Grade 3 Health Learners Module

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Grade 3 Health Learners Module
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Grade 3 Health Learners Module

  1. 1. DRAFT April 10, 2014 1    HEALTH Learner’s Materials UNIT 1 Department of Education Republic of the Philippines This instructional material was collaboratively developed and reviewed by educators from public and private schools, colleges, and or/universities. We encourage teachers and other education stakeholders to email their feedback, comments, and recommendations to the Department of Education at action@deped.gov.ph.
  2. 2. DRAFT April 10, 2014 2    Health – Grade 3 Learner’s Material First Edition, 2013 ISBN: 978-971-0468-21-8 Republic Act 8293, section 176 states that: No copyright shall subsist in any work of Government of the Philippines. However, prior approval of the government agency or office wherein the work is created shall be necessary for exploitation of such work for profit. Such agency or office may, among other things, impose as a condition the payment of royalties. Borrowed materials (i.e., songs, stories, poems, picture, photos, brand, names, trademarks, etc.) included in this book are owned by their respective copyright owners. The publisher and authors do not represent nor claim ownership over them. Published by the Department of Education Secretary: Br. Armin A. Luistro FSC Undersecretary: Dina S. Ocampo, Ph.D. Department of Education – Instructional Materials Council Secretariat (Dep Ed – IMCS) Office Address: 5th Floor Mabini Bldg. DepEd Complex Meralco Avenue, Pasig City Philippines 1600 Telefax: (02) 634 – 1054 or 634 – 1072 E – mail Address: imcsetd@yahoo.com Development Team of the Learner’s Material Reviewers: Mark Kenneth S. Camiling, Rhodora L. Formento, Evelina M. Vicencio Authors: Rizaldy R. Cristo, Minerva C. David, Aidena Nuesca, Jennifer E. Quinto, Gezyl G. Ramos, Emerson O. Sabadlab Illustrator: Eric de S. Guia, Fermin M. Fabella, Raemon C. Dela Peña Encoders: Danica Nicole G. Baña Proof reviewer: Salvacion Olinares Focal Person: Nerisa M. Beltran
  3. 3. DRAFT April 10, 2014 3    Table of Contents Quarter 1 – Nutrition ................................................................. 1 Lesson 1: Good or bad nutrition......................................... 5 Lesson 2: Are you under eating? ....................................... 7 Lesson 3: Vitamins for life.....................................................10 Lesson 4: Minerals for life .....................................................13 Lesson 5: Are you overeating?...........................................16 Lesson 6: Eat just right...........................................................18 Lesson 7: Grow with healthy food......................................21 Lesson 8: Healthy with clean and safe food....................25 Lesson 9: Maintain a healthy life style ...............................29
  4. 4. DRAFT April 10, 2014 4    QUARTER 1
  5. 5. DRAFT April 10, 2014 5    NUTRITION INTRODUCTION: Proper nutrition is important for your good health. This module will help you understand the importance of balanced diet in good nutrition. It also hopes to enable you to make good food choices and maintain healthy lifestyle. So now, get ready to learn and be healthy. Remember, it is important to eat well and live well! Lesson 1: Good or Bad Malnutrition Look at the pictures. Picture 1: Rod Picture 2: Lee Picture 3: Romy Who among the children is healthy? Why? Who is not healthy? Why? Let’s Try!    
  6. 6. DRAFT April 10, 2014 6    Compare Rod, Lee and Romy. Fill out the chart. Lee Rod Romy How he looks How you think he feels What you think he can do What you think he CAN’T do Finish the sentence. Malnutrition is _____________________________________________________ Let’s Do This!  Let’s Remember!  
  7. 7. DRAFT April 10, 2014 7    Let’s Check! What is a healthy child? Describe a healthy child. Use your own words. What is malnutrition? Answer using the word map below: Lesson 2: Are you under eating? Activity 1: A Story of Two Children Read the stories of two children who are both 8 years old: M and K. M Let’s Do! 
  8. 8. DRAFT April 10, 2014 8    M does not have appetite to eat; she is thin. She is also the smallest child in her class. M wakes up late and is always in a hurry to go to school. She often misses breakfast. It’s a long walk to school and she arrives in class feeling weak and very tired. She feels sleepy and cannot understand the lesson. At home, lunch is rice and water with salt since her family is poor. M got sick. The doctor at the barangay health center said that M is suffering from malnutrition. Answer the following questions: 1. How does M look? 2. How does she feel? 3. What does M eat? 4. What is M suffering from? 5. What does M lack in her diet? K K is suffering from burn and has been in the hospital for weeks. He and his little brother were playing with matches and their house caught fire. K cannot eat. He finds it hard to chew and swallow food. He has lost a lot of weight and is already very thin. Answer the following questions: 1. How does K look? 2. How does he feel? 3. What can’t K eat? 4. What might happen to K? Why?   Activity 2: Draw Me a Picture Draw a picture of M or K.
  9. 9. DRAFT April 10, 2014 9    Let’s Check!  Finish the following sentences under your picture: 1. Protein-energy malnutrition is a kind of _____________________. 2. In protein-energy malnutrition, there is lack of the nutrients ______________ and ________________ in the diet. 3. A child with protein-energy malnutrition looks _______________________________________________________. feels _________________- _______________________________________. cannot____________________________________________________ __. On the space before the number: write True if the statement is correct, write False if the statement is wrong. ___1. A child who eats too little suffers from over nutrition. ___2. A child who eats too much suffers from malnutrition. ___3. A child who suffers from protein-energy malnutrition is stout. ___4. A child with protein-energy malnutrition does not learn well. ___5. A child with protein-energy malnutrition lacks protein and carbohydrates in the diet. Let’s Remember!  
  10. 10. DRAFT April 10, 2014 10    Lesson 3: Vitamins For Life? Activity 1 Study the pictures below. Describe the children. Let’s Do!     
  11. 11. DRAFT April 10, 2014 11    Activity 2: Know Your Vitamins Match the deficiencies in column A with the vitamin a person needs in column B. Draw a line to connect them. A B 1. Scurvy A. Vitamin A 2. Beri-beri B. Vitamin B 3. Rickets C. Vitamin C 4. Night blindness D. Vitamin D E. Vitamin E   Let’s Remember!   Vitamins are nutrients that help regulate body functions. A person who lacks vitamins in the body will suffer nutritional deficiencies.
