IntroductionThe growth of the private sector and the emergence of arange of Basic Education PPPs both have implications for therole of international organizations and NGOs, as well as forprivate educational entrepreneurs. For the mostpart, education lending by international organizations suchas the World Bank has mirrored the public sector dominanceof Basic Education that exists in many countries. Theexpansion of PPPs has also highlighted a number ofsignificant gaps in knowledge with respect to the privateinvolvement in education.
Introduction of PPP PPPPPP involves a contract between a public sector authorityand a private party, in which the private party provides apublic service or project and assumes substantialfinancial, technical and operational risk in the project. PublicPrivate Partnership means an arrangement between agovernment / statutory entity / government owned entity onone side and a private sector entity on the other.
PPP in IndiaThe Government of India defines a P3 as "apartnership between a public sector entity(sponsoring authority) and a private sector entity(a legal entity in which 51% or more of equity iswith the private partner/s) for the creation and/ormanagement of infrastructure for public purposefor a specified period of time (concession period)on commercial terms and in which the privatepartner has been procured through a transparentand open procurement system."
Public–private partnership in educationPPP in education is private operation of publiclyfunded education. While evidence is thin, aprominent recent study based uncross-country datasuggests that private operation of schools with publicfunding raises student achievement levels, leading toefficiency gains. If it is accepted that primaryeducation should always be publicly funded, and ifthe superior efficiency of this type of PPP in educationis accepted or presumed.
Benefits of private public partnership in primary educationThese Partnerships can be tailored and targeted to meet theneeds of specific communities like, Mid-day meal given on a daily basis (both in morning & afternoon shifts). Health check up held twice a year. We do maintain Health Charts for the children. All the major festivals and events in the Calendar are celebrated by our school throughout the year. Uniforms, books & stationeries, woolens, new clothes for puja, special treats etc. are provided to the children.
Conti…………..•Private schooling growing rapidly•If private schools attract HHs, they must operatewith some competitive advantages•It’s the nature of these advantages that shapes viewsabout how the private sector can be most effectivelyused
Pre primary education is necessary for all childrenChildren belonging to marginalized groups insociety, particularly girls, depend on public preprimaryschools, whereas those belonging to higher socio-economicgroups are more likely to attending private schools. Sinceeducation of children between 3-6 years old is notfundamental right, it is not legally mandated. Because of thispreschool education is suffering from inadequate coverage andpoor quality benefiting very few children. However, it is animportant constitutional.
Private providers are playing an increasinglyimportant role in educationTo build school infrastructure.As education provider.To provide supplemental academic services.By Financing Either School.To delivering education to low-income .To provide education quality and efficiency.
The arguments in favor of public-private partnershipsPPPs can create competition in the education marketPPP contracts can be more flexible than most publicsector arrangementsGovernments can choose private providers in PPPcontractsTo improve Basic education pattern
The arguments against public-privatepartnershipsTo reduce the government’s controlIncrease socioeconomic segregationWill lose the support of more educated parents
Suggestions to Improve Primary EducationPlan EffectivelyManage BehaviorInclude ParentsBe IntentionalClassroom ChoresGrading and AttendanceBlogsOnline Videos
ConclusionsThis report has undertaken a review of the internationalexperience with PPPs at the Basic Education level. Theseexamples have been drawn from a wide range of bothdeveloped and developing countries. Several forms of PPPhave been highlighted, including private philanthropicinitiative, private sector management initiatives, andprivate School funding programs,(e.g. subsidies andvouchers),adopt-a-school programs and schoolinfrastructure partnerships.