal
D. It declared discrimination in the selling of a house illegal
4. What was the 19th Amendment?
A. Abolished slavery
B. Black men could vote
C. Women’s suffrage
D. Equal rights
5. The Warren Court decision requiring that a defendant in a state court had a right to a lawyer.
A. Gideon v. Wainwright
B. Escobedo v. Illinois
C. Mapp v. Ohio
D. Engel v. Vitale
9.8 Identify significant events in the struggle for Civil Rights
1. The “Clinton 12” were the first black Americans to attend Clinton High School in
2. Little Rock Central High integrated nine black American students later called the “Little
3. The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a successful non-violent protest led by Martin Luther
4. The Freedom Riders were met by violence in Birmingham, AL.
5. Diane Nash conducted the first successful desegregation campaign for lunch counters in
6. Martin Luther King delivered his “I Have a Dream Speech” in Washington, D.C.
7. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 eliminated job discrimination and segregation in public
8. The Civil Rights Act of 1968 banned housing discrimination and protected Native
Americans on reservations.
9. Escobedo v. Illinois awarded the right to counsel during police interrogations.
10. The Great Society was President Johnson’s plan to eliminate poverty and racial injustice.
9.9 Recognize the altered American approach to foreign policy
1. The Bay of Pigs invasion was a failed covert operation to overthrow Fidel Castro’s
regime in Cuba.
2. Brinkmanship: Both the United States and the USSR would threaten to use
violence, but both sides would back down before initiating violence.
3. Cuban Missile Crisis was the result of the Soviet Union storing and erecting nuclear
missiles in Cuba after U2 reconnaissance plane pictures.
4. Peaceful coexistence: The United States and the USSR decided to acknowledge
their differences and avoid hostilities—Strategic Arms Limitation Treaties (SALT) I
9.10 Match leading figures of the Civil Rights era with their
respective groups and goals
1. Strom Thurmond was a famous Democratic segregationist U.S. Senator.
2. Eugene “Bull” Conner was a segregationist sheriff known for using excessively
3. George Wallace was a famous Democratic segregationist Governor.
4. Diane Nash: Led the first successful lunch-counter de-segregation protest in
5. Betty Friedan: Wrote the Feminine Mystique; helped promote the women’s
liberation movement and support for the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA).
6. Phyllis Schlafly presented the women’s conservative opposition to the Equal Rights
Amendment (ERA) which failed to achieve ratification.
7. Martin Luther King Jr. was a civil rights leader who used non-violent protest.
8. Malcolm X was an aggressive civil rights leader and Black Muslim.
9. Stokely Carmichael was famous for initiating the “Black Power” movement.
10. Albert Gore, Sr: U.S. Senator from Tennessee against civil rights during the civil
9.11 Read and interpret Cold War documents
1. Truman decided to drop the atomic bomb on Japan in order to bring the war to a
quick end and save American lives.
2. Eisenhower warned Americans about the influence of the military industrial
complex in his farewell address.
3. Kennedy promotes global peace and a unified front against communism in his
4. Goldwater promoted peace-through-strength in the face of communism.
5. Johnson's Gulf of Tonkin declaration allowed him to send military forces to
Vietnam without a congressional declaration of war which expanded the power of
the executive branch until the Nixon Watergate Scandal.
9.12 Identify the changes in the music industry brought about by
1. The Grand Ole Opry was a famous country music broadcast airing every Saturday night
on WSM Radio.
2. WSM Radio, a clear channel, was a famous AM broadcasting station reaching all over
3. Nashville became famous for country music and eventually a melting pot for all genres
4. Memphis Sun Studios and Stax records were famous Memphis studios recording
blues, rock and roll, and rhythm and blues music.
5. WLAC, another clear channel, promoted rock and roll.
6. Elvis Presley was labeled the King of Rock and Roll and lived in his
mansion, “Graceland,” in Memphis, TN.
9.13 Evaluate socio-economic impact of the post World War II
Baby Boomer generation
1. The media became a national source of information for the American people and
became less courteous to the government and the military with an agenda toward
2. Entertainment became a staple for the American citizen as the music and movie
3. Sports became extremely popular as most events were televised.
4. Many Americans resided in the suburbs built during the post WWII era.
5. More Americans were seeking higher education as a result of the G.I. Bill.
6. A counterculture developed in response to the violence created by the Cold War and
the Civil Rights Movement.
