Child labor

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Child labor

  1. 1. ‫ﻣﻨﻈ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻤﺔ‬‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﳍﺎﴰﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬2007‫ﺩﻳﺄﻭﻏﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺘﻢ‬‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺪﻳﺮﻳﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﺳﻂ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﺃﻧﻘﺮﻩ‬06531‫ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ‬ ،dmeltem@metu.edu.tr‫ﺁﺫﺍﺭ‬2009
  2. 2. ‫ﻓ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﳊﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺿﻤﺎﻧ‬‫ﺈ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻢ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﻃﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺪﱘ‬ ‫ﳚﺐ‬ ‫ﻧﻪ‬)‫ﺍﳊﻘﻮﻕ‬‫ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎﺕ‬(‫ﺳﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬ ،.‫ﺇﺗﺶ‬22‫ﺳﻮﻳﺴﺮﺍ‬ ،.‫ﺍﻻﻟﻜﺘـﺮﻭﱐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱪﻳـﺪ‬ ‫ﺧـﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬org.ilo@pubdroit‫ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺋﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻳﺎﺟﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬/،‫ﺍﳉﺒﻴﻬﺔ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱄ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬(‫ﻋﻤﺎﻥ‬ ،11181‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬.‫ﻫـﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺘﻄﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻹﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﳌﺼﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺷﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺒﻖ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮﺍﺕ‬.‫ﻓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺎ‬‫ﺈ‬‫ﳚﺐ‬ ‫ﻧﻪ‬‫ﻣﻨﻈ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺪﱘ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻧﲔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺆﺳﺴﺘﲔ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻤﺔ‬‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺎﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺃﻋﻼﻩ‬ ‫ﺎ‬.،‫ﺍﻟﻨـﺴﺦ‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺠﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﲔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳌﺆﺳﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺈ‬‫ﺑﺈﻣﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻪ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺽ‬ ‫ﳍﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﳛﺘﺎﺟﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬.‫ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻳﺮﺟﻰ‬‫ﺍﳌ‬‫ﺑﻠﺪﻙ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺦ‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺰﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﱄ‬ ‫ﻮﻗﻊ‬org.ifrro.www.‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﻟﻮﺟﺎﺕ‬‫ﻣﻠﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺄﻭﻏﻠﻮ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻮﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﰲ‬:‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬2007‫ﺩﻳﺄﻭﻏﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺘﻢ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬ ،‫ﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﺟﻨﻴﻒ‬:‫ﺍﻟـ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬.‫ﺃﻭ‬2009–1V9789221226628 : ISBN9789221226635)‫ﺑﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬.‫دي‬.‫إف‬(‫اﻟﺪوﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬‫اﻟﻤﺴﺢ‬/‫اﻷﻃﻔﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺎﻟﺔ‬/‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻮن‬ ‫اﻷﻃﻔﺎل‬/‫اﻟﺪراﺳﺔ‬/‫اﻷردن‬13.01.2ILO Cataloguing in Publication Data‫ﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﺼﺎﱀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﰎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺋﺮﺓ‬‫ﻣﻠﺘﻢ‬‫ﺩﻳـﺄﻭﻏﻠﻮ‬‫ﻭﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌـﺔ‬‫ﺩﳝﺮﺗﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺒﻮﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﲢﺮﻳﺮ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ‬‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺍﻭﺯﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪ‬‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻣـﻦ‬.‫ﰊ‬.‫ﺳـﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﺟﻨﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺘﺐ‬.‫ﲤﻮﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﰎ‬‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬)‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ‬.‫ﺇﻥ‬.‫ﰐ‬/05/53/‫ﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻳـﻮ‬.‫ﺃﻳﺔ‬(‫ﻭ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻜﺲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺃﻳـﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﺬﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﻀﺮﻭﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻮﺿﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﲡﺎﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﲡﺎﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﲰﺎﺀ‬.‫ﻫﺬ‬ ‫ﺑﺈﻋﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻜﻠﻔﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻱ‬ ‫ﱪ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃـﺮﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﺎﻝ‬‫ﺳﻮﺍ‬‫ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺋﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺀ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻷﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﺎﻧﻮﱐ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﻮﺿﻊ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﺪ‬‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺇﻗﻠﻴﻢ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻄﺎﺗﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ‬‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩﻫﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺪﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺆﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﺍﺋﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺤﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺇﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﲡﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺬﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﻄﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.‫ﲤ‬‫ﺖ‬‫ﻃﺒ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺋﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬–‫ﻋﻤﺎﻥ‬–‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺋﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬2009.
  3. 3. ‫ﺗﻘﺪﱘ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺋﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﺮﺟﻢ‬‫ﺍﻟـﻮﻃﲏ‬ ‫ﺍﳌـﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺟﺮﺗﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬1/12/2007–15/1/2008‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬‫ﺣﻮﺍﱄ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻎ‬15‫ﳐﺘﻠ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺯﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻟﻒ‬‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻳﻀﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﳏﺎﻓﻈﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻒ‬‫ﺍﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ‬،‫ﻋﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻀﺮ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻃﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬‫ﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳌﺴﺎﻛﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺮﺗﻪ‬2004.‫ﻳ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻬﺪﻑ‬‫ﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﺭﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻛﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬5-17‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﲟﺨﺘﻠـﻒ‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻄﻬـﺎ‬‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻈـﺎﻫﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘـﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﳝﻮﻏﺮﺍﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﻐﲑﺍﺕ‬‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﳝ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻄﺎﻉ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻑ‬‫ﻭﻷ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﻴﺸﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺿﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺮ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌـﺮﻑ‬ ،‫ﺧـﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺮﺗﺒﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺬﻟﻚ‬.‫ﻋﻤـﻞ‬ ‫ﻋـﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻳﻀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻓﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﳌـﺴﻮﺣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﲰﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﻫﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻴﺎﻏﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻬﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺪ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻭﺭﺻـﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻈـﺎﻫﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱪﺍﻣﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﺛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ‬.‫ﺍﳌـﺎﱄ‬ ‫ﻟـﺪﻋﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻜﺮ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺋﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺩ‬‫ﻛﻤـﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺧﺎﺭﺟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺈﳒﺎﺣﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﳘﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺬﻟﻚ‬ ،‫ﺍﳌﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺛﺮ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﱪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﲏ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗـ‬‫ﺸﻜﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﺮﺓ‬‫ﺍﻭﺯﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻳﻖ‬،‫ﺍﳌـﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺣـﻞ‬ ‫ﲨﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬‫ﺩﻳﺪﺱ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪﺓ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﳌﺴﺎﳘﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻠـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺄﻭﻏﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪﺓ‬‫ﺍﻻﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬.‫ﲨﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻠﲔ‬‫ﺑﻌﻤـﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻀﺎﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻬﺘﻤﲔ‬‫ﻭﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻮﻳﲔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺨﻄﻄﲔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺨﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬.‫ﺍﳌﺪﻳ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﺩ‬.‫ﻓﺮﳛـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﻴـﺪﺭ‬
  4. 4.  
