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Dissertation (Interior Landscape in office Buildings) By Najeebullah Rasuli

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A fourth year dissertation on how interior landscaping has change the status of our office buildings and how it promotes the workflow in an office building.

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  • hello sir, i am conduct a research that relate with this topic interior landscape. Can i get a copy for this info that sir write. please.. it is really pleasure if you could email me - farhanaothman95@gmail.com
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  • hello sir, i am currently working on my dissertation on a topic similar to this. could i please get a copy. No plagerism, complete rights and references to be given to the writer. shuchimishra2@yahoo.co.in
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Dissertation (Interior Landscape in office Buildings) By Najeebullah Rasuli

  1. 1. INTERIOR LANDSCAPE INOFFICE BUILDINGS 1
  2. 2. Interior Landscape in office buildings DISSERTATION INTERIOR LANDSCAPE IN OFFICE BUILDINGS Guide - Submitted By - Ar. Bananni Banarjee. Najeebullah Rasuli 4th Yr. B. Arch Ar. Priya Chitale. Roll No - 23 S. C. O. A. 10-11 2
  3. 3. Interior Landscape in office buildings Abstract Indoor living plants can enhance is a color of peace and serenity. the atmosphere and image of Interior landscape is enhancing both public and private spaces. the indoor environment by From corporate lobbies to making it more aesthetically individual offices, Living plants pleasing and perceptually bring forth the freshness of stimulating. Plants not only outdoors, boosting morale and provide natural health enhancing productivity of employees and benefits but play an important visitors alike in a commercial or role in projecting a quality for the any other type of building. Living specific building. Plants have practical benefits in The design and installation of the workplace such as indoor green plants in an indoor contaminants from seemingly environment needs experience benign sources such as to bring the real natural world furniture, drapes, insulation and inside and to make our dreams carpets can cause a variety of into reality. After a successful complaints like respiratory design and installation, plant irritation, dizziness, headaches, care and maintenance, skin rashes, nausea and watering, growth and vomiting thus, by placing green fertilization, pruning and plants we can filter the air. trimming, insects and disease From other side plants are Toxin control, etc. are important issues absorption by reducing the level to be considered. of harmful chemicals such as trichloroethylene (TCE), benzene and formaldehyde which are ingredient in painting inks, prints, lacquers, varnishes and adhesives and from psychological point of view plants reduce physical and mental stress, cause us to relax and improve our health. Green 3
  4. 4. Interior Landscape in office buildings INDEX 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Aims and Objectives 1.2 Scope 1.3 Selection of type ( Natural plant) 2 METHODOLOGY 2.1 To Study Interior Landscape ( Plant type, Design, Aesthetics, Maintenance, light, colour, texture, and Impact on Human Health) in office building. 3 INTERIOR LANDSCAPE 3.1 Introduction of Interior Landscape and its benefits in a building 4 TYPES OF INTERIOR LANDSCAPE 4.1 Interior Landscape with Living Plants 4.2 Interior Landscape with Artificial Plants which is only for decorations 5 INTERIOR LANDSCAPE WITH LIVING PLANTS 5.1 Type of Living Plants 5.2 Cost for the project 5.3 Delivery to the specified building 5.4 Design and Installation 5.5 A complete Plant care and control Program 5.6 Decorative containers 5.7 Maintenance 5.8 Plant Guarantee – free plant replacement 6 INTERIOR LANDSCAPE WITH ARTIFICIAL PLANTS 6.1 Type of Artificial Plants 6.2 Cost 6.3 Delivery 6.4 Design and Installation 6.5 Maintenance 6.6 Care and Control 4
  5. 5. Interior Landscape in office buildings 7 ANALYSIS 7.1 Advantages and disadvantages of Interior Landscape with Living Plants 7.2 Plants and their effects on Human Health 7.3 Office plan and percentage of Landscape 8 CONCLUSION 9 REFERENCE 5
  6. 6. Interior Landscape in office buildings 1 INTRODUCTION (what is summarized by different case studies interior landscape?) showing its impacts. Since we are constructing This study will be limited to two types buildings such as offices, banks, of interior landscape and both will shopping malls, hospitals, etc. for our focus on their impact on the type of use and work in, we have always tried building. to speed up work in our office • Interior Landscape with Natural environment however from another Living Plants in office building aspect as technology is progressing (preferred) everyday with its advantages and • Interior Landscape with Artificial disadvantages effected human‟s life in Plants only for decoration purpose working environments. Thus, to reduce these disadvantages such as 1.3 Selection And Type of stresses and toxic gases which are Interior Landscape in office created during work there can be a building better solution to provide interior landscape within buildings