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6 thinking hats hats


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6 thinking hats hats

  1. 1. Six Thinking Hats
  2. 2. Puspal 2 Six Thinking Hats 'Six Thinking Hats' is an'Six Thinking Hats' is an important Thinking Tool.important Thinking Tool. It is used to look at decisionsIt is used to look at decisions from a number of importantfrom a number of important perspectives.perspectives. This forces you to moveThis forces you to move outside your habitual thinkingoutside your habitual thinking style, and helps you to get astyle, and helps you to get a more rounded view of amore rounded view of a situationsituation.. ––
  3. 3. Puspal 3 Example: Shortcomings Many successful people thinkMany successful people think from a very rational, positivefrom a very rational, positive viewpoint.viewpoint. This is part of the reason thatThis is part of the reason that they are successful.they are successful. Often, though, they may fail toOften, though, they may fail to look at a problem from anlook at a problem from an emotional, intuitive, creativeemotional, intuitive, creative or negative viewpointor negative viewpoint.. --
  4. 4. Puspal 4 Example: Shortcomings This can mean that theyThis can mean that they underestimate resistance tounderestimate resistance to plansplans, fail to make, fail to make creativecreative leapsleaps and do not makeand do not make essential contingency plansessential contingency plans.. Similarly, pessimists may beSimilarly, pessimists may be excessively defensive.excessively defensive. Emotional people may fail toEmotional people may fail to look at decisions calmly andlook at decisions calmly and rationally.rationally. ––
  5. 5. Puspal 5 Six Thinking Hats Advantages Your decisions and plans willYour decisions and plans will mix ambition, skill inmix ambition, skill in execution, public sensitivity,execution, public sensitivity, creativity and goodcreativity and good contingency planningcontingency planning..
  6. 6. Puspal 6
  7. 7. Puspal 7 White HatWhite Hat With this thinking hat youWith this thinking hat you focus on the data availablefocus on the data available.. WhatWhat information do we haveinformation do we have?? How valid is it?How valid is it? How relevant is it?How relevant is it? What can we learn from it?What can we learn from it? What information is missing?What information is missing?
  8. 8. Puspal 8 Green Hat The Green Hat stands forThe Green Hat stands for creativitycreativity.. It is a freewheeling way ofIt is a freewheeling way of thinking, in which there is littlethinking, in which there is little criticism of ideas.criticism of ideas. What are the different ways toWhat are the different ways to solve the problem?solve the problem? What could the other ways?What could the other ways?
  9. 9. Puspal 9 Yellow Hat It is theIt is the optimistic viewpointoptimistic viewpoint thatthat helps you to see all thehelps you to see all the benefits ofbenefits of the decisionthe decision and theand the value in itvalue in it.. What are the good points andWhat are the good points and benefits?benefits? How it will help us?How it will help us? Yellow Hat thinking helps you toYellow Hat thinking helps you to keep going when everything lookskeep going when everything looks gloomy and difficult.gloomy and difficult.
  10. 10. Puspal 10 Black HatBlack Hat Using black hat thinking, look atUsing black hat thinking, look at all theall the bad pointsbad points of the decision.of the decision. Is it true? Will it work?Is it true? Will it work? What is wrong with?What is wrong with? What are the weaknesses?What are the weaknesses? This is important because itThis is important because it highlights the weak points.highlights the weak points. So, you can eliminate them, alterSo, you can eliminate them, alter them, or prepare contingencythem, or prepare contingency plans to counter them.plans to counter them.
  11. 11. Puspal 11 Why is the black hat important? Black Hat thinking helps to makeBlack Hat thinking helps to make your plans 'tougher' and moreyour plans 'tougher' and more resilient.resilient. It can also help you toIt can also help you to spot fatalspot fatal flawsflaws and risks before you embarkand risks before you embark on a course of action.on a course of action. Black Hat thinking is one of theBlack Hat thinking is one of the real benefits of this technique, asreal benefits of this technique, as many successful people get somany successful people get so used to thinking positively thatused to thinking positively that often they cannot see problems inoften they cannot see problems in advance.advance. This leaves them underThis leaves them under--preparedprepared for difficulties.for difficulties. ––
  12. 12. Puspal 12 Red HatRed Hat 'Wearing' the red hat, you look'Wearing' the red hat, you look at problems usingat problems using intuition,intuition, gut reaction, and emotiongut reaction, and emotion.. How warm or cold I feel aboutHow warm or cold I feel about this?this? Also try to think how otherAlso try to think how other people will react emotionallypeople will react emotionally.. Especially responses ofEspecially responses of people who do not fully knowpeople who do not fully know your reasoningyour reasoning..
  13. 13. Puspal 13 Blue HatBlue Hat The Blue Hat stands forThe Blue Hat stands for process controlprocess control.. This is the hat worn by peopleThis is the hat worn by people chairing meetings.chairing meetings. What have we done so far?What have we done so far? What decisions have weWhat decisions have we reached?reached? What next?What next?
