A1 and a2 (test questions)


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A1 and a2 (test questions)

  1. 1. Multiple Choices: Choose items or options that best answer the question and encircle it.<br /><ul><li>He defined a helping relationship as “which at least one of the parties has the intent of promoting the growth, development, maturity, improved functioning, and improved coping with the life of the other”.</li></ul>a. Okunc. Miars and Haverson<br />b. Brammer and Mac Donaldd. Rogers<br />2. It is one of the implicit and explicit points regarding definition of counseling which focuses of the client goals and states that “Counseling is a rehearsal for action”.<br />a. Counseling is a process that may be profession developmental and intervening <br />b. Counseling is theory based<br />c. Counseling is a profession<br />d. Counseling includes various specialties<br />3. They suggest some stages in helping relationship which involves preparation, initial responding, and follow-up.<br />a. Purkey and Schmidtc. Egan<br />b. Brammerd. Corey and Corey<br />4. It is one of the stage in helping relationship which includes the initial meeting of the client and counselor, rapport building, information gathering, goal determination, and informing the client about conditions.<br />a. Extended Explorationc. Relationship Development<br />b. Problem Resolutiond. Termination and Follow-Up<br />5. It is the another term in core conditions of helping relationship in which describes the ability to be authentic.<br />a. Genuineness and Congruencec. Emphatic Understanding<br />b. Concretenessd. Respect and Positive Regard<br />6. It describes a counselor or therapist to serve as a sounding based for client by paraphrasing their thoughts and feelings.<br />a. Attending and Encouragingc. Summarizing<br />b. Reflecting Contact and Reflecting Feelingd. Restating and Paraphrasing<br />7. It is one of the strategies helping relationship that aid in data gathering that enable a counselor or therapist to gather information in a specific area related to the client’s presented concerns or to respond to specific topic areas.<br />a. Questioningc. Both A and B<br />b. Problem and Leadingd. Either A or B<br />8. It is one of the strategies in helping relationship that add depth and enhance the relationship that gives implication for both clients and counselors or therapists.<br />a. Confrontationc. Self-Disclosure<br />b. Responding to Non-Verbal Cuesd. Both A and C<br />9. He is one of the proponents for the development of counseling that sets up a systematized guidance program in public schools.<br />a. Clifford Beersc. Jesse B. Davis<br />b. Sigmund Freudd. Frank Parsons<br />10. It is generally understood to mean that a professional is qualified capable and able to understand and do certain things in a appropriate and effective manner.<br />a. Competencyc. Ethics Competence<br />b. Risk Managementd. Multicultural Competence<br />11. It is the third area in supervision competency that refers to such aspects as the supervision being respectful and empowering, adhering to ethical principles, engaging self-education, and remaining aware of one’s expertise and limitations.<br />a. Social Contextc. Knowledge<br />b. Skillsd. Values<br />12. It is the ability to adapt one does to meet client needs.<br />a. Intellectual Curiosityc. Flexilibility<br />b. Energyd. Support<br />13. They concluded that effective counselors must be emotionally mature, objective, and must have self-awareness, incorporating their strengths and weaknesses realistically.<br />a. Auvenshine and Noffsingerc. Foster and Guy<br />b. Wiggins and Weslanderd. Holland<br />14. It is the most common personal consequence of working as a counselor.<br />a. Burnoutc. Vicarious Rebellion<br />b. Emotional Distressd. Wounded Healer<br />15. These persons are educated to provide assistance on both preventive and remedial level.<br />a. Non-Professional Helpersc. Generalist Human Services Worker<br />b. Professional Helpersd. All of the Above<br />16. It is a unified set of ideas, principles, and behaviors.<br />a. Impairmentc. Theory<br />b. Comprehensived. System<br />17. It is the foundation of good counseling and challenges counselors to be caring and creative within the confines of a highly personal relationship that is structured for growth and insight.