to bring the As mentioned above both types beautiful natural landscape inside and of interior landscapes, we consider to increase work efficiency and to interior landscape with natural living strengthen the quality of work. plants according to type of species which is suitable to a specific weather 1.1 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES and conditions. If we choose interior plant scaping To understand the effects of with artificial plants then there is no interior landscape on human‟s health, use and benefits for the employees work efficiency, quality and image of and their work. work. Thus, the only landscaping which can enhance the office environment and 1.2 Scope put effects on the employees and their work productivity is natural plants The scope of the study is limited which we can use them for offices, to interior landscape with natural and other commercial building. plants inside a office building and their The reason that we choose natural effects on human‟s health. plants in an indoor is clearly visible for today‟s work productivity. The study is based on the need And artificial plants can be used for of interior landscape in office building decoration purpose not for other through design process, type of purposes. species for, installation, and maintenance, etc. which can be 6
  7. 7. Interior Landscape in office buildings 2 METHODOLOGY have multiple characters in the building according to the availability To Study about type of species which and sustainability of those materials. Interior landscaping is the practice of are growing in a specific weather of a designing, arranging, and caring for region and change in living life of a living plants in enclosed environments. plant due to change of weather. Planterra calls this interior landscaping even though land is not To study about design, plants delivery, literally being reshaped. Interior cost, plant installation, aesthetic, landscaping is an appropriate term texture, lighting and impact on human‟s health. because indoor environments contain plains, angles, and horizons that are softened, accentuated or altered by the It involves understanding interior addition of plants and planters-thus landscape through books, internet and landscaping the interior. Similar to various articles published. outdoor landscapes, interior landscapes provide spaces with It involves brief study of interior ornament, color, sculptural elements, landscape and elaborate focal points, and an overall pleasant understanding of chosen interior environment. landscape in office building with respect to the plant‟s time line. Interior landscapes have an integral role in green building design. University INTRODUCTION research has proven that plants improve indoor air quality, increase Architectural design at all times has worker productivity, boost morale and had to consider with the available provide a sense of tranquility. technology, materials and processes. The realization of innovative structures Plants can contribute to a buildings is closely dependent on a whole range ranking from US Green Building of factors such as the progress of Councils Leadership in Energy and material science in understanding the Environmental Design (LEED) behavior of structural systems, certification. Depending on level of serviceability of constructions, methods certification, LEED buildings tend to etc. There is a need for development of use less energy, less water, have more use of new construction materials, natural light, are built from which will require neither complicated environmentally friendly materials and production machinery nor expensive are more comfortable to work in. Plants transportation methods & which will act and interior landscapes can contribute as viable substitutes for conventional to LEED certification points in the components & whose results could be following categories: Innovation in seen dramatically in the structural design, indoor air quality, indoor forms. The critical analysis of materials chemical and pollutant source control, would help us to have multiple choices and water efficiency. for the use of materials and techniques. This would also help to 7
  8. 8. Interior Landscape in office buildings BENEFITS OF NATURAL PLANTS PROGRAM IN THE WORKPLACES Design consultation. Soften cold concrete and Asphalt Estimation of Cost for interior Areas landscaping. Indentify and beautify a building Delivery of plants and materials as Image per design. Provide a warm welcome to Hiring landscaping professionals. customers in case of landscape at Proper installation of plants with entrance respect to their height . Create the right first impression Plants watering( hand watering and Clean the Air of harmful Toxins and channel watering). creating fresh air.  Plant‟s growth and fertilization. Reduces stresses from employees in Pruning and trimming of plants. a workplace. Plant‟s disease and insect control. Increases work efficiency. Landscape cleaning. Reduces tiredness and getting bored Timely live plants replacements. of work in a workplaces. Plant guarantee and company „s Provides a colorful environment. maintenance services. Provides easy feelings between man and nature. Helps in solving the difficulties of work through interior landscape. Understanding the nature of the work and its easiness through interior landscape. COMPANIES DEALING WITH INTERIOR LANDSCAPING 1. Interior Plant Scapes 2. Sidewalk Scapes Plants ( for Bank drive- through, shopping centers, offices, 3. Outdoor and indoor dinning areas etc.) 4. Event Plant Scapes ( for Events only) 5. Interiorscapes ( deals with interior landscape of commercial buildings) 6. Plant scape (interior landscape of shopping malls and office buildings) 8
