Graffiti as urban art

2,030 views

Published on

Presentation to Mensa AG - July 11/09

Published in: Entertainment & Humor
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,030
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
19
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Start w nice pic – whatattracted me Definitions – w slides – tags, throw ups/bubble letters, wildstyle, pieces (masterpieces), murals Styles – marker, airbrush, stencils, cans Toronto pics – Queen w, Keele Ottawa – HoP, tech, Gatineau – parks Halifax – Pit, dartmouth freestyle Mural programs –Toronto (broadcast lane, alley garage doors, Gatineau plows, Halifax skatepark, Ottawa (Interpares) Ottawa – tech wall, HOp., Orleans skatepark wall – 1 yr trial - bylaws – focus on erad and removal and fines, other poss– meeting Mar 29
  • In the spring of ‘99 I was walking down Queen west, and caught glimpse of colour up a side alley. There, in the midst of the usual back alley mess I found art, such as this – this was my introduction to graffiti
  • Interesting as a graph element – further down lanes found several more exactly the same, so realized was a signature
  • - Sold this one - copyright
  • Toronto Oxmen – Div 51 peewee football team
  • The other wall is on unused property of former Ottawa Technical school, a 10x100 foot retaining wall semi-legal in that tolerated for the last 15 yrs or so many local artists have started there and progressed to successful art careers – exchanging concrete for canvas also used as backdrop for several commercial photo shoots on major bus route – continuous steam of buses in rush hour past this urban art gallery future unknown – city may buy as a park to complement the surrounding condos
  • Current status in Ottawa have a new mayor and council – elected on “tough on crime” so see all graffiti as illegal and a visible target rather than an opportunity for youth involvement Ottawa city program – focus now on eradication, and other short term solutions ran a selected zero-tolerance area as a pilot project, focus on charging youth, and getting areas repainted – did have short term effect of cleaning walls – expensive in terms of materials and police patrols needed, suspect youth just moved elsewhere, city plan to expand program to cover most of Ottawa – not known yet how effective this expansion will be or at what cost to taxpayers and businesses significant indicator that youth are not considered as part of ext stakeholders new bylaw , similar to Toronto’s, provides fines to businesses Difference , Toronto usually uses bylaw as last resort, part of overall program that connects youth and property owners for murals Ottawa focusing on bylaws and fines, considering this as a solution, rather than using some of the more creative approaches cities such as Toronto are using Bylaw to council in May, will be effective Jan 2008
  • When I went back in Ottawa I looked to see what programs we had locally Across the river in Gatineau-Hull, graffiti management is part of overall youth program They encourage artists to replace the rush of illegal tagging with the rush or artistic recognition by their peers City uses legal walls, like these in parks, as well as legal zones in some tunnels and overpasses Walls are 8x12 foot, of plywood, and mounted on posts. Several times over the summer the city repaints them white – to encourage fresh work. I hope to use these kind of walls for a pilot project for a legal wall in my part of Ottawa – will be in an existing skateboard park
  • In the spring of ‘99 I was walking down Queen west, and caught glimpse of colour up a side alley. There, in the midst of the usual back alley mess I found art, such as these faces – this was my introduction to graffiti