  5. 5. ‫ﺏ‬‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬‫اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎت‬‫اﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬‫ﺗﻘﺪﱘ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﶈﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬‫ﺏ‬‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﳉﺪﺍﻭﻝ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬‫ﺷﻜﺎﻝ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺨﺺ‬1‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬51.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﳎﻤﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﺠﻴﺔ‬71.1‫ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬72.1‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻤﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬73.1‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻔﺎﺕ‬94.1‫ﺍﳌﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻨﺔ‬‫ﻭﺧﺼﺎﺋﺼﻬﺎ‬101.4.1‫ﺍﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬102.4.1‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬113.4.1‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬122.‫ﻋﻤﻠﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﻃﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬131.2‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺼﺎﺋﺺ‬132.2‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬181.2.2‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬192.2.2‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬233.2.2‫ﺍﻷﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻓﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬244.2.2‫ﳝﺎﺭﺳﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬275.2.2‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﻴﻄﲔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬273.2‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬281.3.2‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺎﻟﺔ‬282.3.2‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬283.3.2‫ﻭﺍﳌﻬﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬294.3.2‫ﺍ‬‫ﻻﻳﺮﺍﺩﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬305.3.2‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬304.2‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ‬321.4.2‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻢ‬322.4.2‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻔﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺧﻞ‬323.4.2‫ﺍﳍﺠﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬344.4.2‫ﺳﻴﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺃﺳﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮ‬345.4.2‫ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻀﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ‬346.4.2‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﻗﺎﻟﻴﻢ‬35
  6. 6. ‫ﺝ‬3.‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﳏﺪﺩﺍﺕ‬361.3‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﳏﺪﺩﺍﺕ‬372.3‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﳏﺪﺩﺍﺕ‬413.3‫ﺑﺎﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﳏﺪﺩﺍﺕ‬414.‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺇﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﲨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺛﺎﺭ‬461.4‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺇﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﲨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺛﺎﺭ‬462.4‫ﺍﻵﺛﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻴﺔ‬491.2.4‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻻﺕ‬492.2.4‫ﺑﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬503.2.4‫ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬514.2.4‫ﺍﳌﻬﲏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺐ‬515.‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬526.‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬A:‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﺭﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ‬557.‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬B:‫ﺍﳌ‬‫ﻨﻬﺠﻴﺔ‬568.‫ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺟﻊ‬62
  7. 7. ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﳉﺪﺍﻭﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺪﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻢ‬‫ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺨﺺ‬1 ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻡ‬12 ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﺭﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺔ‬6-17‫ﺍﳉﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻨﺨﺮﻃﲔ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻡ‬23 ‫ﺍﳉﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻡ‬33 ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻧﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻡ‬43 ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻡ‬54 ‫ﻭﺍﳉﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻬﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻡ‬61.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﳎﻤﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﺠﻴﺔ‬7 ‫ﺍﻷﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﺎﻳﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬‫ﺍﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺔ‬ 1.110 ‫ﺍﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬)‫ﻣﻮﺯﻭﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬( 2.111 ‫ﻭﺍﳌﺴﺘﺠﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬)‫ﻣﻮﺯﻭﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬( 3.112 ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 4.12.‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻧﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﳑﻦ‬‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﺭﻫﻢ‬15‫ﻓﺄﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬14 ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻘﻮﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 1.214 ‫ﻭﺍﳉﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻄﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻻﺕ‬ 2.215 ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 3.216 ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬ 4.217 ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 5.217 ‫ﺍﳌﻬﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻧﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 6.218 ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻧﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 7.218 ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳊﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 8.219 ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 9.219 ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻧﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 10.220 ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ 11.221 ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬‫ﻭﺍﳉﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺒﻮﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻞ‬ 12.221 ‫ﺍﻷﺑﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻠﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬/‫ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﻴﺎﺀ‬ 13.2
  8. 8. ‫ﻫ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺗﺎﺑﻊ‬‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﳉﺪﺍﻭﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳉـﺪﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﻗـﻢ‬22 ‫ﺍﳌﻌﺘﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻧﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 14.222 ‫ﺍﻟﻌ‬ ‫ﺃﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬‫ﻤﻞ‬ 15.223 ‫ﺍﻷﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺔ‬ 16.224 ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻝ‬ 17.224 ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻓﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﳝﺎﺭﺳﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 18.225 ‫ﻣﺪﻓﻮ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﳝﺎﺭﺳﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤـﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﳉﻨﺲ‬19.225 ‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﲤﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻓﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﳕﺎﻁ‬‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ 20.226 ‫ﻋـﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﺣـﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺟـﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻓﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﲞﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻣﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬‫ﻭﺍﳉﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬21.226 ‫ﺍﳋﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻀﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﻳﺔ‬‫ﻣﺪﻓﻮﻋـﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬‫ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺟﺮ‬22.227 ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﺭﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺔ‬6-17‫ﺍﳉﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﳝﺎﺭﺳﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬ 23.228 ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻧﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺫﻛﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﱯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 24.228 ‫ﻭﺍﳉﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﱯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 25.229 ‫ﻭﺍﳉﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﱯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 26.230 ‫ﻭﺍﳉﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻬﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﱯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 27.231 ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 28.231 ‫ﺍﳌﻬﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 29.232 ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻢ‬ 30.233 ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺪﺧﻞ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﻧﻔﺎﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺮﻱ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻸﺳﺮﺓ‬)‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎﺭ‬( 31.233 ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻧﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﺋﺢ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻝ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻣﻌ‬ 32.235 ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺪﻝ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻣ‬ 33.2
  9. 9. ‫ﻭ‬3.‫ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﳏﺪﺩﺍﺕ‬38 ‫ﺗﻌﺮﺽ‬ ‫ﺇﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺜﺒﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ً‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ 1.340 ‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﲬﻴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺛﲑ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺇﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺎﻕ‬ 2.342 ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺜﺒﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ 3.344 ‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻐﲑﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺛﲑ‬‫ﺇﺣﺘﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺎﻕ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬ 4.34.‫ﺍﻵﺛﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﲨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺔ‬46 ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﲨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺻﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻣﺮﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﱯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 1.447 ‫ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺻﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﱯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 2.447 ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻌﺮﺿﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺔ‬ 3.448 ‫ﺍﻟﺬ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﺿﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬ 4.448 ‫ﺳﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺎﻟﺔ‬ 5.449 ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻻﺕ‬ 6.450 ‫ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻒ‬ ‫ﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﱯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ 7.450 ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺴﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﱯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬‫ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ 8.451 ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﱯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠـﻴﻢ‬‫ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻲ‬9.4
  10. 10. ‫ﺯ‬‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬‫ﺷﻜﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻢ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜﻞ‬2.‫ﺃ‬‫ﻋﻤﻠﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﻃﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬13 ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﱐ‬ ‫ﺍﳍﺮﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬‫ﻭﺍﳉﻨﺲ‬ 1
