I would like to take a moment to share with everyone, FHWA’s Organizational Structure and where the Resource Center fits in.
ITS Research is for all vehicle types, including fleets. It is for mobile devices, derivers and Infrastructure – all connected for our nations surface transportation.
Anyone familiar with TRB – We don’t work in a vacuum when developing our national ITS Research Program – we collaborate & partner with many agencies, including TRB. TRB is 1 of 6 major divisions of the National Research Council. TRB provides leadership in transportation innovation and progress through research & information exchange. TRB engages more than 7,000 engineers, scientists, & other transportation researchers & practitioners from the public and private sectors & academia, all of whom contribute their expertise in the public interest by participating on TRB committees, panels, and task forces.
Another major partner is ITS America – membership is made up of both public & private agencies, along with academic institutions involved in the research, development and design of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) technologies to enhance safety, increase mobility, and sustain the environment.
Anyone heard of “Pooled Fund Programs” – PFS are where several agencies “pool” their respective federal funding to do research – Enterprise is an example of one such group. They…
This depicts the ITS strategic Research Roadmap – roadmaps are commonly used to communicate the overall work program. The Roadmap brings together the various applications, the infrastructure to support the applications, how to penetrate the market thru testing & business options. The technology to support the applications, including security & scalability. The applications must be sustainable & acceptable which involves governance, certification, field testing and regulations. All of these areas of interest are critical and extremely important in achieving successful deployments.
Furthermore, The Connected Vehicle Program is at the core of the ITS program in achieving Safety, Mobility & managing potential environmental impacts. Safety : There are over 5.8 million crashes per year on U.S. roadways, resulting in 37,000 deaths annually. These crashes have a direct economic cost of $230.6 billion and are the leading cause of death for ages four to 34 . IntelliDriveSM safety applications, using vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communications technology based on Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC), are designed to increase drivers' situational awareness and reduce or eliminate crashes by advising or warning drivers of dangerous situations. Mobility : Traffic congestion is an $87.2 billion annual drain on the U.S. economy, with 4.2 billion hours and 2.8 billion gallons of fuel spent sitting in traffic, the equivalent of one work week and three weeks worth of gas every year. IntelliDriveSM, using V2I capabilities and anonymous information from passengers’ wireless devices relayed through DSRC and other wireless transmission media, has the potential to provide transportation agencies with dramatically improved quality and quantity of real-time traffic, transit and parking data, making it easier to manage transportation systems for maximum efficiency and minimum congestion. The Connected Vehicle will also enable travelers to change their route, time and mode of travel, based on up-to-the-minute conditions, to avoid traffic jams. Environment : Tailpipe emissions from vehicles are the single largest human-made source of carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxides (NOx) and methane. Vehicles that are stationary, idling and traveling in a stop-and-go pattern due to congestion, emit more than those traveling in free flow conditions. Connected Vehicle environmental research is designed to provide data that transportation managers can use to better understand the potential environmental impacts of transportation management decisions made in real time. The ITS Research Strategic Plan assumes that the USDOT's ITS research program will receive the same level of funding as previous years: $100 million per year for five years. In 2011, up to $77 million will be dedicated to multimodal research and an additional $14 million to technology transfer and evaluation. IntelliDriveSM research comprises $49 million of the multimodal research funds. The ITS Research Strategic Plan outlines the following multi-year research activities:
Vehicles will be providing different messages. As applications come along, vehicles might ask for specific types of information. Where is my bus? What is my fastest route. I am full.
Assess mobility and environmental impacts of reducing crashes Develop a core understanding of how new types of data may be used to improve mobility and how existing traffic and planning models and tools can be modified or reinvented with new data. Near Term Activities: Initiate real time traveler information market assessment Conduct probe data application workshop Solicit industry input and develop detailed program plan for VII mobility area.
