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OLED Curve of the Future

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Presentation from the Almo Pro A/V E4 AV Tour taught by Malissa Dillan, CTS-D, CTS-I

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OLED Curve of the Future

  1. 1. WASHINGTON DC | APRIL 6, 2016! presented by!
  2. 2. presented by! Malissa Dillman, CTS-D, CTS-I OLED Curve of the Future
  3. 3. presented by!Introduc>on Malissa Dillman, CTS-D, CTS-I, CQT, CQD, JOATMON InfoComm Instructor InfoComm Top Woman in AV 2012 InfoComm Educator of the Year 2013 Cer>fica>on CommiLee Alumni SME and Item Writer for Infocomm 18 Years in the Industry
  4. 4. presented by! Terminology!
  5. 5. presented by! Technology Evolves!
  6. 6. presented by! More Pixels!! HD High Def 720 x 1280 922k Pixels FHD Full HD 1080 x 1920 2M Pixels UHD Ultra HD 3840 x 2160 8.3M Pixels UHD Ultra HD 7680 x 4320 33M Pixels 8K 4K 1080p
  7. 7. presented by! 16K 15,360 x 8,640 132M pixels QUHD Quad UHD
  8. 8. presented by! UHD Alliance!
  9. 9. presented by! UHD Alliance!
  10. 10. presented by! UHD Alliance Members!
  11. 11. presented by! UHD Alliance! Premium HDR A black level lower than .0005 nits and a max brightness of at least 540 nits ~or~ A black level lower than .05 nits and a max brightness of at least 1,000 nits Must meet one of these two standards….Why?
  12. 12. presented by! What Does it All Mean?!
  13. 13. presented by! Resolution !
  14. 14. presented by! Frame Rate!
  15. 15. presented by! Why a Curve?! Viewing Angles Improve Reflec>ons are Limited Less Keystone Effect
  16. 16. presented by! Contrast Ratios!
  17. 17. presented by! Contrast Ratio! •  Comparison of the brightest whites to the darkest blacks •  300:1 Brightness (luminance) of the white areas in the image are 300 >mes brighter than that of the blacks •  Important as this affects our ability to perceive both image brightness and image detail
  18. 18. presented by! Can You See a Difference?! 1 2 6 5 4 3 7 8 9 10
  19. 19. Contrast Ratio Demo
  20. 20. presented by! Examples of Contrast!
  21. 21. presented by! Black is the new Black?! “Black is the absence of light and therefore the absence of color…...”
  22. 22. Perfect Black
  23. 23. presented by! OLED Technology!
  24. 24. presented by! OLED! Organic Light-Emifng Diode Doesn’t require a backlight Thin and low-energy consuming Eastman Kodak invented OLED technology in the early 1980s
  25. 25. presented by! Lifetime of OLED! Display used 10 hours per day for 10 years Total Usage = 36,520 hours LG claims OLEDs lifespan of 100,000 hours 2013 Lifespan was 36,000 hours Technology development LCD Half-Life typically rated for 60-70,000 hours
  26. 26. G6 Series by LG •  OLED (Organic Light-Emifng Diode) panel, RGBW method •  4K (3840 x 2160) Resolu>on •  Premium HDR compliant (at least .0005 nits minimum luminance , at least 540 nits maximum luminance) •  Capable of HDR10 playback •  Extended OLED color range approxima>ng the DCI-P3 color space •  Pasive 3D capable •  4.2 Channnel 60@ audio •  Four HDMI 2.2 Capable inputs •  Web OS 3.0 smart plalorm
  27. 27. LG •  LG Is the First to Market with OLED Technology •  Infinite Contrast Ra>o
  28. 28. presented by! How it’s Made! •  LED – A large backlight shines through the screen – Full Array and Edge Lit
  29. 29. presented by! How it’s Made! Edge Lit Full Array
