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4K: NO MYTHS, NO EXAGGERATIONS -
JUST THE FACTS
Everything you REALLY need to know on how to specify, sell and integrate 4...
Beyond the Hype-
What is 4K?
4K in ProAV?The Evolution of
Resolution
The Digital Canvas
?
The Evolution of Resolution
4K UHDvs.
SMPTE TV DCIvs.
Video Resolutions from 1080p to 4K
4K UHD vs. 4K DCI
3840x2160 4096x2160
16:9 17:9
4K UHD vs. 4K DCI
3840x2160 4096x2160
16:9 17:9
720p @ 60Hz
1080 @ 60Hz
4K UHD @ 30Hz
4K UHD @ 60Hz
UHDTV1 = 3840 x 2160
UHDTV2 = 7680 x 4320
4K
8K
2048 x 1080 or 1920 x 1080
4096 x 2160 or 3840 x 2160
2K
4K
UGH!
TV & Video
All you have to remember is…
Film & Movies
3840x2160 4096x2160
Thanks for the PLETHORA
of standards.
PLETHORA
?Beyond the Hype - What is 4K?
Primary 4K Factors
Resolution
Frame Rate
Chroma Sampling
Pixel Clock
Color Bandwidth
3840 x 2160
4096 x 2160
Resolution
Frame Rate &
Chroma Sampling
Resolution Frame Rate Chroma Subsampling
4K / UHD 30 Hz 4:4:4
4K / UHD 60 Hz 4:2:0
4K / UHD 6...
Pixel Clock
(bandwidth)
Resolution Frame Rate Chroma Subsampling Pixel Clock
4K / UHD 30 Hz 4:4:4 297.00 MHz
4K / UHD 60 H...
Color Bandwidth
Resolution Frame Rate Chroma Subsampling 8-bit Color 10-bit Color
4K / UHD 30 Hz 4:4:4 8.91 Gpbs 11.14 Gpb...
THE 4K PIPE
SDIHDMI Display Port Mini Display Port
Standard Bandwidth Color Sampling UHD @ 30 Hz UHD @ 60 Hz
HDMI 1.4a 10.2 Gbps 4:4:4
1 cable, 8-bit 2 cables, 8-bit
4 cable...
Standard Bandwidth Color Sampling UHD @ 30 Hz UHD @ 60 Hz
DisplayPort 1.1a 10.8 Gbps 4:4:4 1 cable, 8-bit
2 cables, 8-bit
...
Standard Bandwidth Color Sampling UHD @ 30 Hz UHD @ 60 Hz
HD-SDI 1.485 Gbps 4:2:2 4 cables, 10-bit n/a
3G-SDI 2.97 Gbps 4:...
SIGNAL ROUTING 4K
Does it all need to be
4:4:4 ?
Switching, Routing &
Cabling
Source
Which 4K is it?
Most Consumer TV’s do...
One Cable/Pathway
*Image from Extron’s Distributed 4K and UDH Signals in Professional AV Environments
Two Cables/Pathways
*Image from Extron’s Distributed 4K and UDH Signals in Professional AV Environments
Four Cables/Pathways
*Image from Extron’s Distributed 4K and UDH Signals in Professional AV Environments
WARNING
Future-Proof
Just Video?
Graphics
A Digital Canvas?
DIGITAL CANVAS
Where will 4K be in ProAV?
31
4K is Stunning
Kick-Ass Images
It’s 3D Without Glasses
4K in ProAV
The available sources and displays
capable of 4K or ...
Corporate Applications
Huddle Room Applications
The Digital Canvas Concept
Higher Ed Applications
Meeting Room Applications
@rAVePubs gary@rAVePubs.com
4K: NO MYTHS, NO EXAGGERATIONS - JUST THE FACTS
4K: NO MYTHS, NO EXAGGERATIONS - JUST THE FACTS
4K: NO MYTHS, NO EXAGGERATIONS - JUST THE FACTS
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4K: NO MYTHS, NO EXAGGERATIONS - JUST THE FACTS

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Everything you REALLY need to know on how to specify, sell and integrate 4K systems right the first time.
No myths, no “spec talk” - just the facts.