A Clear Solution for Road Weather Information Why do Quality Checking? For agencies, it allows for an assessment of network health, such as Communications (from ESS to agency server) Calibration (if sensors need service) Quality (validity against neighbors and against data from other networks) For end users, it provides a sense of Data Quality (including any biases) Data Reliability (for use in products)
Advanced Weather Observing and Forecasting Data Management System Surface Transportation Observations: atmosphere, pavement surface, subsurface, Hydrologic “ One Stop Portal”
QCh Algorithms under review: Sea Level Pressure Test Climate Range Test Barnes Spatial Analysis Test Persistence Test Sensor Range Test Like Instrument Test Step Test Dew Point Temperature Test Plus the Manual Set Flag The Completion Flag
The Connected Vehicle Consortium/OEM Participants BMW, Chrysler, Ford, GM, Honda, Nissan, Toyota, VW IntelliDrive is a concept that leverages technology to promote connectivity among vehicles, roadway infrastructure, and wireless devices. Connectivity will create a data-rich environment, providing substantial opportunities to make surface transportation safer, smarter, and more environmentally friendly. The Connected Vehicle will deliver networked connectivity that will truly transform travel. Connected applications provide connectivity: Among vehicles to enable crash prevention Between vehicles and the Infrastructure to enable safety, mobility and environmental benefits (for example, by maximizing the efficiency of traffic signal phase and timing) Among vehicles, infrastructure, and wireless devices to provide continuous real-time connectivity to all system users
The Vehicle Data Translator (VDT) Probe data are complex and pose a significant challenge for use as weather/road condition measurements Sophisticated processing of the data is required A demonstration VDT is under development to demonstrate probe data potential Data Quality Checking processes: Sensor Range Test Climatological Range Test Neighboring Vehicle Test Neighboring Surface Station Test Model Analysis Test Remote Observation Test (not yet run due to lack of high-resolution satellite-based temperature and pressure data) 2 analyses along the Dulles Toll Road conducted by Noblis (2006) Exploratory look at mobile observing National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) was tasked to develop the Vehicle Data Translator (VDT) Feasibility study (2007) VDT Ver1.0 completed in July, 2009 VDT Ver2.0 on target for completion this summer IntelliDrive SM Development Test Environment in Detroit Source of most of the probe data for the VDT development
Ray Murphy of FHWA host Chicago HS for Aricultural Sciences Shadow Day 02 08-12
Ray Murphy, ITS Specialist / Electrical Engineer Careers in Transportation
Careers in Transportation... <ul><li>Job Title: ITS Specialist (Intelligent Transportation Systems) </li></ul><ul><li>How long: 11 yrs with US DOT & 24 yrs with Illinois DOT </li></ul><ul><li>Education: BSEE (Bachelor of Science Electrical Engineering – Illinois Institute of Technology/Chicago) </li></ul><ul><li>Career ladder: Electrical Construction, US Navy Officer, ITS Project Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Most important skill/attribute for success: Communications & Passion </li></ul><ul><li>Advice to those interested in Engineering: take a lot of math & science classes – make each day count; college degree & design your career around something you enjoy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ray Murphy, ITS Specialist / Electrical Engineer </li></ul></ul>
http://www.geocities.com/awis_chicago/ Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers http://www.ieee.org Professional Associations http://www.ite.org Careers in Transportation…
an average of about 118 people die each day Average of 40,000 fatalities annually <ul><ul><li>Develop integrated solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leverage resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build markets </li></ul></ul>Winston Churchill’s quote captures it best… “ The pessimist sees difficulty in every opportunity. The optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty.”
http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/vacancy/roads.htm Careers in Transportation …
Intelligent Transportation Systems , is a broad range of wireless and wired communications-based information and electronics technologies that are integrated into transportation system and in vehicles themselves. ITS is made up of various types of technology based systems. These systems are divided into intelligent infrastructure systems and intelligent vehicle systems. The ITS program is addressed by the U.S. Department of Transportation. http://www.its.dot.gov/
ITS Research = Multimodal and Connected www.ITS.DOT.GOV Vehicles and Fleets Wireless Devices Infrastructure Drivers/Operators
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES Advisors to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine The National Academy of Sciences is an honorific society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. 4 organizations comprise the Academies: the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering , the Institute of Medicine & the National Research Council (NRC). The work of the NRC is made possible by the world’s top scientists, engineers, and other professionals who volunteer their time without compensation to serve on committees and participate in activities. Transportation Research Board (TRB) - is 1 of 6 major divisions of the NRC. TRB provides leadership in transportation innovation and progress through research & information exchange. TRB engages more than 7,000 engineers, scientists, & other transportation researchers & practitioners from the public and private sectors & academia, all of whom contribute their expertise in the public interest by participating on TRB committees, panels, and task forces. The program is supported by state transportation departments, federal agencies including the component administrations of the U.S. Department of Transportation, and other organizations and individuals interested in the development of transportation. http://www.trb.org/GetInvolvedwithTRB/public/GetInvolvedwithTRB.aspx
