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Thailand Sex Trade


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  • Prostitution in some countries is one of the biggest industries, and brothels can be run legally. But under no circumstances should their staff be exploited, that is a terrible part of soiety. Paying for sex is one thing, but not abusing human beings
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Thailand Sex Trade

  1. 1. Sex-trade in Thailand … where law is not implemented SOLD
  2. 2. <ul><li>Oldest known profession </li></ul><ul><li>Growing epidemic </li></ul><ul><li>Early as 16 th -17 th century </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Vietnam War </li></ul><ul><li>“ rest & recreation” </li></ul><ul><li>I ntercourse & I ntoxication </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Totally </li></ul><ul><li>Ineffective </li></ul>Prostitution Prohibition Act in 1960 United nations Did not work ! passed
  5. 5. After the PPA 1960 <ul><li>woman from rural area became prostitutes ! </li></ul>More Increase Prostitutes Before the act 15% age 15-19 Increased to 25% Age 15-19 after
  6. 6. Entertainment places act of 1966 <ul><li>“ special services” </li></ul><ul><li>Massage parlor </li></ul><ul><li>Bars </li></ul><ul><li>Night-clubs </li></ul><ul><li>Tea houses </li></ul>
  7. 7. NOT implemented! <ul><li>Prevention & Suppression </li></ul><ul><li>of Prostitution Act of 1996 </li></ul>Law outlaw Not enforced
  8. 8. Isaan region 50,000 in 2003
  9. 9. <ul><li>$300 Million transfer to rural area </li></ul><ul><li>2003 & 2005 Annual Income </li></ul><ul><li>$22.5 & $27 Billion! </li></ul><ul><li>Sex-tourism destination </li></ul>
  10. 10. Thailand’s Sex Tourism Andrea Martinez “ On this trip, I’ve had sex with a 14 year old and 15 year old . I’m helping them financially. If they don’t have sex with me, they may not have enough food. If someone has a problem with me doing this, let UNICEF feed them.” - Ret. US Schoolteacher
  11. 11. <ul><li>“ When someone travels to another country for the purpose of paying to have sex, especially with children.” </li></ul><ul><li>American military during Vietnam War </li></ul>
  12. 12. Bangkok Pattaya Phuket Koh Samui
  13. 13. The abusers <ul><li>Macho lads </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. Average </li></ul><ul><li>Cosmopolitan men </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly from: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>North America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thailand’s neighboring countries </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. The abused <ul><li>Northern hill tribes </li></ul><ul><li>Runaways </li></ul><ul><li>Neighboring countries: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cambodian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laotian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vietnamese </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Burmese </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Getting the word out there <ul><li>Websites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1995, 25 US businesses offering arranged sex tours </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“Sex with two young Thai girls for the price of a tank of gas.” </li></ul><ul><li>Fly-by-night </li></ul>
  16. 16. How it works <ul><li>Tourists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Go-go bars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beer bars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private member clubs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freelancers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brothels* </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massage parlors* </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. How it works (ctd) <ul><li>Bar fine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost, length, services </li></ul></ul>“ Short time” “ Long time”
  18. 18. More than just one night <ul><li>Marriages of convenience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mututal “benefits” </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Bar life <ul><li>Go-go bars </li></ul><ul><li>Beer bars </li></ul><ul><li>Mamasan </li></ul><ul><li>Papasan </li></ul><ul><li>Farangs </li></ul>
  20. 20. Kathoeys
  21. 21. Child sex tourism <ul><li>Brothels </li></ul><ul><li>Young hustlers </li></ul><ul><li>Simple, child-like English </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yum-yum, boom-boom </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1980s AIDS epidemic </li></ul>
  22. 22. Government intervention <ul><li>30,000-40,000 children exploited </li></ul><ul><li>Prosecution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both Thailand & foreigner’s country </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Laws, acts, prevention programs </li></ul>
  23. 23. $$$ <ul><li>1/4 tourism revenue </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One of Thailand’s most important industries </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li> </li></ul>
  25. 25. HIV/AIDS in S.E. Asia
  26. 26. Overview <ul><li>Statistics of HIV/AIDS in S.E. Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Cycle of transmission </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Practices which facilitate transmission </li></ul><ul><li>Governmental policies toward sex trade </li></ul><ul><li>Dealing with the current problem </li></ul>
  27. 27. Statistics of HIV/AIDS in S.E. Asia