  • - this is an example of a cooperative mural done last summer – some youth got together, approached a local business with a proposal to do a mural. - was accepted, got money for paint (plus), completed in a few days. This helped the youth, and the owner, has not ben tagged over, and is appreciated by passers-by. - under the new proposed bylaw and restrictive mindset, this type of innovative and cooperative community approach will be more difficult - I’ve been gathering info and contacts over the years on different approaches used to manage graffiti, esp Toronto, and trying to educate local communities on solutions available to them and the youth - my hope is that in Ottawa the BIA’s and various youth organizations look at the issues and possible solutions and decide to modify the current approach to graffiti Thank You
  • Gatineau also has an artistic competition on snow plow blades, Winners get prizes plus to winners plus satisfaction of seeing their colourful art coming down the street on a winter’s day. overall: - drop in illegal tagging, - significant savings for removal, - increased positive involvement of youth in community, - appreciation artistic expression
  • Graffiti as urban art

    1. 1. graffiti as urban art <ul><li>Presentation for Mensa AG – July 11, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Photos © Mike Young –artists as indicated </li></ul><ul><li>www.ravensview.ca [email_address] </li></ul>
    2. 2. <ul><li>Outline </li></ul><ul><li>Definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Styles, Techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Graffiti mural examples and various cities </li></ul><ul><li>Graffiti transformations </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>More Images </li></ul>
    3. 3. Definitions? <ul><li>graffito: crude scratches, markings, decoration inscribed on rocks or walls </li></ul><ul><li>describes a style of art, not a location/legality </li></ul><ul><li>Ottawa bylaw “markings that disfigure or deface a property ”, unless it’s a mural sign </li></ul><ul><li>Mural sign – expression of public art, done with consent of property owner </li></ul>
    4. 4. Marker – Toronto - 1999
    5. 5. <ul><li>Better if bylaw addresses permission, not art </li></ul><ul><li>One of 4 Element of hip-hop - MC, DJ, graffiti, bboys/bgirls. </li></ul><ul><li>to some purists, to be called graffiti must be illegal and with spray/marker </li></ul><ul><li>Generalize –youth – hip-hop = taggers = gangs and violence? Less than 5% </li></ul>
    6. 6. My first view Toronto 1999 back of Rex Hotel on Queen w. - by Specs - part of 8x20 ft mural
    7. 7. <ul><li>Styles </li></ul><ul><li>Tags </li></ul><ul><li>Bubble letters </li></ul><ul><li>Wild style letters </li></ul><ul><li>Pieces </li></ul><ul><li>Productions/murals </li></ul>
    8. 8. Tag - Toronto – 1999 – Queen w alley
    9. 9. Bubble letters – Ottawa – 1999 - Daser
    10. 10. Wildstyle piece – Toronto – 1999 – Queen w alley
    11. 11. Production – Mixed style mural –Ottawa – 2006 - HoP - DBS Crew
    12. 12. Ottawa – Tech Wall – 2007 - Cens, Hiero, Mopes, and Prank
    13. 13. <ul><li>Techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Marker </li></ul><ul><li>Airbrush </li></ul><ul><li>Stencil </li></ul><ul><li>Can </li></ul>
    14. 14. Toronto – Broadcast Lane – 2007 - Viviana Astudillo
    15. 15. Stencils – Toronto – Resurface at the Drake – 2007 - phresha
    16. 16. Toronto – Resurface at the Drake – 2007
    17. 17. Cans – Broadcast Lane – Toronto - 2007
    18. 18. Broadcast Lane – Toronto – 2007
    19. 19. <ul><li>Cities – Ottawa/Gatineau </li></ul><ul><li>Tech wall – Slater at Bronson </li></ul><ul><li>House of Paint – Bronson bridge over Rideau river (Dunbar) </li></ul><ul><li>Orleans Sportsplex skateboard park </li></ul><ul><li>City of Gatineau parks (50 walls/tunnels at 29 sites) </li></ul>“Legal” Walls
    20. 20. Ottawa - Tech Wall – by Daser - 2006
    21. 21. Ottawa Tech Wall – by Daser - 2006
    22. 22. Ottawa – Tech wall - 1999
    23. 23. Ottawa – Tech wall - by Setone, erakon, rate, notime - 2000
    24. 24. Ottawa –Techwall - 2007
    25. 25. Ottawa – Tech wall - 2008
    26. 26. Ottawa – Dunbar bridge - 2003
    27. 27. Ottawa – Dunbar bridge- By Press Pause crew (Tor) - 2005
    28. 28. Ottawa – Dunbar bridge -by DBS cru - 2007
    29. 29. Ottawa – Dunbar bridge - by Sberk, Giero - 2007
    30. 30. Ottawa – Orleans skatepark – by Hauntr? - 2007
    31. 31. Ottawa – Orleans skatepark – by Eroks? - 2007
