NLM Classification

2,349 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,349
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
51
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • For collective biographies of medical or scientific personnel, prefer classification by: Specialty (WZ 112-150) Locality (WZ 140) if the specialty is not applicable Special groups, e.g., African-American physicians (WZ 150) if the specialty is not applicable
  • NLM Classification

    1. 1. NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE CLASSIFICATION Rebecca Raszewski, MS, AHIP February 20, 2012
    2. 2. Goals for Today History of NLM Classification NLM Classification Today Classification “Process” Numbers to Know Things to Think About Resources
    3. 3. HISTORY OF NLMCLASSIFICATION
    4. 4. History of NLM Classification Classification Systems Before NLM Classification NLM Classification Development Timeline  AML=NLM
    5. 5. What Classification Were Libraries Using? Dewey LC Boston Medical Library Cunningham  What AML Used
    6. 6. 1943 Survey of Army Medical Library Survey done out of fear Rockefeller Foundation provided $20,000 Under sponsorship of ALA 6 Librarians visited AML several times during the summer and autumn of 1943  Called in experts in certain fields i.e. Rare books
    7. 7. 1944-The National MedicalLibrary: Report of a Survey of the Army Medical Library “Library be classified according to a modern scheme.” “The best classification scheme…combined the notation of the Library of Congress system, with the basic plan of the Cunningham classification.”
    8. 8. 1944-Classification Committee Formed Mary Louise Marshall-classification tables Janet Doe-index Physician Input
    9. 9. Items Examined by the Committee Topical Outlines Textbooks Cunningham Classification System
    10. 10. Classification Committee’s Results Follow LCC classification structure Develop classification scheme for medicine and related subjects  Fit into the vacant class W Develop scheme for the preclinical sciences from vacant subclasses QS-QZ
    11. 11. 1946-New Classification Tested Army Medical Library Tulane University Orleans Parish Medical Society  1943-present
    12. 12. 1948-Preliminary Edition Issued Called Army Medical Library Classification  Detailed Classification Deliberate Copies Distributed to Other Libraries
    13. 13. 1949-Revised Version ofClassification Used at AML
    14. 14. 1951-First edition U.S. ArmyMedical Library Classification
    15. 15. 1948 1951 QW Bacteriology  QW Bacteriology & QY Immunology Immunology WC Body as a Whole  QY Clinical Pathology WD Regions of the  WC Infectious Diseases Body  WD Systemic Diseases WP Obstetrics and  WP Gynecology Gynecology  WQ Obstetrics WH, WQ, WR, and WZ  WH Hemic & Lymphatic were not used Systems  WR Dermatology  WZ History of Medicine
    16. 16. 1952-Monographs Reclassification Completed at Army Medical Library
    17. 17. NLM Classification Editions Published 1958: Second Edition 1964: Third Edition 1978: Fourth Edition 1994: Fifth Edition
    18. 18. Other Classification Milestones 1999: No longer published in print 2002: Published in electronic form  Annually online only
    19. 19. NLM CLASSIFICATION TODAY
    20. 20. NLM Classification Today Structure Relationship to MeSH Index Classification of Special Types of Materials
    21. 21. Structure of NLM Classification QS-QZ-Preclinical Sciences W-WZ-Medicine
    22. 22. Preclinical Sciences QS Human Anatomy  QW Microbiology & QT Physiology Immunology QU Biochemistry  QX Parasitology QV Pharmacology  QY Clinical Pathology  QZ Pathology
    23. 23. General Health and Medicine W Medical Profession WA Public Health WB Practice of Medicine
    24. 24. Diseases of the Whole Body; Aviation, Space, Naval Medicine WC Infectious Diseases WD Disorders of Systemic, Metabolic or Environmental Origin, etc.
    25. 25. Body Systems WE Musculoskeletal  WI Gastrointestinal System System WF Respiratory  WJ Urogenital System System WG Cardiovascular  WK Endocrine System System WH Hemic &  WL Nervous System Lymphatic Systems
    26. 26. Specialty Areas WM Psychiatry  WU Dentistry WN Radiology  WV Otorhinolaryngology WO Surgery  WW Ophthalmology WP Gynecology  WX Hospitals WQ Obstetrics  WY Nursing WR Dermatology WS Pediatrics WT Geriatrics
    27. 27. History WZ History of Medicine 19th Century Schedule
    28. 28. Structure of NLM Classification Ctd. Various schedules of LC Classification supplement NLM classification  QM, QR, and R are not used
    29. 29. LC Classification Example
    30. 30. Special Instructions QD Chemistry  SF Animal Culture QH Natural  T Technology Sciences  U Military Science QK Botany QL Zoology QP Physiology
    31. 31. Classification’s Relationship to MeSH Compatible with MeSH
    32. 32. Index Consists primarily of MeSH  Some non-MeSH terms are used as cross references when no appropriate MeSH term is available Updated annually to reflect changes to MeSH Not all of MeSH is included Index is not a substitute for MeSH
    33. 33. Index Example