  12. 12. DRAFT April 10, 2014 12    Let’s Check!  What will happen if we don’t get enough vitamins? Name the vitamins needed for each situation. 1. Jane finds it hard to read her favorite book. Her eyes are itching and burning. ____________________________________________________ 2. Francis has dry and scaly skin. He gets tired easily and has muscle pains. ____________________________________________________ 3.Leah often has nose and gum bleeding. Her wounds also do not heal easily. _____________________________________________________ 4. Greg cannot walk and stand properly. He has weak bones and muscles. _____________________________________________________ Choose one vitamin. Make a slogan on how to prevent vitamin deficiency. Content: 5 points Structure: 3 points Creativity: 2 points 10 points
  13. 13. DRAFT April 10, 2014 13    Lesson 4: Minerals For Life I. Identify the signs and symptoms for each deficiency. Write in the appropriate column. Dizziness Joint pains Slow growth Paleness Brittle nails Difficult swallowing Cramps Sleeplessness Slow mental growth Iron- Deficiency Anemia Iodine- Deficiency Calcium- Deficiency II. What minerals do these foods contain? A. Write your answers on the blank. milk S se seaweeds cheese Let’s Check! 
  14. 14. DRAFT April 10, 2014 14    fish Malunggay leaves chicken shrimps crabs Mussels clams
  15. 15. DRAFT April 10, 2014 15    III. Match the deficiency in Column A to the healthy foods in Column B. Draw a line to connect. Rickets Iron-deficiency anemia   Goiter   A B
  16. 16. DRAFT April 10, 2014 16    Lesson 5: Are you overeating? Activity 1: A Letter For My Friend Read the letter below. Dear Friend, How are you doing? You have been absent in school for a week now. I called your house. Your father told me that you get easily tired and you find it hard to breathe. I asked if we can play after school but he said you cannot. Your father said you do not also want to go to school because you are afraid to be teased as a fat kid. Please call me so I can tell you our homework. Come to school again soon. Love, Your Friend Answer the following questions: 1. Why is the friend not going to school? 2. How does the friend look like? 3. What is the friend suffering from? 4. What foods did the friend eat that made him fat? Activity 2: Eat all you can! Draw your favorite food. Let’s Do! 
  17. 17. DRAFT April 10, 2014 17    Let’s Check!  Finish the following sentences under your picture: 1. Obesity is a kind of _____________________. 2. In obesity, there is lack of ______________ and excess ________________ in the diet. 3. A child with obesity looks___________________________________________. feels______________________________________________________. cannot___________________________________________________. On the space before the number: write True is the statement is correct, write False if the statement is wrong. ___1. A child who eats too much suffers from under nutrition. ___2. A child who eats too much suffers from obesity. ___3. A child who suffers from obesity is skinny. ___4. A child with obesity performs limited physical activities only. ___5. A child with obesity lacks protein and carbohydrates in the diet. Let’s Remember!  
  18. 18. DRAFT April 10, 2014 18    Lesson 6: Eat Just Right! What are your favorite foods for breakfast, lunch and dinner? Draw on the plates below. Are these healthy? Is it okay to eat too much or too less? Why? Breakfast Lunch Dinner Let’s Try! 
  19. 19. DRAFT April 10, 2014 19    Activity 2: Create Your Own Menu! Let’s Do! 
  20. 20. DRAFT April 10, 2014 20    I. Use the Food Pyramid Guide to plan a balanced breakfast, lunch and dinner. Write inside the notepads. II. Complete the sentences below. If I eat too less, I may ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ If I eat too much, I may ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ If I eat just right, I may ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ____ Let’s Check!  Breakfast Lunch Dinner
  21. 21. DRAFT April 10, 2014 21    Lesson 7: Grow with Healthy Food Can you find the hidden names of nutritious foods? Find these and write on your notebook. P E C H A Y X V A Q S Q U A S H P U B E N M E W A C A S S A V A Y F N G U A V A A B A M I L K H K A N G K O N G D M A N G O K U C A M O T E R N L B A N A N A Y Let’s Try! 
  22. 22. DRAFT April 10, 2014 22    Activity 1: Match Me! What do we get from eating nutritious food? Match the picture to the correct word.   Picture of root crops (kamote,  cassava, corn)      Calcium    Vitamins  Minerals    Carbohydrates  Let’s Do! 
  23. 23. DRAFT April 10, 2014 23    Activity 2: My Everyday Maze What are other foods that we need to eat more everyday? START A Healthy and Balanced You Draw a carbohydrate- rich food. Draw a vitamin-rich food. Draw a mineral-rich food. TIME OUT! Let’s Drink a glass of milk Draw a glass of milk
  24. 24. DRAFT April 10, 2014 24    Why do we need to eat protein-rich foods? Why do we need to avoid salty and fatty foods? Write the reasons below. Yes to Protein!  If I eat protein‐rich foods, I will  ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ No to Salt and Fat!  If I eat too salty and fatty foods, I will  ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ Let’s Check! 
  25. 25. DRAFT April 10, 2014 25    Lesson 8: Healthy with Clean and Safe Food Sing the song to the tune of “Row, row, row your boat” Eat clean and safe food Do it everyday Happily, happily, happily, happily We will be healthy Activity 1: What’s wrong? Study the picture. Let’s Try!  Let’s Do! 
  26. 26. DRAFT April 10, 2014 26    Activity 2: Choose and Tell Decide whether the picture shows proper ways to have clean and safe food. If not write what must be done in your notebook.       1   1 2 3 4 5
  27. 27. DRAFT April 10, 2014 27    Activity 3: Agree or Disagree? Which of the following practices do you like or dislike? Check ( √) the column. Agree Practices Disgaree I will keep cabinets and other food storage areas clean and dry. I will wash vegetables and fruits with soap and water. I will leave utensils in the sink after using these. I will reheat leftover foods. I will serve food in clean dishes. I will eat lunch by the road. I will eat expired foods. I will use clean pots in cooking.
  28. 28. DRAFT April 10, 2014 28    A. Provide the missing word on the blank. Use the picture to guide you. Wash _______________ , and __________ before and after eating. Store_______________________ in a cool and dry place . _______________ food to avoid germs carried by _________. . B. Complete the phrases below: 1. I will not eat uncovered leftover food because_____________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ________ 2. I will wash fruits and vegetables before cooking or eating to________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ ____________ Let’s Check! 
  29. 29. DRAFT April 10, 2014 29    Lesson 9: Maintain A Healthy Life Style Activity 1 Read the story assigned to your group. Story A Kuya Ramon is always drinking beer at the sari-sari store. After drinking, he often stumbles and falls when going home. Sometimes he gets into a fight. Sometimes other people don’t want to drink with him. His family fears him when he is drunk because he gets angry and sometimes beat his children. He has also grown thinner since he doesn’t eat well and prefers beer. Answer the following questions: 1. What can you say about Kuya Ramon? 2. Is this lifestyle of drinking often healthy? Why or why not? 3. What should Kuya Ramon do? Story B Susan’s father smokes cigarettes. He smokes inside the house. He thinks the children will not be affected since he smokes when the children are not around. Susan has a cough that doesn’t seem to heal and is always coming back after a few days. When Susan was brought to the doctor, the doctor asked if someone smokes in the family. Susan’s mother explained that the children are not harmed by her husband’s smoking if they are not around. The doctor explained about third-hand smoke. Smoke from cigarettes gets trapped in the curtains and furniture in the house. Hence, the children will still breathe the polluted air from the trapped smoke’s chemicals. Answer the following questions: 1. What can you say about Susan’s father? 2. Is this lifestyle of smoking healthy? Why or why not? 3. What should Susan’s father do? Let’s Do! 
