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Mixed method research

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A complete study on Mixed Method Research

Mixed method research

  1. 1. MIXED METHOD RESEARCH DESIGN Institute of Education and Research University of Dhaka
  3. 3. WE WILL DISCUSS ABOUT……  Definition of Mixed Method Research  Basic Characteristic of Mixed Method Research  When we conduct a Mixed Method Study  Reason for using Mixed Method  The types of Mixed Method Research  Steps for conducting a Mixed Method Research  Criteria for Evaluating a Mixed Method Study  Some Strength and Weakness of the M.M.S
  5. 5. QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH • Quantitative research is a way of collecting numerical research or data which then can be converted into useable statistics. • It uses measureable data to formulate facts and uncover patterns in research.
  6. 6. QUALITATIVE RESEARCH • Qualitative research is used to gain a deeper understanding of the subject. • It helps to develop ideas or hypothesises. It is used to uncover trends in thoughts and opinions. Common methods used are focused groups, individual interviews and observations
  7. 7. WHAT IS MIXED METHODS RESEARCH?  Mixed methods research is a procedure for collecting, analyzing and “mixing” both quantitative and qualitative methods in a single study or a series of studies to understand a research problem. -Creswell & Plano Clark(2011)  The purpose of this form of research is that both qualitative and quantitative research, in combination, provide a better understanding of a research problem or issue than either research approach alone.
  8. 8. HOW WOULD YOU COMBINE TWO TYPES OF DATA? Qualitative Text Data This is a sample of a text file of words that might be collected on interview transcripts, observation field notes, or optically- scanned documents. Quantitative Numeric Data 2 3 4 2 5 2 3 1 1 2 3 4 2 3 3 2 1 1 1 5 3 4 1 2 3 1 4 4 5 5 4 1 2 1 4 3 3 5 1 4 2 3 1 5 5 2 2 1 5 3 5 1 3 1 5 3 2 2 5 1 3 2 4 4 3 1 2 4 2 2 4 1 5 5 4 2 1 5
  9. 9. COLLECTING BOTH QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DATA Quantitative data  Questionnaire  Survey  Census  Attendance Record  Checklists Qualitative data  Interviews  Observations  FGD  Documents Studies  Case-Study  Audio-visual materials 10
  10. 10. FRAMEWORK FOR VIEWING PERSPECTIVES ON MIXED METHODS 11 Quantitative Data Qualitative Data Findings Findings Findings
  11. 11. A MIXED METHODS RESEARCHER…  Collects both quantitative and qualitative data  “Mixes” them  “Mixes” them at the same time (concurrently) or one after the other (sequentially)  Emphasizes both equally or unequally
  12. 12. BASIC CHARACTERISTICS  Provide the rationale for the design  Include collecting qualitative and quantitative data  Consider priority  Consider sequence  Match the data analysis to a design  Diagram the procedures 13
  13. 13. WHEN DO YOU CONDUCT A MIXED METHODS STUDY ?  When we have both quantitative and qualitative data  When one type of research is not enough to explain or to answer the question  When we want qualitative research to help explain quantitative findings  When we want to generalize findings to a large population  When we want to provide alternative perspectives in a study
  14. 14. WHAT ARE THE REASON FOR USING MIXED METHODS ?  To explain and interpret.  To explore a phenomenon.  To develop and to test a new instrument.  To complement the strengths of a single design.  To overcome the weaknesses of a single design.  To address a question at different levels.  To address a theoretical perspective at different levels.
  15. 15. WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF MIXED METHODS DESIGN?  The Convergent Parallel Design  The Explanatory Sequential Design  The Exploratory Sequential Design  The Embedded Sequential Design  The Transformative Design  The Multiphase Design Four Basic Desig n of M.M.R Complex Design of M.M.R
  16. 16. THE CONVERGENT PARALLEL DESIGN The purpose of a convergent of Parallel mixed methods design is to simultaneously collect both qualitative and quantitative data, merge the data and use the results to understand a research problem.
  17. 17. CONTINUE…. Characteristic  Data Collection Priority (Equal)  Sequence (Concurrently/ Simultaneously)  Use of Data (To Compare Similar/Dissimilar)
  18. 18. THE EXPLANATORY SEQUENTIAL DESIGN Characterized by: An explanatory sequential mixed methods design consists of first collecting quantitative data and then collecting qualitative data to help explain or elaborate on the quantitative results. Purpose: To use qualitative results to assist the findings of a quantitative study.
  19. 19. CONTINUE…. Characteristic  Data Collection Priority (Quantitative Data)  Sequence (First Quantitative Data)  Use of Data (To Refine, Polish, Elaborate)
