Adjectives 1

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Adjectives 1

  1. 1. Q:What are Adjectives?A:Adjectives are words which are used to describe nouns or pronouns.
  2. 2.  Descriptive Adjectives Q:What are Descriptive Adjectives? A:Descriptive Adjectives are Adjectives which tell us about the kind or quality of , nouns/ pronouns.Example:Betty is a clever girl.
  3. 3.  Adjectives of Number / QuantityQ:What are Adjectives of Number /Quantity?A:Adjectives of Number /Quantity are Adjectives which come before a noun showing how many or how much of the noun there is.Example:Mary gave me five oranges.
  4. 4.  Demonstrative AdjectivesQ:What are Demonstrative Adjectives?A:Demonstrative Adjectives are Adjectives which point out nouns and are followed by the nouns which they point out.Example : This house is bigger than that one.
  5. 5.  Interrogative AdjectivesQ:What are Interrogative Adjectives?A:Interrogative Adjectives are Adjectives which ask questions and come before a noun.Example:Which way shall we go?
  6. 6.  Possessive AdjectivesQ:What are Possessive Adjectives?A:Possesses Adjectives are Adjectives which are used to show possession.Example:I have given my book to your brother.
  7. 7. Q:What are the 3 Degrees of Comparison ?A:The 3 Degree of Comparison are (1) the Positive Degree, (2) the Comparative Degree and (3) the Superlative Degree.
  8. 8.  (a) The Positive Degree of Comparison is used when we are speaking of or describing an object.Example: Peter is a short boy.
  9. 9.  (b) The Comparative Degree of Comparison is used when we are speaking of or describing two objects. Example:Peter is taller than Paul .
  10. 10.  (c) The Superlative Degree of Comparison is used when we are speaking of or describing two or more than two objects. Example: Mary is the tallest girl in her school.
  11. 11. The formation ofComparative and theSuperlative forms (a) The formation of Comparative and the Superlative forms by adding “ –er” and “-est” to the Positive. Positive Comparative Superlative clever cleverer cleverest dark darker darkest
  12. 12.  (b) The formation of Comparative and the Superlative forms by dropping “y” and “-iest”to the Positive. Positive Comparative Superlative dirty dirtier dirtiest lazy lazier laziest
  13. 13.  (c) The formation of Comparative and the Superlative forms by doubling the last letter and adding “-er” and “-ier” to the Positive. Positive Comparative Superlative big bigger biggest hot hotter hottest
  14. 14.  (d) The formation of Comparative and the Superlative forms by changing the spelling of the Positive. Positive Comparative Superlative bad worse worst good better best
  15. 15.  (e) The formation of Comparative and the Superlative forms by using the word “ more” or “most” with Adjectives of three or more syllables. Positive Comparative Superlative beautiful more beautiful most beautiful careful more careful most careful
  16. 16.  (f) For a few two-syllable adjectives both kinds of Comparative and Superlative are possible. Positive Comparative Superlative common Commoner/ Commonest/ more common most common clever Cleverer/ Cleverest/ more clever most clever
  17. 17. (a) “The+Adjectives” = a class of persons.Example: The welfare society organised a party for the poor.
  18. 18. (b) “The+Adjectives” = an abstract noun.Example:The future is unknown to us. (the future = futurity)
  19. 19. •(c) Some adjectives havebecome Nouns.Example:Australians Italians
  20. 20. There are compound Adjectives formed by adding a “ – ” between the words. Notice that the noun in a compound Adjective should normally be in singular form.Example:Mary is an eighteen- year-old girl.
  21. 21. Prepared byMünevver ÇELEBİ

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