  30. 30. DRAFT April 10, 2014 30    Activity 2 Choose the healthy foods and activities. Write your answer in your notebook.
  31. 31. DRAFT April 10, 2014 31    Copy and check on the column that corresponds to your answer. Activities Often Seldom Never 1. Drink milk daily. 2. Eat breakfast regularly. 3. Eat junk food for snacks. 4. Watch television all day. 5. Drink three bottles of soda a day. 6. Drink a lot of natural fruit juices. 7. Drink 8 – 10 glasses of water daily. 8. Stay close to a smoking person. 9. Play active games with friends on Saturdays. 10. Play computer games until late at night. Let’s us Check! 
  32. 32. DRAFT April 10, 2014 32    What makes a healthy lifestyle? Provide the missing letters to form the word being described. 1. Eating the right kind and right amount of food 2. Doing this will help your body to be strong and you will not easily get sick, you will control your weight and have fun. E R C S 3. It can cause lung cancer and infection, allergies and asthma. S M K N G 4. Unhealthy beverages that commonly leads to malnutrition and vitamin deficiencies L C H L   B L N D D E R G L R Let’s Do this at Home 
  33. 33. DRAFT April 10, 2014 30    HEALTH Learner’s Materials UNIT 2 Department of Education Republic of the Philippines This instructional material was collaboratively developed and reviewed by educators from public and private schools, colleges, and or/universities. We encourage teachers and other education stakeholders to email their feedback, comments, and recommendations to the Department of Education at action@deped.gov.ph.
  34. 34. DRAFT April 10, 2014 31    Health – Grade 3 Learner’s Material First Edition, 2013 ISBN: 978-971-0468-21-8 Republic Act 8293, section 176 states that: No copyright shall subsist in any work of Government of the Philippines. However, prior approval of the government agency or office wherein the work is created shall be necessary for exploitation of such work for profit. Such agency or office may, among other things, impose as a condition the payment of royalties. Borrowed materials (i.e., songs, stories, poems, picture, photos, brand, names, trademarks, etc.) included in this book are owned by their respective copyright owners. The publisher and authors do not represent nor claim ownership over them. Published by the Department of Education Secretary: Br. Armin A. Luistro FSC Undersecretary: Dina S. Ocampo, Ph.D. Department of Education – Instructional Materials Council Secretariat (Dep Ed – IMCS) Office Address: 5th Floor Mabini Bldg. DepEd Complex Meralco Avenue, Pasig City Philippines 1600 Telefax: (02) 634 – 1054 or 634 – 1072 E – mail Address: imcsetd@yahoo.com Development Team of the Learner’s Material Reviewers: Mark Kenneth S. Camiling, Rhodora L. Formento, Evelina M. Vicencio Authors: Rizaldy R. Cristo, Minerva C. David, Aidena Nuesca, Jennifer E. Quinto, Gezyl G. Ramos, Emerson O. Sabadlab Illustrator: Eric de S. Guia, Fermin M. Fabella, Raemon C. Dela Peña Encoders: Danica Nicole G. Baña Proof reviewer: Salvacion Olinares Focal Person: Nerisa M. Beltran
  35. 35. DRAFT April 10, 2014 32    Table of Contents Quarter 2 – Personal Health/Prevention and Control of Diseases and Disorders Lesson 1: Health and wellness ............................................2 Lesson 2: Sickness troubles ..................................................7 Lesson 3: Factors on the go ................................................10 Lesson 4: Be healthy with clean body...............................13 Lesson 5: Build up for a healthy fight.................................17 Lesson 6: Get protection from your health.......................22 Lesson 7: Clean for better health.......................................26 Lesson 8: Living up a healthy life........................................29
  36. 36. DRAFT April 10, 2014 33    QUARTER 2 PERSONAL HEALTH PREVENTION OF DISEASES
  37. 37. DRAFT April 10, 2014 2    INTRODUCTION: Good health keeps us away from diseases. Taking care of oneself is one way to be healthy. This module will help you understand health and wellness to practice healthy habits to prevent common childhood diseases. So now, get ready to learn and be healthy. Always remember that health is wealth but we need to work for it. Lesson 1: Health and Wellness Healthy Idols Do you know a healthy person? Write the name of the healthy people that you know. List or draw as many as you can. Answer: What makes them healthy? What is health? Let’s Try! 
  38. 38. DRAFT April 10, 2014 3    Activity 1: Healthy One Draw yourself inside the circle. What are the activities that make you healthy?          Health is the complete well-being of body, mind, feeling, spirit and relationship with others. Let’s Do This! 
  39. 39. DRAFT April 10, 2014 4    Activity 2: Wellness on Go Which pictures show a healthy person? Encircle the correct pictures. Good health is called wellness.
  40. 40. DRAFT April 10, 2014 5    Activity 3: Let’s Go for Health and Wellness Use the codes to unlock the message for wellness. Write your answer on the boxes provided. Healthy lifestyle equals wellness.
  41. 41. DRAFT April 10, 2014 6    I promise to keep my body healthy. I will ______________________________. I will ______________________________. I will ______________________________. I will ______________________________. Pupil’s Name: ___________________________ Parent’s Signature: ______________________ Healthy Promise Write your own healthy promise. Sign at the bottom of your promise. Ask your parents also to sign. MY HEALTHY PROMISE                   Let’s Check! 
  42. 42. DRAFT April 10, 2014 7    Lesson 2: Sickness Troubles Oh My, I’m Sick! Have you been sick?   List diseases that you have experienced. Activity 1: Sickness Bingo Complete the human bingo. You may ask the help of your family and friends. Write their names on the appropriate boxes. Has Colds today Got Dengue Was absent in class because of Influenza/ Flu Experienced Parasitic intestinal infestation Knows what is Malara Had Chickenpox Let’s Try!  Let’s Do This! 
  43. 43. DRAFT April 10, 2014 8    Had Sore Eyes Read about Tuberculosis Got Measles when still a baby Heard news about Meningococcemia Suffered from Pediculosis Had Mumps Activity 2: Just Can’t Forget It When was the last time you got sick? How did you feel? What did you do about it? Write a short paragraph about your experience. Put a title to your work.  
  44. 44. DRAFT April 10, 2014 9    Health Advisory Visit your barangay health center. Ask for a recent health advisory/news on diseases. Make a poster about the advisory you learned. Include a brief description, its effect and who are mostly affected. Be ready to present it in your class. Let’s Check!  Disease is an abnormal condition of the body which affects the normal function of our body and mind. There are diseases which commonly affect young children like you.
