Communication in teaching learning process Prepared by : Raveen Ismail Hayman Ahmed Viyan Hasso
Outlines1. Introduction2. Defining communication3. Importance of communication4. Communication rights and responsibilities5. Style of communication6. Type of communication7. Elements of communication ,communication process8. Characteristics of effective communication9. Characteristics of effective communicator10. Identifying different Barriers to communication
History of communication• The need to communicate is part of mans inherent being. Since the beginning of time the human race has communicated using different techniques and methods. Many early forms of communication were painting on cave walls ,use of symbols then developed to writing communication with using alphabet .
History of communication• Human communication revolutionized with speech approximately 200,000 years ago, Symbols were developed about 30,000 years ago, and writing about 7,000 years ago
Introduction to communicationThe means of communication are usually spoken or written words, pictures or symbols. But we also give information through body language, gestures, and looks, facial expressions can show how we feel and what we think about an issue or another person.
What is communication ?• Process of sending and receiving verbal and non verbal messages from individual to another or to a group of people .
Importance of communication• To establish nurse -patient (teacher & learner relationship.• To be effective in expressing interest /concern for patient /family .• To provide health care information.• defines human personality
Type of communication• Verbal communicationThe encoding of messages into words, either written or spoken,It Includes: sounds ,words, languages ,speaking• Non verbal communicationThe encoding of messages by means of facial expressions, body language, and styles of dress ,tone of voice ,body language .
Examples : doubts the speaker’s words! He is telling the lie!
Communication Key Elements1. Message2. sender3. Channel4. Receiver5. Feedback6. Encoding _decoding7. Competence (the ability to communicate effectively )
Characteristic of effective communicationEffective communication requires the sender to:• Know the subject well• Be interested in the subject• Speak at the level of the receiver• Choose an appropriate communication channel• Skilful in non verbal &verbal communication .• Ability to show empathy and encourage others.
CONT characteristic of effective sender• Confidence• Flexibility• Tolerance and patience• Skills in asking questions and listening.• Be able to Acknowledge important points .• Use Summarizing & repetition .• Ability to observe and interpret behavior of other people.• Ability to use language that other people understand.
Feed forward message• Is a key to open the door of communication• Preview the message
Characteristic of effective communicationEffective communication requires the message to be:• Clear and concise(using few but exact words )• Accurate• Relevant to the needs of the receiver• Timely• Meaningful• Applicable to the situation
Characteristic of effective communicationThe channel should be:• Appropriate• Appealing
Characteristic of effective communicationThe receiver should:• Be aware, interested, and willing to accept the message• Listen attentively• Understand the value of the message• Provide feedback
Barriers to communication• Language• Values and beliefs• Sex/gender and age• Economic status• Educational level• Information overload• Defensiveness• Attitude• Improper Timing• Mistrust• Relationship between sender and receiver• Selective perceptions• Environmental factor such as noise
Characteristics of effective communicatorAn effective nonverbal communicator:• Relaxes• Opens up• Establishes eye contact• Using different voice tones .• Shows appropriate facial expressions(supporting verbal message )• Personal Appearance- Always be neat and clean in appearance this will make a good impression on others .• Posture and Gait.
for example :. I am listening and paying attention. Im so not interested in being here
Summary• Effective communicator must be effective in verbal and non verbal communications .“To effectively communicate, we must realize that we are all different in the way we perceive the world and use this understanding as a guide to our communication with others.”