  14. 14. Puspal 14 The Unique Blue HatThe Unique Blue Hat TheThe blue hatblue hat is different from theis different from the other hats because it is involvedother hats because it is involved with directing the thinkingwith directing the thinking process itself.process itself. We are actually using the blueWe are actually using the blue hat whenever we suggest thehat whenever we suggest the next hat to be hat to be used.
  15. 15. Puspal 15 Attributes & Analogy 1.1. WhiteWhite hathat (Blank sheet):(Blank sheet): Information & reports, factsInformation & reports, facts and figures (and figures (objectiveobjective)) 2.2. GreenGreen hathat (Plant):(Plant): Alternatives, new approachesAlternatives, new approaches & 'everything goes', idea& 'everything goes', idea generation & provocationsgeneration & provocations ((speculative/creativespeculative/creative)) 3.3. YellowYellow hathat (Sun): Praise,(Sun): Praise, positive aspects, why it willpositive aspects, why it will work (work (objectiveobjective))
  16. 16. Puspal 16 Attributes & Analogy 4.4. BlackBlack hathat (Judge's robe):(Judge's robe): Criticism, judgment, negativeCriticism, judgment, negative aspects,aspects, modusmodus tollenstollens ((objectiveobjective)) 5.5. RedRed hathat (Fire): Intuition,(Fire): Intuition, opinion & emotion, feelingsopinion & emotion, feelings ((subjectivesubjective)) 6.6. BlueBlue hathat (Sky): "Big(Sky): "Big Picture," "Conductor hat,"Picture," "Conductor hat," "Meta hat," "thinking about"Meta hat," "thinking about thinking", overall processthinking", overall process ((overviewoverview))
  17. 17. Part II
  18. 18. Puspal 18 Situations & Hats When running into difficultiesWhen running into difficulties becausebecause ideas are running dryideas are running dry, you, you may usemay use Green HatGreen Hat thinking.thinking. WhenWhen contingency planscontingency plans areare needed, go for Black Hat thinking,needed, go for Black Hat thinking, etc.etc.
  19. 19. Puspal 19 Hats sequence in meetings Present the facts of the casePresent the facts of the case (White Hat).(White Hat). Generate ideas on how the caseGenerate ideas on how the case could be handled (Green Hat).could be handled (Green Hat). Evaluate the merits of the ideasEvaluate the merits of the ideas -- List benefits (Yellow Hat).List benefits (Yellow Hat). List drawbacks (Black Hat).List drawbacks (Black Hat). Get everybody's gut feeling aboutGet everybody's gut feeling about the alternatives (Red Hat).the alternatives (Red Hat). Summarize (Blue Hat).Summarize (Blue Hat). WWW--GG--YY--BB--RR--BB
  20. 20. Puspal 20 . 4. Minuses or Negatives with reason 3. Benefits or Positives with reason 1. Facts Only 2. New Ideas or Possibilities 5. Feelings 6. Thinking about Thinking
  21. 21. Puspal 21 Hat Sequences Assess an ideaAssess an idea -- YYellow hatellow hat followed by thefollowed by the Black Hat.Black Hat. ((YY--BB)) Improve a designImprove a design -- Black HatBlack Hat followed by thefollowed by the Green HatGreen Hat. (. (BB--GG)) Alternatively you could use Blue,Alternatively you could use Blue, Green and Red Hats. (BGreen and Red Hats. (B--GG--RR)) Caution SequenceCaution Sequence –– White, BlackWhite, Black and then Blue/Red.and then Blue/Red.
  22. 22. Puspal 22 Hat Sequences Comparing Facts and OpinionComparing Facts and Opinion -- RedRed and White. (and White. (RR--WW))
  23. 23. Puspal 23 Edward de Bono Six Thinking Hats or six thinkingSix Thinking Hats or six thinking strategies, were identifiedstrategies, were identified identified byidentified by Edward de BonoEdward de Bono.. He championed the cause whichHe championed the cause which drove the creative processes indrove the creative processes in individuals.individuals. These Thinking Hats have recentlyThese Thinking Hats have recently been incorporated in schoolbeen incorporated in school business programs such as thebusiness programs such as the IBTIBT (International Business and(International Business and Technology) program.Technology) program. -- WikipediaWikipedia
  24. 24. Puspal 24 Meetings and 6 Hats Experience has shown that Six HatExperience has shown that Six Hat thinking is much more powerfulthinking is much more powerful and constructive than argument orand constructive than argument or discussion. It is also very muchdiscussion. It is also very much faster.faster. The Six Hats method gets rid ofThe Six Hats method gets rid of egos, which are such a problem inegos, which are such a problem in traditional thinking.traditional thinking. It is no longer a matter ofIt is no longer a matter of defending an idea or attacking andefending an idea or attacking an idea.idea. If you want to show off you do soIf you want to show off you do so performing very well under eachperforming very well under each hat.hat. –– Edward De BonoEdward De Bono
  25. 25. END