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Politices of india

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all the political parties in india

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Politices of india

  1. 1. POLITICES OF INDIA (POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS & PARTIES)
  2. 2. Republic of India  A federal republic with a parliamentary system of government .  capital: New Delhi
  3. 3. A federal system  26 states and 6 centrally administered Union Territories.  2 states are partially claimed by Pakistan and China.
  4. 4. Federal system  Relatively centralized  Federal government controls the most essential government functions  Defense  Foreign policy  Taxation  Public expenditures  Economic (industrial) planning
  5. 5. The legislature  Parliamentary system of government  the executive authority is responsible to the Parliament INDIAN PRIME MINISTER MR. NARENDRA MODI
  6. 6. The legislature  bicameral Parliament  Rajya Sabha (Council of States)  Lok Sabha (House of the People)
  7. 7. Rajya Sabha (Council of States) The Upper House
  8. 8.  Rajya Sabha (Council of States)  not more than 250 members  12 are nominated by the President of India  the rest are indirectly elected by state Legislative Assemblies  The Council of States can not be dissolved  members have terms of 6 years  1/3 members retire at end of every Upper House
  9. 9.  House of the People Lok Sabha
  10. 10. Lower House  Lok Sabha (House of the People)  545 members  2 are appointed by the President of India  The rest are directly elected from single-member districts.  5-year terms unless dissolved  Lok Sabha elects its presiding officer
  11. 11. INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS  Indira Gandhi  created a top-down structure  party leaders appoint party officials  some limited party elections  left-of-center, pro-poor political platform
  12. 12.  INC moved ward the ideological center  Beginning in 1984  INC today tilts right-of-center economic efficiency business interests limited government spending Indian National Congress
  13. 13. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)  The major political party in India today  right-leaning, Hindu-nationalist party  first major party to mobilize explicitly on the basis of religious identity
  14. 14. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)  Traditional supporters  urban, lower-middle-class groups  base of support widened since mid-1980s  Hindu nationalism  north-central India  decline of Indian National Congress  Muslims as convenient
  15. 15. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)  economic liberalization and stability  privilege the interests of the Hindu majority
  16. 16. Prime Minister  Leader of the majority party leader in Lok Sabha becomes the prime minister  prime minister nominates a cabinet  members of Parliament in the ruling coalition  Council of Ministers  effective power is concentrated in the office of the prime minister  where most of the important policies originate
  17. 17. Prime Ministers of India

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