Ppt tercero y cuarto

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Ppt tercero y cuarto

  1. 1. English summary<br />Levels III and IV<br />
  2. 2. Verb To be<br />Content <br />
  3. 3. Verb To be<br />My name is Lisa Simpson<br />I’m Chilean, I’m from Santiago<br />Their favorite sports are football and volleyball<br />It’s 10:00 o’clock<br />It’s sunny today, but it isn’t warm<br />Can you think of more examples?<br />
  4. 4. Verb To be<br />Positive form<br />Short forms<br />
  5. 5. Verb To be<br />Negativeform<br />Short forms<br />
  6. 6. Verb To be<br />Interrogativeform<br />Short answers<br />
  7. 7. Comprehensioncheck<br />Makequestionswiththesewords<br />Is / at home / yourmother<br />Your / parents /are / well<br />Interesting / is / yourjob<br />The shops / are / open today<br />From / where / you / are<br />Interested in spot / you / are<br />Is / nearhere / the post office<br />At school / are / yourchildren<br />You / are / late / why<br />
  8. 8. Verbs are used in infinitive form. E.g.: Work<br />In the third person (he/she/it), you add an “s” to the verbs in affirmative form.<br />Auxiliaries: Do-Does<br />Present Simple<br />
  9. 9. Present Simple<br />Expresses a habit or often repeated action. Adverbs of frequency such as: often (a menudo), seldom (raravez), sometimes (a veces), never (nunca), etc. are used with this tense. E.g.:<br />She goes to work everyday<br />They always eat lunch together<br />
  10. 10. Present Simple<br />This tense also expresses general truths or facts that are timeless. E.g.:<br />Snowfallsin the December in Minnesota.<br />Waterboilsat 100 degrees Celsius.<br />
  11. 11. Present Simple<br /> Present simple’s negative corresponds to don’t/doesn’t + verb. E.g.:<br />A: coffee?<br />B: No, thanks. I don’t drink coffee<br />A doesn’t drink coffee<br />
  12. 12. Present Simple<br />I don’t drink coffee but I drink tea<br />Sue drinks tea but she doesn’t drink coffee<br />You don’t work very hard<br />We don’t watch T.V very often<br />Myriam and Sylvana don’t know many people<br />?<br />Negative <br />Affirmative<br />
  13. 13. Present Simple<br /> Present simple’s interrogative is formed by using do/does. E.g.:<br />Do you play chess?<br />What kind of movies does she like?<br />
  14. 14. Present Simple<br />Do play tennis?<br />Do your parents speak English?<br />Does Gary work hard?<br />Does your sister live in London?<br />Do you like Reggeaton?<br />?<br />Interrogative<br />Short answer<br />
  15. 15. Verbs are used in gerund form. E.g.: Working<br />Auxiliaries: am-are-is<br />Present continuous or progressive<br />
  16. 16. Present Progressive<br /> This tense is used to describe an action that is occurring right now (at this moment, today, this year, etc.). The action has begun and is still in progress. E.g.:<br />She is typing a paper for her class.<br />He can’t talk. He is fixing the sink right now.<br />
  17. 17. Present Progressive<br /> The present progressive can also be used to describe an action that is occurring in the present, but is temporary.<br />John is living in Italy, but he might move soon<br />
  18. 18. Present Progressive<br /> Present progressive’s negative corresponds to am not/aren’t/isn’t + verb. E.g.:<br />I play the guitar but I am not playing the guitar now<br />They aren’t paying attention to the class<br />She isn’t writing she is editing.<br />
  19. 19. Present Progressive<br />I am not drinking coffee, but I am drinking tea<br />Sue is drinking tea but she isn’t drinking coffee<br />You are not working very hard<br />We are not watching TV (very often X)<br />Myriam and Sylvana are not meeting many people<br />?<br />Negative <br />Affirmative<br />
  20. 20. Present Progressive<br /> Present progressive’s interrogative is formed by usin1g am/are/is just like in the present simple. E.g.:<br />Are you playing chess?<br />What is Bill trying to do?<br />
  21. 21. Present Progressive<br />Are playing tennis?<br />Are your parents speaking English?<br />Is Gary working hard?<br />Is your sister living in London?<br />What am I dancing? <br />?<br />Interrogative<br />Short answer<br />
  22. 22. Verbs are used in past form. E.g.:<br />Worked (regular)<br />Caught (irregular)<br />Auxiliary: Did<br />Past Simple<br />
  23. 23. Past Simple<br /> We use the simple past to indicate exactly when an action or event took place in the past. E.g.:<br />I visited my sister yesterday.<br />We went out to dinner last night.<br />
  24. 24. Past Simple<br /> The simple past is use1d to describe actions and/or events that are now completed and no longer true in the present.<br />I attended MJC in 1998. (I no longer attend MJC.)<br />I saw a movie every weekend when I was a teenager. (I don’t see movies very much anymore.)<br />
