Conditionals - summary -

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conditionals - summary -

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Conditionals - summary -

  1. 1. Conditionals (summary) Intermediate
  2. 2. Zero Conditional Sentences • If + present simple, present simple Use the Zero Conditional to talk something which is always true or always happens as the result of something else: If you want to be fit, you have to do exercise every day You can also use other present tenses, like the present continuous or the present perfect in either clause
  3. 3. First Conditional Sentences • If (unless) + Present Simple, will/won’t + infinitive Use the First Conditional to talk about a possible future situation and its consequence: If you don’t study harder, you’ll fail the exam
  4. 4. Second Conditional Sentences • If + Past Simple, would/wouldn’t + infinitive Use the Second Conditional to talk about a hypothetical/imaginary future situation and its consequence: If I had a job, I ‘d buy a new car (but I don’t have a job…)
  5. 5. Third Conditional Sentences • If + Past Perfect, would/wouldn’t + have + Past Participle Use the Third Conditional to talk about a hypothetical/imaginary PAST situation : If I had known about the meeting, I would have gone (but I didn’t know so I didn’t go, and I can’t change that…)

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