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Smart grid presentation

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Smart grid presentation

  1. 1. EMERGING ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGIES (BFT 556) SMART GRID Presented by: NORRAZMAN ZAIHA ZAINOLJointly prepared by: Norrazman Zaiha (1033430001) Taufif Zakaria (1033430006)
  2. 2. OUTLINES• Introduction• Generation mix of electricity• Current electrical grid• Energy demand• Major incidents and lesson learned• Driven factors for Malaysia new smart grid• What is smart grid?• Why we should go for smart grid• Concept of smart grid• The functionality of Smart Grid• Components of Smart Grid• Benefits of Smart Grid• Issue on Smart Grid• Conclusion
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION• Many countries and electricity markets are looking at Smart Grid as advanced solutions in delivering mix of enhanced values ranging from higher security, reliability and power quality, lower cost of delivery, demand optimization and energy efficiency.• Its advanced capabilities - demand optimization, delivery efficiency and renewable energy optimization will lead to lower carbon footprint and overall lower energy cost and investment in energy related infrastructure.• It is to ensure sustainable development in the electricity sector and many benefits of the all stakeholders.
  4. 4. GENERATION MIX OF ELECTRICITY• Malaysia has a good mix of energy resources like oil, natural gas, coal and renewable energies such as biomass, solar and hydro
  8. 8. ENERGY DEMAND• 2009, energy demand is 16,132 MW, compared to 10 years before the demand of electricity is just 9690 MW.• This rapid increase in demand is due to the high economic development rate of Malaysia.• For the last 30 years, average percentage increases of electricity is 9.2 % yearly
  9. 9. MAJOR INCIDENTS AND LESSON LEARNED• 13 January 2005, a power blackout on northern peninsular Malaysia occurred when a transmission line near Serendah, Selangor, had broken down.• In 22 April 2008 Sabah had the worst power outage since the commissioning of the east west power grid. Suspected vandals are believed to have removed steel pieces of a 132kV transmission tower that led to its collapse, triggering a major power blackout.• These incidents have called for TNB to initiate new system to backup the existing power supply in order to prevent power interruption or breakdown to the system.
  10. 10. DRIVEN FACTORS FOR MALAYSIA NEW SMART GRID• Increasing reliability, efficiency and safety of the power grid.• Enabling decentralized power generation so homes can be both an energy client and supplier (provide consumers with an interactive tool to manage energy usage, as net metering).• Flexibility of power consumption at the clients side to allow supplier selection (enables distributed generation, solar, wind, biomass).• Increase GDP by creating more new, green-collar energy jobs related to renewable energy industry manufacturing, plug-in electric vehicles, solar panel and wind turbine generation, energy conservation construction
  11. 11. WHAT IS SMART GRID?• In definition, Smart Grid is a form of electricity network utilizing digital technology.• Its connects between suppliers, distributors and consumers.• Its delivers electricity from suppliers to consumers using two- way digital communications to control appliances at consumers homes; which in deed will saving the energy, reduce costs and increase reliability.• A key feature of the smart grid is automation technology that lets the utility adjust and control each individual device or millions of devices from a central location.
  12. 12. WHY WE SHOULD GO FOR SMART GRID?• Smart control of Energy Demand• Reduce emitting green house gaseous (GHG)• Increase Power Quality
  13. 13. CONCEPT OF SMART GRID• The basic concept of Smart Grid is to add monitoring, analysis, control, and communication capabilities to the national electricity delivery system.• This in turn can maximize the output of equipment, help utilities lower costs, improve reliability, decrease interruptions, and reduce energy consumption.
  15. 15. THE FUNCTIONALITY OF SMART GRIDA Smart Grid must functions as followings• Be able to heal itself• Motivate consumers to actively participate in operations of the grid• Resist attack• Accommodate all energy generation and storage options• High quality power• Optimize asset to run more efficiently• Enable high penetration of intermittent generation sources
  17. 17. SUMMARY OF COMPONENTS OF SMART GRIDMain components Centralized Transmission / distribution End-user location generationPhysical power assets Power plants - Power lines, substations, - Smart meter / wireless (including transformers, etc devices storage) - Sensors, security (networked - Microgeneration cameras etc) - Storage - StoragePhysical Power station - Access and transport network Home area networkcommunications assets communicatio (powerline, fixed or ns network (fibre, powerline or wireless), wireless) - switches and routersSoftware and Distributed data processing - on-site, off-site and virtualisedapplications Grid management / load balancing / power Business and consumer routing; end-user usage and billing; IT security; energy management grid and communication network operation and management systems (including protection and control)
  18. 18. BENEFIT OF SMART GRIDAmong the benefits as the followings:• Enabling active participation by consumers.• Enabling new products, services and markets.• Providing power quality for the digital economy.• Optimizing asset utilization and efficient operation.• Anticipating and responding to system disturbances.
  19. 19. ISSUE ON SMART GRIDAmong the issues as the followings:• Lack of recognition or rewards on operational efficiency• Customer concerns over privacy and transfer of data without their knowledge,• Fair distribution of electricity demand• Social concerns over information abuses• People are concerns on extra control of electricity that government have• Customers are concerns on computer security• Malware and hacker threat• Utilities hard to justify for investment on smart grid• Problem over intermittent RE source – e.g. weather• Outdate and old existing electrical facilities
  20. 20. CONCLUSION• Smart Grid technology provides opportunity for Malaysia to enhance the existing grid and preventing reoccurrences of major incidents.• Smart Grid technologies can improve the reliability, security, and efficiency of current electrical grid.• Intelligent devices can automatically adjust to changing conditions to prevent blackouts and increase capacity.• Before the implementation, Malaysia has to study and do proper planning to ensure Smart Grid is executes smoothly and comprehensively.
  21. 21. Q&A
  22. 22. - END -THANK YOU

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