Political geography part 3

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Political geography part 3

  1. 1. States and Power
  2. 2. COLONIAL RELATIONSHIP RAW MATERIALSMother Country Colony MANUFACTURED GOODS IMPACT OF COLONIALISM IMPACT OF COLONIALISM WEALTH MOVES TO EUROPE WEALTH MOVES TO EUROPE UNEQUAL ECONOMIC & POLITICAL POWER UNEQUAL ECONOMIC & POLITICAL POWER ECONOMIC POWER = POLITICAL/MILITARY POWER ECONOMIC POWER = POLITICAL/MILITARY POWER
  3. 3. WORLD SYSTEMS THEORY Immanuel Wallerstein Purpose: Explain the differences between countries by examining economic historyThesis:• In 1450, nation-states and capitalism emerged – Countries unified & competed – Boundaries est. (national armies/bureaucracies) – Division of labor (specialized jobs) & efficiency  – resources required (Imperialism)
  4. 4. WORLD SYSTEMS THEORY The world is divided into 4 parts In the 15th-16th CenturyNorth- Italy, Portugal, Poland RussiaWestern S. Germany Latin America AfricaEurope
  5. 5. CORE SEMI-PERIPHERY
  6. 6. GEOPOLITICS • Thesis: – States are like biological organisms • Have life cycles; require nourishment (more territory)Will influence HitlerWill influence Hitler (Lebensraum) (Lebensraum)
  7. 7. Heartland Theory Rimland TheoryControl of Eurasia is the key to world power Control of Eurasian rim the key to world powerLand based power would rule the world Sea based power would rule the world
  8. 8. GLOBAL POWER RELATIONSHIPS
  9. 9. ORGANIZATION OF THE STATE & POWER How can the geographical organization of a state influence its power? There is no ideal size or populationSmall states can be more powerful that states with larger populations or more land Switzerland Sudan Size: 16,000 sq miles Size: 968,000 sq miles Population: 7.77 million Population: 42.27 million GDP: $500 Billion GDP: $58 Billion
  10. 10. ORGANIZATION OF THE STATE & POWEROrganizational ability can reflect economic development Two measures of organization: Core areas & capital cities Rhineland Germany Putrajaya – New Capital of Malaysia
  11. 11. CORE AREA: KANTO PLAIN, JAPAN
  12. 12. CORE AREA: GERMANY
  13. 13. MULTI-CORE STATECan cause problems if cores are culturally different
  14. 14. Countries without a core areusually very undeveloped (poor) Mongolia Congo
  15. 15. FORWARD CAPITALSA capital city chosen to promote national aims and change
  16. 16. Primate city: Disproportionally larger than other cities in the country (ex. Paris, Mexico City, Bangkok) Largest Cities in Mexico New York City New York City Mexico City 8.84 million 8.36 million 8.36 million Ecatepec de Morelos 1.73 million Tijuana 1.59 million Puebla 1.59 million Guadalajara 1.56 million
  17. 17. TYPES OF POLITICAL STRUCTURE
  18. 18. Gerrymandering: redistricting to create a political advantage
  19. 19. Elbridge Gerry1744-1814

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