Electors Part 2


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Electors Part 2

  1. 1. The Electoral College: Meet the Electors Part II
  2. 2. Lesson Purpose <ul><li>The purpose of this section is to introduce the Electors who are the voters in the electoral college. The role of and process of determining the electors is essential to truly understanding the entire functionality of the Electoral College Process. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Where are these Electors Coming From? <ul><li>435 represent the members of the House of Representatives. </li></ul><ul><li>100 represent two Senators from each of the 50 states. </li></ul><ul><li>Three represent the District of Columbia. </li></ul><ul><li>Whopping Grand Total of 538 Electors! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Can I be an Elector? <ul><li>Yes, if you meet the guidelines. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Article II, Section 1, Clause 2 of the United States Constitution , no person holding a federal office, either elected or appointed, may become an elector. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 3 of the Fourteenth Amendment anyone who has sworn to serve the Constitution then later rebelled against the US may not serve on the Electoral College; i.e. AWOL soldiers, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Four Methods to Become an Elector? <ul><li>Elected by state political parties prior to election day. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be decided in primaries. </li></ul><ul><li>Elected during a party convention. </li></ul><ul><li>A campaign committee may decide who the elector will be. </li></ul>
  6. 6. So the Electors Vote? <ul><li>Yes, they place their votes on the Monday following the second Wednesday of December. </li></ul><ul><li>Each Elector pledges to the candidate whom was selected by their state. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>However, the Electors are not sworn to vote for a particular candidate. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Who is not Bound to Their Vote? <ul><li>No Legal Requirement Electors in these States are not bound by State Law to cast their vote for a specific candidate: </li></ul><ul><li>ARIZONA - 10 Electoral Votes ARKANSAS - 6 Electoral Votes DELAWARE - 3 Electoral Votes GEORGIA - 15 Electoral Votes IDAHO - 4 Electoral Votes ILLINOIS - 21 Electoral Votes INDIANA - 11 Electoral Votes IOWA - 7 Electoral Votes KANSAS - 6 Electoral Votes KENTUCKY - 8 Electoral Votes LOUISIANA - 9 Electoral Votes MINNESOTA - 10 Electoral Votes </li></ul><ul><li>MISSOURI - 11 Electoral Votes NEW HAMPSHIRE - 4 Electoral Votes NEW JERSEY - 15 Electoral Votes NEW YORK - 31 Electoral Votes NORTH DAKOTA - 3 Electoral Votes PENNSYLVANIA - 21 Electoral Votes RHODE ISLAND - 4 Electoral Votes SOUTH DAKOTA - 3 Electoral Votes TENNESSEE - 11 Electoral Votes TEXAS - 34 Electoral Votes UTAH - 5 Electoral Votes WEST VIRGINIA - 5 Electoral Votes </li></ul><ul><li>Total of 257 Electoral Votes NOT bound to the popular vote of their respective state. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Are Faithless Electors Punished? <ul><li>24 of 26 non-bounded states currently have laws that punish those Electors who vote for a candidate in which their state did not vote for. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Michigan actually cancels the vote that is placed for the candidate not selected by the state. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Activity <ul><li>The activity that accompanies this lesson requires students to take on the roles of either an elector or a reporter. </li></ul><ul><li>The lesson requires each student to investigate a chosen elector. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Understand their political involvement. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Understand their view points and partisanship. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Determine if the elector can or cannot change their vote. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Will he or she be punished if unfaithful to the state? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Refer to the Activity available on the site. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Supplement <ul><li>Elector Nomination Form </li></ul>