9.14 Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of increased
global trade and competition on the U.S. economy.
• Outsourcing was a cheap production
• Import quotas/tariffs protected
American products but…
• Everyone could benefit from a free
market economy but…
invaded from the
north. China sent
a million troops
to help reds.
Korean War-The Korean War refers to a period of military conflict
between North Korean and South Korean regimes, with major
hostilities lasting from June 25, 1950 until the armistice signed on
July 27, 1953.
• Cuban Missile Crisis-October 14th-October 28th, 1962 where
the U.S. and Soviet Union/Cuba came very close to a nuclear
The Vietnam war occurred in Southeast Asia. Laos and
Cambodia became involved during 1959 to 30 Apr 1975.
The war started when communist North Vietnam tried to
take over the republic of South Vietnam. It was the
longest war America had ever fought in and it lasted 15
North Vietnam wanted to take over
South Vietnam. If they succeeded then
it’ll be likely that Laos and Cambodia
will turn Communist.
Laos and Cambodia might’ve turned
Communist because they were so
• Discrimination –
unfair treatment of a
group, or minority
• Unconstitutional –
not legal according to
the U.S. Constitution
and Supreme Court
• Segregation – the
separation of races
• Integration – the
process of bringing
people of different
• PLESSY v. FERGUSON, LOUISIANA
– SUPREME COURT DECISION
– ESTABLISH “SEPARATE-BUT-EQUAL DOCTRINE”
– DECLARED SEGREGATION IN PUBLIC FACILITIES
– GAVE RISE TO JIM CROW LAWS/BLACK CODES
THAT LEGALIZED SEGREGATION IN THE UNITED
STATES, ESPECIALLY IN THE SOUTH
• BROWN v. BOARD OF EDUCATION OF
–SUPREME COURT DECISION
–DECLARED SEGREGATED SCHOOLS
UNCONSTITUTIONAL AND VIOLATED THE 14TH
–NAACP LAWYERS LED BY THURGOOD
–OVERTURNED PLESSY v. FERGUSON DECISION
Era 9 Quiz
1.) Great Britain and France entered World War II as allies because of their commitment to defend which country?
2.) Increased urbanization in the United States during World War II can be attributed to the
A. Opportunities for employment in industry
B. Rapid desegregation of neighborhoods
C. Fear of foreign attacks in remote rural areas
D. Arrival of large numbers of immigrants
3.) Which program was the Oak Ridge facility built to support?
A. The Tennessee Valley Authority
B. The Manhattan Project
C. The Interstate Highway System
D. The Marshall Plan
4.) The Warren Court decision requiring that a police must inform suspects of their rights during the arrest process was
A. Engel v. Vitale
B. Miranda v. Arizona
C. Escobedo v. Illinois
D. Gideon v. Wainwright
5.) Brown v. Board of Education was a significant case because
A. It declared it illegal to prevent black Americans from voting
B. It declared it illegal to segregate restaurants
C. It declared it illegal to segregate public schools
D. It declared it illegal to discriminate in the selling of a house
From left to right: Fred Thompson (minority counsel), Howard Baker, and Sam Ervin of the Senate
Watergate Committee in 1973.
Nixon hanging between the tapes
Even more damning than President Richard
Nixon's profiting from public office were the
disclosures of his corruption and attempts at
corruption of the government itself including
the CIA, the FBI, the Pentagon and even the
Secret Service. A taping system that had
recorded most of President Nixon's
conversations in the Oval Office provided the
"smoking gun" that spoke of crime and
corruption. Nixon refused to release the
tapes until the Supreme Court ordered him to
Nixon awash in his office
By June 1973, the country had
become transfixed by the
investigation of Watergate via the
televised hearings of the Senate
Select Committee on Presidential
Campaign Activities. On June
25, former presidential counsel John
Dean began his testimony, the first
before the committee to directly
accuse President Richard Nixon of
involvement in the cover-up.
President Nixon leaving the White House on Marine 1
after his resignation 9 Aug 1974.
In May 2005 Vanity Fair magazine revealed that Mark Felt, pictured
above with his daughter, was the source referred to as "Deep Throat."
The former No. 2 official at the FBI secretly confirmed to Woodward
and Bernstein what they discovered from other sources in reporting
on the cover-up.(AP)
1. In the political cartoon Nixon Awash in His Office, what
does the flood represent?