  9. 9. Interior Landscape in office buildings INTERIOR LANDSCAPE IN OFFICES: Offices having interior landscaped benefits of plan in our offices resulted better than offices which work environment to improve our work without plants for their workplaces. efficiency, communication, and work Therefore, to increase in better work skill. and maintain this phenomena and to HOW INTERIOR LANDSCAPE save energy for employees who are EFFECTS TO OFFICES working in an enclosed space ENVIRONMENT: especially in an air tight room, interior Interior plants need carbon dioxide to plants play an important role in this live and to grow which is available in conditions. offices enclosed rooms during day and NEED FOR INTERIOR during night when employees are back LANDSCAPE IN OFFICES: home interior plants do the opposite. As we work everyday in offices, The sources which and who are hospitals, multiplexes, and malls creating carbon dioxide for plants are being in the same place makes us humans and furnitures. Inside offices a bore and tired as the plants grow lot of toxin gases are created by wall we will realize change in the varnishes and furnitures which are environment and human conditions. harmful for human‟s health and plants On the other hand the look which eliminates such a gases and creating a interior landscape creates for the comfortable and peaceful environment offices is better than a office for employees. environment without having plants USE OF INTERIOR LANDSCAPE and even employees can feel a IN EARLIER PERIOD AND ITS eternal counterparts with TRENDS TO RECENT SCENARIO: themselves. Though the plants create hundreds of In earlier periods people they weren‟t thousands of benefits for human aware of plant‟s benefits in an enclosed health, only some of them are room they were using plants in all discovered out of these. Plants can outdoor areas to make an area improve the work efficiency of staffs pleasing and aesthetically look and they can improve the office amazing but after some time they aesthetic and give life to other realized that we can have some plants elements in the office environment. in our homes, workplaces etc. then They can bring the feels of outside plants came to an indoor area by to inside while employees are means of only creating an interesting working. It doesn‟t mean that plants scene. In earlier period less plants are only useful when they are were kept in offices and even that was outside by creating fresh air and a small plant in a planting medium. But green natural and open space for today everyone realized the benefits of human. The original needs of plants indoor plants and many companies are are in offices where we need fresh established and many landscape air and green space which is scare architects and plant scaping experts in such areas. Finally why we as a are become ready to accommodate human being shouldn‟t have all the plants and design a proper planting system for offices and other commercial buildings 9
  10. 10. Interior Landscape in office buildings NATURAL PLANT TYPES FOR INTERIOR LANDSCAPING Areca Palm: 6-7 Ficus Benjamina: 6 Kimberly Queen Fern: 2 Philodendron Xanadu: 2 Variegated Schefflera: 2 Eugenia Topiary: 5-6 Croton: 2 Ficus Alli: 5-6 NATURAL PLANT TYPES 10
  11. 11. Interior Landscape in office buildings Air Filters Indoor contaminants from seemingly benign sources such as furniture, drapes, insulation and carpets can cause a variety of complaints such as respiratory irritation, dizziness, headaches, skin rashes, nausea and vomiting. The good news is that an attractive low cost solution does exist. Research conducted by the NASA shows we can remedy the situation by placing living green plants throughout the building to filter the air. Sick Building Syndrome The switch from open windows to energy efficient working environments and the advent of modern building methodology and products the result has been work places that contain known amount of cancer causing chemicals. The ability of living plants to filter the air in the areas that we work can help the problems labeled as sick building syndrome. Plants effectively reduce the levels of a number of noxious gases found in almost every Bank or office building. Toxin Absorption Various plants have been found to be effective in reducing the level of harmful chemicals such as trichloroethylene (TCE), benzene and formaldehyde. TCE is used in metal degreasing and dry cleaning industries and is an ingredient in painting inks, prints, lacquers, varnishes and adhesives. TCE is a potent carcinogenic. Benzene is one of the most common chemicals found in everyday use including inks, oils, paints, plastics and rubber. An additive in detergents, pharmaceuticals and dyes it is known as a skin and eye irritant. Exposure to benzene has been blamed for dizziness, nausea, blurred vision, headaches. Some respiratory diseases, physical weakness, euphoria, tremors, irregular heartbeat and liver and kidney damage are also linked to Benzene. 11
