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Imc Project Aicha

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Imc Project Aicha

  1. 1. COM 3310 Promotional Communication IMC Project - AICHA Rassia Essaoui & Rajae El Baghdadi March 28, 2009 Dr. M. Ibahrine 1
  2. 2. Table of Contents Introduction..........................................................................................................................3 The Product: AICHA...........................................................................................................3 AICHA Commercials..........................................................................................................4 Commercial # 1................................................................................................................5 Commercial # 2................................................................................................................5 Commercial # 3................................................................................................................5 Commercial # 4................................................................................................................6 Commercial # 5................................................................................................................6 Analysis...............................................................................................................................6 Medium............................................................................................................................7 Target Market...................................................................................................................8 Consumer Behavior.........................................................................................................8 Brand Message, Visualization & Slogan.........................................................................9 Advertising Appeals.......................................................................................................11 Brand Recognition, Recall & Equity.............................................................................12 Brand Benefits ..............................................................................................................14 Momentum.....................................................................................................................14 Conclusion ........................................................................................................................15 References..........................................................................................................................16 2
  3. 3. Introduction We are confronted with it on a day to day basis; on television, on the radio, in magazines, on the internet, on the streets, just to name a few examples. Advertisement is all around us, we as consumers are the ones who influence the ads and are the ones who are considered when ads are being created. The general idea of advertisement is to get people to trigger the consumer to act, in other words, promoting the product or service in a way, using various methods and techniques that will make them consume that product or service. Creating an advertisement is easier said than done. The process of creating an ad involves principles, criteria, and strategies which consist of making fundamental marcom decisions (such as targeting, positioning, setting objects, and Figure 1. First AICHA Tomato Paste Can budgeting), as well as making the fundamental implementation decisions (mixing elements, creating messages, selecting media, and establishing momentum). In this paper a marcom program of the Moroccan brand “AICHA” will be researched and analyzed by looking at the fundamental marcom and implementation decisions, and by answering several questions which will give us a narrowed view of its marcom strategy and its effectiveness. The Product: AICHA Created in 1929, AICHA is one of the most popular brands in Morocco today. AICHA was created by the Frenchman Mr. Cibut, the owner of the first AICHA products who initially exported them to France. It initially started with the production of apricot 3
  4. 4. jams, and later it expanded its production to the popular strawberry jams, tomato paste, olive oil and sunflower oil, truffles, and has created seventeen different kinds of jams. Below are some of the achievements AICHA has obtained regarding its production: Table 1. Achieved Honors by AICHA Products 1996 Innovation Prize 1997 Oil Prize 1998 Best Packaging Prize 1999 Innovation Prize 2000 Jury Grand Prize &Oil Prize 2002 Canned Vegetable Food Prize & Best Packaging Prize (source: www.aicha.com) AICHA is one of the very first Moroccan products to advertise on both radio and television. With the help of television commercials, AICHA products have increased their popularity with the Moroccan market. The cartoon commercials of a young girl making AICHA jams are the most popular advertisements that they have created and that are recognized by many. The 1995 quot;Without Youquot; commercial has even won AICHA the special jury prize at the Moroccan Advertisements Film Festival. For this project, the advertising strategy for all the commercials of AICHA jams and tomato paste will be analyzed. AICHA Commercials 4