A. A natural disaster
B. Broken water pipes at the White House
C. Foreign policies problems
D. The crimes, bribery, and cover-up of the Watergate scandal
2. In the political cartoon Nixon Hanging between The
Tapes, why is President Nixon hanging between the tapes?
A. He is trying to put the tapes back together
B. He is repairing the tapes for the Watergate Commission
C. His fate hangs in the balance of what is on the tapes and not
on the tapes
D. The Supreme Court ruling on the tapes
Era 10: The Contemporary United
United States History
Era 10 State Performance Indicators
10.1 Match innovators or entrepreneurs in the "new economy"
1. Sam Walton: Walmart
2. Michael Dell: Dell Computers
3. Ray Kroc: McDonalds
4. Lee Iacocca: Ford/Chrysler—Mustang/mini-van
5. Donald Trump: Real Estate Mogul
6. Bill Gates: Microsoft
7. Steve Jobs: Apple
8. Jeff Bezos: Amazon/Online Retail
10.2 Recognize the roles of the key figures of Watergate
1. The Nixon Administration was accused of burglarizing and stealing information
from the Democratic National Committee Headquarters in order to secure an
2. A committee was appointed to investigate and eventually President Nixon was
implicated. First president to resign from office to avoid impeachment.
3. Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward questioned William Felt, nicknamed
“deepthroat,” and identified some of the conspirators.
10.3 Use a timeline to identify America's interest and
participation in Southeast Asia since World War II.
10.4 Compare and contrast the Reagan and George H.W. Bush
administrations with the Clinton administration and the nature of
their respective political opposition
1. Economic: Reaganomics emphasized the “trickle down effect.”
2. Domestic: Reagan emphasized the “New Right.”
3. Budgets: Reagan and Clinton (forced by the Republican Congress) emphasized
4. Foreign policy: Bush intervened in Iraq. Clinton intervened in Kosovo, Serbia, and
5. Ethics: Clinton was accused of having many sexual relations, rapes, and sexual
assaults with women and ultimately with an intern as part of his impeachment. Lost
his law license for perjury to a U.S. federal court judge.
6. Generational values: Reagan emphasized strong family values. Clinton represented
loose morals and a cavalier attitude toward life.
10.5 Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of increased
global trade and competition on the U.S. economy
1. NAFTA treaty was an attempt to eliminate trade barriers between Canada, the
United States, and Mexico and form a trade bloc similar to the European Union
2. Import quotas encouraged Americans to buy American made products.
3. Free trade agreements were considered to increase global trade.
Era 10 Quiz
1.) This entrepreneur is best known as the co-founder and CEO of Apple, Inc.
A. Sam Walton
B. Donald Trump
C. Steve Jobs
D. Bill Gates
2.) Which administration was accused of stealing information from the Democratic National Committee
Headquarters in order to secure an election win?
A. Nixon Administration
B. Bush Administration
C. Reagan Administration
D. Clinton Administration
3.) The attempt to eliminate trade barriers between Canada, the United States, and Mexico is known as
A. UN charter
B. NAFTA treaty
C. North Atlantic Treaty
D. New York Agreement
Era 10 Quiz (cont’d)
4.) The Reagan and Clinton administrations were both known for having
A. The consistent support of the majority party in Congress
B. Advocated changes in the role played by the federal government
C. Been succeeded in their office by their vice presidents
D. Negotiated strategic peace agreements with the Soviet Union
5.) Vietnam only allows a certain amount of foreign-made motorcycles and bicycles to be brought into the
country. This practice is an example of
A. A free-trade agreement
B. An export tariff
C. An import quota
D. A foreign-aid agreement
RESULTS OF FARM ADVANCEMENTS
• MORE CROPS
• LOWERED CROP PRICES
• FEWER FARM LABORERS NEEDED
• MANY FARMERS MOVED TO THE CITIES
• MORE OIL NEEDED FOR MACHINES
• RAILROADS SHIPPED MORE CROPS
• INTERSTATE COMMERCE ACT PASSED
• POPULIST PARTY FORMED
EFFECTS OF RAILROAD ON INDUSTRY
• GOODS SHIPPED FASTER
• LOWERED COST OF PRODUCTION
• CREATED NATIONAL MARKETS
• STIMULATED OTHER INDUSTRIES
NATIVE AMERICANS ARE TO BECOME
NATIVE AMERICANS ARE TO BE EDUCATED
PASSED IN 1887
NATIVE AMERICANS CAN BECOME
CIVIL WAR AND THE
STRONGER STEEL NEEDED
FOR NEW WEAPONS
DEVELOPED TO FEED
COAL NEEDED FOR
FOR UNIFORMS AND
OIL USED AS
• EFFICIENTLY REMOVED IMPURITIES FROM IRON
• PRODUCED LIGHTER, STRONGER STEEL (BARBED
ENGINES, AUTOMOBILES, BRIDGES, SKYSCAPERS)
• MADE MASS PRODUCTION OF STEEL POSSIBLE
EFFECTS OF TECHNOLOGY
• LIGHT BULB
– INVENTED BY THOMAS EDISON
– INCREASED PRODUCTION (LONGER WORK HOURS/SHIFTS)
– SAFER CITIES
• BETTER QUALITY OF LIFE IN CITIES
– INDOOR PLUMBING
– TELEGRAPHS/TELEPHONES HELPED BUSINESS AND PEOPLE
– PROCESSED FOODS SAVE TIME
– BROUGHT GOODS TO THE ENTIRE NATION
– INCREASED THE VARIETY OF CONSUMER GOODS
• 31.5 MILLION ARRIVED IN U.S.