    34. 34. Classification of Special Types of Materials Bibliographies Early Publications Serial Publications
    35. 35. Bibliographies Within the scope of the NLM Classification system=Z+ number for the subject Outside the scope of the NLM Classification are classed LC’s Z schedule for bibliography
    36. 36. 19th Century Schedule Used for works published 1801-1913
    37. 37. Materials Before 1801 Groupings for works published before 1801 and Americana  WZ 220-225 Early Manuscripts  WZ 230-270 are used to provide century  WZ 230 Incunabula pre-1501  WZ 240 XVI century  WZ 270 Americana  WZ 290-294 Reproductions
    38. 38. Serial Publications Usually classed in W1 Government Administrative and Statistical Reports in W2 Hospital Administrative or Statistical Reports in WX 2
    39. 39. CLASSIFICATION PROCESS
    40. 40. Classification Process Subject Analysis Table G
    41. 41. Classification Process Subject Analysis Number assigned determined by the main focus or subject context of the work Subject Analysis=Classification
    42. 42. Classification Process Ctd. Multi-subject book  Classified by emphasis If no emphasis, item classified under first subject
    43. 43. Classification Process Ctd. Go to Index for the Call Number
    44. 44. Classification Process Ctd. Hierarchical Within each schedule, division by organ usually has priority
    45. 45. Classification Process Ctd. Classification by publication type takes precedence over classification by subject
    46. 46. Cuttering Uses Cutter-Sanborn Three-Figure Author Table  No use of periods  Used in the majority of medical libraries  Cutter several editions the same even if the title has changed
    47. 47. Special Cutters
    48. 48. Translations, Supplements, etc. The letter “a” follows the year of publication  WL 15 L944a 2000a  “a” is used for reprints  “f” for facsimiles  Works that are supplements to other titles  WB 115 H322p 2005 Review Proceedings of congresses LC uses the date of the congress  NLM uses the date of imprint
    49. 49. Biography and Autobiography If it is primarily an account of a person (or two persons or a family) in a given medical or scientific field, generally classify in WZ 100  If it is not an account of a person in a medical or scientific field, class in the appropriate LCC number  Personal narratives about an individual’s experience with a disease are classified with that disease.
    50. 50. Table G Geographic subdivision is provided for certain subjects by the application of Table G Table G should be reflected in your subject analysis  W 84 AA1 A23 2003  Delivery of Health Care|xorganization & administration|zUnited States
    51. 51. Table G Ctd. A United States  J Asia D America  K Australia F Great Britain  L Pacific Islands G Europe  M International H Africa  P Polar Regions
    52. 52. Table G Ctd. Within each  AI3 Illinois region, subdivisions  AI6 Indiana are provided for  AM5 Michigan subordinate units  AW6 Wisconsin  AA1 United States  AA4 Alabama  AA5 Alaska  AA6 Appalachian
    53. 53. Table G Example WG 11 (Table G) the number for the history of cardiology in particular geographic areas WG 11.1 general coverage (Not Table G)
    54. 54. NUMBERS TO KNOW
    55. 55. Numbers to Know-Form Numbers 1-39  18 & 33 are not true form numbers
    56. 56. Numbers to Know-4 General Works in QS-QZ  100 in W-WZ
    57. 57. Numbers to Know-5 &7 5-Collected Works (By a Group of Authors) 7-Collected Works-by individual authors  Psychiatry-collected works WM 5 or WM 7  Psychotherapy-collected works WM 420
    58. 58. Numbers to Know-11-11.1 Used for history of any aspect of a subject within a classification schedule Not assigned to W & WB because of WZ
    59. 59. Numbers to Know Ctd. 13 Dictionaries 15 Terminology 16 Tables, Statistics 17 Atlases, Pictorial Works  WI 17 K881a 2011 Atlas of Liver Pathology
    60. 60. Numbers to Know Ctd. 18 Education  39/49 Handbooks 18.2 Review Books  QS 529 in Histology 20.5 Research  QT 29 in Physiology 22-22.1 Directories  QV 735 in 25 Lab Manuals Pharmacy & 26.5 Informatics Pharmaceutics  WM 34 Psychiatry
    61. 61. Numbers to Know Ctd. Histology-5+Form Number  QS 504 M681h 2009 Embryology-6+Form Number  QS 618.2 D845b 2011 Pharmacy & Pharmaceutics-7+Form Number  QV 711.1 P467s 2009
    62. 62. Numbers to Know Ctd. Immunology-5+Form Number  QW 525 B921i 2010 Forensic Science-6+Form Number  W 617 C7186 2010 Anesthesia-2+Form Number  WO 211 C981t 1972
    63. 63. WD-The Most Random Call Number
    64. 64. Things to Think About Inconsistency Popular Works Dissertations Nursing Bias Pediatrics & Geriatrics AV Materials
    65. 65. Classification Resources Fundamentals of the NLM Classification  http://www.nlm.nih.gov/tsd/cataloging/trainingcour ses/classification/index.html Classification Practices  http://www.nlm.nih.gov/class/nlmclassprac.html Using Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) in Cataloging  http://www.nlm.nih.gov/tsd/cataloging/trainingcour ses/mesh/index.html
    66. 66. Questions?raszewr1@uic.edu

    ×