  5. 5. Below is a brief description of the content of five of the AICHA commercials that were broadcasted on the Moroccan television. Commercial # 1 This is one of the oldest commercials of AICHA jams, showing a young girl picking a basket full of strawberries making jams in the kitchen. Through her magic spoon she is bringing the strawberries and sugar cubes to life, mixing them in a pot. At the same time they are showing some young kids watching the girl who is making jam from outside, whom the girl later invites in her house and whom she shows what she has been making. The commercial finishes with a large pot of AICHA strawberry jam as a result of the mixing shown before. The commercial also contains a song that is especially written for AICHA. Commercial # 2 This cartoon commercial shows a young boy coming home from school and going to the kitchen to eat some AICHA marmalade. He finds out that there is no AICHA left and gathers all his friends together. They then march, with different musical instruments in hand, to the AICHA store where a young girl hands the boy a pot of AICHA marmalade. This commercial introduces other kinds of AICHA jams. Commercial # 3 5
  6. 6. Another cartoon commercial by AICHA, only this time it is for their tomato paste. They show tomatoes being washed, selected, put into their cans, and shipped off to the big city where they will be sold. An interesting aspect of this commercial is that they use popular Moroccan music adapted to the AICHA tomato as their background theme. Commercial # 4 This tomato paste cartoon commercial takes place in the kitchen basically showing the different dishes you can make with the AICHA tomato paste. A dancing tajine is shown along with spaghetti and hrira. Commercial # 5 This commercial shows the creativity of the people of AICHA. They chose to make a commercial involving Algerian Raï artist Cheb Khaled, known for his song “Aicha”, to promote AICHA jam. It shows a dark empty space with big neon light in the background spelling AICHA. There is a table and a chair situated in the middle of the space and on the table sits the cartoon AICHA girl. Cheb Khaled is singing his “Aicha” song as he approaches the girl and sings to her. They end by showing the AICHA product in the end. Analysis 6
  7. 7. Before starting the analysis of the IMC of AICHA, a definition will be provided first: “Integrated Marketing Communication (IMC) is a communications process that entails the planning, creation; integration; and implementation of diverse forms of marcom that are delivered over time to a brand’s targeted customers and prospects. The goal of IMC is ultimately to influence or directly affect the behavior of the targeted audience. (…) IMC requires that all of a brand’s communication media deliver a consistent message. The IMC process further necessitates that the customer/prospect is the starting point for determining the types of messages and media that will serve best to inform, persuade, and induce action” (Shimp, 2007, p.7). Medium The people of AICHA chose to use cartoons in their television commercials for both the jams and tomato paste. This is the most effective way of advertising the products assuming that the majority of Moroccan have a television set at home and receive the ground channels RTM and 2M. Furthermore, the Moroccan culture relies mainly on visualization, meaning that Moroccan recall brands better when seeing them. Taking the large illiteracy rate into consideration as well as the unpopularity of reading, it is more effective to advertise through television than by other types of media. This however does not mean that advertising through print media is not used; yet, the television commercials are more effective in the Moroccan context. 7
  8. 8. Target Market Identifying the target audience or market is the most crucial part of creating a marcom project. When you identify the target market you create the rest on the intended market. In order to breakdown the target market for AICHA jams and tomato paste we will breakdown indicators of behaviors namely demographics, geodemographics, psychographics and behaviorgraphics. Table 2. AICHA Jam Indicators Table 3. AICHA Tomato Paste Indicators Consumer Behavior 8
  9. 9. According to Shimp, “advertising works as a potential method of meaning transfer by bringing the consumer good and a representation of the culturally constituted world together within the frame of a particular advertisement” (p.122). In other words, the meaning that is integrated into an advertisement for a particular advertising campaign depends on the cultural context. In this case, we can say that AICHA takes the Moroccan culture into consideration when targeting the consumer behaviors for their advertising campaign. Jam is frequently used as an ingredient to make ad sweetness to, for example, cake, pastry, pancakes, and bread. These products are often consumed during breakfast and afternoon snack time. AICHA chose to target primarily young audiences by the use of cartoons in their television commercials. Children often like to eat something sweet, and that is why AICHA uses children in their cartoons and memorable tunes associated