Published in: Technology
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4K: NO MYTHS, NO EXAGGERATIONS - JUST THE FACTS

  1. 1. 4K: NO MYTHS, NO EXAGGERATIONS - JUST THE FACTS Everything you REALLY need to know on how to specify, sell and integrate 4K systems right the first time. No myths, no “spec talk” - just the facts. GARY KAYYE
  2. 2. Beyond the Hype- What is 4K? 4K in ProAV?The Evolution of Resolution The Digital Canvas ?
  3. 3. The Evolution of Resolution
  4. 4. 4K UHDvs.
  5. 5. SMPTE TV DCIvs.
  6. 6. Video Resolutions from 1080p to 4K
  7. 7. 4K UHD vs. 4K DCI 3840x2160 4096x2160 16:9 17:9
  8. 8. 4K UHD vs. 4K DCI 3840x2160 4096x2160 16:9 17:9 720p @ 60Hz 1080 @ 60Hz 4K UHD @ 30Hz 4K UHD @ 60Hz
  9. 9. UHDTV1 = 3840 x 2160 UHDTV2 = 7680 x 4320 4K 8K
  10. 10. 2048 x 1080 or 1920 x 1080 4096 x 2160 or 3840 x 2160 2K 4K
  11. 11. UGH!
  12. 12. TV & Video All you have to remember is… Film & Movies 3840x2160 4096x2160
  13. 13. Thanks for the PLETHORA of standards. PLETHORA
  14. 14. ?Beyond the Hype - What is 4K?
  15. 15. Primary 4K Factors Resolution Frame Rate Chroma Sampling Pixel Clock Color Bandwidth
  16. 16. 3840 x 2160 4096 x 2160 Resolution
  17. 17. Frame Rate & Chroma Sampling Resolution Frame Rate Chroma Subsampling 4K / UHD 30 Hz 4:4:4 4K / UHD 60 Hz 4:2:0 4K / UHD 60 Hz 4:4:4
  18. 18. Pixel Clock (bandwidth) Resolution Frame Rate Chroma Subsampling Pixel Clock 4K / UHD 30 Hz 4:4:4 297.00 MHz 4K / UHD 60 Hz 4:2:0 594.00 MHz 4K / UHD 60 Hz 4:4:4 594.00 MHz
  19. 19. Color Bandwidth Resolution Frame Rate Chroma Subsampling 8-bit Color 10-bit Color 4K / UHD 30 Hz 4:4:4 8.91 Gpbs 11.14 Gpbs 4K / UHD 60 Hz 4:2:0 8.91 Gpbs 11.14 Gpbs 4K / UHD 60 Hz 4:4:4 17.82 Gpbs 22.28 Gpbs
  20. 20. THE 4K PIPE SDIHDMI Display Port Mini Display Port
  21. 21. Standard Bandwidth Color Sampling UHD @ 30 Hz UHD @ 60 Hz HDMI 1.4a 10.2 Gbps 4:4:4 1 cable, 8-bit 2 cables, 8-bit 4 cables, 10-bit 4 cables, 10-bit HDMI 2.0 8.91 Gpbs 4:4:4 1 cable, 10-bit 1 cable, 8-bit 2 cables, 10-bit HDMI 2.0 17.82 Gpbs 4:2:0 n/a 1 cable, 10-bit HDMI
  22. 22. Standard Bandwidth Color Sampling UHD @ 30 Hz UHD @ 60 Hz DisplayPort 1.1a 10.8 Gbps 4:4:4 1 cable, 8-bit 2 cables, 8-bit 4 cables, 10-bit DisplayPort 1.2 21.6 Gpbs 4:4:4 1 cable, 10-bit 2 cables, 10-bit DisplayPort
  23. 23. Standard Bandwidth Color Sampling UHD @ 30 Hz UHD @ 60 Hz HD-SDI 1.485 Gbps 4:2:2 4 cables, 10-bit n/a 3G-SDI 2.97 Gbps 4:2:2 n/a 4 cables, 10-bit HD-SDI & 3G-SDI
  24. 24. SIGNAL ROUTING 4K Does it all need to be 4:4:4 ? Switching, Routing & Cabling Source Which 4K is it? Most Consumer TV’s don’t do 4:4:4 at 60Hz (neither do most projectors.) Display
  25. 25. One Cable/Pathway *Image from Extron’s Distributed 4K and UDH Signals in Professional AV Environments
  26. 26. Two Cables/Pathways *Image from Extron’s Distributed 4K and UDH Signals in Professional AV Environments
  27. 27. Four Cables/Pathways *Image from Extron’s Distributed 4K and UDH Signals in Professional AV Environments
  28. 28. WARNING
  29. 29. Future-Proof Just Video? Graphics A Digital Canvas?
  30. 30. DIGITAL CANVAS
  31. 31. Where will 4K be in ProAV?
  32. 32. 31 4K is Stunning Kick-Ass Images It’s 3D Without Glasses 4K in ProAV The available sources and displays capable of 4K or UHD video are growing at a remarkable pace.
  33. 33. Corporate Applications
  34. 34. Huddle Room Applications
  35. 35. The Digital Canvas Concept
  36. 36. Higher Ed Applications
  37. 37. Meeting Room Applications
  38. 38. @rAVePubs gary@rAVePubs.com

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