Artificial intelligency & robotics

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Artificial intelligency & robotics

  1. 1. 1 Can The Machine Think ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCY & ROBOTICS ?
  2. 2. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE  Artificial intelligence (AI) is technology and a branch of computer science that studies and develops intelligent machines and software.  “ The science and engineering of making intelligent machines".  Alan turning is a father of Artificial Intelligence. He introduce the concept of AI during the Second World War.  John McCarthy also developed the Lisp (List Processing) Programing Language , Which is the second oldest high level Programing language.  Other big names in AI research Include Marvin Minsky , Allen Newell & Herbert Simon . 2 - Raval Sneh
  3. 3. HISTORY 3 - Raval Sneh
  4. 4. Foundations of AI Mathematics Neuroscience Control Theory Logistics 4 - Raval Sneh
  5. 5. Types of AI  STRONGE AI :  Strong AI is about building a machine that is capable of emulating the human mind to such an extent that it matches or exceeds it.  Strong AI is machine intelligence with full range of human intelligence.  WEAK AI :  Weak AI is a system that uses a set of pre- programmed rules to apply them to any tasks, to reach a successful fulfillment.  Simply say that its collection of “ If this ,then that “ rules of rationality.  Example : siri app reminder & Nanobots or Nano docs. 5 - Raval Sneh
  6. 6.  With help of AI we Can Developed system that,  Can learn from examples and past  Can solve complex Mathematical problems  Can find out complex strategies for Business and military  Can Diagnosed Medical Decease  Can recognize an Object from Photograph and camera sensor  Can understand human language , etc… 6 - Raval Sneh
  7. 7. Application of AI  Security:  Face recognition  Speaker verification  Fingerprint analysis  Medicine  General diagnosis  Detection of heart defects  Recognizing genes  Botanical classification  Bacteria identification  Engineering  Robotics  Speech recognition  Gaming  Machinery defect diagnosis  Signal processing  Character recognition  Process supervision  Process fault analysis  Machine vision  Radar signal classification 7 - Raval Sneh
  8. 8. AI Uses In  Telephone Translation  Autonomous Cars (Uses Fuzzy Logic Not Boolean logic)  Chess ,8 Block puzzles , O-X Blocks, etc  Chatter Bots - Raval Sneh 8
  9. 9. TELEPHONE TRANSLATORS • A computer intercepts the voice, translates what was said, and synthetically generate the appropriate words to the person on the other line. • The translator needs an advanced voice recognition, natural language processing and inference to extract what was spoken by the people on phone. 9 - Raval Sneh
  10. 10. Chess  In 1968 International Master David Levy made a famous challenge saying that No Computer could beat him in next 10 years.  In 1978 admit that Computer would beat human in chess coming soon.  Computer uses large database + Optimization Techniques + Search Tech.  In 1996 Greatest Chess Player of All Time Garry Kasparov from Russia face IBM’s Deep Blue and Garry managed to beat Deep Blue but Next year Deep Blue Won.  In 1998 Undisputed champion of Rapid Chess Vishwanathan Anand faced off against Robel-10 and Robel-10 Win.  In 2002 Worlds Highest Ranker Player Vladimir Kramnic faced off Deep Fritz(Super comp.) Vladimir Draw match but in 2006 Deep Fritz win. - Raval Sneh 10
  11. 11. Chatter Bots  Eliza (In 1966, Joseph Weizenbaum )  Verbots  Parry  ALICE  Jabberwacky & Cleverbot  Watson - Raval Sneh 11
  12. 12. Watson  Watson is a Workload Optimized system based on IBM DeepQAarchitecture , running on cluster of IBM POWER 7 processor based server.  More than 100 Tech uses to identify the :  Natural Languages  Identify Sources  Find & Generate Hypothesis  Find & Score Evidences  Merge & Rank Hypothesis 12 - Raval Sneh
  13. 13. Watson Have….  90 Clustered IBM powered 750 server  Each server featured 32 POWER 7 processors  Running 3.55GHz cores  16 TB Memory that can operate over 80 teraflops(Trillian of operation per Second)  Ability to learn Natural languages processing  Watson Competed against 2 of the most well known & successful Jeopardy champion Ken Jennings and Brad Rutter on 14 feb,2011. - Raval Sneh 13
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  15. 15. Robots - Raval Sneh 15
  16. 16.  The Machine which can reduce the human effort , time and cost and also stickily follow all the commands of its owner .  Now a day robots are wildly used in the Scientific research, Industries ,medical area , home workout ,etc…. ROBOTS …. 16 - Raval Sneh
  17. 17. Few Famous Robots  I Robot of Sony (AI + Emotions)  HAL 9000  Star Trek (AI Fiction)  KIIT Cars - Raval Sneh 17
  18. 18. KIIT Concept Car  Computer AI The "brain" of KITT is the Knight 2000 microprocessor which is the centre of a "self-aware" cybernetic logic module that allowed KITT to think, learn, communicate and interact with humans.  Alpha Circuit It’ s Main control system which allows the CPU to drive the car.  Pyroclastic Lamination sustained temperatures of up to 800 degrees Fahrenheit (426 °C).  Voice Synthesizer Allowed his logic module to speak and communicate. - Raval Sneh 18
  19. 19. Other Features  Turbo Boost  Voice Projection  Anamorphic Equalizer  Etymotic Equalizer  Olfactory Sensor  Microscanners  Cruise Modes  Grappling Hook and Winch  Oil Jets/Smoke Screen  Induction coil  Flame Thrower  Tear Gas Launcher  Ultramagnesium Charges  High Traction Drop Downs  Telephone Comlink  Microwave Jammer  Microlock  Surveillance Mode  Infrared Tracking Scope  Laser Powerpack  Bomb Sniffer  Medical scanner  Fuel Processor  Video Display Monitors , Etc… 19 - Raval Sneh
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  21. 21. 3 Laws of Robotics…. 21  Law 1 A Robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction ,allow a human being to come to harm.  Law 2 A Robot must obey orders given it by Human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First law.  Law 3 A Robot Must Protect its own existence as long as such Protection does not conflict with First & Second Law.  Robot attacked Swedish factory worker - The Local.htm - Raval Sneh
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