  12. 12. Interior Landscape in office buildings Psychological We are constantly bombarded with noise, movement and visual complexity. Separately and together they can overwhelm our senses. Because of their simplicity plants reduce physical and mental stress, cause us to relax and improve our health. Green is a colour of peace and serenity. In planted offices, employees are more content and comfortable, morale is higher and there is reduced absenteeism. Creativity is enhanced and productivity increased. Standards of dress improve. Bank landscaping can provide substantial benefits to your business. Enhancing The Environment People are becoming more and more aware of their surroundings and the importance of preserving and improving our environment. Interior landscaping improves the personal environment by making our work areas and buildings more aesthetically pleasing and perceptually stimulating. Plants provide warmth and colour and offer living art thus offering an inexpensive interior decorating alternative. Image In the 21st century organizations are increasingly aware of their company image which includes their building interior and exteriors. After all this is often the first impression that customers and visitors have of your organization. Plants not only provide natural health enhancing benefits but play an important part in projecting a quality company image. Landscaping is therefore becoming an integral part of business facilities in an increasingly image conscious business environment. 12
  13. 13. Interior Landscape in office buildings INDOOR PLANT CARE AND QUALITY CONTROL Horticultural Technicians The image of the office building which projects is as important issue. And it can be assured with some of the most qualified people in the business. Regular live plant service should be performed for the bank interior landscaping by professional technicians that are attentive to your needs as well as the plants. They wont interfere with your daily business needs and will always leave you a written service slip stating what they accomplished during their visit. From Design to Installation For interior landscape of an office building we need landscape architects to design a theme and the design should be in such a way that the Plants could fill voids, terminate or create frame views, create visual screen, create space, while designing architect should consider plant‟s scale, texture and color. When design gets over it is the time for professional installation team to fix properly each and every plants to their specified places. Installation process should be carried out carefully through the process not to damage the plants. Plant Watering Levels Humidity, temperature, light, heating and air systems, plant container sizes, and other variables all influence the amount of water needed by each plant. Plants are consistently checked to insure both correct watering levels and moisture levels. Plant Growth and Fertilizing A great deal of plant growth is usually not desirable. Therefore, plants should be fertilized on a regular schedule at fairly low levers - just enough to keep your plants green and healthy. Pruning and Trimming Your Office Plants Tropical plants continually shed old leaves and grow new ones. yellow leaves disturbs the view and should be removed and as well as trim browning tips. Occasionally the plants will require selected pruning of branches and stems to keep your plants looking sculpted and trimmed. 13
  14. 14. Interior Landscape in office buildings Plant Insects and Disease Control Foliage plants are fair game to a wide variety of insect and disease problems. Some, like spider mites, are microscopic and airborne, making detection difficult. The solution for control is Horticultural Technicians who are trained to recognize the early signs of these problems during their weekly visits, and when insects or disease appears, they will promptly take safe corrective actions. Landscape Cleaning Plants gather dust, and plant containers often collect assorted debris. Periodically the plants leaves are cleaned so they will always look their best, absorb the available light, resist insect problems, and stay healthy. Debris in plant containers should be removed too before getting any cause. Timely Live Plant Replacements As part of the comprehensive care for the plants, a serious prompt replacement of unacceptable plants should be provided for the old plants with the newer one. though the goal is esthetic continuity, so landscaping plantings will maintain a uniform, attractive appearance. EMERGENCIES In case if our office‟s interior landscaping is designed by some interior landscaping companies then for any difficulties may be in the installation or maintenance or life of a plant we get problem we can call the related company for fixing and other work which depends on them. And sometimes they provide a timetable for the proper curing and controlling which and every week or every month they visit to site and if there is any problem then they are going to fix it and sometimes even before any problems come into action they recognize that and they prevent it from being happening and damaging the plant or may be landscaped site. They do the proper cure for the plants and they take care of every thing. 14