  11. 11. 1‫ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺨﺺ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻳﻬﺪﻑ‬‫ﺇﱃ‬‫ﻣﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻑ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﳏﺪﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﳍﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﶈﺘﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻌﻜﺎﺳﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﰲ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺢ‬2007‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬‫ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﰎ‬‫ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺋﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺀﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬.‫ﺍﳌﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻄﻰ‬14091‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺮﺓ‬76046‫ﻣﻨﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺩﺍ‬24319‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﻼ‬5-17‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬.‫ﻭﻃﺒﻘﺎ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﺮﺍﺕ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺒﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩﺍ‬‫ﳎﻤﻮﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬37760‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﻼ‬‫ﳎﻤ‬‫ﻮﻉ‬1785596‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﻼ‬5-17‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﻴﻄﲔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬)‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺪﻭﻝ‬1.(‫ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﳝﺜﻞ‬2.1%‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﳎﻤﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬5-17‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬‫ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬1.9%.‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻄﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺮﺗﻔﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻄﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﲟﻮﺍﺯﺍﺓ‬‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻝ‬‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﺭ‬15-17‫ﺑـ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺗﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬17.3%.‫ﻭ‬،‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻓﺮ‬ ‫ﻇﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﰲ‬‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻭﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﺭ‬15-17‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻳﻀ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣﺮﺗﻔﻌ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻜﻮﻥ‬.‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺪﻭﻝ‬1:‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﻤﻮﻉ‬‫ﺍ‬5-175-1112-1415-1715+‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﳎﻤﻮﻉ‬572300017855969923914129413802643588250‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬0-4729417-----‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﺓ‬15532993776033247979264571541996‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﻮﻥ‬14031993319033247979218871391896‫ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻄﻠﻮﻥ‬1501004570--4570150100‫ﺍﳌﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻝ‬‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬31.12.110.331.936.9643‫ﺍﻟﺒﻄﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻝ‬9.712.10--17.279.7‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻷﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻮﻉ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻘﻮﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬5‫ﻓﺄﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ‬‫ﻟﻸﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻄﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬15‫ﻓﺄﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﺟ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻜﺲ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬‫ﺃﺑﻮﻳﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻌﻢ‬ ‫ﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺸﲑ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺑـ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻐﺎﺭ‬0.3%‫ﺑﲔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬5-11‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬1.9%‫ﺑﲔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬12-14‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺩﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﱴ‬ ،‫ﻛﺬﻟﻚ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎﺕ‬15-17‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻝ‬ ‫ﻳﺰﺩ‬ ‫ﱂ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬1%.‫ﳍﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬‫ﺷﻜﻠﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬90%‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﳎﻤﻮﻉ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻊ‬‫ﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺨﻔﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﲟﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻳﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﺑﻠﻐﺖ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺒﻮﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬38.6‫ﺳ‬‫ﺎﻋﺔ‬.‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺮﺗﻔﻊ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬40.6‫ﻟﻸﺳﺒﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺔ‬.‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻘﻮﻡ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺜﻠﺚ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺍﱄ‬(‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﰲ‬5-17‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬‫ﺃﺳﺮﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻷﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻓﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﻣﱰﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬.‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺣﲔ‬ ‫ﻓﻔﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﻃﺒﻴﻌﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﺜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ‬37.6%‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬5-17‫ﺳﻨ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻓﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﻣﱰﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬‫ﺈ‬‫ﻥ‬27.1%‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺑﺬﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻣﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬.‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺎﳌﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ‬
  12. 12. 2‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻟﻄﺒﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﱰﻝ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬،‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﲔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﻠﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻟﺘﺴﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﱰﻝ‬.‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺒﲑﺓ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻊ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻓﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﻣﱰﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﰲ‬‫ﺈ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﳏﺪﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﳜﺼﺼﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬)6.2‫ﻟﻸﺳﺒﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺔ‬.(‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﲣﺼﺺ‬‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﳜﺼﺼﻪ‬ ‫ﳑﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺳﺒﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﺼﻒ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺛﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬.‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺸﲑ‬‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺗﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬،‫ﺍﳌﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ‬‫ﻻﺕ‬97.1%‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﰲ‬‫ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻲ‬)‫ﺑﲔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﰲ‬6-15‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬(‫ﻭ‬83.2%)‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬16-17‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬.(‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻳﻀ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﲬﺲ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﳌﺮﺣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺼﻞ‬‫ﱃ‬70%،‫ﺍﳌﺘﻮﺳ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻜﺲ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﻂ‬‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬‫ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺴﺎﻭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻧﺎﺙ‬.‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﳌﻌﺪﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬‫ﻭﺗﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺮﺗﻔﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬‫ﱐ‬‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻻﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬،‫ﻓ‬‫ﺈ‬‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻨﺨﺮﻃﲔ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻣﺘﺪﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬)0.7%(‫ﺑﲔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﰲ‬6-17‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬)‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺪﻭﻝ‬2.(‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﳏﺒﺬ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻓﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﻣﱰﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬‫ﺈ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﲟﺜﻞ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻣﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬‫ﻳﺸﻜﻠﻮﻥ‬2%‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﳎﻤﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬6-17‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻜﺲ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬)62.4%(‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﲔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﺘﺤﻖ‬31.8%‫ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺯﻝ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻓﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﲡﻤﻊ‬.‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺪﻭﻝ‬2:‫ﻧﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﺭﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬6-17‫ﺍﳉﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻨﺨﺮﻃﲔ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬‫ﻤﻮﻉ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺫﻛﺮ‬‫ﺃﻧﺜﻰ‬‫ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬+‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻁ‬+‫ﻣﱰﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬0.430.690.16‫ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬+‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻁ‬0.440.680.19‫ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬+‫ﻣﱰﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬31.7726.5637.39‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻁ‬+‫ﻣﱰﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬0.510.900.09‫ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬62.3966.4358.04‫ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻁ‬0.651.220.02‫ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﱰﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬‫ﻣﺪﻓﻮﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬1.041.242.91‫ﻧﺸﻂ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬1.762.281.20‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﲔ‬ ‫ﻭﰲ‬‫ﺍﻻﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻻﺕ‬‫ﻣﺮﺗﻔﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬95%‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﺃﻗﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﻞ‬)‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺪﻭﻝ‬3(،‫ﺍﻷﻛﱪ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﻭﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﳌﺜﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻮﺭ‬‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﰲ‬16-17‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬‫ﻫﻲ‬88.7%‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓﺈ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬23.2%‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬.‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﳍﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﺪﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ‬85.8%‫ﻭ‬30%‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﱄ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬.‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻨﺴﺤﺒﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺄﺧﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﺒﺪﺅﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻣﺒﻜﺮ‬.‫ﻫﺬ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺸﲑ‬‫ﻣﺘﻀﺎﺭﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﻩ‬.‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ‬‫ﺍﻷﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻓﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻴﻠﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻳﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻇﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻐﺮﺑﺔ‬.