<br />a. Theoretical Purityc. Theory<br />b. Technical Eclecticismd. System<br />18. It is one of the following negative motivators of becoming an effective counselor that refers to the persons who have unresolved anger and act out their feelings through their clients’ deviant behavior.<br />a. emotional distressc. vicarious rebellion<br />b. loneliness and isolation d. a need for love<br />19. It is a personal quality of a counselor which has the ability to put oneself in another’s place even of that person is a different gender or from a different culture.<br />a. capacity for self-denialc. comfort with conversation <br />b. empathy and understandingd. sympathy<br />20. It is a sloppy, unsystematic process of putting unrelated clinical concepts together.<br />a. Syncretismc. Technical Eclecticism<br />b. Theoretical Integrationalismd. Theoretical Purity<br />21. The following statements in goals of therapy are true except one.<br />A. A successful course of therapy can be gauged by the client’s development of a new way of thinking, substituted for an old way.<br />B. To help the client to becomes his or her own therapist and able to continue using cognitive reality.<br />C. To find the difficulties in the clients life and develop a highly cognitive therapy for enable to cope up with reality.<br />D. Help the clients to solve the problem and as a therapist they will present themselves as a blank slate.<br />22. According to Glasser, the goal of reality therapy is to:<br />Help people make better choices and have more control over their lives within the constraints of outside world.<br />Reorganizing a client’s thinking and the way he sees and interprets outward events.<br />Exposed the clients to a graded hierarchy of fears and taught to apply problem-solving tactics while being supported and guided by therapist.<br />Help the clients<br />23. Albert Ellis is known for his belief that humans have inherent rationality but are also burdened with strong inborn tendencies to think irrationally. In this concept, he develop “Eleven Irrational Belief” that lead to unhappiness and neurosis. What irrational belief emphasizes that “it is an unobtainable goal and the person who strives it becomes less self-directing, more insecure, and less genuine.<br />a. A person must be perfectly competent, adequate, and achieving to be considered<br />b. It is essential that a person be loved or approved by virtually everyone in the community<br />c. Some people are bad, wicked, or villainous and therefore should be blamed and punished<br />d. It is a terrible catastrophe when things are not as a person wants them to be<br />24. It is the purpose of cognitive behavioral treatment for those people who are suffering from anxiety. Choose the exact statement.<br />Identify different types of feelings; normalize fear or anxiety<br />Distinguish anxiety from other feelings and escape from it.<br />Provide information about the anxiety and deal with this.<br />Review, identify somatic responses to anxiety.<br />25. It is an overview of cognitive behavioral treatments that certainly compresses us with their negative view of dependency and their emphasis on rationality.<br />Cultural concerns<br />Cultural process<br />Cultural approach <br />Cultural method<br />26. It is the client’s thorough evaluation that should lead to formulation of a plan for action.<br />evaluation <br />planning <br />planning control<br />planning approach<br />27. It is a cognitive behavioral treatment that takes several forms and described as a standard technique in counseling. It is essential as well as in the process of treatment.<br />Cognitive method<br />Problem-solving<br />Therapeutic process<br />Therapeutic approach<br />28. Related to question no.27, it is one of therapeutic session in which counselor addresses the client on her own terms.<br /> A. multimodal process<br /> B. Bringing and tracking<br /> C. Both a and b<br /> D. Tracking<br />29. It is a process that involves paying attention to the client in which different modalities usually take precedence for each client.<br />Tracking <br />Bridging<br />Tracking and Bridging<br />Tracking modalities<br />30. The term dialectical describes the interaction of two conflicting forces, but there is an exception. Choose the exception.<br />The need for the client to accept herself and also to change<br />The client’s maintaining the validity of her experience while learning to interpret it differently<br />The client’s getting what she needs and losing it if they becomes more competent<br />The client learns to become comfortable with change in them.