  20. 20. THE EXPLORATORY SEQUENTIAL DESIGN Characterized by: An exploratory sequential mixed method design involves the procedure of first gathering qualitative data to explore a phenomenon and then collecting quantitative data to explain relationship found in the qualitative data. Purpose: To explore a phenomenon. This strategy may also be useful when developing and testing a new instrument.
  21. 21. CONTINUE…. Characteristic  Data Collection Priority (Qualitative Data)  Sequence (First Qualitative Data)  Use of Data (To Refine, Polish, Elaborate)
  22. 22. THE EMBEDDED SEQUENTIAL DESIGN The embedded design is to collect quantitative and qualitative data simultaneously or sequentially but to have one form of data play a supportive role to the other form of data.
  23. 23. CONTINUE…. Characteristic  Data Collection Priority (Often Quant./Often Qual.)  Sequence (Sequentially / Simultaneously)  Use of Data (To Provide additional Source or Argument)
  24. 24. THE TRANSFORMATIVE DESIGN The Transformative mixed methods design is to use one of the four designs but to encase the design within a transformative framework or lens.
  25. 25. THE MULTIPHASE DESIGN The Multiphase Design is a complex design that builds on the basic convergent, explanatory, exploratory and embedded design which is occur when researchers or a team of researchers examine a problem or topic through a series of phases or separate studies.
  26. 26. STEPS IN THE PROCESS OF CONDUCTING A MIXED METHOD STUDIES  Determine a mixed method study is feasible  Identify a rationale for a mixed method study  Identify the data collecting strategy and type of design  Develop quantitative, qualitative and mixed method research questions  Collect quantitative and qualitative data  Analyze data separately or concurrently  Write a report as one or two phase study
  28. 28. STEP-1: DETERMINE A MIXED METHOD STUDY IS FEASIBLE • Research problem  Content – any topics  Fit the problem to mixed methods (arguments) • Access to both qualitative and quantitative data • Background and resources
  29. 29. STEP-2: IDENTIFY A RATIONALE FOR A MIXED METHOD STUDY  Consider why you are collecting both quantitative and qualitative data.  Be explicit in this rationale  Include it early in the research plan or report
  30. 30. STEP-3: IDENTIFY A DATA COLLECTION STRATEGY  The priority give you will give to quantitative and qualitative data  The sequence of your data collection, if you do not plan to collect the data  The specific forms of quantitative data and qualitative data you will collect
  31. 31. STEP-4: DEVELOP QUANTITATIVE , QUALITATIVE AND MIXED METHODS QUESTIONS  Identify questions prior to a study or during the study  Create both exploratory questions and analytic variable question  Question will emerge depend on the type of design
  32. 32. STEP-5: COLLECT QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DATA  The sequence of data collection will depend on the type of design  In all design the presentation of data or information will be will organized
  33. 33. STEP-6: ANALYZE DATA SEPARATELY OR CONCURRENTLY  Data analyze mainly related to the specific type of design being used  Analyze data (qualitative and quantitative) separately, concurrently or both
  34. 34. STEP-7: WRITE A REPORT AS ONE OR TWO PHASE STUDY  The report is written in two phase  The report integrates the quantitative and qualitative phases or the study in each section
  35. 35. HOW DO YOU EVALUATE A MIXED METHOD STUDY ?  Describes that mixed method is the best approach to answer the research questions.  Incorporates both qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis.  Explicitly combines or mixes two datasets.  Frames the study one of the mixed method research designs.  Provides a diagram of the procedure to clarify the timing, priority and mixing within the study.  Signals to the reader that the study is using mixed method.
  36. 36. WHAT ARE SOME STRENGTHS? Can be easy to describe and to report Can be useful when unexpected results arise from a prior study Can help to generalize qualitative data Helpful in designing and validating an instrument Can position research in a transformative framework
  37. 37. WHAT ARE SOME WEAKNESSES? Time required. Discrepancies between different types of data. Can be difficult to decide when to proceed in sequential designs. Little guidance on transformative methods.
  38. 38. SOME EXAMPLE OF MIXED METHOD RESEARCH PROBLEM  “Exploring the Effect of Motivational Feedback given in Continuous on Self- Regulated learning”  “The Pattern of Teacher Student Communication at the Primary Level Education in Bangladesh”  “A Sequential Explanatory Study of College Student’s Copy-and-Paste Note Talking”
  39. 39. 40 THANK YOU ALL………
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A complete study on Mixed Method Research


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