  30. 30. •  LED Full Array •  U>lizing Local Dimming •  Zones of control for backligh>ng •  Samsung KS9800 150 zones •  Sony X940D 96 zones
  31. 31. LED •  Actually Blue Leds coated with a Yellow Phosphor
  32. 32. presented by! Light Leakage!
  33. 33. presented by! Great Example!
  34. 34. presented by! •  LCD TV – Pixel told to show “black” it simply shuts off
  35. 35. presented by!
  36. 36. presented by! LED/LCD! •  Use LEDs to Provide the “White” Backlight •  LEDs and White Light – Not So Much •  Color Changes
  37. 37. presented by! •  Emissive – Each cell or pixel produces it’s own light independently of the others
  38. 38. presented by! Quantum Dots!
  39. 39. presented by! Quantum Dots! Nanocrystal Semiconductors
  40. 40. presented by! Quantum Dots! Quantum Dot Enhancement film (QDEF) ends up sandwiched between a display’s backlight and tradi>onal liquid-crystal module (LCM)
  41. 41. S>ll and LCD
  42. 42. presented by!
  43. 43. presented by! Color Bit Depths!
  44. 44. presented by! Color Bit Depth!
  45. 45. presented by! Color Bit Depth!
  46. 46. Low Bit Depth HighBit Depth
  47. 47. presented by! Color Gamuts!
  48. 48. presented by! Color Gamuts!
  49. 49. presented by! Color Gamut!
  50. 50. presented by! Standard Color vs Wide Color!
  51. 51. presented by! Nits! A unit of measurement to describe how bright a display is 100 Wa: Light Bulb 18,000 Nits Sunny Day 100,000 Nits Average IPhone 500 nits
  52. 52. presented by!
  53. 53. presented by! HDR!
  54. 54. presented by! High Dynamic Range (HDR)!
  55. 55. presented by! SDR vs HDR!
  56. 56. presented by! High Dynamic Range! •  Boosts Contrast Ra>o •  Much finer detail in shades •  Introduces Wide Color Gamut (WCG) •  More Colors
  57. 57. presented by! HDR is there a Difference?! Dolby Vision HDR No HDR
  58. 58. presented by! 2 Players Enter the Arena! HDR 10 Open Source Samsung Sony LG Panasonic Hisense Dolby Vision Proprietary LG OLED TCL Phillips Vizio Reference Series
  59. 59. presented by! HDR 10 – Dolby Vision! Both require minimum 4k (3,840 x 2,160) resolu>on Both call for Wide Color Gamut 90% of DCI-P3 Both require 10 bit color depth
  60. 60. presented by! Dolby Vision Beyond! •  Mastering supports up to 10,000 nits peak brightness, with a current 4,000 nit peak brightness target •  HDR 10 mastering supports 4,000 nits peak brightness with a current 1,000 nit peak brightness target •  Dolby Vision mastering supports up to 12 bit color depth •  HDR 10 is mastered for 10 bits •  Dolby vision mastering supports up to BT2020 color space •  HDRr10 is mastered for DCI-P3
  61. 61. presented by! Test HDR and Dolby Vision! •  Two iden>cal displays – LG OLED 4K TVs
  62. 62. presented by! Film Maker’s Intent!
  63. 63. presented by! The Journey! Capture Post Produc>on Mastering
  64. 64. presented by! Standard Def! Distribu>on
  65. 65. presented by! High Def! Distribu>on
  66. 66. presented by! Real World Test!
  67. 67. presented by! Mad Max: Fury Road!
  68. 68. Take note of Max’s skin tone and the detail/colora>on of the war rig behind him
  69. 69. HDR 10 version is slightly redder, which can muddy subtler details. Note that in terms of luminance alloca>on they are basically iden>cal.
  70. 70. presented by!
  71. 71. presented by! New Ways to Display!
  72. 72. presented by!
  73. 73. presented by!
  74. 74. presented by!
  75. 75. presented by!
  76. 76. hLps://youtu.be/VlkFo-pSC9A
  77. 77. presented by!
  78. 78. presented by!

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