<br />31. It is a field of study which is comprised of everything contributing to the recognition, elucidation, prevention, and treatment of mental abnormalities.<br />a. Psychologyc. social Work<br />b. counselingd. Psychiatry<br />32. This kind of profession deals with wellness, personal growth, career and pathological concerns.<br />a. Psychologyc. social Work<br />b. counselingd. Psychiatry<br />33. She edited the first comprehensive and significant work on racial identity and counseling.<br />a. Janet E. Helmsc. Courtland C. Lee<br />b. Frederick D. Harperd. Daya S. Sandhu<br />34. They are trained in a variety of therapetic techniques used to address a wide range of issues which includes depression, addiction, suicidal impulses, stress management, problems with self-esteem,,and career concerns.<br />a. Mental Health Counselorc. Social workers<br />b. Guidance Counselord. Psychologists<br />35. It is one of developmental stage which involves the developing conscience, morality and scale of values occur.<br />a. adolescencec. middle childhood<br />b. early adulthoodd. early childhood<br />36. It is one of developmental task according to Havighurst which involves occur intellectual skills.<br />a. adolescencec. middle childhood<br />b. early adulthoodd. early childhood<br />37. Related to question no.36, it involves the finding a congenial social group.<br />a. adolescencec. middle childhood<br />b. early adulthoodd. early childhood<br />38. Related to question no.36, this stage develops the fundamental skills in reading, writing and calculating.<br />a. adolescencec. middle childhood<br />b. early adulthoodd. early childhood<br />39. The primary goal of humanistic theories is to achieve:<br />a. Self- Realizationc. Self-Acceptance<br />b. Self- Actualizationd. Self-Esteem<br />40. Lewis and Lewis coined this term for a new type of counselor who would function in multidimensional roles regardless of employment setting.<br />a. Guidance Counselorc. Community Counselor<br />b. Career Counselord. Mental Health Counselor<br />41. It is the school of thought in psychology, according to Watson which claims that behavior should be the sole subject matter of psychology and that it should be studied through observation.<br />a. Psychoanalyticc. Functionalism<br />b. Behaviorismd. Structuralism<br />42. He is the best known and controversial figure in the field of behaviorism despite of adamant denial of the importance of condition and affect in understanding the human behavior.<br />a. B.F. Skinnerc. S.Freud<br />b. J.B. Watsond. I. Pavlov<br />43. In major constructs, it is considered to encompass a range of approaches limited by the purer behavioral and cognitive interventions.<br />a. Learning Theoryc. Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions<br />b. Semantic Interventionsd. Behavioral Excesses<br />44. A theory in Psychology according to Albert Bandura in which it has been used to provide a cognitive behavioral theoretical explanation for how people change.<br />a. Operant conditioningc. Classical conditioning<br />b. Behavior Modificationd. Self Efficacy<br />45. It is behavioral intervention used to gradually increase the quality of behavior.<br />a. Positive Reinforcementc. Reinforcement<br />b. Shapingd. Operant conditioning<br />46. It holds that affect and behavior are determined by the way individuals cognitively structure the world.<br />a. Learning Theoryc. Personality Theory<br />b. Cognitive Theoryd. Developmental Theory<br />47. It is a behavioral interventions design to decrease a problematic behavior.<br />a. Negative Reinforcementc. Extinction<br />b. Punishmentd. Classical Conditioning<br />48. It is a technique in which client learn to keep track of self-statements and to substitute more adaptive statements.<br />a. Stress Inoculation Trainingc. Self-Instructional Training<br />b. Positive self Statementsd. Cognitive Interventions<br />49. It is the result of faulty learning, making incorrect inferences, and not distinguishing adequately between imagination and reality.<br />a. Psychological Disturbancesc. Social Disturbances<br />b. Emotional Disturbancesd. Spiritual Disturbances<br />50. It is an increase in the undesirable behavior that may occur before extinction.<br />a. Response Burstc. Shaping<br />b. Punishmentd. Reinforcement<br />