• REASONS IMMIGRANTS LEFT THEIR HOMES
– EXTREME POVERTY (VERY POOR)
– FAMINE (STARVING)
– PUNISHED FOR RELIGIOUS AND POLITICAL BELIEFS
– DESPOTIC RULE
• 70 PERCENT ENTERED THROUGH NEW YORK
• SETTLED IN CITIES IN NORTHEAST AND
• MOST LIVED IN TENEMENTS/GHETTOS
• PROVIDED CHEAP LABOR
• SETTLEMENT HOUSES HELPED IMMIGRANTS
WITH SOCIAL SERVICES
(BILL THE BUTCHER)
• FAVORED NATIVE-BORN AMERICANS OVER
• BLAMED IMMIGRANTS FOR PROBLEMS
• SUPPORTED LIMITS ON IMMIGRATION
• SET UP TO HELP POOR IMMIGRANTS
• MOST FAMOUS WAS THE HULL HOUSE IN CHICAGO
– FOUNDED BY JANE ADDAMS
– OFFERED SOCIAL SERVICES
– DAY CARE
– ENGLISH CLASSES
GILDED AGE POLITICS
• BUSINESS INFLUENCE
• SPOILS SYSTEM
– PRESIDENT GARFIELD ASSASSINATED
• CIVIL SERVICE REFORM
• CITY CORRUPTION
– BOSS TWEED
– TAMMANY HALL
RICH AND POOR
• IN 1890, 9 PERCENT OF
AMERICANS HELD 75
PERCENT OF WEALTH
BECAUSE OF LOBBYING AND
SUBSIDIES OF CORRUPT
• AN AVERAGE WORKER
EARNED A FEW HUNDRED
DOLLARS A YEAR
• RICH BUSINESS OWNERS
EARNED MILLIONS OF
DOLLARS EACH WEEK
• MANY AMERICANS TURNED
DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH, 1890
9% OF POPULATION
RICH BUSINESS OWNERS
91% OF POPULATION
– AMERICAN SOCIALISTS WHO BELIEVED THE GOVERNMENT
SHOULD FIX/REGULATE SOCIETY’S PROBLEMS
• MANY LAWS PASSED TO “IMPROVE THE LIFE”—
CONTROL THE LIVES OF AVERAGE AMERICANS AND
CLEAN UP CORRUPTION IN POLITICS
• BELIEVED IN THE SOCIAL GOSPEL
– COLLECTIVE SALVATION INSTEAD OF
• USED EUGENICS, SEGREGATION, RACISM TO
KEEP THE LOWER CLASSES UNDER CONTROL
– TEDDY ROOSEVELT(1901-1909)
– W.H. TAFT (1909-1913)
– WOODROW WILSON (1913-1921)
• UPTON SINCLAIR
– MUCKRAKER AUTHOR- THE JUNGLE
• WRITERS WHO EXPOSED
– UNSAFE WORKING CONDITIONS, HOUSING, AND
– BROUGHT ATTENTION TO SOCIAL ISSUES
• PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT NAMED THEM
• UPTON SINCLAIR
– WROTE THE JUNGLE IN 1905
– DESCRIBED MEATPACKING AND FOOD INDUSTRY
IMPORTANT LAWS AND REFORMS PASSED DURING THE
• SHERMAN ANTITRUST ACT, 1890
– WENT AFTER MONOPOLIES
• UNITED STATES FOREST SERVICE ACT, 1905
• PURE FOOD AND DRUG ACT, 1906
• MEAT INSPECTION ACT, 1906
• DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, 1913 (LAWS AGAINST CHILD LABOR)
• 16TH AMENDMENT, 1913 (FEDERAL INCOME TAX)
• 17TH AMENDMENT, 1913 (DIRECT ELECTION OF SENATORS)
• 18TH AMENDMENT, 1919 (PROHIBITS SALE AND CONSUMPTION OF
• 19TH AMENDMENT, 1920 (GRANTS WOMEN FULL SUFFRAGE OR THE
RIGHT TO VOTE)
Governor Albert Roberts
ANN DALLAS DUDLEY
Supporter of women’s suffrage in
“The Perfect 36”HARRY BURN
TN Legislator whose vote
passed the 19th amendment
PLESSY V. FERGUSON