  13. 13. 3‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺪﻭﻝ‬3:‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻝ‬(%)‫ﻭﺍﳉﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬6-1516-17 ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﺫﻛﺮ‬‫ﺃﻧﺜﻰ‬‫ﺫﻛﺮ‬‫ﺃﻧﺜﻰ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬–‫ﻛﻞ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬96.797.681.185.4‫ﺍﻹ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬–‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬97.597.688.785.8‫ﺍﻹ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬-‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﻮﻥ‬55.991.023.230.0‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺼﺎﺋﺺ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻦ‬‫ﻠﲔ‬)62.7%(‫ﺑﺄﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ‬)‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺪﻭﻝ‬4.(‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺪﻭﻝ‬4:‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻧﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬(%)‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﻤﻮﻉ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺫﻛﺮ‬‫ﺃﻧﺜﻰ‬‫ﺑﺄﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ‬62.6966.5730.9‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ‬0.670.75-‫ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﳊﺴﺎﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻞ‬2.612.93-‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻞ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺟﺮ‬32.3728.1866.8‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻞ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺟﺮ‬1.651.572.3‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬33,19029,5853,605‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﻛﺒﲑ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﳜﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻂ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﻧﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬.‫ﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﲔ‬ ‫ﻭﰲ‬66.6%‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺃﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬30.9%‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬66.8%‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺎﺙ‬28.2%‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻧﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺿﺢ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ‬،‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬36.3%‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﲡﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﺪﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﺰﺋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﻤﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺰﺭﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻌﻪ‬27.3%‫ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻄﺎﻉ‬15.8%.‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﺔ‬،‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬77%‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺰﺭﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻦ‬21.5%‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ‬‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬.‫ﻣﻌﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬40%‫ﻗﻄﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ‬‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬11.3%‫ﺍﻹﻧﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺟﻮﻫﺮﻳ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬8.9%‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻗﻄﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻹﻧﺸﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬–‫ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺘﱪ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺮﺍ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬.‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺪﻭﻝ‬5:‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬(%)‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬‫ﻤﻮﻉ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺫﻛﺮ‬‫ﺃﻧﺜﻰ‬‫ﺍﻷﲰﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺰﺭﺍﻋﺔ‬27.5321.5177.00‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺪﻳﻦ‬0.500.56-‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻮﻳﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﺔ‬15.7817.065.34‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ‬‫ﻭﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ‬0.450.50-‫ﺍﻹﻧﺸﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬7.968.93-‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﺰﺋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﲡﺎﺭﺓ‬36.3139.3611.30‫ﻭﺍﳌﻄﺎﻋﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﺎﺩﻕ‬3.323.72-‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﺰﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻞ‬2.582.89-‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬0.850.95-‫ﺘﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬4.284.522.30‫ﺃﻓﺮﺍﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮ‬0.44-4.06
  14. 14. 4‫ﻧﺴﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﳌﻬﻦ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺎﻟﻨﻈﺮ‬77%‫ﻛﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺼﻨﻔﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﻦ‬‫ﻣﺎﻫﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺯﺭﺍﻋﻴﺎﺕ‬)‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺪﻭﻝ‬6.(‫ﻣﻌﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻦ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ‬‫ﺷﻐﺎﻝ‬‫ﲡﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﺪﻭﻳﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻬﻦ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻭﻛﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬68.8%.‫ﺩﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺸﻜﻞ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺭﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺍﱄ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺪﺧﻞ‬‫ﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‬‫ﺳﺮﻫﻢ‬.‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺼﻒ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺍﱄ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﲔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﳛ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻄﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﺑﺄ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻵﺑﺎﺋﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺃﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻠﻮﻥ‬.‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺪﻭﻝ‬6:‫ﻭﺍﳉﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻬﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬(%)‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬‫ﺩﻱ‬‫ﻤﻮﻉ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺫﻛﺮ‬‫ﺃﻧﺜﻰ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻮ‬23.7825.0213.60‫ﺍﻟﺰﺭﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻬﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ‬16.6913.6941.34‫ﻣﻬﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻮﻥ‬33.3036.715.34‫ﻭﳎﻤﻌﻮﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻐﻠﻮ‬1.912.14-‫ﺍﻟﺰﺭﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻬﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ‬10.357.2635.66‫ﺍﳌﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺰﺭﺍﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺓ‬13.1714.284.06‫ﻟﻌﻤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻃﲏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬88.1%‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﰲ‬‫ﳎﻤﻮﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬29225‫ﻋﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻛﺄﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻳﺼﻨﻔﻮﻥ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺒﲑﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﺪﺭﺟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﺆﻻﺀ‬‫ﳜ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺘﻠﻔ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺍﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﲟﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨ‬ ‫ﺑﻘﻄﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳊﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳌﻬﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﻁ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﲬﺲ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺍﱄ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﰲ‬‫ﻋﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻛﺄﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻨﻴﻔﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﲑ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﳛﺘﺎﺟﻮﻥ‬.‫ﻭﺗﻌﺘﱪ‬‫ﻟﻐﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻭﻑ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬)‫ﺣﻮﺍﱄ‬80%(‫ﻭﺍﻟﱵ‬ ،‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻤﻞ‬‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﺭﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬.‫ﺍﳌ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺸﲑ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﻐﲑﺍﺕ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ‬/‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺘﺤﻘﲔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻣﻴ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﻘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺜﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ‬‫ﻳﻜﻮﻧ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﺍﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺃﻃﻔﺎ‬.‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍﳌ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺴﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‬‫ﺪﺭﺳﺔ‬.‫ﺃﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻼ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻬﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ‬‫ﻌﻤﻞ‬‫ﻋﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬.‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺒﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺆﺛﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﳍﺠﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﲔ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺪ‬ ،‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬‫ﻟﻠﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻧﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬.‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻳﻮﺍﺟﻬﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺛﺮﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﲤﺘﻠﻚ‬‫ﺧﻄﺮ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﱪ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺴﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﻛﺒﲑﺍ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺍﺟﻬﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻀﺮﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻠﺘﻮﻇﻴﻒ‬.‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﲔ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﲟﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺎﻟﻨﻈﺮ‬40.8%‫ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ‬/‫ﺍﻟﻌ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺻﺎﺑﺔ‬‫ﻤﻞ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺸﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺟﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺎﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻦ‬)28.8%(‫ﻭﺍﳉﺮﻭﺡ‬/‫ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺻﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬)15.4%.(‫ﻟـ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﲔ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬40.6%‫ﲢﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﲢﺴﲔ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬.‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬12.1%‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﳌﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﺿﲔ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬.‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺬﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻦ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬)71.5%(‫ﺃﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺟﺴﺪﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻳﺬﺍﺅﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﰎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﺑﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﺑﺄ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺎﺩﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬.‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺣﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﻴﺚ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﻓﻬﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﺧﺮ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻎ‬ ‫ﺷﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﳝﻠﻜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﺘﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﲤﺖ‬‫ﻙ‬‫ﺗﻐﻄﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﲑ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻐﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﲢﺪﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‬ ،‫ﻗﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳌﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﳛﺘﺎﺟﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬‫ﺑﺄﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬.