  45. 45. DRAFT April 10, 2014 10    Lesson 3: Factors on the Go Picture Says Study the pictures below. What does each picture show? Activity 1: Sickness Factors Identify the contributing factors of diseases. Write H if it is Heredity, L if it is Lifestyle and E if it is environment. Put your answers on the blank provided. ________ 1. Mang Pedro got lung disease because of smoking. ________ 2. Rene has a family medical history of heart disease. ________ 3. Lito acquired diabetes from eating too much sweets and fats. Let’s Try!  Let’s Do This! 
  46. 46. DRAFT April 10, 2014 11    ________ 4. There was a malaria outbreak at the evacuation center. ________ 5. Dengue is carried by mosquitoes which live in dirty and moist areas. Activity 2: Friend or Foe Classify the items below. Which are like friends who can make us healthy? Which are like foes who can make us sick?  Write in the appropriate column. Your heredity, lifestyle, and environment are contributing factors of diseases. Heredity includes the genes you inherit from your parents. Lifestyle refers to your health practices Environment includes your surroundings and all its elements. Rest Smoking Clean body Immunization Germs Polluted air Dirty water Check-ups Exercise Balanced diet Household pests Abnormal Tissues
  47. 47. DRAFT April 10, 2014 12    FRIENDS 1. _______________________ 2. _______________________ 3. _______________________ 4. _______________________ 5. _______________________ 6. _______________________ FOES 1. ___________________________ 2. ___________________________ 3. ___________________________ 4. ___________________________ 5. ___________________________ 6. ___________________________ Maze for Health Complete the maze below. Write along the maze 5 items that can make you healthy. Write on the Stop signs 3 items that can make you sick. Let’s Check! 
  48. 48. DRAFT April 10, 2014 13    Lesson 4: Be Healthy with Clean Body ng Sing a Song Sing the song to the tune of “Clap your Hands” Cleanup your Body Brush your teeth so gaily, gaily, gaily Brush your teeth so gaily, Brush, brush, brush Wash your face so gently, gently, gently Wash your face so gently Wash, wash, wash Comb your hair so lightly, lightly, lightly Comb your hair so lightly Comb, comb, comb Let’s Try! 
  49. 49. DRAFT April 10, 2014 14    Activity1: Cleaning is Fun! How do these items help you? Describe how each item below helps you. 1. ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 2 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 3. ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 4. __________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Activity 2: Check for Health  Put a check (√) inside the box if the statement is a hygienic practice and (X) if it is not. Let’s Do This!         
  50. 50. DRAFT April 10, 2014 15    1. Luis washes his feet before going to bed. 2. Ali bites his nail when bored and nervous. 3. Carlo brushes his teeth after every meal. 4. Leo takes a bath only when it is a sunny day. 5. Ana always washes her long and shiny hair. 6. Juan takes off his slippers when playing outside. 7. Kat changes her favorite dress every other day. 8. Patrick washes his hands before and after eating. Activity 3: Post for Health Make a poster on ways to keep the body clean. Self-Checklist Check the appropriate column for your health behaviour. Do this in your notebook. Let’s Check!  One way for you to prevent catching common childhood diseases is to maintain proper hygiene at all times.
  51. 51. DRAFT April 10, 2014 16    Healthy Practices Always Sometimes Never 1. I take a bath. 2. I wash my hair. 3. I clean my face. 4. I brush my teeth. 5. I change my clothes. 6. I cut my nails regularly. 7. I change my underwear. 8. I consult a doctor twice a year. 9. I wash my wash after using the toilet. 10. I wash my hands before and after eating.   Collage for Hygiene Collect pictures proper hygiene practices. Make a collage and paste it on a card board. Give a title to your work. Let’s Do this at Home  Let’s take note… Health is personal. You are the one responsible for your own health.
  52. 52. DRAFT April 10, 2014 17    Lesson 5: Build up for a Healthy Fight Being Active Is Fun! Look at the pictures. Imitate the movement of each animal.               Let’s Try!  Jump like a bunny   Stretch like a cat   Run like a gorilla   Walk like a spider
  53. 53. DRAFT April 10, 2014 18    Activity 1: Get Physical Pyramid List your physical activities. Write appropriate activities for each level. Make sure to follow the pyramid for your health. Do this in your notebook. Activity 2: Balanced Diet with Pyramid and Plate Study at the Food Plate and Food Pyramid below. Let’s Do This!  Cut down 3- 5x a week 2-3x a week Everyday I need at least 30-60 minutes of daily physical activities to maintain a healthy body.
  54. 54. DRAFT April 10, 2014 19    Complete your healthy plates for a day based on the food plate and food pyramid above. Draw this in your notebook. Activity 3: Get Enough Rest and Sleep Now, let’s check your bedtime for a week. Record your bedtime and wakeup time daily. Ask your parents to sign in the last column. DAY BEDTIME WAKE-UP TIME HOURS OF SLEEP PARENT’S SIGNATURE Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
  55. 55. DRAFT April 10, 2014 20    Crossword Puzzle Time Answer the puzzle below. Vertical (Down) 1. Basic exercise that uses legs and feet 2. Nutrients found in fruits 5. Fun activities outside Horizontal 3. Opposite of being weak 4. You must do it every night Let’s Check!  My body needs enough rest and sleep to be healthy. Children like me need 10-11 hours of sleep at night. I also need to rest after doing a physical activity so that my body can regain strength.
  56. 56. DRAFT April 10, 2014 21    1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
  57. 57. DRAFT April 10, 2014 22    Lesson 6: Get Protection for your Health Read aloud Read the dialogue between Roy and Eva.                           Let’s Try! 
  58. 58. DRAFT April 10, 2014 23    Activity 1: Get Rid of Germs What are the diseases that can be prevented through immunization? Color them. Let’s Do This!  Immunization gives protection against specific diseases. I must have complete immunization. I can go to the barangay health care center for free immunization.
  59. 59. DRAFT April 10, 2014 24    Activity 2: Know Your Immunization Record Ask your parents what immunizations you have had. List them in your notebook.   My Immunization 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
  60. 60. DRAFT April 10, 2014 25    Immunization Core Why is Immunization important? Write 1-2 sentences below. Let’s Check!                    Content(3) Structure (2) Total (5)
  61. 61. DRAFT April 10, 2014 26    Lesson 7: Clean-up for Healthy Environment Community Check-up Look around your community. Write in the circles the things that make your community healthful. Write outside the circles the things that make it unhealthful. Do this in your notebook. Let’s Try!  Let’s take note… A healthy environment ________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________.