• IMPORTANT SUPREME COURT CASE
• ESTABLISHED “SEPARATE BUT EQUAL”
• LEGALIZED SEGREGATION
BLACK AMERICAN LEADERS
• BOOKER T. WASHINGTON
– EARN RESPECT AND EQUALITY
– GAIN ECONOMIC SECURITY
– FOUNDED TUSKEGEE INSTITUTE
• W.E.B. DUBOUIS
– DEMANDED EQUALITY NOW
– BECOME A LEADER IN SOCIETY
– JOINED NAACP
REASONS FOR U.S. IMPERIALISM 1890-
• NEEDED NEW MARKETS TO SELL GOODS
• PROTECT U.S INTERESTS
• PRESERVE AMERICAN SPIRIT
• SPREAD SUPERIOR AMERICAN CULTURE
• MANIFEST DESTINY (PROGRESIVE DOCTRINE)
• ROOSEVELT COROLLARY TO MONROE DOCTRINE
• MILITARISM (U.S. NAVY)
• FOUNDING FATHERS INTENT (WASHINGTON
• AGAINST U.S. EXPANSION
• WORRY ABOUT U.S. HOMELAND FIRST
• STAY OUT OF OTHER COUNTRIES AFFAIRS
• STAY OUT OF FOREIGN ALLIANCES,
ENTANGLEMENTS, AND WARS
U.S IMPERIALISM (EXPANSION)
• MIDWAY ISLAND, 1858
• HAWAII, 1898
• SPANISH AMERICAN WAR, 1898
– CUBA, GUAM, PHILIPPINES, PUERTO RICO
• CHINA, 1900 (BOXER REBELLION)
• THE PHILIPPINES INSURRECTION AND
• PANAMA CANAL, 1904-1914
REASONS FOR U.S. ENTRY INTO WWI
• GERMAN SUBMARINES SUNK ALLIED SHIPS
(WARNED ALLIED SHIPPING IN NEWSPAPERS AND
U.S. HAD NO MORATORIUM ON THE WARZONE)
• ILLEGAL BLOCKADE BY GREAT BRITAIN STARVING
MILLIONS OF GERMANS AND AUSTRIANS
• ANTI-GERMAN PROPAGANDA BY GREAT BRITAIN
• ZIMMERMAN TELEGRAM
AMERICA DURING WWI
• WWI BEGAN 1914
• PRESIDENT WILSON PROCLAIMED U.S. NEUTRAL IN 1914
• U.S. DECLARED WAR ON CENTRAL POWERS, 1917
• ALLIES WON WAR, 1918
• WILSON CREATED FOURTEEN POINTS
– LEAGUE OF NATIONS ACCEPTED BY ALLIES
• VERSAILLES TREATY SIGNED, 1919
• U.S. SENATE REJECTED VERSAILLES TREATY
– OBJECTED TO THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS—REFUSED TO SUBJECT
• U.S TURNED TO ISOLATIONISM
• HENRY FORD AND THE AUTOMOBILE
– MOST AMERICANS CAN BUY CARS
• RADIO AND THE MASS MEDIA
– POPULAR CULTURE
• JAZZ AGE AND HARLEM RENAISSANCE
• PROHIBITION AND ORGANIZED CRIME
– AL CAPONE
WOMEN IN THE 1920’S
– SHORT SKIRTS
– SHORT HAIR
– HEAVY MAKEUP
– SMOKED IN PUBLIC
– DRANK LIQUOR
– REPRESENTED WOMEN'S DESIRE TO BREAK AWAY FROM
• EIGHTEENTH AMENDMENT TOOK EFFECT JAN
MANUFACTURE, SALE, TRANSPORT, EXPORT, A
ND IMPORT OF ALCOHOL IN THE UNITED
EFFECTS OF PROHIBITION
• BOOTLEGGERS SUPPLIED ILLEGAL ALCOHOL
– AL CAPONE
– THE PURPLE GANG
• ORGANIZED CRIME SPREADS
• SPEAKEASIES FLOURISHED IN LARGE CITIES
SPORTS HEROES OF THE 1920s
• JACK DEMPSEY
• RED GRANGE
• BABE RUTH
– PLAYED FOR YANKEES
– “SULTAN OF SWAT”
• AMERICAN WRITERS
– GERTRUDE STEIN (SOCIALIST)
– ERNEST HEMMINGWAY (SOCIALIST, COMMITTED
– F. SCOTT FITZGERALD (SOCIALIST)
• THE GREAT GATSBY
• BELIEVED THAT THEY WERE LOST IN A GREEDY,