    32. 32. Orleans skatepark wall - 2007
    33. 33. Orleans skatepark wall - 2007
    34. 34. Ottawa – Orleans –Sketch youth group festival - by Nalls - 2007
    35. 35. Orleans – Sketch event “Toast” - 2007
    36. 36. Gatineau - legal walls - 2006
    37. 37. Gatineau – Legal walls - 2006
    38. 38. <ul><li>Cities – Toronto </li></ul><ul><li>Queen west and Spadina area </li></ul><ul><li>Queen west by Drake Hotel </li></ul><ul><li>Bloor by Keele west subway station </li></ul>
    39. 39. Gatineau – bike path wall detail -2008
    40. 40. Gatineau – bike path wall detail -2008
    41. 41. Toronto “legal” areas <ul><li>Queen west, alleys from University to Bathurst </li></ul><ul><li>Queen west, behind Drake Hotel </li></ul><ul><li>Bloor west, by Keele west subway stop </li></ul>
    42. 42. Toronto – Queen w. 1999
    43. 43. Toronto – Queen w. alleys - 1999
    44. 44. Queen w. alleys - 2000
    45. 45. Toronto – Queen w. alleys - 2001
    46. 46. Toronto – Queen w – 2005 - AC
    47. 47. Toronto – Queen w – 2008 HSA/AC
    48. 48. Queen w. (Drake) - 2007
    49. 49. Queen w. (Drake) - 2007
    50. 50. Queen w. (Drake) – 2007 –by EGR
    51. 51. Toronto – Keele w. at Bloor subway - 2001
    52. 52. Toronto – Keele w. at Bloor subway - 2004
    53. 53. Toronto – Midas wall – by Artchild -2006
    54. 54. Toronto – Keele w. at Bloor subway Park’n’ride – Midas wall - 2007
    55. 55. <ul><li>Cities – Halifax </li></ul><ul><li>The Commons Park -skateboard </li></ul><ul><li>The Pit </li></ul><ul><li>Dartmouth Cove </li></ul>
    56. 56. Halifax – Commons Park – skatepark - 2008
    57. 57. Halifax – Commons Park - 2008
    58. 58. Halifax – Common park – skatepark - 2008
    59. 59. Halifax – side of Bearly’s - 2008
    60. 60. Halifax – The Pit -2008
    61. 61. Halifax – The Pit -2008
    62. 62. Halifax – The Pit -2008
    63. 63. Halifax – Dartmouth Cove walls - 2008
    64. 64. Halifax – Dartmouth Cove - 2008
    65. 65. Halifax – Dartmouth Cove - 2008
    66. 66. Halifax – Dartmouth Cove - 2008
    67. 67. Toronto – Resurface at the Drake -2007
    68. 68. Annual events <ul><li>Toronto – Style in Progress, Resurface at the Drake Ottawa – HoP – House of Paint Montreal – Under Pressure </li></ul>
    69. 69. Toronto – SIP 2008 – Richmond (Mercer)
    70. 70. Toronto – SIP 2008
    71. 71. Jack Skellington – SIP - Toronto
    72. 72. Toronto – Resurface at the Drake -2007
    73. 73. Toronto – Resurface at the Drake -2007
    74. 74. Graffiti Transformations <ul><li>Neighbourhood transformation </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on specific neglected area that has garbage, tagging, vagrants, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses tagging issues and community disconnects </li></ul><ul><li>Link together local graffiti artists and community residents and owners </li></ul><ul><li>Cleanup, prime, plant vines, add lighting, cooperatively design and add mural art </li></ul>
    75. 75. <ul><li>Youth gain - communications, empathy, business skills, pride, worth as artists </li></ul><ul><li>Residents/owners gain - understanding of youth talents and culture, no more tags </li></ul><ul><li>Community gains – social links, cleaner look, more welcoming, safer feel, higher property values, tourists </li></ul><ul><li>Process is now in Ontario School Resource Officer manual for police training </li></ul>
    76. 76. Youth that are involved <ul><li>Some redirected from justice system </li></ul><ul><li>Some former illegal taggers </li></ul><ul><li>Some just artists </li></ul><ul><li>Program aims at giving alternatives, role models, skills for living </li></ul><ul><li>For some, thrill of illegal tagging grows into thrill of public art, skill building, and $$$ </li></ul><ul><li>Some may “slip” – like in a rehab program </li></ul>
    77. 77. Toronto – Bathurst/Dundas – coord by Harbourfront Communiity Centre - 2006
    78. 78. Toronto – Bathurst/Dundas – coord by Harbourfront Communiity Centre - 2006
    79. 79. Toronto – Croft street – 2007 – Viviana Astudillo
    80. 80. Toronto – Kensington Market – Sonya’s Park - 2007