  62. 62. DRAFT April 10, 2014 27    Activity 1: Cleaning-up Circle the pictures that show ways to keep the surroundings clean. Activity 2: Clean-up Promise Make a promise on how you will keep your surroundings clean. Do this in your notebook. Let’s Do This!  Let’s take note… Everybody must take part in keeping our environment clean. A healthy environment makes people healthy..
  63. 63. DRAFT April 10, 2014 28    Draw a picture of ways you can keep your environment clean. Your work will be marked as follows: Content-----6 pts. Creativity—2 pts. Neatness—2 pts. Observe the surroundings of your house. Describe it. Are your surroundings healthy?  Write a plan on how you can keep your home surroundings healthy. Content (3)____ Structure(2)____ Total(5)________ Let’s Check!  Let’s Do this at Home 
  64. 64. DRAFT April 10, 2014 29    Lesson 8: Healthy Choice     Poem Reading Read the poem and try to act it out. Life is What We Make It by Minerva C. David In life we always make A choice we have to take. It may be good or bad, Be happy or be sad. Healthy foods, we must eat, Bad habits we must beat. Smoking and drinking, Not good for our well-being. Life is what we make it. We can be sick or fit, Follow health practices, Say goodbye to diseases. Let’s Try! 
  65. 65. DRAFT April 10, 2014 30    Activity 1: Healthy Habits Encircle the pictures that show healthful habits. Let’s Do! 
  66. 66. DRAFT April 10, 2014 31    Activity 2: Healthy Story Use the pictures to make a short story about healthful practices. Write your answers in your notebook. Healthy and Happy Together Lito and Sila always help in _____(1)_______ the house. They make sure that their surroundings are clean. They also keep their bodies clean. Before eating, Sila _______(2)_____________. Sila loves to eat________(3)____________ and Lito too. They keep their bodies fit by ___(4)______ . They also have regular_________(5)_________. They are happy and healthy children.
  67. 67. DRAFT April 10, 2014 32    Activity 3: Checklist for the Parents Ask your parents to put a check in the box that matches your lifestyle. Copy and do this in your notebook. Lifestyle YES NO 1. Take a bath daily. 2. Play all day long. 3. Drink milk everyday. 4. Stay up late every night. 5. Eat fruits and vegetables. 6. Help in household chores. 7. Sleep for 8-10 hours daily. 8. Watch TV most of the time. 9. Drink softdrinks after every meal. 10 . Play video games during free time. ______________________________ Parent’s Signature Activity 4: Healthful Prayer Write a short prayer for good health and for you and your family. Dear God 
  68. 68. DRAFT April 10, 2014 33    Daily Record Record your daily activities. Check if they are healthful for you. MY DAILY ACTIVITIES What I Eat Breakfast: _________________________ Lunch: ____________________________ Dinner: ____________________________ My Active Games I walk _____________________________ I run ______________________________ I play _____________________________ My Rest and Sleep I rest when I am ______________________ I slept at_____________________ last night. I woke up at ______________. I slept for ______________ hours. Let’s Check! 
  69. 69. DRAFT April 10, 2014 HEALTH Learner’s Materials UNIT 3 Department of Education Republic of the Philippines This instructional material was collaboratively developed and reviewed by educators from public and private schools, colleges, and or/universities. We encourage teachers and other education stakeholders to email their feedback, comments, and recommendations to the Department of Education at action@deped.gov.ph.
  70. 70. DRAFT April 10, 2014     2    Health – Grade 3 Learner’s Material First Edition, 2013 ISBN: 978-971-0468-21-8 Republic Act 8293, section 176 states that: No copyright shall subsist in any work of Government of the Philippines. However, prior approval of the government agency or office wherein the work is created shall be necessary for exploitation of such work for profit. Such agency or office may, among other things, impose as a condition the payment of royalties. Borrowed materials (i.e., songs, stories, poems, picture, photos, brand, names, trademarks, etc.) included in this book are owned by their respective copyright owners. The publisher and authors do not represent nor claim ownership over them. Published by the Department of Education Secretary: Br. Armin A. Luistro FSC Undersecretary: Dina S. Ocampo, Ph.D. Department of Education – Instructional Materials Council Secretariat (Dep Ed – IMCS) Office Address: 5th Floor Mabini Bldg. DepEd Complex Meralco Avenue, Pasig City Philippines 1600 Telefax: (02) 634 – 1054 or 634 – 1072 E – mail Address: imcsetd@yahoo.com Development Team of the Learner’s Material Reviewers: Mark Kenneth S. Camiling, Rhodora L. Formento, Evelina M. Vicencio Authors: Rizaldy R. Cristo, Minerva C. David, Aidena Nuesca, Jennifer E. Quinto, Gezyl G. Ramos, Emerson O. Sabadlab Illustrator: Eric de S. Guia, Fermin M. Fabella, Raemon C. Dela Peña Encoders: Danica Nicole G. Baña Proof reviewer: Salvacion Olinares Focal Person: Nerisa M. Beltran
  71. 71. DRAFT April 10, 2014     3    Table of Contents Quarter 3 – Consumer Health Lesson 1: Be a consumer.....................................................5 Lesson 2: My healthy choice ..............................................8 Lesson 3: Be wise, be healthy .............................................11 Lesson 4: My consumer rights .............................................17 Lesson 5: Let’s practice our rights ......................................21 Lesson 6: I am responsible...................................................24 Lesson 7: Information: good for me and you...................26
  72. 72. DRAFT April 10, 2014     4    QUARTER 4 INJURY PREVENTION AND SAFETY LEARNER’S MATERIAL
  73. 73. DRAFT April 10, 2014     5    INTRODUCTION: Every day you make decisions as to what food to buy and things to use. Sometimes you chose things because this is what you like and sometimes you don’t have any choice since these are bought by your parents. You also see television commercials and posters that can influence what to buy. In this module, you will learn how to be intelligent consumer so that you can make the right decisions to ensure your health. You will also learn that you also have responsibilities and must not make choices without considering some things. Enjoy the activities. Lesson 1: I am a Consumer! Activity 1: I’m a Consumer! Describe a consumer. Write your answers inside the boxes. Let’s Do This! 
  74. 74. DRAFT April 10, 2014     6    Activity 2: What Did I Use Yesterday? Write the products and services you used yesterday. Then write the reasons for using these. Products Reasons for Using Services Reasons for Using Fill the boxes with the parts of consumer health. Give examples of health products, services and information. CONSUMER HEALTH Examples: Examples: Examples: L Let’s Remember!  
  75. 75. DRAFT April 10, 2014     7    I. Label the pictures. Write HI for Health Information, HP for Health Product and HS for Health Service. Do this in your notebook. 1 2 3 4 5 Let’s Check!          
  76. 76. DRAFT April 10, 2014     8    II. Fill in the blank to describe a consumer. (5 pts) A consumer is __________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Rubrics: Content (3 pts.) ____________ Structure(2 pts.) ____________ Lesson 2: My Healthy Choice Activity 1: Name It! Label the pictures that helped you choose health products and services. Write the health product that you bought and used beside each picture. 1. Let’s Do This! 
