India‘s rising population and income levels, along with a growing preference for private health services over public services, is augmenting the growth of the healthcare delivery market
India is witnessing a shift in disease patterns from communicable diseases to the high incidence of non-communicable and lifestyle-related diseases, which is driving the need for tertiary and quaternary-care hospitals and clinics.
Among countries outside the US, India has one of the largest number of Joint Commission International (JCI) approved hospitals. The country has 500,000 doctors, 900,000 nurses and around 1.37 million beds. India holds the top position in the number of medical and nursing colleges —303 and 3,904, respectively. The cost of surgery in India is one-tenth the cost in the US and European countries
Population growth and increased disposable income are expected to result in better healthcare awareness and more expenditure on healthcare. Healthcare expenditure in India is expected to increase by 15 per cent per annum. India has the potential to add nearly 1.74 million beds between 2008 and 2027 with an investment of about 104 USD billion during the same period to fulfill the unmet needs.
Expected to reach 280 USD billion by 2020, according to a report by an industry body. "Healthcare has emerged as one of the most progressive and largest service sectors in India with an expected GDP spend of 8 per cent by 2012 from 5.5 per cent in 2009”. As per a study by an industry body and Ernst & Young, India would require another 1.75 million beds by the end of 2025. The Indian health insurance market has emerged as a new and lucrative growth avenue for both the existing players as well as the new entrants. As per data released by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), the drugs and pharmaceuticals sector has attracted foreign direct investment (FDI) worth 1.87 USD billion between April 2000 and January 2010, while hospitals and diagnostic centers have received FDI worth 980.38 USD million in the same period. Computer-based bio-surveillance projects generating data about diseases and creating databases on healthcare in rural areas are becoming popular in India with various organizations entering into this arena.
Government launched the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) in 2005 Aims to provide quality healthcare for all and increase the expenditure on healthcare from 0.9 per cent of GDP to 2-3 per cent of GDP by 2012 Budget 2011-12, 0%, increased the plan allocation to health by 20% to 5.8 USD billion Universal Immunization Program Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program National AIDS Control Organization Integrated Disease Surveillance Project National Cancer Control Program (NCCP) Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act 1994 has been amended to make it more comprehensive
Achieve an acceptable standard of good health amongst the general population of the country Increase access to the decentralized public health system The contribution of the private sector in providing health services would be much enhanced Increased access to tried and tested systems of traditional medicine will be ensured FDI Policy 100 percent is permitted for all health related services under the automatic route
The National Health Policy 2002 focuses on the need for enhanced funding and organizational restructuring of national public health initiatives to facilitate more equitable access to healthcare facilities. The policy focuses on diseases that mainly contribute to the disease burden — tuberculosis, malaria and blindness from the category of historical diseases and HIV/AIDS from the category of newly emerging diseases. This policy aims to achieve gradual convergence of health under a single field of administration and lays emphasis on the implementation of programs through local self-government institutions. The policy also aims to identify specific programs targeted at women‘s health and strengthening of food and drug administration, in terms of laboratory facilities and technical capabilities. Under this policy, a larger contribution is proposed from the central budget for the delivery of public health services at the state level.
Indian Council Of Medical Research (ICMR) Indian Medical Association (IMA) Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI)
An additional 1.75 million beds are needed for India to achieve the target of two beds per 1,000 population by 2025. An additional 700,000 doctors will be required by 2025 to reach a ratio of one medical doctor per 1,000 individuals. To maintain the current doctor-to-nurse ratio of 2.2, an additional 1,600,000 nurses will have to be trained by 2025. Achieving these targets will require a total investment of 77.9 USD billion.
Health Insurance Medical Tourism Hospital Management Curative and Preventive Services Infrastructure Facilities like Hospitals and Diagnostic Centre Training Manpower (doctors, nurses, technicians)
Private players have made significant investments in setting up state-of-the-art private hospitals in cities likbai, New Delhi, Chennai and Hyderabad.Introduced latest medical technology and have created a competitive environment.Governments share in the healthcare delivery market is 20 percent while 80 percent is with the private sector. Emergence of corporate hospitals has led to increased professionalism in medical practices and use of hospital management tools. Apollo Group Fortis Max Wockhardt Piramal Duncan Ispat Escorts Ranbaxy Group Company
Policy Makers and Government Officials: Minister of Health Secretary of Health Secretary of Science and Technology Industry