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Hajar jahannam


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Hajar jahannam

  1. 1. Prsented by Dr/ Mai Mostafa Demonstrator of forensic medicine and clinical toxicology
  2. 2. Case:  A 42-year-old man was brought to the Emergency Department (ED), 2 hours after ingesting Hajar Jahannam by mouth instead of applying its solution to the penis. He stated that he was having problems during sexual intercourse; therefore one of his friends gave him Hajar Jahannam. He denied the intake of any other drugs or medications (Viagra or its analogues).  Few minutes after ingestion, he started vomiting, and then he felt unwell with dyspnea, weakness in the legs, and light headedness. The patient was previously healthy, except for diabetes mellitus, with no history of previous cardiac disease.
  3. 3.  On arrival at the ED, the patient was vomiting. He was maintained on intravenous fluids for the first 24 hours, in addition to H2 blockers and antiemetics. The patient was attached to a cardiac monitor with continuous pulse oximetry. Blood samples were obtained for laboratory analysis. Arterial blood was sent for blood gas analysis.  His systolic blood pressure was 60 mm Hg by palpation, pulse was 35 beats/ min., and respiratory rate was 22 breaths/min. The patient was placed on 100% oxygen and his oxygen saturation was 99% by pulse oximetry.
  4. 4.  Physical examination revealed a lethargic but arousable and cooperative man. The lungs were clear to auscultation, and cardiac examination showed normal S1 and S2 with no murmurs or rubs. No additional symptoms or physical findings were reported during his stay in the center.  Laboratory results revealed serum sodium 135 mEq/L, potassium 6.1 mEq/L, blood urea 37 mg/dL, creatinine 1.7 mg/dL and glucose 327 mg/dL. Liver enzymes and arterial blood gas values were within normal ranges.
  5. 5.  He was treated with dopamine titrated to 20 µg/kg/min and dobutamine titrated to 5 µg/kg/min, in addition to 1000 cc intravenous fluid bolus with no improvement. Then, a temporary cardiac pacemaker was inserted, which increased his pulse to 70 beats/ min. and increased the blood pressure to 120/60 mm Hg. By the next day, the patient was able to maintain his blood pressure after the temporary pacemaker was removed. Electrocardiogram revealed regular sinus rhythm of 80 beats/ min.
  6. 6.  He started oral feeding successfully with no further vomiting episodes, and then the patient was transferred to the inpatient unit for observation and symptomatic support as needed. The patient was discharged on the third day without any medication. Subsequent follow up after discharge did not show any new cardiac manifestation or signs of gastrointestinal obstruction.
  7. 7. ‫اليوم‬ ‫المصرى‬ ‫ا‬ًّ‫ي‬‫شعب‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ط‬‫نش‬ُ‫م‬ ‫لتناوله‬ ‫نمساوي‬ ‫سائح‬ ‫مصرع‬«‫جهنم‬ ‫حجر‬» ‫الجمعة‬12-04-201314:02 ‫لقي‬‫سائح‬‫نمساوي‬‫الجنسية‬‫مصرعه‬‫داخل‬‫إحدى‬‫القرى‬‫السياحية‬،‫بالغردقة‬‫بعد‬‫تناوله‬‫م‬‫نشط‬ ‫جنسي‬‫شعبي‬«‫حجر‬‫جنهم‬»،‫بحسب‬‫ما‬‫أفادت‬‫زوجته‬‫في‬‫بالغ‬‫إلى‬‫الشرطة‬. ‫تلقى‬‫اللواء‬‫حمدي‬،‫الجزار‬‫مدير‬‫أمن‬‫البحر‬،‫األحمر‬،‫الجمعة‬‫تلقى‬‫ا‬ً‫إخطار‬‫من‬‫شرطة‬‫السياح‬‫ة‬ ‫بتلقيها‬‫ا‬ً‫غ‬‫بال‬‫من‬‫مدير‬‫إحدى‬‫القرى‬‫السياحية‬‫جنوب‬،‫الغردقة‬‫بالعثور‬‫على‬‫جثة‬‫سائح‬‫يدعى‬ «‫استيفان‬‫فاجن‬»،27،‫ا‬ً‫م‬‫عا‬‫داخل‬‫غرفته‬‫حيث‬‫يقيم‬‫مع‬‫زوجته‬‫وطفله‬. ‫وتبين‬‫أن‬‫السائح‬‫تناول‬‫ا‬ً‫ط‬‫منش‬‫ا‬ً‫ي‬‫جنس‬‫ا‬ً‫ي‬‫شعب‬‫من‬‫نوعية‬«‫حجر‬‫جهنم‬»،‫قام‬‫بشرائ‬‫ه‬‫من‬‫أحد‬‫محال‬ ،‫العطارة‬‫ولقي‬‫مصرعه‬‫بعد‬‫تناول‬‫كمية‬،‫منه‬‫وكشف‬‫التقرير‬‫الطبي‬‫للسائح‬‫حدوث‬‫هبوط‬‫ح‬‫اد‬ ‫بالدورة‬‫الدموية‬‫أدى‬‫إلى‬‫مصرعه‬. ‫وقرر‬‫المستشار‬‫منتصر‬‫فتح‬،‫الباب‬‫رئيس‬‫نيابة‬،‫الغردقة‬‫إخطار‬‫مسؤولي‬‫السفارة‬‫الن‬‫مساوية‬ ‫بالقاهرة‬‫إلرسال‬‫مندوب‬‫لتسلم‬،‫الجثة‬‫وطلب‬‫تحريات‬،‫المباحث‬‫وأخذ‬‫عينة‬‫من‬‫المادة‬‫التي‬‫ت‬‫ناولها‬ ‫السائح‬‫وإرسالها‬‫إلى‬‫المعمل‬‫الكيماوي‬‫لتحليلها‬.