• LITERARY AWAKENING
• TOOK PLACE IN HARLEM IN 1920’S
• EXPRESSED JOY AND CHALLENGES OF BEING A
– JAMES WELDON JOHNSON
– ZORA NEALE HURSTON
– LANGSTON HUGHES
THE BUSINESS CYCLE
ECONOMIC DANGER SIGNS BEFORE
• EVERYONE TRIED TO GET RICH
– UNETHICAL BUSINESS STANDARDS
• INCREASED PERSONAL DEBT
– CONSUMER CREDIT
– “BUY NOW! PAY LATER!”
• STOCK SPECULATION
– BUYING ON MARGIN
ECONOMIC DANGER SIGNS BEFORE
• OVERPRODUCTION BY FACTORIES AND
– TOO MANY GOODS AND CROPS
– LOWER DEMAND
– FACTORIES SLOWED DOWN PRODUCTION
• WORKERS LOST JOBS
– CROP PRICES FELL
• FARMERS LOST FARMS
EFFECTS OF THE CRASH
• INVESTORS AND BUSINESSES LOST MILLIONS
• THOUSANDS OF BANKS FAILED
• PRODUCTION CUT, THOUSANDS OF WORKERS
• UNEMPLOYMENT INCREASED-25%
• U.S. ECONOMY CONTRACTED (SHRUNK)
• THE GREAT DEPRESSION BEGAN
EFFECTS OF THE GREAT STOCK
run out of
have little or
Allies fall off.
pay debts to
CAUSES OF THE
OVER PRODUCTION OF
EFFECTS OF THE DEPRESSION
• WIDESPREAD POVERTY
• MANY WORKERS
– LOST JOBS
– BECAME HOMELESS
– SOME MOVED INTO
• LOST POPULARITY WITH AMERICANS
• EVERYONE BLAMED HOOVER
• ORDERED ARMY TO DRIVE BONUS MARCHERS
OUT OF WASHINGTON D.C. IN 1932
ELECTION OF 1932
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT
MANY AMERICANS BLAMED HOOVER AND
THE REPUBLICANS FOR THE
DEPRESSION, LEADING TO THE ELECTION
OF DEMOCRAT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT
FDR IN ELECTION OF 1932
• PLEDGED “NEW DEAL” FOR AMERICA
• “HAPPY DAYS ARE HERE AGAIN”
• WON ELECTION BY HUGE MARGIN
NEW DEAL PROGRAMS
• CIVILIAN CONSERVATION CORPS, (CCC) 1933
– BENEFITED YOUNG MEN
• PUBLIC WORKS ADMINISTRATION, (PWA) 1933
– GAVE 2 MILLION MALE WORKERS JOBS
• WORKS PROGRESS ADMINISTRATION, (WPA) 1935
– BENEFITED ARTISTS AND WRITERS
• SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, (SSA) 1935
– BENEFITED ELDERLY AND POOR
• NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD/ WAGNER ACT, (NLRB) 1935
• PROTECTED LABOR UNIONS
• FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT, 1938
• ESTABLISHED THE MINIMUM WAGE
• INDIAN REORGANIZATION ACT, 1935
– REPEALED DAWES ACT
– ALLOWED INDIANS TO GOVERN RESERVATIONS
EFFECTS OF NEW DEAL
• RESTORED A SENSE OF HOPE TO AMERICANS
• MANY “BELIEVED” IT HELPED THE ECONOMY;
IT ACTUALLY PROLONGED THE GREAT
• EXPANDED THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
• SKYROCKETED THE NATIONAL DEBT
NEW DEAL AND TENNESSEE
• TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY (TVA)
• CREATED JOBS IN SOUTH
• CONTROLLED FLOODS
• PROVIDED CHEAP ELECTRICITY
• GREAT BRITAIN
• SOVIET UNION
• USA (1941)