  15. 15. 5ّ‫ﻣ‬‫ﻣﻘﺪ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻬﺪﻑ‬‫ﺇﱃ‬‫ﲢ‬‫ﻭﻃﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺪﻳﺪ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺓ‬)‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﰲ‬5-17‫ﺳـﻨﺔ‬(‫ﰲ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻣﻞ‬ ،‫ﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬‫ﻭﺩﺭﺍﺳﺘﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺆﺛﺮﺓ‬‫ﻭﲢـﺼﻴﻠﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺑـﺼﺤﺘﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳌﺘﻤﺜﻠـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﶈﺘﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻧﻌﻜﺎﺳﺎﻬﺗﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻲ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻞ‬‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬2007.‫ﺍﳌﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳌﺴﺢ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻣـﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﻫـﻮ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻪ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻱ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺋﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺬ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬‫ﻣﻨ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺩﻥ‬‫ﺭﺋﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻈﻤﺔ‬‫ﻫـﻮ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻢ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺭﺩﻥ‬.‫ﺍﳌﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﻏﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬76046‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻓﺮﺩ‬‫ﻣﻦ‬14091‫ﺃﺳﺮﺓ‬.‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺘﱪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺼﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﻳﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺪﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺩﻥ‬6210‫ﺩﻭﻻﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟــ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬GNI)‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴـﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﰎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﺍﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬PPP(‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻚ‬ ،2008.‫ﹼ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭﻳﺘﺮ‬‫ﻧﺴ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺰ‬‫ﺒﺘﻪ‬66%‫ﻗﻄـﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﳌـﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬،‫ﺍﳋﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬32%‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﰲ‬3%‫ﺍﻟﺰﺭﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﰲ‬.‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺳﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﲬﺲ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺍﱄ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻘﻄﻦ‬‫ﺍﻟﺮﻳـﻒ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺭﺩﻥ‬.‫ﺍﶈﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺗﺞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬‫ﺍﻹﲨﺎﱄ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻝ‬2000-2006‫ﺣﻮﺍﱄ‬6.3%،‫ﻳﻌـﲏ‬ ‫ﳑﺎ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﳌﻌﺪﻝ‬‫ﺃﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻣﻌﺪﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﱐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮ‬‫ﺑﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﻱ‬2.4%.‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺩﻯ‬‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ‬‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﻴﺎ‬‫ﺍﳌﺎﺿﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﺍﺕ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺘﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﳔﻔﻀﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﻂ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻴﺸﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﲣﻔﻴﺾ‬ ‫ﱃ‬21.3%‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﰲ‬1997‫ﺇﱃ‬14.2%‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﰲ‬2002)،‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻚ‬2008.(‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻨـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﺧ‬‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺰﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻞ‬،‫ﳛﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ‬40%‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺮ‬18%‫ﺍﻟﺪﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﳎﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﳛﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﲔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬20%‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺮ‬46%‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺇﲨﺎﱄ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﺧﻞ‬)،‫ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴﻴﻒ‬2008.(‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺘﻌ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﰲ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻟﻠﺒﺎﻟﻐﲔ‬91%‫ﻭﺑﻠﻎ‬‫ﺍﳌ‬‫ﻌﺪﻝ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﲔ‬15-24‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬99%)،‫ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴﻴﻒ‬2008.(‫ﻭﻳﻼﺣ‬‫ﻧـﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﻔـﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻆ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺩﻥ‬‫ﻟﻺ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﺪﺍﺋﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺙ‬.‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻌﺘﱪ‬‫ﺗﺴﺎﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻇﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﳒﺎﺯﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﱐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻝ‬‫ﺑﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﳒﺎﺏ‬3.6‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﰲ‬2007)‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺋﺮﺓ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣـﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺼﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺢ‬2007.(‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﲡﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬‫ﻹ‬‫ﺷﺎﺭﺓ‬‫ﺇﱃ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﳔﻔﺎﺽ‬‫ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫ﳒﺎﺏ‬7.4‫ﻃﻔـﻼ‬‫ﻟﻸ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻧﺜﻰ‬1976‫ﺇﱃ‬5.6‫ﻟﻸ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﻼ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻧﺜﻰ‬1990)‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺢ‬(.‫ﹼ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻭﺷ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬37%‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﳎﻤﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬،‫ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺿﻐﻮﻃﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻳﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‬‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﳎﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﰲ‬‫ﻟﻸ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬.ّ‫ﹼ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﺑﺎﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺛﺎﺋﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺩﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺇﻋـﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﻣـﻢ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﳊﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ‬1990‫ﻭﺗﺒﲎ‬ ،‫ﺃ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﲪﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻀﺎ‬1996.‫ﺍﻟﻘـﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻓـﻊ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻦ‬‫ﻷ‬‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﱏ‬13‫ﺇ‬‫ﱃ‬16‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬.‫ﻭﰲ‬‫ﰎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺲ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺪﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﻟﺰﺍﻣﻴـﺔ‬‫ﺇﱃ‬10‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻐﻄﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬6‫ﺇﱃ‬15‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬.‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺍﻟﱪﳌﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﱐ‬‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ‬‫ﺭﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬138‫ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟ‬‫ﺴﻦ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﱏ‬1997‫ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬‫ﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ‬‫ﺭﻗﻢ‬182‫ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺑﺄﺳﻮ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺷﻜﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﳌﻤﺎﺭﺳـﺎﺕ‬‫ﻋﻤ‬ ‫ﰲ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬2000.‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻄﻠﺐ‬‫ﻋﻼﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﺧﲑ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺍﳌﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺍﳌﻬﻦ‬ ‫ﲢﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻌﺔ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍﻟـﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻬـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﳐﺎﻃﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻤﻦ‬‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬.‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬‫ﺭﺩﻧﻴﺔ‬‫ﺑﺈﻋﻼﻥ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺗـﺸ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻬﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﺼﻒ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻯ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺮﺍ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬1997.‫ﹼ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻭﻳﺸ‬‫ﻋﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﻞ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻟﺔ‬‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬2007‫ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﲢﺴﲔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﲡﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﺧﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺪﺍ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺎﻩ‬‫ﻳﻮﻓﺮﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬.
