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# Geo Ch0401example12

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### Geo Ch0401example12

1. 1. EXAMPLE 1 Classify triangles by sides and by angles SOLUTION The triangle has a pair of congruent sides, so it is isosceles. By measuring, the angles are 55° , 55° , and 70° . It is an acute isosceles triangle. Support Beams Classify the triangular shape of the support beams in the diagram by its sides and by measuring its angles.
2. 2. EXAMPLE 2 Classify a triangle in a coordinate plane SOLUTION STEP 1 Use the distance formula to find the side lengths. Classify PQO by its sides. Then determine if the triangle is a right triangle. OP = y 2 – y 1 ( ) 2 x 2 – x 1 ( ) 2 + = 2 – 0 ( ) 2 (– 1 ) 0 ( ) 2 + – = 5 2.2 OQ = y 2 – y 1 ( ) 2 x 2 – x 1 ( ) 2 + 2 = – 0 ( ) 6 0 ( ) 2 + – 3 = 45 6.7
3. 3. EXAMPLE 2 Classify a triangle in a coordinate plane PQ = y 2 – y 1 ( ) 2 x 2 – x 1 ( ) 2 + 3 – 2 ( ) 2 6 ( ) 2 + – = (– 1 ) = 50 7.1 STEP 2 Check for right angles. The slope of OP is 2 – 0 – 2 – 0 = – 2 . The slope of OQ is 3 – 0 6 – 0 = 2 1 . 1 The product of the slopes is – 2 2 = – 1 , so OP OQ and POQ is a right angle. Therefore, PQO is a right scalene triangle. ANSWER
4. 4. GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 1 and 2 Draw an obtuse isosceles triangle and an acute scalene triangle. obtuse isosceles triangle B A C acute scalene triangle P Q R
5. 5. GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 1 and 2 Triangle ABC has the vertices A (0, 0) , B (3, 3) , and C (–3, 3) . Classify it by its sides. Then determine if it is a right triangle. ABC is a right Isosceles triangle. ANSWER