– ONE MAN RULE
• TOTALITARIAN GOVERNMENT
– TOTAL CONTROL OVER A COUNTRY
– EMPHASIZED IMPORTANCE OF NATION OR ETHNIC GROUP AND
– GERMAN FASCISM
– EMPHASIZED THE “MASTER RACE”—LEBENSBORN
– ANTI-SEMITISM (HATRED OF JEWS) LED TO HOLOCAUST
BETWEEN 1939 AND 1941, GERMANY INVADED AND
CONQUERED MUCH OF EUROPE
1. What event started WWII?
2. Who did the Allies fight against in Europe in 1944 and 1945?
• DEVELOPED ATOM BOMB
• PRESIDENT TRUMAN ORDERED THEM USED
• HE WANTED TO END WAR WITH A NEW
• DROPPED ON HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI
• JAPAN SURRENDERED
WWII AND TENNESSEE
• CORDELL HULL (PROGRESSIVE SOCIALIST)
– FDR’S SECRETARY OF STATE DURING WWII
– WON NOBEL PRIZE FOR PEACE
– FATHER OF THE UNITED NATIONS
• FORT CAMPBELL
– BUILT IN 1942
– ARMY TRAINING BASE
– HOME OF THE 101ST AIRBORNE
• OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY
– HELPED DEVELOP ATOMIC BOMB
– MANHATTAN PROJECT
THE COLD WAR
COMPETITION THAT DEVELOPED AFTER WWII BETWEEN THE US
AND USSR FOR POWER AND INFLUENCE AROUND THE WORLD
• CONFLICT BETWEEN U.S. AND SOVIET UNION
WITH KOREAN, VIETNAM, AND MINOR
• LASTED 45 YEARS FROM 1946-1991
• DEVELOPED INTO NUCLEAR ARMS RACE
THE ARMS RACE
• RACE TO DEVELOP NEW AND MORE POWERFUL
• NUCLEAR DETERRENCE
– BECOME SO STRONG YOUR ENEMY WILL NOT ATTACK
– HYDROGEN BOMBS
– GET TO THE EDGE OF ATOMIC WAR AND THEN BACK
U.S CONTAINMENT OF COMMUNISM
• BERLIN AIRLIFT, 1948
• KOREAN WAR, 1950-1951
• BERLIN WALL CRISIS, 1961
– BAY OF PIGS INVASION, 1961
– MISSILE CRISIS, 1962
– BRINKMANSHIP (playing chess with nuclear weapons)
– PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE (living together with nuclear
• VIETNAM WAR, 1965 - 1973
JFK AND THE COLD WAR
• TENSIONS BETWEEN THE U.S AND SOVIET UNION
– BAY OF PIGS INVASION, 1961
• US WANTED TO OVERTHROW CASTRO
– CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS, 1962
• SOVIETS TRIED TO PUT NUCLEAR MISSILES ON CUBA
• BRINKMANSHIP WITH NUCLEAR WEAPONS
• AFTERWARDS THE U.S. AND U.S.S.R. FOLLOWED A POLICY OF
THE MCCARTHY ERA
• SENATOR JOSEPH MCCARTHY
• ACCUSED COMMUNISTS OF TRYING TO
OVERTHROW U.S. GOVERNMENT
• CALLED SUSPECTED COMMUNIST TO TESTIFY
–PROGRESSIVES IN GOV’T AND MEDIA TRIED TO
SUBURBS AND HIGHWAYS
• SUBURBS GROW
– W.J. LEVITT MASS PRODUCED HOMES IN THE
– GI BILL ALLOWED MANY VETERANS TO BUY HOMES
• CARS AND HIGHWAYS
– CARS AND BABY BOOM HELPED SUBURBS GROW
– INTERSTATE HIGHWAY ACT (1956) CREATED
AMERICA IN THE 50s
• MOST AMERICANS VALUED CONFORMITY AND
TRADITION OVER INDIVIDUALITY
– FOLLOW THE RULES
– LOOK AND ACT LIKE EVERYONE ELSE
• MEDIA PROMOTED CLEAN CUT TEEN IMAGE
EFFECT OF MASS MEDIA
IN THE U.S.
