The present simple

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the present simple, positive, negative, YES-NO questions, Wh-questions

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The present simple

  1. 1. The Present Simple EF Elementary 3A
  2. 2. We use the present simple … • …to speak about things that are generally true or that habitually happen British people like animals They live in houses with gardens My husband works from 9.00 to 5.00 Anna has three children
  3. 3. Present simple: form positive I, YOU, WE, THEY + VERB HE, SHE, IT + VERB + (e)s Negative I, YOU, WE, THEY + DON’T + VERB HE, SHE, IT + doesn’t + VERB
  4. 4. + - I work You work He/she/it works We work You work They work I don’t work You don’t work He/she/it doesn’t work We don’t work You don’t work They don’t work
  5. 5. SPELLING RULES FOR THE THIRD PERSON (HE/SHE/IT) Consonant Vowel + s -e HE WORKS SHE PLAYS IT LIVES -CH -X -SH -S + -ES GO, DO SHE WATCHES HE FINISHES IT GOES g HE DOES d C+y > i + es HE SHE STUDIES IT
  6. 6. BE CAREFUL! She has a new car He goes to the supermarket He does some housework She says sorry g d se
  7. 7. 3rd person Pronunciation He cooks She wants It stops UNVOICED CONSONANTS /p, t, k, f, / /s/ snake He plays She lives He listens VOWELS AND VOICED CONSONANTS /b, d, g, , , m, n, l/ /z/ zebra She watches He finishes He changes It closes ce, se, ch, sh, s, ss, ge, x /s, z, , t, d/ /z/
  8. 8. DO YOU WORK IN AN OFFICE? DOES SHE WEAR A UNIFORM?
  9. 9. DO YOU WORK IN AN OFFICE? DOES SHE WEAR A UNIFORM? WHY DO YOU WORK IN AN OFFICE? WHEN DOES SHE WEAR A UNIFORM?
  10. 10. Yes/No questions AUXILIARY SUBJECT INFINITIVE …? Do Does Do you she they work wear do in an office? A uniform? Exercise?
  11. 11. QUESTIONS + short answer - short answer DO I WORK? DO YOU WORK? DOES HE/SHE/IT WORK? DO WE WORK? DO YOU WORK? DO THEY WORK? YES, I DO YOU DO HE/SHE/ IT DOES WE DO YOU DO THEY DO NO, I DON’T YOU DON’T HE, SHE, IT DOESN’T WE DON’T YOU DON’T THEY DON’T
  12. 12. Wh- questions Question word or phrase AUXILIARY SUBJECT INFINITIVE …? WHAT DO YOU DO ? WHERE DOES SHE WORK IN THE MORNING? HOW MANY BROTHERS AND SISTERS DO THEY HAVE ? WHY DO YOU LIKE HEAVY METAL MUSIC? WHEN DOES YOUR FATHER GO RUNNING?

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