Breast cancer


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Breast cancer

  1. 1. By Tommy Cherisme, Chris/Sam Ward, Quinn Karp And James Barry
  2. 2.   Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that starting with the cells in the tissue of the breast. The tumor becomes malignant when a group of cancer cells become invasive in the tissues and "metastasize" to other areas of the body. What is it?
  3. 3.   Breast cancer consists of two main types: Ductal carcinoma (which starts in the ducts that transport milk from the breast to the nipple).  Another common source of breast cancer can come for the tissues of the breast around the glanular  It is very important to understand this disease occurs most often in women, but men can get it, too! What is it (continued)?
  4. 4.   Symptoms of breast cancer vary from person to person. Some common breast cancer signs and symptoms include:  1. Skin changes, such as swelling, redness, or other visible differences in one or both breasts  2. Nipple discharge other than breast milk  3. General pain coming from the breast  4. Lumps or nodes felt on the breast  5. Irritated or itchy breasts  6. Change in breast color (redness)  7. Increase in breast size or shape  8. Peeling or flaking of the nipple skin (inverted nipple) Are there any ways to detect breast cancer?
  5. 5.   Although there’s no definite reasons behind getting breast cancer, there are a few risk factors that link especially with breast cancer. Some of these risk factors include:  1. gender  2. age  3. family history  4. race  5. dense breast tissues  6. breast cancer DES  7. alcohol  8. Not breast feeding  9. Any radiation of your breast or nearby skin earlier in your life  10. Lobular carcinoma in situ What are some risk factors associated with breast cancer?
  6. 6.  Treatment with DES: Women who were given the drug DES (diethylstilbestrol) during pregnancy have a slightly increased risk of getting breast cancer.  Dense breast tissue: Dense breast tissue means there is more gland tissue and less fatty tissue. Women who have this are at a higher risk and it may be harder for doctors to find it.  Lobular carcinoma in situ: In this condition, cells that look like cancer cells are in the milk- making glands (lobules), but do not grow through the wall of the lobules and cannot spread to other parts of the body. It is not a true cancer or pre-cancer, but having LCIS increases a woman's risk of getting cancer in either breast later.  Family history: Breast cancer risk is higher among women whose close blood relatives have this disease. Still, most women who get breast cancer do not have a family history of this disease, so not having a relative with breast cancer doesn’t mean you won’t get it.  Breast radiation early in life: Women who have had radiation treatment to the chest area (as treatment for another cancer) as a child or young adult have a greatly increased risk of breast cancer. The risk from chest radiation is highest if the radiation were given during the teens, when the breasts were still developing. Risk factors (detailed explanation)
  7. 7.   Although there are many ways to help treat it the following are the most common.  Total molestomy: surgery that evolves removing the entire infected breast from the body.  With this option the patient may go for reconstructive surgery. How do you treat it?
  8. 8.   Chemotherapy treatemnet uses drugs to stop the growth of cancerous cells. By stoping them from dividing. (note this treatment kills good cells as well as bad.  Chemotherapy can be injected from the mouth into a veinor muscle.  Once the substance is in the patient it travels into the blood stream to reach the cancerous area. This is also known as systemic chemotin. Chemotherapy
  9. 9.   Specifically radiation therapy uses high energy x rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells which keep them from growing.  There are two distinct types of radiation therapy; internal and external.  External radiation uses a machine located outside the body to send radiation directly to the spot conatining the cancerous cells.  Internal radiation is quite similar but instead has radioactive properties in needles, seeds, or wires which are placed directly or around the cancerous area. Radiation therapy
  10. 10.  So, obviously cancer looks really scary to have so here are some precautions to take to lower the risk of getting it:  Certain kinds of birth control: Women who are using birth control pills or an injectable form of birth control called depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA or Depo-Provera®) have a slightly greater risk of breast cancer than women who have never used them.  Avoid exposure to radiation and environmental pollution: Medical- imaging methods, such as computerized tomography, use high doses of radiation, which have been linked with breast cancer risk. Reduce your exposure by having such tests only when absolutely necessary. While more studies are needed, some research suggests a link between breast cancer and exposure to the chemicals found in some workplaces, gasoline fumes and vehicle exhaust How do we prevent it?
  11. 11.   Not breastfeeding: Some studies have shown that breastfeeding slightly lowers breast cancer risk, especially if breastfeeding lasts 1½ to 2 years.  Limit alcohol: The more alcohol you drink, the greater your risk of developing breast cancer. The recommended amount would be at most a glass a day.  Control your weight: Being overweight or obese increases the risk of breast cancer. This is especially true if obesity occurs later in life, particularly after menopause. Prevention (continued)