What is psycholinguistics ?Psycholinguistics is the study of the cognitive processes that support the acquisition and use of language.
Cognitive Models: Language Production in Bilinguals
Modelling Language Modelling Language Production of the Competent Bilingual Inpsycholinguistics researchers try to develop models to describe andpreferably predict specific language behavior. The aim is to capture all aspects of language use.
Levelt’s speaking model. - Aims at describing the process of language productionfrom the development of communicative intentions to the articulation of the sounds.
On the basis of research on Bilingual aphasia , Paradis (1981) proposed the sub – set hypothesis
Language Choice In speaking , the step which is probably most crucial isthe matching of chunks from the pre verbal message with the meaning part of lemmas.
Poulisse and Bongaerts (1994) argue that language is one of the features used in the selection process, so for the selection of the lemma boy , not only do the semantic features male and young have to match relevant conceptual information in the preverbal message , for bilingualspeaker how has English one of his languages , the lemma boy , will need to contain about which language it belongs to
Experimental studiesExperimental studies of language Production in L1 and L2 In studiesof comprehension, a word sentence, or text can examine the way in which processing reflects its structure and meaning .
Illustrative researches on second language acquisition andbilingualism. The non selective nature of lexical access In the lexical decision task letter strings are presented and the participant must decide weather they are real words or not.
Developing lexical Developing lexical proficiency in a second language Few studies have taken a developmental approach to this issue to ask how nature ofactivated lexical information changes with increasing proficiency in L2 .Few have compared and have observed differences consistent with the view that initially the high degree of activation on L1 influences in L2
Forgetting and relearningThrough non-use of a language, the level of activation of knowledge inthat language decreases even to point that the language is considered lost for foreign language teaching is how such knowledge can be reactivated again using our knowledge of the mechanics of language production and perception. Unfortunately , very little has been done on this so far.
Language Implications Language production and language perceptiontwo factors determinate accessibility of linguistic elements in particular non- balanced bilinguals and language learners.