  16. 16. 6‫ﻳﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺎﱄ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﰎ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬:‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﰎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﳎﻤﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ‬ ‫ﻳﺼﻒ‬.‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬‫ﻭﻃ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻣﻔـﺼ‬ ‫ﺷـﺮﺣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ،‫ﻋﻤﻠﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬‫ﻟﻸﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬‫ﳝﺎﺭﺳﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤـﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻮﻉ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬.‫ﻛﻤـﺎ‬‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻳﻀﺎ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺑﺎﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ‬‫ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺇﱃ‬‫ﺍﻷﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺪﻓﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﱰﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﺟﺮ‬.‫ﻭﻳﺘﻨـﺎﻭﻝ‬‫ﳏﺪﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺑﺎﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬.‫ﻭﻳﻘﺪﻡ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﲢﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﻳﻀﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗـﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤـﺘﻐﲑﺍﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﳘﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﲔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬‫ﺳﺮﻱ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﲢﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻘﺪﻡ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻣﻔ‬‫ﻟﻠﻈـﺮﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻼ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬‫ﻣﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﲢﺼﻴﻠﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻳﻮﺍﺟﻬﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﳌﺨﺎﻃﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﲟﺎ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺑﺎﻹ‬ ‫ﺳﺔ‬‫ﺑﺎﳌﺪﺭﺳـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺎﻕ‬،‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻡ‬‫ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺐ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺘﺎﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻘﺪﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺎ‬‫ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﻣﻠﺨﺼ‬.
  17. 17. 7‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﳎﻤﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﺠﻴﺔ‬1.1‫ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺋﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬﺕ‬‫ﺍﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻧﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﳍﺎﴰﻴﺔ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﰲ‬2007‫ﻷ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣﺴﺤ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻝ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔـﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻤﺎﻟـﺔ‬‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺎﱄ‬ ‫ﻓﲏ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺪﻋﻢ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬ILO،‫ﻣﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺪﻑ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻤﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬.‫ﻭﻟﻠﺘﻌﺮﻑ‬‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ‬‫ﻟﻸ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺼﺎﺋﺺ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﶈﺘﻤ‬ ‫ﻧﻌﻜﺎﺳﺎﺕ‬‫ﻟﻠﺘـﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻠﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﲟﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺳﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‬14091‫ﺃ‬‫ﺳﺮﺓ‬‫ﴰﻠﺖ‬76046‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻓـﺮﺩ‬.‫ﻭﻗـﺪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺻﻤ‬‫ﻟﻌﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺆﺷﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﳑﺜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺖ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﻛﻜـﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻃﲏ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﳏﺎﻓﻈﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻀﺮ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬.‫ﺍﳉﺪﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺒﲔ‬1.1‫ﺗﻮ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﺎﻳﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﻊ‬‫ﻭﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻷﻗﺎﻟﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬*.‫ﺍﳉﺪﻭﻝ‬1.1:‫ﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬‫ﺍﳌﻌﺎﻳﻨﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬‫ﺍﳌﻌﺎﻳﻨﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‬‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬5-17‫ﺍﳊﻀﺮ‬1484123856594720972‫ﺍﻟﺮﻳﻒ‬2081706100993347‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ‬7206025308739444‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ‬-‫ﺣﻀﺮ‬6765664287678738‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ‬-‫ﺭﻳﻒ‬443612106706‫ﺍﶈﺎﻓﻈﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻘﻴﺔ‬97280664517314875‫ﺍﶈﺎﻓﻈﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻘﻴﺔ‬80867213718012234‫ﺍﶈﺎﻓﻈﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﻘﻴﺔ‬164134579932641‫ﻤﻮﻉ‬‫ﺍ‬1692140917604624319*‫ﺍﻷﻗﺎﻟﻴﻢ‬:‫ﺍﶈﺎﻓﻈﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﲤﺜﻞ‬2.1‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻤﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﳌﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻴﺪﺍﱐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ‬ ‫ﰎ‬2‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬2007‫ﻭ‬6‫ﺍﻟﺜـﺎﱐ‬ ‫ﻛـﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬2008.‫ﻭ‬‫ﳕﻮﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﰎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻤﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺪﺕ‬‫ﺍﺳ‬‫ﺘﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﻗﺒـﻞ‬ ‫ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺗﻀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬‫ﺛﻼﺛﺔ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬:)1(‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟﻐﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬)2(‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬)3(‫ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬.