  77. 77. DRAFT April 10, 2014     9    2. 3. 4. 5.
  78. 78. DRAFT April 10, 2014     10    Write in the circles the factors that influence you in choosing products and services. d Identify the factors that influence the consumers in choosing products and services. Choose your answers from the box below. ______________1. What the buyer wants ______________2. What is important for the buyer Factors that Influence Me in Choosing Products and Services Let’s Check!  Likes Money Feelings Value Other people and media Let’s Remember!  
  79. 79. DRAFT April 10, 2014     11    ______________3. The happiness of the consumer in using the product or service ______________4. What other people say ______________5. The price of the product or service Lesson 3: Be Wise, Be Healthy Read the story. Mrs. Castro is a wise consumer. She plans and budgets what to buy. She wants to buy school bags for her two children. She asks the saleslady if the bags are on sale. She goes to different stores to compare prices. She asks the sellers the things used in making the school bags. She also studies the labels. Answer the following questions; 1. What did Mrs. Castro do before buying the school bags? 2. How will you describe her as a consumer? Why? Activity 1: My Field Trip Baon! You are going on a school field trip. What are you going to buy? You need to buy your snacks. Select from the menu below. Your parents gave you Php 50.00 Let’s Do This! 
  80. 80. DRAFT April 10, 2014     12    List your choices and their prices. ITEMS PRICES TOTAL I chose these because ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ____. A wise consumer plans ahead what to buy and budgets money. Let’s Remember!  
  81. 81. DRAFT April 10, 2014     13    Activity 2: Better Buy! Which is a better buy? Encircle the picture. A wise consumer bargains. A wise consumer compares the quality, price, and use of products.
  82. 82. DRAFT April 10, 2014     14    Activity 3: For Sale! You are at the market. Read the poster below. Will you buy the Magic Notebook? Encircle Yes or No. Why? Yes / No, because…. ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ____________ A wise consumer asks for information before buying. Let’s Remember!  
  83. 83. DRAFT April 10, 2014     15    What are the skills of a wise consumer? Write around the star. Write a letter of complaint regarding a defective product. In your letter, tell A wise consumer _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ Let’s Check! Let’s Do this at Home 
  84. 84. DRAFT April 10, 2014     16     Why you are writing  When you bought the product  how much you paid and the receipt number  what’s wrong with the product  what you want to happen ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ______________________________, ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________, _____________________________
  85. 85. DRAFT April 10, 2014     17    Lesson 4: My Consumer Rights Study the picture carefully. Activity 1: Just Be Safe! Look at the pictures. Write the letter of the consumer’s right that is shown in the picture. Write your answer in your notebook. Let’s Do!  Let’s Try!
  86. 86. DRAFT April 10, 2014     18    A. Right to Choose B. Right to Information C. Right to Safety D. Right to Basic Needs    
  87. 87. DRAFT April 10, 2014     19    Activity 2: Please Read!  Read the situations.  Identify the consumer right being exercised. 1. Father goes to the drugstore to buy medicine for his asthma. His doctor prescribed the medicine. Before buying, he asks the pharmacist questions about the medicine. 2. Ana buys bread for her brother Ali. She looks for the expiration date. 3. Roy sees a toothpaste sign ‘BUY 2 TAKE 1”. He compares its price with the regular price of one toothpaste. 4. Mother goes to the dentist. She reads the services offered at the dental clinic. 5. Dina owns a sari-sari store. She sells rice, milk, sugar, salt and other food needs of her neighbors. Activity 3: A Toy to Buy You want to buy a toy. List five (5) questions in that you will ask before buying.
  88. 88. DRAFT April 10, 2014     20    As a consumer, I have the right to - Basic needs - Choose - Safety - Information I Practice My Rights! Write down the activities that you do to practice your consumer rights. Let’s Check!  o e Let’s Remember!  
  89. 89. DRAFT April 10, 2014     21    Ask My Parents Interview your guardian/parents. Ask them to share an interesting experience in exercising their consumer rights. Be ready to share in class. Lesson 5: Let’s Practice our Rights List 5 things that you see at the school canteen. Provide the details asked. Items Accepted by DOH? Yes/No Enriched with__ Expiry Date 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. What items are accepted by the Department of Health? 2. What ingredients re these enriched with? Are these safe to eat? 3. Why do we need to look for this information? Let’s Do this at Home  Let’s Try! 
  90. 90. DRAFT April 10, 2014     22    Fill in the balloon organizer with the different consumer rights. What consumer right is being described? Write it on the blank provided. Choose your answer from the box. Let’s Check!  representation redress consumer education healthy environment Let’s Remember!  
  91. 91. DRAFT April 10, 2014     23    1. You bought canned milk from the grocery store. You found out that the milk expired 3 months ago so you returned it. You practiced the right to ______________________. 2. The Barangay Council of Barangay Maliwanag passed a resolution that a young boy or girl of your age should not be sent to buy alcoholic drinks and cigarettes. This shows the right to______________________. 3. A poster shows the prices of generic medicines are lower than those the branded ones. This supports the right to __________________. 4. A fast food store uses paper bags, paper cups and paper plates in serving their costumers. They use these to lessen the problem of trash. This supports the right to _________________________. 5. You ask for a replacement of the defective toy car you bought at a department store. This shows your right to ______________________.
  92. 92. DRAFT April 10, 2014     24    Lesson 6: I am Responsible     Activity 1: Am I a responsible consumer? Read the situations draw a smiling face if it shows being a responsible consumer and a sad face if not. 1. Ask to the seller questions about the use of the product 2. Buy a pen immediately without asking about the price at other stores 3. Ask whether some endangered plants or animals were used in making the product. 4. Do nothing even if the toy your mother bought was defective upon opening. 5. Buy things at a nearby store even though you know prices are more expensive than other store 6. Complain why the store is no longer gives plastic bags for the things you bought 7. Join a group filing a complaint against a store that sells expired products. 8. Buy only what you need especially after natural disasters. Let’s Do! 
  93. 93. DRAFT April 10, 2014     25    Fill in the shape organizer with the responsibilities of a consumer.                           Identify the responsibility of the consumer in the given situation. Write your answer on the blank. 1. Nena asks the seller about the price and the use of the product she buys. ______________________ Let’s Check!  Let’s Remember!  
  94. 94. DRAFT April 10, 2014     26    2. Mang Ramon segregates the biodegradable from non- biodegradable materials. _______________________ 3. Aling Corazon and her friends organize a group to protect their interests as consumers. ________________________ 4. Donna complains about the defective products she receives. _____________________ 5. Father does research on the effects of the product he wants to buy. _______________________ Lesson 7: Information: Good for Me and You Check the box if the government agency is reliable a source of health information. Let’s Do! 
