Trends In Physics Teaching


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Trends In Physics Teaching

  1. 1. “Physics is the queen of science.” -David Gross Nobel Laureate, Physics (2004)
  2. 2. TEACHING the QUEEN of SCIENCE Sheryl Lyn C. Monterola UP College of Education 15 May 2009
  3. 3. Presentation Outline I. Principles of Teaching Physics II. Teaching Strategies III. Research-based Practices IV. Assessment Materials
  4. 4. Foundation of Physics Teaching CONSTRUCTIVISM Learning becomes meaningful when students are actively engaged in the construction of knowledge.
  5. 5. Implications of Constructivist Theory BIG SHIFT • Passive • Active Learning Learning • Teacher as • Teacher as “sage on the “guide on the stage” side“ • Abstract • Relevant and knowledge enduring knowledge
  6. 6. Dale’s Cone of Learning Experience
  7. 7. Basic Formula of Physics Teaching 5 E Learning Cycle ENGAGE •Probing prior knowledge • Eliciting interest EVALUATE EXPLORE •Assessing • Giving learning opportunity for interaction and hands-on activity ELABORATE •Allowing students EXPLAIN to apply concepts •Processing into new situations information
  8. 8. Basic Formula of Physics Teaching Activity Before Content
  9. 9. Teaching Strategies 1. Graphic Organizers - visual proofs of prior & new knowledge KWL Chart
  10. 10. 1. Graphic Organizers
  11. 11. 1. Graphic Organizers Radiation Concept Trefoil
  12. 12. Teaching Strategies 2. Puzzles Wordles (Word Puzzles)
  13. 13. Teaching Strategies 3. Mental Models
  14. 14. Teaching Strategies 4. POEs (Predict Observe Explain Activities)
  15. 15. Teaching Strategies 5. Problem-based Activities
  16. 16. Teaching Strategies 5. Models EM Wave Model Human Eye Model Collichia, Wiesner, Waltner & Zollman. The Physics Teacher. Dec 2008 Matter Model
  17. 17. Teaching Strategies 5. Technology Integration • Video-based Lesson – CONSTEC Physics in Everyday Life • Virtual Physics Laboratory • Cellphone as teaching tool • Data Logging • Use of Classroom Response System
  18. 18. 5. Technology Integration Virtual Physics Laboratory PhET Interactive Simulations University of Colorado at Boulder
  19. 19. 5. Technology Integration Cellphone as teaching tool – Falca, Gomes, Pereira, Coelho & Santos. The Physics Teacher. Mar 2009
  20. 20. 5. Technology Integration Data logging – PASCO Setup
  21. 21. 5. Technology Integration Use of Classroom Response System • Gives immediate feedback • Makes class more interactive
  22. 22. Research-based Teaching Practices Peer Instruction Method Eric Mazur (1997). Harvard University.
  23. 23. Peer Instruction Method Researches • Reduces gender gap [American Journal of Physics (AJP), 2006] • Increases conceptual learning and problem solving (AJP, 2008) • Reduces number of dropouts (AJP, 2008)
  24. 24. Research-based Teaching Practices Optimal Seating Arrangement Monterola, C., Roxas, M.R., Carreon-Monterola, S.L. (2009). Characterizing the effect of seating arrangement on classroom learning using neural networks. Complexity. Wiley Periodicals Inc.
  25. 25. Research-based Teaching Practices • Efficacy of multimedia learning modules over traditional textbooks (AJP, Feb 2009) • Course weblog with discussions on real- world applications sustains students’ positive attitude toward physics (AJP, Nov, 2008)
  26. 26. Assessment Materials Concept Inventory (CI) Definition An exam that explores students' mental models and qualitative images of how the subject works1 Purpose2 To recognize common misconceptions that exist in students’ minds Format 2 • multiple choice • options include common-misconceptions and an answer that contains the true interpretation of the concept Sources: 1 Pavelich et. al. (2004). Development of a Chemistry Concept Inventory for Use in Chemistry, Materials and other Engineering Courses. Paper Presentation, Engineering Education Annual Conference and Exposition. Evans & Hestenes (2001). The Concept of the Concept Inventory Assessment Instrument. Paper Presentation, 2 Frointiers in Education Conference.
  27. 27. Physics Concept Inventories • Force Concept Inventory (FCI) • Determining and Interpreting Resistive Electric Circuit Concepts Test (DIRECT) • Conceptual Survey on Electricity (CSE), Conceptual Survey on Magnetism (CSM), and Conceptual Survey on Electricity and Magnetism (CSEM) • Test of Understanding of Kinematic Graphs (TUG-K) • Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation (FMCE)
  28. 28. Summary I. Principles of Teaching Physics - constructivism, 5 E learning cycle, ABC II. Teaching Strategies - graphic organizers, puzzles, mental models, POEs, problem-based activities, technology integration III. Research-based Practices - PI, optimal seating arrangement, weblog, multimedia modules IV. Assessment Materials - Concept inventories
  29. 29. Thank you.