12/22/13

[Polity] Inter linking of Rivers in India : Benefits, Problems, China dispute etc. « Mrunal

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12/22/13

[Polity] Inter linking of Rivers in India : Benefits, Problems, China dispute etc. « Mrunal

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12/22/13

[Polity] Inter linking of Rivers in India : Benefits, Problems, China dispute etc. « Mrunal

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[Polity] Inter linking of Rivers in India : Benefits, Problems, China dispute etc. « Mrunal

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12/22/13

[Polity] Inter linking of Rivers in India : Benefits, Problems, China dispute etc. « Mrunal

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12/22/13

[Polity] Inter linking of Rivers in India : Benefits, Problems, China dispute etc. « Mrunal

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[Polity] inter linking of rivers in india benefits, problems, china dispute etc

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[Polity] inter linking of rivers in india benefits, problems, china dispute etc

  1. 1. 12/22/13 [Polity] Inter linking of Rivers in India : Benefits, Problems, China dispute etc. « Mrunal HOME POLITY AUGUST 1ST, 2012 20 COMMENTS [Polity] Inter linking of Rivers in India : Benefits, Problems, China dispute etc. What is the inter-linking river project? History States : Favour and Oppose What’re the benefits? What is the cost? Ken-Betwa river link Constitutional Provisions: “Water” What is the problem? What is Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses (CLNNUIW)? Indo China Water Disputes? World Bank report on India’s Water Policy What’s the solution? What is the inter-linking river project? It aims to Transfer water from surplus to water deficit areas in the country. Inter-Linking River Program will help saving the people living in drought-prone zones from hunger and people living in floodprone areas from the destruction caused by floods”. History During the British raj, an Engineer Sir Arthur Cotton had sought to link the Ganga and the Cauvery to improve connectivity for navigation purposes but due to the increased railway connectivity among the areas, the idea was shelved. In 1982, the National Water Development Agency (NWDA) was formed as an autonomous body entrusted with the task to carry out the water balance and feasibility studies of the river linking program. In Feb 2012, Supreme Court, gave its go-ahead to the interlinking of rivers and asked the government to ensure that the project is implemented expeditiously. States : Favour and Oppose State Reason In Favour =Tamil Nadu. no major river originates in the state; it is dependent on inter-state rivers. Assam, Sikkim and Kerala oppose the idea they want exclusive right to use their water resources and that such transfers should not affect any rights of these states. Due to reluctance of certain states, the Centre has not been allowed to undertake detailed surveys. mrunal.org/2012/08/polity-waterlinking.html 1/6
  2. 2. 12/22/13 [Polity] Inter linking of Rivers in India : Benefits, Problems, China dispute etc. « Mrunal What’re the benefits? Irrigating 35 million hectares; Enabling full use of existing irrigation projects; Generating power to the tune of 34,000 mw with added benefits, including flood control. What is the cost? Cost of the project was estimated at 5,60,000 crore; the true cost can known only when the detailed project reports of the 30 river link projects are drawn up So far only Ken-Betwa project is under survey. Ken-Betwa river link It is the only project for which the detailed project report has been prepared, In 2005, MoU was signed between Union Water ministry, CMs of MP and UP. Approximately 8,650 ha of forestland in Madhya Pradesh is likely to be submerged for the project; and part of that forestland is a part of the Panna National Park mrunal.org/2012/08/polity-waterlinking.html 2/6
  3. 3. 12/22/13 [Polity] Inter linking of Rivers in India : Benefits, Problems, China dispute etc. « Mrunal Constitutional Provisions: “Water” Subject “water” is placed in the Constitution in Entry 17 of List II (State List) of Schedule VII. However, the caveat is Entry 56 of List I (Union List), which says, “Regulations and development of inter-state rivers and river valleys to the extent to which such regulation and development under the control of the Union is declared by Parliament by law to be expedient in the public interest.” What is the problem? Unfortunately, the Centre has made little use of the powers vested in it vide Entry 56 of List I. The result is that by virtue of Article 246 read with Entry 17, List II, states have exclusive jurisdiction over