  15. 15. Interior Landscape in office buildings ELEMENTS OF INTERIOR LANDSCAPE 1. Light 2. Temperature, Humidity, and Air Quality 3. Water 4. Planting Medium 5. Space/ Volume 6. Weight of Plants 7. Acclimatization 8. Maintenance Natural light for Plants Light Growing plants convert radiant energy Relative Humidity: Plants prefer a (from daylight or electric light sources) relative humidity of into food. Plants use radiant energy of 35 to 50 percent but for tropical wave lengths in the 400 to 850 plants 60 to 90 percent nanometer (nm) range. White light, the relative humidity should be visible part of the radiant energy provided. If the humidity is spectrum, consists of wave lengths in below or higher than 30 percent the 430 to 700 nm range. Light for then plants require plant growth is typically described in greater amount of water. terns of intensity, duration, and quality. Air Quality: plants require carbon Intensity: the intensity of light or sunlight dioxide to which the interior plants receive complete photosynthesis. shouldn‟t be more or less it should be to the plants requirement. Water Duration: the average photoperiod for The amount of water needed by plants is 8 to 12 hours of darkness indoor plants depends and 12 to 16 hours of light. If only on a variety of factors: minimum light intensity is provided,  seasonal fluctuations governing optimum light duration must be the duration of daylight and provided. angle of the sun. Quality: Light quality refers to the type of  the size, shape and orientation radiant energy available to plants. of windows. Natural light, which contains the entire  the size and amount of a plant‟s spectrum of visible plus ultraviolet and foliage. infrared wavelength, is ideal for plants  the volume, composition, and growth. porosity of the planting medium.  the temperature and humidity of Temperature, Humidity, and Air the interior space. Quality  and the general health of the Plants requirements for air typically refer plant. to temperature, relative humidity, and air quality. Temperature: Most plants prefer a stable range of temperatures, with a drop of no more than 5°C (10°F) from daytime to night time temperature. Temperature range of plants 15
  16. 16. Interior Landscape in office buildings Plants will transpire rapidly in conditions of high light and/ or high temperature and/ or low humidity, requiring more frequent watering. One of the most important reasons for regular maintenance is to monitor each plant‟s special need for water. Unsoftened water at a temperature between 15 deg. And 25 deg. Should be used. Plants may be grouped according to their water requirements in order to simplify maintenance. Some plants require their root balls dry out to an extent, while others require roots to remain moist or even wet Height and spread of large materials most of the time. Planting Medium Space/ Volume The planting medium, which may or It is important to know both the existing may not contain any soil, must and potential height, breadth, and accomplish three functions: character of each type of plant in order 1. Allow water and nutrients to reach to minimize interference not only the plant through the roots between plants but also with such 2. Allow oxygen to reach the roots architecture features as columns, 3. Anchor and give stability to the bulkheads, stairs, and low ceilings. With plants large species of plants, this need for adequate room becomes critical. It is A planting medium should be: preferable to specify plant materials whose natural shape can be maintained 1. Porous either by slow growth without pruning, 2. Easy to drain or by standard pruning practices. Upper 3. Capable of retaining water story plants specified for two story or tall 4. Sterile one story spaces should now exceed 5. Low in soluble salts 2/3 the height of the space when they 6. Light are planted. Tall specimens leave too 7. Good quality material little room for growth and may block too 8. Eye catching and sometimes shiny much incoming light to their own inner 9. Having suitable size for the plants foliage or to understory plants beneath rout them. Palms or other species which 10. Long time durability for water cannot be pruned should always be 11. Proper shape for the aesthetic given adequate vertical space above purpose them for future growth. 16