  95. 95. DRAFT April 10, 2014     27    Activity 2: How Do I Choose The Right Source of Information? Check if the ad is reliable, and draw a cross (X) if it is not. 4. 3. 2. 5. 1.
  96. 96. DRAFT April 10, 2014     28    Which printed materials are reliable sources of health information? Activity 2: Let’s Hear it from the Experts Fill the graphic organizer. Write the health professionals who are sources of information Who are the professionals that give us reliable information on health? Reliable Sources of Information The sources of reliable information are government agencies, health professionals and printed materials. Let’s Remember!  
  97. 97. DRAFT April 10, 2014     29    A. Study the pictures. Check ( / )the reliable sources of information. 1. ________________________ 4.                      ______________________ 2. ______________________ 5. ______________________ 3.   ______________________ 6.  ____________________ Let’s Check! 
  98. 98. DRAFT April 10, 2014 HEALTH Learner’s Materials UNIT 4 Department of Education Republic of the Philippines This instructional material was collaboratively developed and reviewed by educators from public and private schools, colleges, and or/universities. We encourage teachers and other education stakeholders to email their feedback, comments, and recommendations to the Department of Education at action@deped.gov.ph.
  99. 99. DRAFT April 10, 2014 2    Health – Grade 3 Learner’s Material First Edition, 2013 ISBN: 978-971-0468-21-8 Republic Act 8293, section 176 states that: No copyright shall subsist in any work of Government of the Philippines. However, prior approval of the government agency or office wherein the work is created shall be necessary for exploitation of such work for profit. Such agency or office may, among other things, impose as a condition the payment of royalties. Borrowed materials (i.e., songs, stories, poems, picture, photos, brand, names, trademarks, etc.) included in this book are owned by their respective copyright owners. The publisher and authors do not represent nor claim ownership over them. Published by the Department of Education Secretary: Br. Armin A. Luistro FSC Undersecretary: Dina S. Ocampo, Ph.D. Department of Education – Instructional Materials Council Secretariat (Dep Ed – IMCS) Office Address: 5th Floor Mabini Bldg. DepEd Complex Meralco Avenue, Pasig City Philippines 1600 Telefax: (02) 634 – 1054 or 634 – 1072 E – mail Address: imcsetd@yahoo.com Development Team of the Learner’s Material Reviewers: Mark Kenneth S. Camiling, Rhodora L. Formento, Evelina M. Vicencio Authors: Rizaldy R. Cristo, Minerva C. David, Aidena Nuesca, Jennifer E. Quinto, Gezyl G. Ramos, Emerson O. Sabadlab Illustrator: Eric de S. Guia, Fermin M. Fabella, Raemon C. Dela Peña Encoders: Danica Nicole G. Baña Proof reviewer: Salvacion Olinares Focal Person: Nerisa M. Beltran
  100. 100. DRAFT April 10, 2014 3    Table of Contents Quarter 4 – Injury Prevention/Safety Lesson 1: Keep Safe with Road Signs ................................5 Lesson 2: Crossing the Street Safely...................................9 Lesson 3: Safety at Loading and Unloading Zones .........12 Lesson 4: Safety First Inside a Vehicle................................16 Lesson 5: Unsafe Roads .......................................................20 Lesson 6: Hazards in the Community.................................24 Lesson 7: Be Alert ..................................................................26 Lesson 8: I Want to be Safe.................................................28
  101. 101. DRAFT April 10, 2014 4    QUARTER 4 INJURY PREVENTION AND SAFETY
  102. 102. DRAFT April 10, 2014 5    INTRODUCTION: A young child like you enjoys to explore things and different places whether this be at home, in school or in the community. This module helps you learn how to be a safe passenger and pedestrian, so you can avoid accidents as you go about your daily activities. Activities will also show you some common community hazards and what you need to do when this happens. So now get ready and learn how to ensure your safety. Lesson 1: Keep Safe with Road Signs Procedure: Study the pictures below and rearrange the letters and identify the meanings of the following colors in traffic rules: Let’s Try!    RED    YELLOW   GREEN T  O  S  P WINRANG OG 
  103. 103. DRAFT April 10, 2014 6    Activity 1: Identify road signs in Column A and draw a line to connect their meanings in Column B. Let’s Do This! 
  104. 104. DRAFT April 10, 2014 7    Sing the song to the tune of “Roll Over The Ocean, Roll Over The Sea”. Create and use actions while singing the song. STOP, LOOK AND LISTEN Stop, stop, stop before you cross the street (2x) look, look, look while crossing down the street Stop and look while crossing down the street lalala…listen to the driver, look well at the street listen to the noise before you cross the street Let’s Remember!  
  105. 105. DRAFT April 10, 2014 8    Complete the sentence below. My Road Signs Mobile Look for at least 3 road signs you will see as a pedestrian on your home. Draw it in your notebook. It is important to follow traffic road signs because… ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ Let’s Check!  Let’s do this at home! 
  106. 106. DRAFT April 10, 2014 9    Lesson 2: Crossing the Street Safely Activity 1: Study the picture below and identify the pedestrians. Let’s Do This! 
  107. 107. DRAFT April 10, 2014 10    Activity 2: Which is safe? Check () the picture below which shows safe practices for road safety. Explain your answer.
  108. 108. DRAFT April 10, 2014 11    How often do you practice being safe on the street? Check () the appropriate column. Road Safety Practices as Pedestrian Always Often Sometimes Never Follow traffic rules and signs Be alert when crossing the street. Use the pedestrian lane in crossing the street. Stop first before crossing the street. Stop in the middle of the road. Listen and watch carefully for approaching vehicles. Cross the street when the traffic light is green. Play with friends when crossing the street. Look right and left when crossing the street. Wear bright clothes especially at night if you will nee to cross the street. Let’s Check! 
  109. 109. DRAFT April 10, 2014 12    Lesson 3: Safety at Loading and Unloading Zones Study the two pictures and spot the difference. Let’s Try! 
  110. 110. DRAFT April 10, 2014 13    Activity 1: Safe Passengers Have you seen these road signs? What do these mean?                                                                                                Let’s Do This! 
  111. 111. DRAFT April 10, 2014 14       Activity 1: Don’t be in a hurry! Let’s recite the poem. Road Safety By Aidena L. Nuesca We can all be safer If we follow all the safety rules; There’s nothing we can never do Never can do anything at all Discipline, being safe is important While we are riding, walking and waiting Rules of the road we will obey We shall all be accident free Rules of the road we will obey We shall all be accident free Let’s Remember!  