    81. 81. Toronto – Kensington Market – graffiti murals etc
    82. 82. Toronto – Kensington - stencils
    83. 83. Toronto –Broadcast Lane - before - 2007
    84. 84. Toronto –Broadcast Lane - after - 2007
    85. 85. Broadcast lane – 2007
    86. 87. Const Scott Mills - videographer
    87. 88. Mural in Gatineau – 2009 corner of Rue Sainte Redempteur and Rue De l'Hotel de Ville
    88. 89. Orleans Autotech – before – June/08
    89. 90. After – Sept/08 – artists pez, smog
    90. 91. Hwy 174 sound barrier - before - June/08
    91. 92. After – Sept/08
    92. 93. Ottawa – Laurier - Interpares – by WFS crew - 2006
    93. 94. Keepsix.com – artist collective <ul><li>Link artists and customers </li></ul><ul><li>Add business practices and skill building </li></ul><ul><li>Open to all artists, mentor </li></ul><ul><li>Promote canvas work also </li></ul>
    94. 95. Ottawa – Hydro TS on Richmond Rd – 2008
    95. 96. Jack Purcell Community Centre Pool wall – about 1999
    96. 97. Pool wall - after
    97. 99. Photolux photo studio
    98. 100. Hillary’s Cleaners – Bank street - before
    99. 101. Hillary’s – after – June 2009
    100. 102. Genest pool utility bldg – Vanier –June 2009
    101. 103. Keepsix – next murals
    102. 104. City block behind Boushey’s – Elgin St - on hold – design too commercial
    103. 105. Ravine wall – St. Joseph blvd, Orleans – June 16/09
    104. 106. Sodexo food van
    105. 107. City supported mural projects
    106. 108. Gatineau Balloon Festival – Aug/08 Graffiti on rinkboards
    107. 109. -by madns -by credk
    108. 110. Gatineau - snow plow art - 2005
    109. 111. Gatineau – 2008 – Festival Jeunesse
    110. 112. Halifax – Dartmouth Cove Community Art Project - 2008
    111. 113. Halifax – Dartmouth Cove Community Art Project - 2008
    112. 114. Halifax – Dartmouth Cove Community Art Project - 2008
    113. 115. Some final thoughts…
    114. 116. Recent Carleton geography seminar – graffiti and role of location <ul><li>Graffiti – location implies artistic expression or wanton vandalism? </li></ul><ul><li>Graffiti – presence implies location is unsafe? Or if mural work, is safer? </li></ul><ul><li>Artists – location determines if have rights to their art? </li></ul>
    115. 117. Copyright <ul><li>Do the artists own the rights to their pieces? </li></ul><ul><li>Does copyright exist if done on a very visible wall in public domain? </li></ul><ul><li>What if was done on a private wall, out of general view? </li></ul><ul><li>What if it was done without permission? </li></ul><ul><li>What if anonymous? </li></ul><ul><li>If I take a picture of the work, do I need to get artist’s permission before I can sell it? </li></ul>
    116. 118. <ul><li>Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>- and more images </li></ul>
    117. 119. Tag - Toronto – 1999 – Queen w. alley
    118. 120. Toronto – 2001 - Keele w. on Bloor line – by AC? & Bacon
    119. 121. Ottawa – Tech wall – by Know - 2005
    120. 122. Ottawa – Tech wall – by Daser - 2005
    121. 123. Ottawa Tech wall -by Evoke and Maki - 2005
    122. 124. Ottawa Tech wall – by Sberk - 2007
    123. 125. Ottawa Tech wall -by Net - 2007
    124. 126. Ottawa Tech wall- by Teamak - 2007
    125. 127. Toronto – Richmond w. - 2000
    126. 128. Toronto – Richmond w. - 2000
    127. 129. Queen w. (Drake) – 2007
    128. 130. Toronto – Keele w. at Bloor subway - 2005
    129. 131. Toronto – Keele w. at Bloor subway – Romera House - P. Bresba, J. Diaz - 2005
    130. 132. Toronto – Midas wall - 2006
    131. 133. Toronto – Midas wall - 2007
    132. 134. Toronto – Midas wall - 2007
    133. 135. Toronto – Midas wall - 2007
    134. 136. Ottawa tech wall – by Setone, Erakhan - 2001
    135. 137. Ottawa – Tech wall – detail -2001
    136. 138. Ottawa – Dunbar bridge -2006
    137. 139. Halifax – The Pit -2008
    138. 140. Toronto – Bathurst/Dundas – coord by Harbourfront Communiity Centre - 2006
    139. 141. Toronto - Queen w. alleys - 2000
    140. 142. Toronto – Keele w. at Bloor subway - 2004
    141. 143. Ottawa – Hydro on Richmond Rd - 2008
    142. 144. thank you

    ×