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Hacking and Hacktivism


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This slide will discuss about history of hacking, the purpose and effect of hacking, the steps that can be used to help prevent hacking from occurring. Also being discussed are hacktivism, or political hacking in Malaysia and solution taken and the law implemented in Malaysia.Malaysia and Solution implemented

Published in: Technology

Hacking and Hacktivism

  1. HACKING & HACKTIVISM• Muhammad Rashidi Bin Razali (2010391069)• Muhamad Fadzile Bin Abd Malek (2010158019)• Muhammad Haziq Bin Mazlan (2010715319)
  3. HISTORY OF HACKING1960sMIT’s artificial labKen Thompson invented UNIX1970sDennis Ritchie invented C1980sCyber Space coined414s arrestedTwo hacker group formed1990sNational Crackdown on hackersKevin Mitnick arrestedMicrosoft’s NT operating system
  4. World Most Famous Hacker Kevin Mitnick Stephen wozniak At the time of his arrest, he was theTsutomu Shimomura most-wanted computer criminal in the United States.
  5. INTRODUCTION• Hacker is a person who access computer system and network without authorization• There are 3 types of hacker which is white hat, black hat and grey hat• Hacker hierarchy is divided into there which is script kiddies, intermediate hackers and elite hackers
  6. PURPOSE OF HACKING• To steal  Money  Important data / information• To test their knowledge in understanding network and computer system• To harm someone’s privacy• To become a cyber warrior• To espionage other people
  7. EFFECT OF HACKING• Data loss• Increasing maintenance cost• Negative reputation
  8. HACKTIVISM OR POLITICAL HACKING IN MALAYSIA• Hactivism The act of hacking, or breaking into computer system, for a political or socially motivated purpose. The individual who performs an act of hacktivism is said to be a hacktivist. They uses the same tools and techniques as a hacker, but does so in order to disrupt services and bring attention to a political or social cause.
  9. THEIR MESSAGEGreetings, Malaysia, We have seen the censorship taken by the Malaysiangovernment, blocking sites like The Pirate Bay, and WikiLeaks. Malaysia is one of theworld’s strictest governments, even blocking out movies, and television shows. Theseacts of censorship are inexcusable. You are taking away a basic human right. Theinternet is here for freedom, without fear of government interference. Do not thinkthat no one else notices. Your structured government has done the talking, and wehear loud and clear. Let this be an announcement to all your people. This is a sign, awarning, and an opportunity to listen to ideas above your own. In a way you arebeing stubborn. But how will this help anyone or your country. We fear that if youmake further decisions to take away human freedom. We are obligated to act fastand have no mercy. For rules were meant to be broken. And corruption was meant tobe washed away and forgiven. Now we will wash your corruption away so beprepared. Take this as a favor.We are Anonymous.
  10. Indonesia attacked Malaysia• This happen when Harimau Malaya won against Garuda Indonesia in AFF Suzuki Cup 2010.• Attacked launched by angry Indonesian Hackers because they could not accept their team defeated.
  11. UiTM Website Hacked!
  12. THEIR MESSAGE• This is a message the hacker leave at the website.“You never learn…You never learn…You never learn…I email youremember? And I notice you have changed, most of thepassword after that. (And thanks to unknown Wifiowner, borrow your line for a while ya!)”
  13. List of website hacked by Indonesia hackers• – Hacked + leaked• Tour Malaysia (Not Tourism Malaysia) – Hacked• Tourism Malaysia – Unaffected• UiTM Penang – Hacked• JBiotech – Hacked• Social Welfare Department (Ezi2Care) – Hacked• CIDB – Hacked but back up 12:20am• Land Public Transport Commision – Hacked but back up 12:15am• 1Malaysia – DoS / Switched off 3:45am• Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission –Unaffected• ASEANConnect – DoS / Switched off Malaysian Meteorological Service – DoS / Switched off
