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WE WILL DISCUSS ABOUT……
Definition of Mixed Method Research
Basic Characteristic of Mixed Method
When we conduct a Mixed Method Study
Reason for using Mixed Method
The types of Mixed Method Research
Steps for conducting a Mixed Method
Criteria for Evaluating a Mixed Method Study
Some Strength and Weakness of the M.M.S
• Quantitative research is a way of collecting
numerical research or data which then can
be converted into useable statistics.
• It uses measureable data to formulate facts
and uncover patterns in research.
• Qualitative research is used to gain a deeper
understanding of the subject.
• It helps to develop ideas or hypothesises. It
is used to uncover trends in thoughts and
opinions. Common methods used are
focused groups, individual interviews and
WHAT IS MIXED METHODS RESEARCH?
Mixed methods research is a procedure for
collecting, analyzing and “mixing” both
quantitative and qualitative methods in a
single study or a series of studies to
understand a research problem. -Creswell
& Plano Clark(2011)
The purpose of this form of research is that
both qualitative and quantitative research, in
combination, provide a better understanding of
a research problem or issue than either research
HOW WOULD YOU COMBINE TWO
TYPES OF DATA?
This is a sample of a text
file of words that might
be collected on interview
field notes, or optically-
Quantitative Numeric Data
2 3 4 2 5 2 3 1 1 2 3 4 2 3 3
2 1 1 1 5 3 4 1 2 3 1 4 4 5 5
4 1 2 1 4 3 3 5 1 4 2 3 1 5 5
2 2 1 5 3 5 1 3 1 5 3 2 2 5 1
3 2 4 4 3 1 2 4 2 2 4 1 5 5 4
2 1 5
COLLECTING BOTH QUANTITATIVE AND
FRAMEWORK FOR VIEWING
PERSPECTIVES ON MIXED METHODS
Quantitative Data Qualitative Data
A MIXED METHODS RESEARCHER…
Collects both quantitative and qualitative data
“Mixes” them at the same time (concurrently) or one
after the other (sequentially)
Emphasizes both equally or unequally
Provide the rationale for the design
Include collecting qualitative and quantitative
Match the data analysis to a design
Diagram the procedures
WHEN DO YOU CONDUCT A MIXED
METHODS STUDY ?
When we have both quantitative and
When one type of research is not enough to
explain or to answer the question
When we want qualitative research to help
explain quantitative findings
When we want to generalize findings to a
When we want to provide alternative
perspectives in a study
WHAT ARE THE REASON FOR USING
MIXED METHODS ?
To explain and interpret.
To explore a phenomenon.
To develop and to test a new instrument.
To complement the strengths of a single design.
To overcome the weaknesses of a single design.
To address a question at different levels.
To address a theoretical perspective at different
WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF MIXED
The Convergent Parallel Design
The Explanatory Sequential Design
The Exploratory Sequential Design
The Embedded Sequential Design
The Transformative Design
The Multiphase Design
THE CONVERGENT PARALLEL DESIGN
The purpose of a convergent of Parallel
mixed methods design is to simultaneously
collect both qualitative and quantitative data,
merge the data and use the results to
understand a research problem.
Data Collection Priority (Equal)
Sequence (Concurrently/ Simultaneously)
Use of Data (To Compare Similar/Dissimilar)
THE EXPLANATORY SEQUENTIAL DESIGN
Characterized by: An explanatory sequential
mixed methods design consists of first collecting
quantitative data and then collecting qualitative data
to help explain or elaborate on the quantitative
Purpose: To use qualitative results to assist the
findings of a quantitative study.
Data Collection Priority (Quantitative Data)
Sequence (First Quantitative Data)
Use of Data (To Refine, Polish, Elaborate)
THE EXPLORATORY SEQUENTIAL DESIGN
Characterized by: An exploratory sequential
mixed method design involves the procedure of first
gathering qualitative data to explore a phenomenon
and then collecting quantitative data to explain
relationship found in the qualitative data.
Purpose: To explore a phenomenon. This strategy
may also be useful when developing and testing a
Data Collection Priority (Qualitative Data)
Sequence (First Qualitative Data)
Use of Data (To Refine, Polish, Elaborate)
THE EMBEDDED SEQUENTIAL DESIGN
The embedded design is to collect
quantitative and qualitative data
simultaneously or sequentially but to have
one form of data play a supportive role to the
other form of data.
Data Collection Priority (Often Quant./Often
Sequence (Sequentially / Simultaneously)
Use of Data (To Provide additional Source or
THE TRANSFORMATIVE DESIGN
The Transformative mixed methods design is
to use one of the four designs but to encase
the design within a transformative framework
THE MULTIPHASE DESIGN
The Multiphase Design is a complex design that
builds on the basic convergent, explanatory,
exploratory and embedded design which is occur
when researchers or a team of researchers
examine a problem or topic through a series of
phases or separate studies.
STEPS IN THE PROCESS OF CONDUCTING A
MIXED METHOD STUDIES
Determine a mixed method study is feasible
Identify a rationale for a mixed method study
Identify the data collecting strategy and type of
Develop quantitative, qualitative and mixed
method research questions
Collect quantitative and qualitative data
Analyze data separately or concurrently
Write a report as one or two phase study
STEP-1: DETERMINE A MIXED METHOD STUDY IS
• Research problem
Content – any topics
Fit the problem to mixed methods
• Access to both qualitative and quantitative
• Background and resources
STEP-2: IDENTIFY A RATIONALE FOR A MIXED
Consider why you are collecting both
quantitative and qualitative data.
Be explicit in this rationale
Include it early in the research plan or report
STEP-3: IDENTIFY A DATA COLLECTION
The priority give you will give to quantitative
and qualitative data
The sequence of your data collection, if you
do not plan to collect the data
The specific forms of quantitative data and
qualitative data you will collect
STEP-4: DEVELOP QUANTITATIVE , QUALITATIVE
AND MIXED METHODS QUESTIONS
Identify questions prior to a study or during
Create both exploratory questions and
analytic variable question
Question will emerge depend on the type of
STEP-5: COLLECT QUANTITATIVE AND
The sequence of data collection will depend
on the type of design
In all design the presentation of data or
information will be will organized
STEP-6: ANALYZE DATA SEPARATELY OR
Data analyze mainly related to the specific
type of design being used
Analyze data (qualitative and quantitative)
separately, concurrently or both
STEP-7: WRITE A REPORT AS ONE OR TWO
The report is written in two phase
The report integrates the quantitative and
qualitative phases or the study in each
HOW DO YOU EVALUATE A MIXED METHOD
Describes that mixed method is the best approach to
answer the research questions.
Incorporates both qualitative and quantitative data
collection and analysis.
Explicitly combines or mixes two datasets.
Frames the study one of the mixed method research
Provides a diagram of the procedure to clarify the
timing, priority and mixing within the study.
Signals to the reader that the study is using mixed
WHAT ARE SOME STRENGTHS?
Can be easy to describe and to report
Can be useful when unexpected results arise from a
Can help to generalize qualitative data
Helpful in designing and validating an instrument
Can position research in a transformative framework
WHAT ARE SOME WEAKNESSES?
Discrepancies between different types of
Can be difficult to decide when to proceed in
Little guidance on transformative methods.
SOME EXAMPLE OF MIXED METHOD RESEARCH
“Exploring the Effect of Motivational
Feedback given in Continuous on Self-
“The Pattern of Teacher Student
Communication at the Primary Level
Education in Bangladesh”
“A Sequential Explanatory Study of College
Student’s Copy-and-Paste Note Talking”