with cartoons. Furthermore, the jam commercials are often broadcasted before, during, and after the cartoons that children watch every day after school; an interesting note is that the jam commercials are not broadcasted during the evening. Tomato is a core ingredient in Moroccan cuisine and is almost used in every traditional Moroccan dish, and the use of tomato paste has facilitated the preparation of several dishes. It can be said that AICHA tomato paste targets people who cook, mainly women if we take the Moroccan context into consideration. They demonstrate how the tomatoes are selected and washed which shows the quality of their product, which will influence the costumer’s behavior into becoming a consumer. Brand Message, Visualization & Slogan Figure 2. AICHA Girl and Logo 9
  10. 10. “A brand represents a name, term, sign, sumbol, or design, or a combination of them intended to identify the goods and services of one seller or group of sellers and to differentiate them from those of competition” (Shimp, 2007, p.32). AICHA has chosen to use a young girl with braids in the jam ads, respectively giving her the name Aïcha, to represent its products. The logo and the girl have been created in 1976 by the animators of the popular strip cartoon, Astérix, Gosciny and Uderzo. According to El Abassi, the choice of the name AICHA created by Mr. Cibut, has an unknown source which nobody knows except Mr. Cibut himself. The logo that is used is written in big and simple but recognizable letters in blue (see figures 2 & 3). AICHA has a fairly unknown slogan namely “AICHA, on aime ça” often used in their jam ads. Figure 3 AICHA Girl The Moroccan dialect (darija) is used in the two cartoon jam ads using simple and memorable lyrics that people will easily recall; the same goes for the two tomato paste cartoon ads. However, AICHA made use of an English song “Without You” in the 1995 jam ad that won them the special jury prize at the Moroccan Advertisements Film Festival; at the end of the commercial they use a couple of lines in French. The choice of using the Moroccan dialect was smart because the audience is easily appealed to the lyrics of the song that has been created for the ad. The people of AICHA took into consideration that not everybody understands French or classical Arabic, and that the Moroccan dialect is the way to go in order to reach people from all 10
  11. 11. social classes. Also, regarding the tomato paste ads, AICHA used Moroccan popular music (chaabi) to appeal to the public. With that they complete the full circle of targeting everybody in every age group: the very young using child like tunes in the cartoon jam ads, the young adults using Cheb Khaled and an English song for the other two jam ads, and the adults using popular Moroccan music for the tomato paste ads. The message that AICHA wants to send is that is has the best quality jam and tomato paste. In the visualization and the memorable music and lyrics, AICHA is portrayed as having the best ingredients and selection procedure for their product. It also represents the element of fun. Advertising Appeals Several kinds of appeals are used in advertising in order to convey a specific message to the consumers. Humor, sex, fear, sophistication, fun, and a lot of other kinds of appeals are used to attract the consumer’s attention. As mentioned in the descriptions of the different AICHA commercials above, three kinds of appeals, as mentioned by Shimp, are used in their advertising strategy: music, celebrity, and humor. As stated by Shimp (2007), “jingles, background music, popular tunes, and classical arrangements are used to attract attention, convey selling points, set an emotional tone for an advertisement and influence listeners’ moods” (p.320). AICHA has implemented this strategy by using popular Moroccan music also known as “Chaabi” in the tomato paste commercials trying, as Shimp stated, to attract attention and influence the consumers’ moods. Furthermore, the popular Raï song “Aïcha” by Cheb Khaled has been a smart choice to appeal to the consumers because they knew that a lot of people 11
  12. 12. will recognize that song. AICHA aimed by the latter to influence the consumers to relate the song to their product. As mentioned above, AICHA deliberately used the famous artist Cheb Khaled to promote their product because of the association of his famous song “Aïcha”. “Advertisers and agencies and their agencies are willing to pay huge salaries to celebrities who are liked and respected by targeted audiences and who will, it is hoped, favorably influence consumers’ attitudes and behavior toward the endorsed brands” (Shimp, 2007, p.302). After consciously targeting small children in the beginning, 1976, of their production, AICHA decided to optimize their target audience by using Cheb Khaled as a tool to reach young adults in 1997. Finally, there is the element of humor that is used in the AICHA tomato paste commercial. “Advertisers turn to humor in the hopes of achieving various communication objectives gaining attention guiding consumer comprehension of product claims, influencing attitudes, enhancing recall and advertised claims, and creating costumer action” (Shimp, 2007, 310). The use of cartoons automatically represents an element of fun which one can find in the short story that is illustrated in the commercial, for example, a dancing tajine, a painter who misses the bucket and paints his friends head, a boy who falls through the window out of curiosity, and so on. Brand Recognition, Recall & Equity In a small informal experiment that was conducted with ordinary people from different ages living in Ifrane, we have come to the conclusion that one hundred percent have either answered AICHA when they were asked to relate a brand to either jam or 12
