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Tech4101 1

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this slide talk about distance education deffinition

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Tech4101 1

  1. 1. Distance Education and the Internet TECH4101 Dr. Alaa Sadik Instructional & Learning Technologies Department www.alaasadik.net alaasadik@squ.edu.om Salim AL-suti and Rashid al-breiki
  2. 2. Lecture One (Week 2) Defining Distance Education Distance Education and the Internet TECH4101 Interactive Presentation
  3. 3. Background: 1.The Industrial Revolution in the 19th century (see Wikipedia) → 2.Developments in various fields of technology (give examples) → 3.Offered new solutions for delivering instruction → 4.Learners’ interests (in what?) were enhanced → 5.Increase in the subject areas offered by distance education → 6.Became one of the formal means of education. Defining Distance Education
  4. 4. What is distance education or distance learning? Defining the meaning of distance education may provide a good starting point to recognise its elements. Use Google to search for: define:distance education Defining Distance Education
  5. 5. Defining Distance Education ‘a term that covers the various forms of study at all levels which are not under the continuous immediate supervision of tutors present with their students in lecture rooms, but which, benefit from the planning, guidance and tuition of a tutorial organisation’ (Holmberg, 1977, p. 9).
  6. 6. Defining Distance Education  Distance education is a method of education in which the learner is physically separated from the teacher by space and time.  Distance education materials are often structured in ways that facilitate learning at a distance. Rumble (1989)
  7. 7. Defining Distance Education  the majority of educational communication between the teacher and students occurs non-contiguously.  involve two-way communication technology between the teacher and students for the purpose of facilitating and supporting the educational process. Garrison and Shale 1990, p. 25
  8. 8. In Conclusion  The separation of teacher and learner;  The separation among learners;  The use of technology to deliver the subject matter; and  The use of a communication channel to facilitate interaction and support learners.
  9. 9. Defining Distance Education What is distance education or distance learning? Distance education, distance learning, D-learning, or D- Learning is a mode of delivering education and instruction, often on an individual basis, to students who are not physically present in a traditional setting such as a classroom. Distance learning provides "access to learning when the source of information and the learners are separated by time and distance, or both."
  10. 10. Defining Distance Education History of distance education and technology (old technology) Distance education traces its origins to mid-19th century Europe and the United States. The pioneers of distance education used the best technology of their day, the postal system, to open educational opportunities to people who wanted to learn but were not able to attend conventional schools. People who most benefited from such correspondence education included those with physical disabilities, women who were not allowed to enroll in educational institutions open only to men, people who had jobs during normal school hours, and those who lived in remote regions where schools did not exist
  11. 11. Defining Distance Education History of distance education and technology (modern technology) The development of reliable long-distance telephone systems in the early 1900s also increased the capacity of distance educators to reach new student populations. But telephone systems never played a prominent role in education until the introduction of new teleconferencing technologies in the 1980s and 1990s. Teleconferencing systems made it possible for teachers to talk with, hear, and see their students in real time - that is, with no delays in the transmissions - even if they were located across the country or around the world. Distance education increasingly uses combinations of different communications technologies to enhance the abilities of teachers and students to communicate with each other. With the spread of computer-network communications in the 1980s and 1990s, large numbers of people gained access to computers linked to telephone lines, allowing teachers and students to communicate in conferences via computers.
  12. 12. Defining Distance Education Time for Presentation
  13. 13. Defining Distance Education In conclusion, many key features characterize distance education: 1. The separation of teacher and learner; 2. The separation among learners; 3. The use of one medium to deliver instruction; and 4. The use of a communication channel to facilitate interaction and support learners.
  14. 14. 1. What is distance education? 2. What is the different of modern and old technologies of distance educati The End

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