  17. 17. Interior Landscape in office buildings Weight of Plants Maintenance The weight of the plants and their The main purpose of the plant planting medium is an important maintenance is to meet all the physical consideration when they are part of requirements of the plants on a the load calculations for a structural continual basis. Specific maintenance slab or an upper floor planter. The tasks include the supplying of water and weight of a plant will depend upon its fertilizer, the control of insects on an as- age (caliper), height, crown size, needed basis, and pruning. The quality foliage type and density. And planting of maintenance will often be the primary medium volume and density. The factor in determining the actual versus weight of the planting medium varies potential life of the plants. according to both the material used and the amount of water it contains. A TECHNIQUES TO MEET lightweight soil mix is given to the PHYSICAL REQUIREMENTS site. Roof and deck landscapes, and other qualities of the planting medium Light can be provided either from are covered. daylight or electric light . Daylight is In case if we are providing plants for preferable because it provides a greater the balconies or terraces then we spectrum of the radiant energy needed have to consider the weight of the by most plants, and is generally plants. provided more diffusely than electric Weight of the plants for the structural light . Diffused light is preferable to light engineers who designs interior from a point source because it allows landscaping is playing an important better light penetration to the inner role to design it properly. foliage of a specimen, as well as better Acclimatization light penetration through upper story specimens into the plants below. Plants being from the ideal light However, where daylight is insufficient conditions of a shade house, in quantity or duration (due to the greenhouse or nursery into a building season or the time of day), electric interior must slowly be acclimatized to light is often an essential supplementary the lower light conditions. Without this source, or the sole source, of light for period of adjustment, most plants will plant growth. go into shock, stop growing, become Daylight refers to the sum of direct weakened, and possibly die. The sunlight, reflected sunlight, and (on length of time required to acclimatize a overcast days) skylight . Daylight can plant depends on the species, the be admitted into interior landscapes degree of change in light intensity, and through windows, clerestories, or the size of the plant. Large trees skylights . (3000mm or larger) should be allowed Skylights have the advantage of at least 3 to 6 months during the encouraging plants to grow upward growing season to acclimate, and toward the light. small material (600mm or less) at least 6 to 10 weeks. During this time, the amount of light should be gradually reduced to half of the original amount or less if needed. 17
  18. 18. Interior Landscape in office buildings Researches for Interior Landscaping 1. Indoor Plants Increase Worker plants per a small office keep the Productivity air pure and healthy." WASHINGTON STATE A 1989 EPA Report to Congress UNIVERSITY, Dr. Virginia Lohr concluded that improved indoor air Pullman, Washington --- A study quality can result in higher conducted by the College of productivity and fewer lost Agriculture at Washington State workdays. The EPA estimates that University (WSU) shows that live poor indoor air may cost the United interior plants increase employee States tens of billions of dollars productivity and reduce stress. each year in lost productivity and The study, published in the "Journal medical care. of Environmental Horticulture," reports that productivity increased 3. Plants Create a Consumer 12 percent when people performed Habitat tasks on a computer with plants, WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY, Dr. compared people who performed Kathleen L. Wolf the same task in a room without plants. Dr. Wolf studied the psychological Productivity was measured by the impact of plants in shopping response time. Professor Virginia environments. Her report concludes Lohr, Ph.D of WSU said, "there was that "the urban forest" is an no difference in the number of "essential component" of any viable errors. The big difference was the retail space. reaction time, how quickly they pressed the correct key when the 4. Health Benefits of Gardens in plants were present." Hospitals "Plants are not just fluff," says Dr. TEXAS A & M UNIVERSITY, Dr. Lohr. "We have felt, and many Roger S. Ulrich people who work with plants intuitively believe, that having plants Prompted by soaring hospital around is vital to our well-being." construction cost, the College of Architecture and Medicine at Texas 2. Indoor Plants Clean the Air A&M University conducted a joint NASA STUDY, Dr. B.C. Wolverton study on the influences of plants in hospitals and healthcare facilities. Washington D.C.-- NASA tests The study found that the presence reveal that living green and of plants in hospitals improves flowering plants clean pollutants in client and staff satisfaction. Dr. the air. Ulrich discovered that simply According NASA scientist, Dr. BC viewing nature and green garden Wolverton, indoor plants are the scenes can relive stress in 5 most efficient and cost effective minutes or less. means of removing air pollution. Wolverton recommends that "two plants per 100 square feet or two 18
