WHEN TO USE COMPARATIVEAND SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVESDegrees of Adjectives• Adjectives can express degrees of modification: Gladys is a rich woman, but Josie is richer than Gladys, and Sadie is the richest woman in town.
• The degrees of comparison are known as the , the , and the .positive: tall comparative: taller superlative: the tallest Actually, only the comparative and superlative show degrees. We use the comparative for comparing 2 things and the superlative for comparing 3 or more things.
• Notice that the word than frequently accompanies the comparative and the word the precedes the superlative.Mary is Anna.Anna is Mary.Sarah is girl in the class.
To make comparative and superlative forms of adjectives some rules must be followed:• Rule 1 One syllable adjectives generally form the comparative by adding ER and the superlative by adding EST. POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE soft softer the softest cheap cheaper the cheapest sweet sweeter the sweetest thin thinner the thinnest
Note: if a one syllable adjective ends in a single vowel letter followed by a single consonant letter,the consonant letter is doubled and then the suffix is added.
If an adjective ends in E, this is removed when adding ER or EST.
If an adjective ends in a consonant followed by y, y is replaced by i when adding ER and EST.
• Rule 2Two syllable adjectives which end in Y usually form the comparative by adding ER and the superlative by adding EST Don’t forget to change the y to i
• Rule 3To form the comparative and superlative of adjectives that are two syllables and more and not ending in a Y, add MORE and THE MOST in front of the positive adjective.
However, a few 2 syllable adjectives can take either ER orEST or MORE or THE MOST. Here are some examples.