You can use „the‟ with the
nationality adjectives ending in ...
“the English are famous for drinking tea”
“the Dutch make fabulous cheeses”
“the Swiss were neutral in the 2nd WW”
“the Chinese invented paper”
NATIONALITY WORDS ENDING IN
„AN‟ AND A FEW OTHERS...
• ... Like „Belgian‟, „Argentinian‟ ...
• ... Or „Greek‟ and „Thai‟
• ... Are both nouns and adjectives.
USE PLURAL ‘S’ TO TALK ABOUT
THE PEOPLE FROM THOSE
SOME NATIONALITIES HAVE A SPECIAL NOUN
WHICH IS DIFFERENT FROM THE ADJECTIVE
• Polish adjective „That girl is Polish‟
Pole noun „many Poles were killed during the
Scottish adjective Scot/Scotsman noun
... Irishman, Swede, Turk, Finn, Lapp ...
USE ‘the’ + adjective or ‘the’ +
plural noun to talk about those
• With any nationality you can also use the
adjective + „people‟
“The English people ...”
• To talk about one person you can’t use
a/an + adjective alone
An English an Englishman
Specific groups of people
• You can use “the” + some adjectives to
talk about some specific groups in society
(the rich, the poor, the young, the sick,
the elderly ...)
• These expressions are always plural
The poor are getting poorer and the rich
are getting richer
• When we don‟t want to repeat a noun
after and adjective because it‟s already
clear, use one (singular) or ones (plural)
Which one would you like?
The red one, please
Two ice creams, please. Big ones