waters that are located within their territories, including inter-state rivers and river valleys. It is arguably this status of water in the Constitution that constrains the highest in the executive and the judiciary, despite their pronouncements on and commitment to resolving the problem. It has also stopped the Centre from establishing allocation rules and clearly defined water rights among states that have unending disputes over the sharing of inter-state water resources. The latest example is the second Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal, which has turned into a warzone, with a battery of lawyers, technical staff and irrigation department officials from Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh fighting to win the maximum allocation of the Krishna river for their respective state. What is CLNNUIW)? Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses : it is a document adopted by the UN on May 21, 1997, pertaining to the use and conservation of all waters that cross international boundaries, including surface and ground water. Unfortunately, the convention is not yet ratified. Alongside the US, China, Canada and Australia, India is among the major opponents of the CLNNUIW. Indo China Water Disputes? China has several projects in west-central Tibet that may reduce the river water flow into India+Bangladesh. There are reports that China is planning to divert 200 billion cubic metres (BCM) of the Brahmaputra from south to north to feed the Yellow River. If this is true, India will face a severe crisis once the Chinese projects are completed. Many of the hydel projects in the Northeast India may have to be shelved. Of the 1,900 BCM of river runoff available in the country, about 600 BCM is generated in the Brahmaputra, one can imagine what would happen if the bulk of this is diverted by China. World Bank report on India’s Water Policy It says: India is faced with poor water supply services, farmers and urban dwellers alike have resorted to helping themselves by pumping out ground water through tube-wells. it has led to rapidly declining water tables and critically depleted aquifers, and is no longer sustainable (at many places). government actions — including the provision of highly subsidised or even free power — have exacerbated rather than addressed the problem India is getting seriously water-stressed; and we need to act fast. Water has to be treated not as a local resource, but a global resource. What’s the solution? We need to see if a change in its constitutional status is required We also need to enhance our water-storage capacity, as we suffer the most from the vagaries of the monsoon. river-linking project, alongside a chain of water-conservation projects, would offer a solution. Ref 1. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/status-of-water/982120/ 2. www.downtoearth.org.in/content/supreme-court-go-ahead-interlinking-rivers Previous Posts [Land Reforms] Consolidation of Land Holdings, Cooperative Farming, Computerization of Land records: features, benefits, limitations [Land Reforms] Bhoodan, Gramdan, Jan Satyagraha 2012 & other Non Governmental Movements: Achievements, obstacles, limitations [Land Reforms] Tenancy Reform, Tenancy protection Acts in India, features, benefits, obstacles, limitations, impact, mrunal.org/2012/08/polity-waterlinking.html 3/6
  4. 4. 12/22/13 [Polity] Inter linking of Rivers in India : Benefits, Problems, China dispute etc. « Mrunal evaluation [Land Reforms] Ceiling on Land holdings: Reasons, Impact, Obstacles, Limitations, Achievements [Land Reforms] Post Independence: Abolition of Zamindari, Reasons, Impact, Obstacles, Limitations, First Amendment [Answerkey] CAPF-2013: Polity related MCQs solved with explanation [Land Reforms] Role of Indian Congress in Land reforms during the British Raj, Gandhi’s Views on Land Reforms, All India Kisan Sabha [Land Reforms] Peasant Struggles for Land reforms during British Raj [Land Reforms] British Land tenure System: features, Consequences of Permanent Settlement, Ryotwari, Mahalwari [Polity] 100 Mock MCQ Questions from the Static portion, Constitution of India 20 comments to [Polity] Inter linking of Rivers in India : Benefits, Problems, China dispute etc. Print || PDF Subscribe (Need Chrome)! (free!) Ashish goel Reply to this comment Dear Mrunal, Your article are really informative and analytical but you are missing the bigger picture here that this interlinking of river project is not feasible due to technical reason especially due to power required to push the water from low land to highland. currently 1 tev capacity and required 16 tev.Please throw some light on this aspect to all the readers. ThanKs and regards Ashish goel 2013 aspirant