  19. 19. Interior Landscape in office buildings BOOK CASE STUDIES: 1. POWERLINK QUEENSLAND EDISON BUILDING A Connected viable and Liveable building Architect: Dennis Beitz, Director of BAC Group Architects. Location: Brisbane, Australia Type of building: Electric Power as a direct result of the environment Headquarter with landscaped inside. created in this building.  The visionary working environment Summary of Building: brings people and plants together in a symbiotic relationship of calm office  Complete in 1997 from an asbestos and rainforest greenery. Central to the cement clad steel frames material. office is an 850 Sq.m landscaped  Previously constructed for atrium surrounded by 2 levels of open Queensland rail in 1955 in an oil plan office space. contaminated site and it was recycled In this building selected species of into a state of art office building for plants are used to clean the air and Powerlink Queensland. remove contaminates and generates  From November 2008 the facility will positive ions into the building be in continual operation for 11 years. environment. The extensive water  Powerlink has experienced increase features and plants are an integral workplace productivity through part of the air conditioning system, as innovative design and all return air is directed via the implementation, and uplifting cultural rainforest for cleaning, and humidity change and behavior in the workplace control during its cycle. (A) (B) Wide verandahs (A) in 1997 (B) in 2008. 19
  20. 20. Interior Landscape in office buildings Central Landscaped Atrium Above the Atrium sky light is provided An open offices are design to have the total view and benefits of the inside landscape in the atrium Informal meeting areas are scattered around the office and atrium areas Direct view to Landscaped Atrium Sky light is provided above the atrium for trees and other species Central Water body maintain the temperature and humidity 20
  21. 21. Interior Landscape in office buildings 2. INFINITE CAMPUS - CORPORATE HEADQUARTERS Building for the Future Architect: Finn - Daniels Architects Location: Blaine, Minnesota, USA Type of building: computer software company the necessity for large trees to Summary of Building: help reduce the scale of the building, gathering spaces were  Infinite Campus needed a new created for informal conferences corporate headquarters facility to and they provided visual impact. consolidate its expanding business  Mahogany, Peace Lily, Glauca, into one location. Pothos, Lirope Grass and  The new 100,000 square foot Bromeliads were the live tropical building has two wings with a plants in the planting areas. All central series of planters totaling planting areas have soil for ground 24x 160 in each wing. Two entirely cover. Bark nuggets complete the different landscape themes were North Woods theme. designed for either side of the  A dry stream bed consisting of building. Mexican beach pebbles flowing  North Woods landscape theme through the Oriental Garden ends wing, terminating at the climbing in the Koi pond. wall which was installed by the  Glauca, Peace Lily, Chinese owner, and an Oriental Garden Evergreen, Zee Zee, Pothos, landscape theme wing complete Lirope Grass, Sanseveria and with a 50 x 20 Koi pond. Bromeliads were the live indoor  Because of the limited light and tropical plants used throughout the planting islands. North Woods Landscape Theme Climbing Wall in North Woods 21
  22. 22. Interior Landscape in office buildings Infinite Campus, Corporate Headquarter Interior Landscape Staircases are leading to first floor have open view to central landscape area sky light is provided for plants to have natural light source Variety of colors can be seen in design of central landscape area Living shrubs are planted around Koi pond informal gathering spaces were created around the central landscape area Both the wings have different sometimes informal conference will be held also landscape design 22
  23. 23. Interior Landscape in office buildings LIVE CASE STUDY: 3. CORPORATE OFFICE FOR INDIA GLYCOLS, NOIDA Architect: Ar. Manit Rastogi, Morphogenesis, Delhi Location: New Delhi, India Type of building: corporate office Built-up-area: 3,91,700 sq.ft Year of completion: 2009 Climate: Composite Summary of Building:  The office design for the corporate office for India Glycols embodies the issues concerning the workplace today, and explores the paradigm of the office space as a social activity.  Conceived as a solid perimeter scheme with a more fluid interior, the morphology blurs the interface between the inside and outside. The underlying principle was that „The work place should manifest itself as a more flexible and integral part of an employee‟s life rather than a separate entity of specified hours of confinement. Rhythmic articulation of volumes and spaces generates a scheme that is a radical departure from the structured differentiated spaces of the traditional office and the monotony of the open plan halls that have dominated office planning.  Sited in a non-contextual suburban area of Delhi, the setting, led to the development of an introverted scheme that would address environmental and socio-economic issues from first principles. Ground floor consists of a gymnasium, multi-purpose hall and the allied recreation activity areas. In accordance to these recreational areas, rain-water harvesting bodies are planned centrally. Series of trees are planted in the pits. Rain water is used for the irrigation purpose of plantation. Ground Floor Plan Section thro. water body 23