  112. 112. DRAFT April 10, 2014 15    Which are safe practices when getting in and out of a vehicle? Encircle thumbs-up if you agree and thumbs-down if you don’t. 1. Wait for a ride at the proper place for passengers. 2. Get off the vehicle anywhere you want. 3. Fall in line while waiting for a vehicle. 4. Race with other people to get a ride. 5. Take care of your things throughout the trip. LOADING AND UNLOADING ZONE IN THE COMMUNITY Look for the loading and unloading zones in your community. Draw on your notebook the road safety signs in the area. Let’s Check!  Let’s do this at home!
  113. 113. DRAFT April 10, 2014 16    Lesson 4: Safety First Inside the Vehicle Read the poem. THE KING OF THE ROAD Aidena L. Nuesca “I am the king of the road,” said the jeepney. “I can take you wherever you want to go; I can take you there in a minute or two Just relax and let me go.” “I can take as many passengers as I can Just cling to the bars, when I am full Hold fast to my bars If you’re lucky you’ll be in school.” Let’s Try! 
  114. 114. DRAFT April 10, 2014 17    Activity 1: Lucia and Her Family Read the story below. On Saturday morning, Lucia woke up with a smile. She is excited to attend her cousin’s birthday party. What happened in the story? _______________________________________________________________ What saved the family from accident? _______________________________________________________________ What is the lesson of the story? _______________________________________________________________ Activity 2: What will happen? Identify 2 common road accidents as passengers. Let’s Do! 
  115. 115. DRAFT April 10, 2014 18    Write ways to prevent these.   PREVENTION   ACCIDENTS      
  116. 116. DRAFT April 10, 2014 19    Look at the pictures. Write a safety rule for every picture To avoid accidents, when I ride in any vehicle, I must: - Choose to sit in the sidecar of the tricycle or at the middle if in a car. - Choose a place far from the entrance. - Never put arms, hands and head outside the window. - Be seated while the vehicle is moving. - Always wear seatbelt if available. Let’s Check!  ______________________________________  ______________________________________  ______________________________________  ______________________________________  Let’s Remember!  
  117. 117. DRAFT April 10, 2014 20    LESSON 5: Unsafe Roads Write in the box the different dangerous road situations in your community. Let’s Try!  ______________________________________  ______________________________________  ______________________________________  ______________________________________  Dangerous road situations 
  118. 118. DRAFT April 10, 2014 21    Read the news. Let’s Do This!  1 bata nasawi, 10 iba pa sugatan sa aksidente sa kalsada Isang bata ang nasawi at 10 iba pa ang nasugatan nang mahulog sa gilid ng kalsada ang isang “school bus”sa isang lugar sa Maynila. Sa impormasyon mula sa pulisya, sinabing naganap ang aksidente dakong 5:00 a.m. sa isang madilim at ginagawang kalsada. Nawalan umano ng kontrol sa manibela ang drayber ng bus na dahilan para mahulog ito sa gilid ng kalsada. Sinasabing ang drayber ay lango sa alak bago naganap ang aksidente at hindi nya sinunod ang kaukulang babalang nakalagay bago tuluyang tumaob ang bus. Isinugod naman sa hospital ang 10 nasugatan sa aksidente para malapatan ng lunas.
  119. 119. DRAFT April 10, 2014 22    Activity 2: Road Hazards Identify accidents that may happen when we do not follow road signs. If you are riding a vehicle and you see these road signs, what will you do? __________________________________________________
  120. 120. DRAFT April 10, 2014 23    I. List at least 5 road hazards that you might see while you are on the road. 1.____________________________________ 2.____________________________________ 3.____________________________________ 4.____________________________________ 5.____________________________________ II. Choose 1 hazard listed above and draw the road sign you can follow to avoid road accidents. Let’s Check!  To be safe on the road, I must always be on the lookout for dangerous road situations like: - Bent or curved roads, hills and blind corners - Pot holes and open manholes - Vehicles parked across footpaths - Poor lighted streets at night - Slippery road - Road works/construction - Be seated while the vehicle is moving. - Always wear seatbelt when available. Let’s Remember!  
  121. 121. DRAFT April 10, 2014 24    Lesson 6: Hazards in the Community Activity 1: What causes these? Identify the causes of different community hazards. Activity 2: I Should Know What to do! Write at least 3 actions you will do if natural hazards happen in your community. Let’s Do! 
  122. 122. DRAFT April 10, 2014 25    Natural Hazards What I Know What I Will Do Falling debris and tendency for building collapse caused by Earthquake Ash fall and lava slide caused by volcanic eruption Falling rocks caused by landslide Tsunami or storm surge caused by strong typhoon Which are safe practices for naturals hazards? Put a on the blank. ___1. I will swim in the flood. ___2. I will not panic if disaster strikes. ___3. I will walk alone in public places. ___4. I don’t know our exact home address. ___5. I will watch flying objects during a typhoon. ___6. I will stay at home when there is a typhoon. ___7. I will throw garbage properly to avoid flooding. ___8. I know persons who can help me in case of emergency. ___9. I will listen to news updates on the weather conditions. Let’s Check! 
  123. 123. DRAFT April 10, 2014 26    ___10. I will participate in barangay programs in cleaning the community. I am Safe at Home! List at least 5 hazards in your home which can cause accidents if natural disaster strikes. Lesson 7: Be Prepared! Identify the natural disasters below and write safety rules that people must follow. Let’s Do this at Home  Let’s Try!  Illus of volcanic eruption Tsunami or storm surge 
  124. 124. DRAFT April 10, 2014 27    Make a contact of list of people you may call for help or report community hazards. Name _____________________________________________ Contact Number _____________________________________________ Address _____________________________________________ Name _____________________________________________ Contact Number _____________________________________________ Address _____________________________________________ Name _____________________________________________ Contact Number _____________________________________________ Address _____________________________________________ Name _____________________________________________ Contact Number _____________________________________________ Address _____________________________________________ Let’s Do this at Home 
  125. 125. DRAFT April 10, 2014 28    Lesson 8: I Want to be Safe! Answer questions. 1. What will you do if you are alone and a stranger knocks on the door? ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ 2. What will you do if a stranger offers you food? ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ 3. What will you do if you see a suspicious-looking person looking in at your neighbor’s house? _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 4. Which is a safe route to take in going home? Why? _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 5. What will you do if someone harasses you and asks you to give your money or things? _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ Let’s Try! 
  126. 126. DRAFT April 10, 2014 29    Activity 1: Drawing Maps What is a map? You must have seen maps on television, newspapers or even your textbook. You can draw a map. It is a representation of the things you see around you. A map includes: Title - tells the “what”, “where” and “when” of the map Legend - tells the meaning of the symbols that the mapmaker has used to help represent the things in the area shown in the map Orientation - marks the directions of the map With the help of your teacher, draw a map of your village. Three groups will work on the following: Group 1- safe route for walking in the community Group 2-trace places/people to go when seeking help Group 3-trace route of places where to report suspicious looking people Activity 2: Safer Community Describe and make a poster of preventive actions for a safe community. Let’s Do! 

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