Eating disorders


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eating disorders

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Eating disorders

  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • Eating disorder is a phisycal and psycological problem related with food. There are a lot of types of this disorders but actually has nothing to do with food, it is mostly mental fault induced of your own obsession.
  3. 3. TYPES OF ILLNESS • Binge eating disorder: is a disorder which, the person who have it, eat a lot of food, more than they need. Then, energy decreases and they need eat more. When this people have finished eating, they feel better but sorry for them action. Still, they do it all. • Bulimia: is a disorder which people eat so much that then they feel sorry, and they cause vomiting, they are worried with her physical image, they fall into depression, anxiety and they feel culpability. • Anorexia: is a disorder which the person loses a lot of weight because diets and purging behaviors. This people have an alteration for the body’s image.
  4. 4. TYPE OF ILLNESS • Vigorexia: is a disorder characterized by obsessive preoccupation about physical image. People who suffer from this illness usually do too much sport or eat determinate food to gain weight because they see themselves being still too small. • Megarexia: is the opposite ilness to anorexia. Megarexic people are ussually obese people who look themselves at the mirror and don’t realise they are fat.
  5. 5. OTHERS ILLNESS • Orthorexia: disorder in which a person eats food that they consider healthy, but it is not. • Pica: ingestion of inedible food. • Diabulimia: people who suffren form this sicknnes are also diabetic. It consists in manipulate insulin doses to balance out the binge or to reduce weight. • Hyperphagia: after have eaten healthy food, the person who suffer from it , eats larga amounts of unhealthy food.
  6. 6. PERSONAL FACTORS • Early puberty: In women, early puberty is a problem that leads to these disorders. When they are children eat like other children, but when they are in puberty much eat what to eat. • Problems with obesity: Man primarily, as children are obese and suffer ridicule, then they can have disorders because they feel insecure. • Character: Not be accepted as a person, have difficulty relating socially, be insecure and shy, have low self-esteem, have a depressive personality, be sensitive…
  7. 7. FAMILIAR FACTORS • Previous people who have suffered eating disorders in the family:In most of the cases the antecedents of obesity are factors really important. Children who suffer eating disorders have at least one relative who has the illness. • Sexual abuse: women with eating diosrders have more posibilities to suffer sexual abuse, about 35% of them, mainly bulimic women. • Prejudices and distorted values: children are really influenced by their parents or the adult people in their surroundings so it can influnce also in the posibilities of suffering this kind of illness. This eating disorders can increase if parents talk about them.
  8. 8. SOCIOCULTURAL FACTORS • Beauty mith: It is considered as the perfect slender body, and there is a belief that fat is bad. The thinness, which is associated in some way with beauty, elegance, prestige, youth, social acceptance, etc., crushed as the key to success from all sides. • General discrimination: The rejection of the obese is so absorbed in our society that a six-year-old already has fully internalized, causing these disorders. • Fashion discrimination: Very often, the fashion houses do not make sizes for overweight people and this is very hard blow for this people
  9. 9. PREVENTION -Teaching children to have healthy behaviors, especially with regard to food and exercise. -Avoid pressuring children. -In case of obesity, see a nutritionist: never take a diet without medical supervision. - Family eatings, and if possible do it at set times and unhurried.