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Adjectives as nouns

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Adjectives as nouns

  1. 1. ADJECTIVES AS NOUNS NATIONALITIES
  2. 2. You can use „the‟ with the nationality adjectives ending in ... • -sh “the English are famous for drinking tea” • -ch “the Dutch make fabulous cheeses” • -ss “the Swiss were neutral in the 2nd WW” • -ese “the Chinese invented paper”
  3. 3. DON’T ADD PLURAL ‘S’ TO THESE WORDS
  4. 4. NATIONALITY WORDS ENDING IN „AN‟ AND A FEW OTHERS... • ... Like „Belgian‟, „Argentinian‟ ... • ... Or „Greek‟ and „Thai‟ • ... Are both nouns and adjectives.
  5. 5. USE PLURAL ‘S’ TO TALK ABOUT THE PEOPLE FROM THOSE COUNTRIES
  6. 6. SOME NATIONALITIES HAVE A SPECIAL NOUN WHICH IS DIFFERENT FROM THE ADJECTIVE • Polish  adjective „That girl is Polish‟ Pole  noun „many Poles were killed during the 2nd WW‟ • • • • Scottish  adjective Scot/Scotsman  noun British  Briton/Brit Spanish  Spaniard ... Irishman, Swede, Turk, Finn, Lapp ...
  7. 7. USE ‘the’ + adjective or ‘the’ + plural noun to talk about those people
  8. 8. WATCH OUT! • With any nationality you can also use the adjective + „people‟ “The English people ...” • To talk about one person you can’t use a/an + adjective alone An English  an Englishman
  9. 9. Specific groups of people • You can use “the” + some adjectives to talk about some specific groups in society (the rich, the poor, the young, the sick, the elderly ...) • These expressions are always plural The poor are getting poorer and the rich are getting richer
  10. 10. One, ones • When we don‟t want to repeat a noun after and adjective because it‟s already clear, use one (singular) or ones (plural) Which one would you like? The red one, please Two ice creams, please. Big ones

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