karthikeyan manickam Reply to this comment great work mrunal..we depend on you for our mains gs preparation..kindly continue your wonderful work thanks a lot monty Reply to this comment hey mrunal..if u hv time do frame d xcptd question fr gs ( pre + mains ) too..will ease of pressure waseem Reply to this comment hey monty… cmon man…. u also need to do some stuff…. hw much can mrunal also do it… be different dude… no hard thoughts.. u also need to work hard n take pressures.. u ll b rewarded:) Amruth Reply to this comment well said buddy… and i wish you all the best to my fellow mates and rock your preparation, dude do you know wat all we INDIANS are gud followers than innovators as these west people says we have to change from that position to researchers.. be productive we will share our knowledge in this venue so that everyone else will be benefited… we have to rock INDIA with our good administration… no offence to anyone.. Rahul Reply to this comment hi Karthikeyan Manikam samina Reply to this comment Great job mrunal, very useful for main GS preparation.thank you mrunal.org/2012/08/polity-waterlinking.html 4/6
  5. 5. 12/22/13 [Polity] Inter linking of Rivers in India : Benefits, Problems, China dispute etc. « Mrunal ratnamala Reply to this comment its very good and important imformation Shrutika Reply to this comment A higher resolution image is available here-http://www.thehindu.com/multimedia/archive/00941/River_941397a.pdf Zoom in to see clearly. MANISH KUMAR Reply to this comment respected bhaiya, you are doing a splendid job by helping all the ias aspirants in realising their dreams. kudos to you….your language is very lucid and could be understood by even a layman… regards manish shashi Reply to this comment murnal what does the word caveat mean in the sentence However, the caveat is Entry 56 Mrunal Reply to this comment Caveat means a given statement is correct/valid under special circumstances only. For example, A bank has to keep 4.75% of its total deposits in RBI as CRR. Caveat: That bank has to be a commercial bank or urban cooperative bank. nawin Reply to this comment hi mrunal.. great job sir thank you for such a great artical. daizy Reply to this comment thanx sir , i must say wonderful job Matt Reply to this comment just for fun’s sake – what’s that Youtube advert doing here in this invaluable gem piece of blog!!! Amruth Reply to this comment Hi mrunal, you are doing great job.. but i think you r missing Con’s of this project… its really difficult to get permissions from environmental department, it will cost you more to pump water from lowland area to highland area, what ever hydropower generates it wont be enough to pump water from low land area. machinery to drill hills is another problm for govt and it will cost you lots more wat ever we are expecting. we dont know the river flow direction and it will change it direction very often soo if we built a project on it, if it changes the direction all the money will go waste. siltation is another major problm to the rivers as you built more dams more siltation and for desiltation you need to spend loads of money which we dont know how much it gonna work. you see if this projects really materialise then the problm of conversion of fertile land to infertile will takes place in a rapid time as the sand will go through the water and it will increase the salinity of the soil. mrunal.org/2012/08/polity-waterlinking.html 5/6
  6. 6. 12/22/13 [Polity] Inter linking of Rivers in India : Benefits, Problems, China dispute etc. « Mrunal Pro’s.. water transportation… more land under cultivation viswanadham Reply to this comment sir, how can i get information on topic specific . for example i want to know the topics terrorism, maoism from basics. please tell me Dipali Reply to this comment This is very good informetion Dr.P.T.Hanamgond Reply to this comment Dear sir, We are organizing two day UGC Sponsored national seminar on “Linking of Indian Rivers: Boon or Bane” on 13-14 Sept 2013. We request you to contribute an article for the seminar and give an invited talk on the theme. Please let us know about your availability. The detailed information is available on the following websites. Thanks. http://www.indiawaterportal.org/opportunities/call-research-papers-linking-indianrivers-boon-or-bane-national-seminar-gsscience http://www.gssbgm.edu.in/N-National-Seminarlir.htm R.Venkatasamy Reply to this comment Networking of rivers facilitating flow in either direction is preferred over inter linking of rivers in India where regionalism is a dominant factor.For more details, please visit http://www.nationalwaterways.com mrunal.org/2012/08/polity-waterlinking.html 6/6

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