  14. List of website hacked by Indonesia hackers (cont)• Ministry of Education – DoS / Switched off• Suruhanjaya Pilihanraya Malaysia – DoS / Switched off• Bomba - DoS / Switched off• TMNet – Unaffected• Perbendaharaan Malaysia - DoS / Switched off• Kementerian Kerja Raya Malaysia - DoS / Switched off• Parlimen Malaysia – DoS / Switched off• Malaysian Treasury – DoS / Switched off• University Kebangsaan Malaysia – DoS / Switched off• Jobs Malaysia – DoS / Switched off• Information, Communications and Culture – DoS / Switched off• Human Resouce Ministry – DoS / Switched off 3:59am• National Sports Council – DoS / Switched off• Polis Diraja Malaysia (PDRM) – DoS / Switched off
  15. Myanmar attacked Malaysia
  16. Myanmar attacked Malaysia (cont)This issues was find at blog. The url is Myanmar attacked Malaysia : • 17 Ogos 2012, based on sermons, the people of Myanmar now in serious condition. • They were brutally murdered. Actually, this was already old things. • However, its not be noted from "world". • We as a neighbor of the Myanmar do not give attention to them but still focus on Palestin, Afghanistan and Arab. Maybe their intention is to alert us to give attention to them but, the way they do is not Halal.
  17. Political Hacking in Malaysia
  18. Political Hacking in Malaysia (cont)KUALA LUMPUR, Aug 18 —Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim’s blog was hacked late lastnight and defaced with a fake post that portrayed him as an apologist for theZionist regime in Israel.It also included an apology to Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak as part ofthe opposition leader’s message ahead of the Aidilfitri celebration tomorrow.“We understand a screen capture of the posting had been successfully recordedand is now being spread by Umno cybertroopers with the intention to discreditand defame Dato’ Seri Anwar Ibrahim,” the blog administrator said.Malay daily Sinar Harian reported that the hackers had uploaded a messagefrom Anwar, claiming he felt ashamed for his party’s “sinful extremist positionchasing after the prime minister’s office to the extent of defaming Najib and thelatter’s family”.
  19. Cyber law in MalaysiaSome of the cyber law in Malaysia:• Digital Signature Act 1997• Computer Crimes Act 1997• Copyright (Amendment) Act 1997• Communication and Multimedia Act 1998
  20. Digital Signature Act 1997• Enforced on October 1998• Secures electronic communications especially on the Internet• Digital Signature is an identity verification standard using encryption techniques to protect against e-mail forgery.• The encrypted code consists of the user’s name and a hash of all the parts of the message.
  21. • By attaching the digital signature, one can ensure that nobody can eavesdrop, intercept or temper with the transmitted data.• By doing so, a more secure and safe electronic communication could be done.
  22. Computer Crimes Act 1997• Protection against the misuses of computers and computer criminal activities are ensured by the Act.• Example of crimes: – Unauthorized use of programs – Illegal transmission of data or messages over computers – Hacking or cracking of computer systems and networks.• Computer crimes are banned by this law. Those who disobey this law can be charged.
  23. • By implementing the Computer Crimes Act 1997, computer users can now protect their rights to privacy and build trust in the computer system.• This Act also enable the government to track the illegal activities, thus reducing the cyber crimes cases.
  24. Copyright (Amendment) Act 1997• Brought into force on April 1999.• The Copyright (Amendment) Act amends the Copyright Act 1987 to extend copyright law to the new and converged multimedia environment.• It serves to protect the expression of thought and creative ideas from unauthorized copying or alteration.
  25. Communication and Multimedia Act 1998• Endorsed in April 1999.• The Communication and Multimedia Act 1998 creates a new system of licenses and defines the roles and responsibilities of those providing communication and multimedia services.• The implementation of Communication and Multimedia Act 1998 ensures that information is secure, the network is safe, reliable and the service is affordable all over Malaysia.
  26. • In Malaysia, you can use this Act for any cases regarding your internet service provider and see whether they got accuses of part of this law.• This Act also ensures high level of user’s confidence in the information and communication technology industry.
  27. CONCLUSION• Hacking is a good computing skill that can be used for good or bad intention.• There is reason to do the hack, and there are ways to prevent it.
  28. Q/AThank you