• CREATED POPULAR CULTURE
• BROUGHT AMERICA CLOSER TOGETHER
–NEWSPAPERS AND MAGAZINE
SOME QUESTIONED CONFORMITY
• BETTY FREIDAN WROTE THE FEMININE MYSTIQUE
– SAID WOMEN WANTED MORE CHOICES
• ROCK AND ROLL MUSIC
– ELVIS PRESLEY, CHUCK BERRY
– SOME YOUNG PEOPLE WANTED THEIR OWN STYLE
– CHALLENGED TRADITION
– SHOCKED MANY AMERICANS WITH THEIR CRAZY LIFESTYLE
– STARTED THE COUNTERCULTURE
TENNESSEE AND THE MUSIC INDUSTRY
• NASHVILLE AND COUNTRY
– GRAND OLE OPRY
– WSM RADIO
– MUSIC INDUSTRY
• ELVIS PRESLEY AND MEMPHIS
– SUN RECORDING STUDIO
• BEGAN AFTER SPUTNIK LAUNCH
– COMPETITION IN SPACE EXPLORATION AND
– SOVIETS GAINED EDGE AT FIRST
• NASA FORMED TO WIN SPACE RACE
CLINTON, TN: PROBLEMS SURFACE AFTER
COURT-MANDATED DESEGREGATION IN 1956
THE CLINTON DESEGREGATION
LAWSUIT ACTUALLY PREDATED
THE BROWN V. BOARD OF
CIVIL RIGHTS MILESTONES
• 1947- JACKIE ROBINSON INTEGRATED MAJOR
• 1954- BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION ENDS
• 1956- MLK LEADS MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT
• 1956 – VIOLENCE ERUPTS IN CLINTON, TN IN
ATTEMPT TO DESEGREGATE SCHOOLS
• 1957- PRESIDENT EISENHOWER SENT TROOPS TO
LITTLE ROCK, AR TO INTEGRATE SCHOOLS
CIVIL RIGHTS MILESTONES
• 1960 – SIT INS AT LUNCH COUNTERS
• 1961 – FREEDOM RIDES ACROSS THE SOUTH
• 1963 – BIRMINGHAM PROTESTS AND
• 1963 - MARCH ON WASHINGTON (MLK
• 1964 – CIVIL RIGHTS LAW PASSED
CIVIL RIGHTS LEADERS
• MLK - SCLC
• DIANE NASH – SNCC (NASHVILLE ,FISK, SIT-
INS, FREEDOM RIDE)
• JOHN LEWIS - SNCC (NASHVILLE ,FISK, SIT-
INS, FREEDOM RIDE)
• STOKELY CARMICHAEL - SNCC (BLACK POWER)
• MALCOM X - NATION OF ISLAM
Gulf of Tonkin
U.S. & North
into North and
First U.S. combat
troops arrive in
1. Why did the U.S. get involved in Vietnam during this period?
2. How did the war affect the U.S. home front?
KEY WATERGATE FIGURES
• HOWARD BAKER AND
• WOODWARD AND
• DEAN, HALDERMAN
• LIDDY AND MCCORD
• COX AND JAWORSKI
• REPORTERS (MEDIA)
• ADMINISTRATION (STAFF)
• PLUMBERS (BREAK-IN)
• SPECIAL PROSECUTORS
LATE 1900s QUIZ
• Sam Walton
• Ray Kroc
• Lee Iococca
• Donald Trump
• Jeff Bezos
• Bill Gates
• Steve Jobs
• Apple /McIntosh
• Real Estate
REAGAN & BUSH v. CLINTON
REAGAN & BUSH
• WANTED SMALLER
• MILITARY BUILD UP
ENDED COLD WAR
• PEACE THROUGH
• REPUBLICAN CONGRESS
• STRONG ECONOMY
• FOUGHT WITH
• MONICA SCANDAL