  8. 8. What is hajar jahannam?
  9. 9.  Hajar Jahannam (hell stone) or Hagar El-Saada (happiness stone) is one of the common folkloric remedy that is used in Arab World as an aphrodisiac without any supervision (price: 500 gm = 20-50 LE)  Was named "Gagatis" in relation to the valley, "Gaga" parallel Quds Al-Sharif, which later turned to the name of Hell Valley so the it is called hell stone or hajar jahannam
  10. 10.  Aphrodisiac refers to any substance that increases sexual desire and/or sexual pleasure, enhance sexual performance or aid in the proper functioning of the male and female sex organs.  In modern medicine several products are claimed as effective aphrodisiacs, however natural aphrodisiacs are widely used due to their availability, lower costs and as in some people’s beliefs that natural materials have less side effects.
  11. 11. Physical properities:  It is transparent color crystals turn after exposure to light to violet and then to black when dissolves in water
  12. 12. Chemical composition:  The first to discover the chemical composition of hajar jahannam was Jaber Ebn Hayan (the father of chemistry) and Many studies were done after that and mentioned that the active substance in Hajar Jahannam is silver nitrate which is Exist in nature and can be synthesized chemically by the reaction of nitric acid with silver it has a caustic and local anesthetic effect.
  13. 13.  While in astudy done in ain shams poison control centr by GC-mass spectroscopic they found many substances in the composition of hajar jahanam as:  Tridecane, tetradecane, pentadecane& Hexadecane  Eicosane  1,4-di-tertbutylbenzene  neohexene  1- methyl-2-phenylindole  4-ethoxyphenyl isothiocyanate  1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid  pentafluoropropionic acid  methylphenols
  14. 14.  Those have an irritant effect on gastric mucosa which explains nausea and vomiting that occurred after ingestion.  It is sold in some places mixed with adulterants or drugs. Several studies reported adulteration of natural aphrodisiacs with drugs as sildenafil (Viagra) and vardenafil (Levitra). On the other hand, it may be contaminated with pesticides, moulds, heavy metals and minerals
  15. 15. Use:  It is used for the treatment of premature ejaculation as it has local anesthetic effect to the penis and thus delay and disruption of nerve signals to the sensitive areas of the penis and thus delay ejaculation.  There are many ways to use hajar jahannam, some put a piece of stone in a little water for a quarter of an hour and then use it topically, and then after a quarter of an hour of this User wash well with soap and water.
  16. 16.  The effect is temporary, and it is useful only if premature ejaculation due to psychological reasons, but if the premature ejaculation for reasons related to prostate inflammation or any other reason it is not effective but also aggravated it.
  17. 17. Poisoning by hajar jahannam A.Acute B. Chronic
  18. 18. A. Acute toxicity:  Acute toxicity only occur with mistake oral intake of it instead of topical usage  It is manifested by:  Local irritation of GIT tract: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and gastiritis.  Cardiovascular effect: it cause bradycardia and hypotension up to shock and death , in rare cases may cause tachycardia
  19. 19. B. Chronic toxicity:  Local irritation and inflammation to male and female in chronic topical use  Impotence  Liver cirrhosis  Chronic heavy metal toxicity (lead & mercury)
  20. 20. Diagnosis:  Diagnosis is mainly by history and clinical picture  Follow up of patient condition:  ABG  Electrolytes  Liver function tests  Renal function tests  ECG
  21. 21. Treatment:  There is no specific treatment and it is mainly supportive  ABC  Treat as a case of ingestion of corrosive substance  I.V fluids & vasopressors if needed  Temporary cardiac pace maker may be needed in some cases for sever bradycardia  Cardiac monitoring
  22. 22. Finally  Raising the public awareness with the hazards of use of these folkloric remedies is very important. Strict regulations upon the advertisement of natural aphrodisiacs except after adequate scientific research to investigate its biological activity, safety and efficacy are recommended.  The patient should consult a physician for treatment, rather than the use of these materials.