Solar energy market a case study on sustainable energy industry


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Analysis of the Potential Solar Energy Market in Malaysia: A Case Study on Renewable Energy Industry

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Solar energy market a case study on sustainable energy industry

  2. 2. Outline • • • • • Introduction Problem of Statement Literature review Solar Energy Conclusion
  3. 3. Introduction • Terms of Energy – Energy means capacity to performs works – Many different energies – physics, chemical, biology – Exists in many forms, transferable and conservable – In generation of electricity – energy divides to non-renewable and renewable energy
  4. 4. Introduction • Energy in Malaysia – Ideally, a good mix of renewable and nonrenewable – Demand is increasing about 4.7 % a year – In 2009 at 103.2 TWh expected to increase to 274 TWh (2030) – User fraction • Transportation (40.5%) • Industrial (38.6%) • Residential and commercial (13.1%)
  5. 5. Introduction • National energy policies – National Energy Policy (NEP) 1979 • Four fuel diversification – oil, hydropower, natural gas and coal – Revised NEP in 1999 • Five fuel diversification – oil, hydropower, natural gas, coal and renewable energy
  6. 6. Problem of Statement • Energy issues in Malaysia – Increasing demand but less supply – Depletion of fossil fuel & need alternative – Environmental issues • GHGs emission • Pollution • Climate changes • Solution? – Diversification of energy
  7. 7. Literature Review • Sustainable energy strategy – Five-fuel Diversification 1999 • Lessen dependency on fossil fuel • Promote new alternative energy source – National Green Technology Policy 2009 • Promote green technology • Energy efficiency • Environmentally friendly
  8. 8. Literature Review • Potential renewable energy in Malaysia – Biomass, solar, mini-hydropower, municipal waste, biogas, & wind. • Highest potential to be implemented according to Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water are: – Biomass – Solar
  9. 9. Literature Review • Why Biomass? – Plenty of resources to generate the energy – Palm oil residues, wood residues, agriculture residues – These resources use to generate heat and electricity
  10. 10. Literature Review • Why Solar? – Solar energy is a naturally – Location of Malaysia – equatorial region – Suitable climate • High temperature 22 to 33 deg Celsius • High humidity 80 – 90% – Abundant of sunshine • Average daily solar radiation is 1643 kWh/m2
  11. 11. Literature Review • Why Solar over Biomass? – Potential growth due to emerging technology – Expected to be main source surpass other renewable energy in Malaysia (source: KeTTHA) – Solar panels have efficiencies as high as 19%, meaning that much of the sun’s energy is converted into electricity. – Clean, no GHGs emission – Can install widely regardless of location in M’sia – Small investment for micro-generation (residential) – Less or almost free maintenance and high reliability with life span expectation of 20–30 years
  12. 12. Solar Energy • • • • Still infancy level Most promising renewable energy in Malaysia Small scale to large scale installation Application of solar – Solar thermally generated electricity- complex collectors to gather solar radiation to produce temperature high enough to drive steam turbines to produce electric power, – Solar Photovoltaic (PV) energy - direct conversion of sun’s ray to electricity- single junction silicon solar cell has 19% efficiency
  13. 13. Solar Energy • Widely used in Malaysia is solar PV application • Mostly for small scale up to medium scale installation like residential and buildings • Government support program like Malaysia Building Integrated Photovoltaic (MBIPV) – To promote and stimulate the PV solar system – Reduce long term cost of BIPV – Aims for energy efficiency with integration solar to existing electricity grid – The project results are expected to induce an increase of BIPV application by 330% from the baseline in 2005, with a cost reduction of 20% by the year 2010.
  14. 14. Solar Energy • Current application status – Formulation of programs like BPIV & SREP to support the development – R&D by universities like UKM on solar thermal systems and grid connected PV; UPM on solar energy & UM on BIPV – Installation mostly small to medium scale – residential & buildings – Policies like National Energy Policy (NEP), National Depletion Policy (NDP) – Acts like Renewable Energy Act 2011 & Sustainable Energy Development Authority Act 2011
  15. 15. Solar Energy • Management of resources – Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water for policies and acts – Energy Commission for supervision and enforcement – Malaysian Industrial Development Authority (MIDA) for promotion of RE – Tenaga Nasional Bhd as utility providers – SIRIM for R&D – MoHE, universities, etc – provides courses, trainings on RE
  16. 16. Solar Energy • Future prospect – Projected to supply 30% of world’s energy by 2050 – Under MBIPV, solar PV energy in Malaysia as main energy source – Introduction feed-in-tariff (user sells electricity to utility) stimulate solar PV applications – Introduction of SURIA1000, a funding incentive (similar concept to hire and purchase) – R&D of technology of solar system by universities, companies etc to improve the system – Malaysia as major player in solar system
  17. 17. Conclusion • Highly potential due to its location – equatorial location • One of future sustainable energy due to advantages of solar system • Efforts and commitment from GoM in term of policy, funds, R&D and stimulation increases the growth • Major barrier is capital investment but can be compensated by proper planning and management
  18. 18. Conclusion • Education sectors plays major role on training and expertise level • Media promotion increases public awareness thus encourage rapid adoption of BIPV • In conclusion, Malaysia should optimize solar PV system to replace non-renewable energy