  25. 25. Past Simple<br /> Past simple’s negative corresponds to didn’t. E.g.:<br />I didn’t play the guitar<br />They didn’t pay attention to the class.<br />She didn’t write, she edited.<br />
  26. 26. Past Simple<br />I didn’t drink coffee, I drank tea.<br />Sue didn’t drink tea but she drank coffee.<br />You didn’t work very hard.<br />You didn’t watch TV very often.<br />Myriam and Sylvana didn’t meet many people.<br />?<br />Negative <br />Affirmative<br />
  27. 27. Past Simple<br /> Past simple’s interrogative is formed by using DID. E.g.:<br />Did you play chess?<br />What did Bill try to do?<br />
  28. 28. Past Simple<br />Did play tennis?<br />Did your parents speak English?<br />Did Gary work hard?<br />Did your sister live in London?<br />What did I dance? <br />?<br />Interrogative<br />Short answer<br />
  29. 29. Verbs are used in gerund form. E.g.: Working<br />Auxiliaries: was-were<br />Past Progressive<br />
  30. 30. Past progressive<br /> The past progressive is used to talk about an activity that was in progress at a specific point of time in the past. The emphasis is on the duration of the activity in the past. E.g.:<br />I was studying for an exam while my mother was cooking dinner.<br />We were walking in the park around 7 p.m. last night.<br />
  31. 31. Past progressive<br /> The past progressive is often used with the simple past to show that one action was in progress when another action occurred.<br />I was taking a bath when the doorbell rang.<br />They were eating dinner when the neighbors stopped by for a visit.<br />
  32. 32. Past progressive<br /> Past progressive’s negative corresponds to wasn’t/weren’t E.g.:<br />I wasn’t playing the guitar.<br />They weren’t paying attention to the class.<br />She wasn’t writing, she was editing.<br />
  33. 33. Past progressive<br />I wasn’t drinking coffee, I was drinking tea.<br />Sue wasn’t drinking tea but she was drinking coffee.<br />You weren’t working very hard.<br />You weren’t watching TV very often.<br />Myriam and Sylvana weren’t meeting many people.<br />?<br />Negative <br />Affirmative<br />
  34. 34. Past progressive<br /> Past progressive’s interrogative is formed by using was/were . E.g.:<br />Were you playing chess?<br />What was Bill trying to do?<br />
  35. 35. Past progressive<br />Were you playing tennis?<br />Were your parents speaking English?<br />Was Gary working hard?<br />Was your sister living in London?<br />What was I dancing? <br />?<br />Interrogative<br />Short answer<br />
  36. 36. Verbs are used in infinitive form, e.g.: ork for the future simple and in gerund form, e.g.: working<br />Auxiliaries: will (for future simple)<br /> am-are-is (for “be going to”)<br />Future Simple and “be going to”<br />
  37. 37. Future simple and “be going to”<br />Will and be + going + to are often used to describe future actions. t. E.g.:<br />Thomas will graduate in June.<br />Maria is going to go to Mexico next week.<br />
  38. 38. Future simple and “be going to”<br /> The simple present and present progressive are also used to express future time. These are often used in connection with schedules.<br />She is meeting a new client at eleven o’clock.<br />The train leaves at 6:00 a.m. tomorrow.<br />
  39. 39. Future simple and “be going to”<br /> Future simple’s negative corresponds to won’t E.g.:<br />I wont play the guitar.<br />They won’t pay attention to the class.<br />She won’t write, she will editing.<br /> Be going to negative corresponds to am not/aren’t/isn’t<br />I am not going to play the guitar.<br />They are not going to pay attention in class.<br />She is not going to write, she is going to edit.<br />
  40. 40. Future simple and “be going to”<br />I am not going to drink coffee, I am going to drink tea.<br />Sue will drinking tea, but she won’t drink coffee.<br />You won’t work very hard.<br />You are not going to watch TV very often.<br />Myriam and Sylvana will not meet many people.<br />?<br />Negative <br />Affirmative<br />
  41. 41. Future simple and “be going to”<br /> Future simple’s interrogative is formed by using will . E.g.:<br />Will you playing chess?<br />What will Bill try to do?<br /> “Be going to” interrogative is formed by using am/are/is . E.g.:<br />Are you going to you play chess?<br />What is Bill going to try to do?<br />
  42. 42. Future simple and “be going to”<br />Were you playing tennis?<br />Were your parents speaking English?<br />Was Gary working hard?<br />Was your sister living in London?<br />What was I dancing? <br />?<br />Interrogative<br />Short answer<br />

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