  28. 28. Thailand HIV/AIDS Statistics <ul><li>Total Population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>65,493,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Est. living with HIV </li></ul><ul><ul><li>610,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Est. adult prevalence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.4% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Est. AIDS deaths 2007 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>31,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There has been a 50% increase in total amount of sex industry establishments from 1998-2003 </li></ul>
  29. 29. Cycle of Transmission Foreigners-Local Spread of HIV Local-Rural Spread of HIV 2. Unprotected sex 3. Hollowing-out effect In rural villages 1. Rural, uneducated, Money for family. 2. Contract/spread Disease 3. unprotected sex with spouse or others 1. Local and international tourist
  30. 30. Cultural Aspect <ul><li>Expectation for women to support and make sacrifices for the family </li></ul><ul><li>Clients are given the option for condom use rather than the sex workers </li></ul><ul><li>Lack in education, especially among sex workers </li></ul><ul><li>Children thought less likely to contract diseases </li></ul>
  31. 31. Governmental Action <ul><li>Thai Government and U.S. military signed treaty allowing soldiers to have “I&I” </li></ul><ul><li>Thai Government implemented Prostitution and Prohibition Act of 1960 </li></ul><ul><li>Thai Government passed Entertainment Places Act </li></ul>
  32. 32. Transcending the Cycle <ul><li>Controlled & regulated by the government </li></ul><ul><li>100% condom use in sex industry </li></ul><ul><li>Free testing and health care provided for women </li></ul><ul><li>Educational programs aimed at sex workers, employers, and tourist. </li></ul>
  33. 34. <ul><li>First mentioned in the West in reports from sailors visiting Siam in the 16 th and 17 th centuries. (Siam was former name of Thailand until 1939) </li></ul><ul><li>Prostitution has been illegal since the United Nations pressured the Thai government to pass a law against it in 1960. </li></ul><ul><li>Thai government passed the Entertainment Places Act of 1966 to allow for “special services”. </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention and Suppression of Prostitution Act of 1996 outlaws the hiring of prostitutes under the age of 18. </li></ul><ul><li>Legal age of sexual consent is 15. (The Age 2003) </li></ul>
  34. 35. <ul><li>Hard to determine true number of child prostitutes because it is illegal, therefore not reported. </li></ul><ul><li>The CPCR (Center for the Protection of Children’s Rights Foundation) estimates there are tw0 million prostitutes, 800,000 under the age of 18, and 200,000 under the age of 12. (Francoer 1997-2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Thai government only estimates that 30,000 – 40,000 prostitutes are under the age of 18. (The Nation 2004) </li></ul>
  35. 36. <ul><li>Brothels </li></ul><ul><li>“Body Massage” Parlors, Hostess Bars, and Karaoke Bars all cater to mainly locals and other Asians </li></ul><ul><li>Go-go Bars and “Beer Bars” cater to Western expatriates and tourists. </li></ul>
  36. 37. <ul><li>Sex Trafficking </li></ul><ul><li>Sex Slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Make Money for Family </li></ul>
  37. 38. <ul><li>Many children are captured in Burma. </li></ul><ul><li>Much of Thailand-Burmese border is unchecked and easy to cross. </li></ul><ul><li>Children sold or captured to be taken to Thailand to be prostitutes </li></ul>
  38. 39. <ul><li>Children are literally slaves forced to have sex with at least 1-2 men a day, and up to 26 men in a day </li></ul><ul><li>Many are kept on drugs to keep them awake, but submissive </li></ul><ul><li>Get them addicted then they won’t stop because they need the drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Work for their freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of sex is between $20 and $50 U.S. dollars </li></ul><ul><li>Girls keep $1.20 per day for food and brothel gets the rest </li></ul>
  39. 40. <ul><li>Rural families are poor so it is common for the children to be sold to brothels </li></ul><ul><li>Will be forced by family to go work at brothels and send back money </li></ul><ul><li>Stories of parents drugging their children and selling them to brothels </li></ul>
  40. 41. <ul><li>HIV/AIDS is very prevalent </li></ul><ul><li>One of many brothels raided pulled out 12 girls under the age of 18 and 11 of the 12 were HIV positive. (Sorajjakool 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Mr. Condom”, Mechai Veravaida, has campaigned tirelessly for 100% condom use which has greatly cut down the new cases of HIV/AIDS. (Pusurinkham 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>It is illegal for brothels to allow sex without condoms </li></ul><ul><li>HIV/AIDS rates monitored by local clinics to help determine brothels that allow sex without condoms. (The Age 2003) </li></ul>
  41. 42. <ul><li>Francoeur, Robert 1997-2001 ”T he International Encyclopedia of Sexuality”. Volume I–IV 1997–2001. April 6, r: International Encyclopedia of Sexuality </li></ul><ul><li>Pusurinkham, Sirirat 2007, “Child Prostitution in Thailand”. April 6, r:A Globe of Witnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Sorajjakool, Siroj 2003, Child Prostitution in Thailand: Listening to Rahab . New York: The Haworth Press </li></ul><ul><li>The Age 2003, “Thailand Mulls Legal Prostitution”. April 6, </li></ul><ul><li>The Nation 2004, “ Prostitution: More Thais selling sex, study finds”. April 6, http:// =91309 </li></ul>