The Intelligent Transportation Society of America (ITS America) was established in 1991 as a not-for-profit organization to foster the use of advanced technologies in surface transportation systems. They are one of the leading advocates for technologies that improve the safety, security and efficiency of the nation's surface transportation system. Their members includes private corporations, public agencies, and academic institutions involved in the research, development and design of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) technologies to enhance safety, increase mobility, and sustain the environment. Mission - to be proactive leaders for all ITS stakeholders promoting collaboration and networking in research, development and design of ITS technologies to accelerate their deployment and sustain the environment. Vision - help save lives, time and money and sustain the environment through broad deployment of interoperable ITS technologies. http://www.itsa.org/worldcongress.html
The ENTERPRISE Program is a FHWA Pooled Fund Study with member agencies from North America and Europe. Its main purpose is to use the pooled resources of its members, private sector partners and the United States federal government to develop, evaluate and deploy Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). Members http://www.enterprise.prog.org Goals and Objectives <ul><li>The goals for ENTERPRISE aim to define areas of benefit which the group intends to pursue. ENTERPRISE goals include the following: </li></ul><ul><li>increase highway safety; </li></ul><ul><li>reduce highway congestion; </li></ul><ul><li>increase highway efficiency; </li></ul><ul><li>reduce environmental impacts of travel; </li></ul><ul><li>increase comfort and convenience of travel; and </li></ul><ul><li>support research and development of promising advanced technologies for use in solving transportation problems. </li></ul>
ITS Strategic Research Plan – Overall Work Program 2010 2011 2012 2013 Is Infrastructure Required for Security? Yes No Define Infrastructure Requirements Refine Application Strategy Yes No Deployment Scenarios Preliminary Financial Scenarios Preliminary Deployment Scenarios Final Financial Scenarios Final Governance & Certification Assess Driver Distraction Objective Tests Field Testing Application Assessment Objective Testing Requirements Determination Benefits Determination Field Testing Regulatory Decisions Applications Infrastructure Technology Market Penetration Sustainable Acceptable Scalability Additional Testing Other App Testing Note: Investments extend beyond 2013 Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) Standards Security Positioning Data Define Requirements Technical Testing Develop Business Options Retrofit Feasible? Fleet Turnover OK?
<ul><li>Goal: Safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle to Vehicle Communications for Safety Vehicle to Infrastructure Communications for Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal: Mobility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Real-Time Data Capture and Management & Dynamic Mobility Applications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Goal: Environment </li></ul>National, multi-modal surface transportation system that features a connected transportation environment among vehicles (cars, trucks, buses, fleets of all kinds), the infrastructure, and mobile devices to serve the public good by leveraging technology to maximize safety, mobility and environmental performance. Connectivity is achieved through dedicated short range communications (DSRC). <ul><ul><li>Applications for the Environment: Real-Time Information Synthesis (AERIS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Real-time, environmental data from all sources will be integrated and available for use in multimodal transportation management and performance improvement and will contribute to better environmental practices. </li></ul></ul></ul>Five Year ITS Strategic Research Plan (2010 – 2014) Addressing the Problem!!!
A World With Connected Vehicles and Travelers “ Here I Am” / Where’s My Bus/Carpool? latitude, longitude, time, heading angle, speed, lateral acceleration, longitudinal acceleration, yaw rate, throttle position, brake status, steering angle, headlight status, wiper status, external temperature, turn signal status, vehicle length, vehicle width, vehicle mass, bumper height
Mobility and Environment <ul><li>Enhance mobility and environmental benefits through fewer crashes and richer data </li></ul>
The Clarus Initiative <ul><li>A database management system for all surface transportation weather observations in North America </li></ul><ul><li>One database removes borders </li></ul><ul><li>Provides advanced quality checking for both atmospheric & pavement data </li></ul><ul><li>Includes extensive metadata </li></ul>www.clarus-system.com <ul><li>Easy access via web portal & subscription </li></ul>Road Weather Management…
<ul><li>The Clarus System provides near real-time atmospheric and pavement observations from participating states’ environmental sensor stations (ESS). </li></ul><ul><li>Functions include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>data assimilation, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>quality checking, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>data dissemination </li></ul></ul>
Vehicle-based Probe Data Weather Data & the Connected Vehicle
The Vehicle Data Translator (VDT) <ul><li>Functions </li></ul><ul><li>Parsing </li></ul><ul><li>Filtering </li></ul><ul><li>Quality Checking </li></ul><ul><li>Data integration </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical processing </li></ul><ul><li>Data export </li></ul>VDT Data Parser Processing Cache Data Filtering Algorithms Data Quality Checking Statistical Processing Output Queue Ancillary Data Data Subscribers sophisticated processing of data developed by NCAR (National Center for Atmospheric Research) Data Network