  18. 18. 8‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟﻐﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺧﺼﺼﺖ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺑﺔ‬‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬،‫ﺑﺎﻷﺳﺮﺓ‬‫ﻋـﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﲨﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﰎ‬‫ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬‫ﻭﺍﳊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳋﺼﺎﺋﺺ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﻟﻸ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻷﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻓﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻮﺟﻬﺎﺕ‬/‫ﺃﻭﻟﻴﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻇﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ‬‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﺗﺘﺄﻟﻒ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﺍﺀ‬:1.‫ﻭﺧﺼﺎﺋﺼﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ‬2.‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻞ‬)‫ﻟﻸﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬5‫ﻓﺄﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ‬(3.‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﺍﳊﺎﱄ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬)‫ﻟﻸﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬5‫ﻓﺄﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ‬(4.‫ﺍﳌﻌﺘﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺎﻟﺔ‬)‫ﻟﻸﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬5‫ﻓﺄﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ‬(5.‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻬﺎﻡ‬‫ﺍﳌﺪﻓﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬)‫ﻟﻸﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬5-17‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬(6.‫ﺗﻮﺟﻬﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺇﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬/‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭﻟﻴﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻇﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﻝ‬‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺧﺼﺼﺖ‬‫ﺳﺮﺓ‬‫ﻟﻺﺟﺎﺑﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﻓﺮ‬‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﺓ‬‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ‬‫ﺑﺄﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬،‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﺓ‬‫ﻭﰎ‬‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﲨﻊ‬‫ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳋﺼﺎﺋﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﻤﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻮﺍﻓﺮ‬-‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺔ‬.‫ﻭﺗـﻀﻢ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﺍﺀ‬:1.‫ﻭﺍﻷﺳﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ‬2.‫ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺼﺎﺋﺺ‬-‫ﻟﻸ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺔ‬‫ﺳﺮﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺧﺼﺼﺖ‬،‫ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻋﻤﺎ‬‫ﺭﻫﻢ‬5-17‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﲨﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺪﻓﺖ‬،‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻧﻌﻜﺎﺳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬.‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻀﻢ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﺍﺀ‬:1.‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻞ‬2.‫ﺍﳊﺎﱄ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬3.‫ﻟﻸ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻴﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬4.‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻬﺎﻡ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺮﻳﺔ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭﺗﺘﻀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻦ‬43‫ﺳﺆﺍﻻ‬.‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺳـﺆﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺘﺠﻨﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺘﺨﻔﻴﺾ‬ ،‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻃﻔـﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻐﲑﻱ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻗﺒﻠﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺳﺆﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﰎ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺪ‬‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﺭ‬5-9‫ﺳـﻨﻮﺍﺕ‬32‫ﳎﻤﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ﺳﺆﺍﻻ‬‫ﺍﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﰲ‬.‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻈﻬﺮ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬‫ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟﻐﲔ‬ ‫ﺭﰐ‬.‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺠﻨﺐ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻌﻮﺩ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺗﻜﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬‫ﻣﺘﻌﻤـﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟﻐﲔ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻏﲑ‬‫ﻟﻺ‬ ‫ﳐﺎﻟﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﻤﺪ‬‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬‫ﺃﺩﱃ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬.‫ﻭﻟﻀﻤﺎﻥ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺗﻜﻮﻥ‬‫ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬‫ﲤﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬‫ﲝﺮﻳﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺪ‬‫ﺳﺮﺓ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻣﻨﻔﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﺘﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻢ‬.‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﺣﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﳌﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﳏﺎﺫﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺴﺒﺐ‬ ،‫ﻝ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺑﺎﻹ‬ ،‫ﺍﳌﻘﺎﺑﻠـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﻣﻌﺎﺭﺿـﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺿـﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬/‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭﻟﻴﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ‬‫ﲟﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﰲ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﳑﻜـﻦ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺪ‬ ،‫ﺍﳊﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ،‫ﻣﻨﻔﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﳍﻢ‬.‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻦ‬24319ٍ‫ﻞ‬‫ﻃﻔ‬‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﺭﻫﻢ‬)5-17‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬(‫ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬،‫ﰎ‬‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ‬218ٍ‫ﻞ‬‫ﻃﻔ‬‫ﻓﻘﻂ‬)‫ﺃ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻞ‬1%(‫ﻣﻨﻔﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟﻐﲔ‬ ‫ﺃﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺇﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﲟﺼﺎﺣﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﺘﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﲤﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﺒﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺎ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺁﺧﺮ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻗﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﻴﺚ‬‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﻣﻨﻔﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﺘﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﲤﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﻄﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬/‫ﻭﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣـﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﻴـﺎﺀ‬‫ﻃﻔـﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﳌﱰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳋﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﻣﺘﻤﺎﺛﻠﺔ‬‫ﻛﺒﲑ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬.
  19. 19. 9‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻏﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﱄ‬‫ﺍﻹﺟﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟﻐﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠـﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻃﻔـﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺘﻬﻢ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻓﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻳﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﰎ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺪ‬ ،‫ﺟﺮ‬‫ﺧﺬ‬‫ﺑﺈﺟﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﰲ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻟﺪﺍﻥ‬/‫ﺃﻭﻟﻴﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ‬‫ﺍﳔ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪﻡ‬‫ﺮﺍﻁ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﳍﻢ‬،‫ﺎ‬‫ﻷ‬‫ﻛﻘﺎﻋـﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﰎ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻜﺲ‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬.‫ﻭ‬،‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺈ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟﻐﲔ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺟﺪ‬ ‫ﺿﺌﻴﻠﺔ‬.3.1‫ﺑﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻔﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻳﺘﻀ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﰎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬،‫ﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ‬‫ﺍﺳـﺘﺨﺪﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬‫ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﰲ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬)‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻮﻥ‬:(‫ﺮ‬‫ﻳﻌ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﻛﺄﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﻋﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬)‫ﻣﺸﺘﻐﻠﻮﻥ‬(‫ﻓﺘﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﳌﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺰﻣﲏ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺎﺩ‬‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﻞ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻟﻸ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺃﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺟﺮ‬‫ﺳﺮ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺔ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬،‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤـﺔ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻣﻬﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻣﺆﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺒﲔ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻮ‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ‬.‫ﺍﳋﻄﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﻄﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﰎ‬‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺨﺮﻃﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ‬‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬‫ﺭﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬182‫ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺑﺄﺳﻮﺃ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻋﻤ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﺎﻝ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬.‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭﻳﺘﻀ‬‫ﺍﳋﻄﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭﻏـﲑ‬ ‫ﺳـﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﺎﻻ‬‫ﻟﻌﻤ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻐﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻤﺎﺭﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺑﺎﻷ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳌﺘﺎﺟﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺒﻮﺩﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬‫ﺍﶈﻈﻮﺭﺓ‬،‫ﺑﺎﻹﺿـﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺇﱃ‬‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﺁﺧﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣﺆﺫﻳ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬‫ﺟﺴﺪﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﻤﻮ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧﻔﺴﻴ‬.‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﳉـﺰﺀ‬ ‫ﲢﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﰎ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬‫ﺧـﲑ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻞ‬‫ﺭﺩﻥ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﰲ‬1997‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﲤﺎﺷﻴ‬‫ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬74‫ﺭﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬8‫ﻟﺘـﺸﻤﻞ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻳﺘﻀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨـ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ،‫ﺍﳌﺘﻔﺠﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺼﻨﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ،‫ﺧﻄﲑﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺟﻬﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﳛﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﻤﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺍﺟﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﺎﻭﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ‬‫ﻣﻀﺎﻋﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﺴﺪﻳﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ،‫ﻭﻣﺘﻜﺮﺭﺓ‬‫ﳝﺎﺭﺱ‬‫ﳝﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﱪﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳊﺮﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻀﺠﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺑﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻤﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﰲ‬‫ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺟﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﲢﺖ‬‫ﻭﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ‬‫ﺍﻹﻧﺸﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳌﻄﺎﻋﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻨﺎﺩﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳌﻼﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﻳﺔ‬)‫ﺭﻗـﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﲰﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺮﻳﺪﺓ‬4181‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬1/2/1997.(‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﲤﺎﺷﻴ‬‫ﻣﻊ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺻﻒ‬‫ﻟﻸﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﳛﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳌﺆﺫﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﻄﲑﺓ‬‫ﻃ‬‫ﻔـﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﳔﺮﺍﻁ‬‫ﻃ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺼﻨﻔﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻳﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﲑ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻢ‬:•‫ﺍﻷ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺤﻤﻠﻮﻥ‬‫ﺯﺍﺋﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺒﺎﺀ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺛﻨﺎﺀ‬.•‫ﺍﻷ‬‫ﻠﻮﻥ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﻳﺸ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺁﻻﺕ‬/‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺛﻘﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬.•‫ﺍﻷ‬‫ﺍﳌﻌﺮﺿ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻈﺮﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻷﻱ‬‫ﳌﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻛﺎﻟﻐﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺛﻨﺎﺀ‬/‫ﺍﻷﺩﺧﻨﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ‬ ،/‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ‬/،‫ﺍﻟﻠـﻬﺐ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱄ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﺠﻴﺞ‬....‫ﺍﱁ‬.•‫ﺍﻷ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬،‫ﻧﺸﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺧﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺰﻭﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺪﻳﻦ‬‫ﻭﺍﳌﻄﺎﻋﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻨﺎﺩﻕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﶈﺎﺟﺮ‬.•‫ﺍﻷ‬‫ﻃ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺍﺩﻝ‬ ،‫ﳏﻤﻴﲔ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻨـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺩﻻﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹ‬‫ﻧﺘﺎﺝ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻮﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻠﺤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻮﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺐ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻮﻥ‬ ،‫ﲡﻬﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻮﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﳌﻌﺪﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺍﺡ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟـﺸﺤﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘـﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻮ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺟﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻮ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﳌﻜﺎﺋﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺸﻐﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﳎﻤﻌﻮ‬ ،‫ﺍﳌﻌﺪﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳍﻴﺎﻛﻞ‬‫ﻭﺍﳌﻨﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬.
  20. 20. 10‫ﻭﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬‫ﻃﻔﺎ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻻﺋﻖ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺎﻣﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻝ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠـﻀﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻌﺮﺿـﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬،‫ﺍﳉﺴﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﻳﺬﺍﺀ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻳﻌﻨﻔﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺟﻨـﺴﻴ‬ ‫ﻣﻀﺎﻳﻘﺘﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺼﺮﺍﺥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻹﺳـﺎﺀﺓ‬‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺴﺆﺍﻝ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬C40(‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﴰﻮﳍﻢ‬ ‫ﰎ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺪ‬ ،‫ﺄ‬‫ﺧﻄﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬.‫ﻋﻤﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬:‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺘﱪ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﻟﻘـﺪﺭﺍﻬﺗﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳـﺐ‬ ‫ﻏـﲑ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺨﺮﻃﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺻﺤﺘﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﻀﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺗﻄﻮﺭﻫﻢ‬‫ﺍﻷﺧﻼﻗﻲ‬.‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ‬‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬‫ﺭﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬138‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﻝ‬‫ﺴﻦ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬‫ﺩﱏ‬،‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬182‫ﺍ‬‫ﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺑﺄﺳﻮﺃ‬‫ﻋﻤـ‬ ‫ﺃﺷـﻜﺎﻝ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬.‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﱏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺎﻷﺧﺬ‬)16‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬(‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔـﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻓـﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﳋﻄﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬:•‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬•‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻋﻤﺎﺭﻫﻢ‬12-15‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ،‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬14‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺃﺳﺒﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‬•‫ﺑﺎﳋﻄﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻤﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻣﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﺭﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬4.1‫ﻭﺧﺼﺎﺋﺼﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻨﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﺃﻇﻬﺮﺕ‬2007‫ﺃﻥ‬39%‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬14091‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺃﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﱂ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﴰﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺮﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬5‫ﻭ‬17‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬.‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﳍﺬﺍ‬‫ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻜـﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺘﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬8591‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﺟﺪ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺮﺓ‬24319‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﻞ‬‫ﻋﻤﺎﺭ‬5-17‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬.1.4.1‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬‫ﻗﺎﻣﺔ‬‫ﺍﳉﺪﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻳﺒﲔ‬2.1‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻄﻴﺘﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﲤﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﻗﺎﻣﺔ‬.‫ﻭﻛﻤﺎ‬‫ﺫﻛـﺮ‬‫ﻓ‬ ،‫ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺎ‬‫ﺈ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺑﺎﻷ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﲑ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻴﺢ‬‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻀﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﳏﺎﻓﻈﺔ‬.‫ﺍﳉﺪﻭﻝ‬2.1:‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬‫ﻗﺎﻣﺔ‬)‫ﻣﻮﺯﻭﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬(‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬‫ﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ‬5-175-1112-1415-17‫ﺍﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ‬243191311459405265‫ﺍﳊﻀﺮ‬209721133251184522‫ﺍﻟﺮﻳﻒ‬33471782822743‫ﺍﻷ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺎﻟﻴﻢ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﳏﺎﻓﻈﺔ‬9444503923282077‫ﺍﶈﺎﻓﻈﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻗﻲ‬14875807536123188

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