  13. 13. tomato paste. Therefore, it can be said that AICHA reached the TOMA stage among the four levels of the brand awareness pyramid. It was also noticed that when people were asked to give another brand name related to jam or tomato they could not come up with any at that moment, however, when given a name like Delici, Baraka, and Sbaa, they recognize the brands. Thus, we can conclude that AICHA is a leader in its specialties due to the TOMA stage. It can also be said that AICHA almost has a monopolistic position in the Moroccan market that people do not even need brand recognition or brand recall to refer to the brand. Below is a figure that shows the brand awareness of the product in the market compared to other products that are popular in Morocco. Figure 4. Brand Awareness (source : www.aicha.com) 13
  14. 14. From the analysis above, it is noticed that AICHA has reached a level of brand equity. Brand equity, according to Shimp (2007), “is enhanced when consumers become familiar with the brand and hold favorable, strong, and perhaps unique associations in memory about the brand” (p.18). The fact that AICHA is associated to jam and tomato paste, and the fact that most people remember the songs used in the commercials is enough to conclude that AICHA has reached brand equity. Brand equity is also about representing values; in the case of AICHA, referring to the television commercials, we can say that it represents the value of fun. Brand Benefits Considering the three benefits a brand might represent, functional, symbolic or experiential, AICHA does not aim on symbolic benefits because AICHA is not a personal beauty product, jewelry, or vehicle that has a symbolic value to it in people’s life. However, regarding the functional and experiential benefits; we can say that AICHA products are of best quality and thus good for our health representing the functional benefits of the products. Also, taking the experiential benefits into consideration we can say that it adds taste to the meals which means that we enjoy our food more. Momentum The weakness of AICHA’s television ads is that they lack new creative ads that will keep their momentum going. In the past, AICHA has been effective in creating new ways of memorable television advertisements that appealed to consumers. However, when taking a look at the future of the television ads that are used now, they will not be 14
  15. 15. as effective or appealing to the consumers because of the new way consumers will perceive products. In other words, the taste of consumers will change over time and their strategy in attracting new customers and keeping old ones will be more difficult for as the consumers will be more demanding when they will choose the products they will buy. Despite the fact that they are almost monopolistic in the market, in order for AICHA to keep its momentum, we suggest that it starts rejuvenating its advertising strategy to keep its popularity among the people. Using a benchmark strategy, the telecommunication company WANA, used for their “Bayn” service the now popular Moroccan hip-hop group “Fnaire” to promote their service. As AICHA did in 1997, WANA used the group’s popular song “Yed El Henna” where the words “bayn” were mentioned to promote the “Bayn” service to youth. Conclusion Overall, it can be said that AICHA is a very good product from Morocco. It scores very high on the brand awareness scale, and it has shown to be a good quality product. Regarding its advertising strategy, we can conclude that is use interesting and appealing ways of advertising, however, it is desperately in need of renewing the way it wants to convey its message. People are not always aware that there are other kinds of AICHA products apart from the tomato paste and strawberry jams. The people of AICHA need to keep their eyes on the future and start being creative again in order to keep their momentum. Even though AICHA does not need to worry about competitors in the market because of their reputation, it would be nice to see AICHA trying to be innovative and be remembered for its constant innovation as Morocco’s most famous brand. 15
  16. 16. References AICHA. (2003). Aicha: Serving the Good Taste, Since 1929. Retrieved March 20, 2009, from http://www.aicha.com/aicha-ang/aicha.htm. El Abassi, N. (2006). Confitures Aïcha, 44 ans que ça dure, et 10 tonnes ecoulees chaque jour. Retrieved March 20, 2009, from http://www.lavieeco.com/histoire-des- marques/histoire-des-marques/1999-confitures-aicha-44-ans-que-ca-dure-et-10- tonnes-ecoulees-chaque-jour.html Shimp, T.A. (2007). Integrated Marketing Communications in Advertising and Promotion. Mason: Thomson, South-Western. 16

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