  24. 24. Interior Landscape in office buildings  First floor consists of office space and conference hall.  These spaces opens in the courtyards having plantations and water body.  the plantations are planned in accordance with the working staff.  The principle of the work place is “ the work place should manifest itself as a more flexible and integral part of an employee‟s life rather than a separate entity of specified hours of commitment.” First Floor Plan Second floor also consists of office Longitudinal Section space and conference spaces, which faces the plantations and water bodies. The entire building is naturally insulated by roof garden and plantations. Roof Garden Section Second Floor Plan 24
  25. 25. Interior Landscape in office buildings ANALYSIS/ OBSERVATIONS : PLANTS AND THEIR EFFECTS ON HUMAN HEALTH: ADVANTAGES OF INTERIOR As plants are beneficial in outdoor LANDSCAPE: areas from creating fresh air and • In every office building the ratio pleasant view it can be brought to between interior landscape and indoor areas to have same aspects office environment is constant. while we are working and to feel the Thus to have a sufficient clean ease of work. Thus, plants creates a environment for employees we healthy environment for human. need to design a proper interior landscape with sufficient Number of plants. OFFICE PLAN AND PERCENTAGE • Open air conferences can be OF LANDSCAPE: brought into landscaped area of the office building to have a If one fifth of an office plan is pleasant conference area. considered as atrium or open space • Views from office rooms towards for the entire staff and employees interior landscape should not be then it can be landscaped properly for blocked by large trees which itself the betterment of work, creates problem in light and cross Image, and productivity. ventilation. Sometimes it can be gathered for a • Watering should be everyday and small talk between employees or sufficient not to create humidity staffs in this landscaped part. due to more absorption of water This small landscaped part creates by soil. multiple usage and benefits for all. • Maintenance should be carried out In compare to the office plan the area for better care and control. which we use for plant scaping is less • Sometimes staircases can be but this less area creates and gives leaded from landscaped area in us a huge comfort and peace while ground floor to reach to first floor. we are working in an enclose room • Need for interior landscape is thus creating one fifth of office plan must for every office building to never gives us that much benefits to produce a better productivity. the work and employees as the other parts never do. and the amount DISADVANTAGES OF INTERIOR of plants which we use for the LANDSCAPE: interior landscape of an office should be in proportion to the  Carrying plants from outdoor to other parts. If it is less then it isn‟t indoor needs proper care, control, creating proper and desired and treatments. amount of benefits and on the  Time taking process for other hand if it is more than it also installation. disturbs the entire environment.  Cost effective So we can gain that it should be  Proper maintenance from day one proper and in proportion to other to last days. parts. 25
  26. 26. Interior Landscape in office buildings CONCLUSION: By growth of business and commercial buildings in the world the number of workplaces in offices have increased thus, need for more employees came into consideration for better efficiency of the work. When IT industries creating more jobs for employees they have to think about their health as well, here Interior landscape is the most important factor which can guarantee their health. Having a huge paved atrium never can be better than a landscaped atrium which through that hundreds of thousands of benefits can be brought into existence. Nowadays if we have fresh air and environment outside of our workplace why we don‟t have it inside, beside our work to feel that we are working in a naturally open landscaped space. By bringing the outdoor landscape inside an office building we are creating relationship between man, nature and work. Therefore, interior landscape plays an important role in today‟s workplaces which insures freely employee‟s health. Which increases work productivity and efficiency and give better result for the company. 26
  27. 27. Interior Landscape in office buildings References: 9.1 Case Studies… POWERLINK QUEENSLAND EDISON BUILDING By Dennis Beitz, Director of BAC Group Architects. INFINITE CAMPUS - CORPORATE HEADQUARTERS by Finn - Daniels Architects CORPORATE OFFICE FOR INDIA GLYCOLS, NOIDA by Ar. Manit Rastogi, Morphogenesis, Delhi 9.2 Identified books / Websites Interiorscapes (Gardens within Buildings) By Paul Cooper Time Saver Standards (For Landscape Architecture; Design and Construction Data) By Charles W. Harris And Nicholas T. Dines Interior Landscape (An American Design Portfolio of Green Environments) By Nelson R. Hammer, ASLA www.gpplantscape.com www.plantscapeinc.com www.interiorplantscapesllc.com www.ipsplants.com www.planterra.com www.plants-in-buildings.com 9.3 Interviews 1. Architectural Firms dealing with Interior Landscape 2. Ar. Kalpana Hadap 3. Landscape Ar. Nampurkar 27

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