Political geography part 1

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  • Political geography part 1

    1. 1. Political Geography Part 1 DeBlij Chapter 8 AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
    2. 2. THE INTELLIGENT HUMAN’S GUIDE TO COWS AND POLITICAL SYSTEMS• You have two cows. Give one to neighbor Socialism• You have two cows. Give them both to government. Communism Government gives you milk• You have two cows. Give milk to government. Fascism Government sells milk• Government shoots you and takes cows Nazism• Government shoots one cow; milks the other and pours New Dealism milk down the sink• Slaughter cows. Compete with McDonalds Capitalism• Keep cows. Shoot government. Steal another cow Anarchism• Freeze milk. Nuke cows Conservatism• Give milk back to cows. Let cows escape Liberalism
    3. 3. Political GeographyThe study of the political organization of the planet Theocracy Landlocked Nation
    4. 4. HumanTerritoriality theneed to controlpieces of theEarth’s surface forpolitical and socialends
    5. 5. State vs. Nation• State: a political unit• Nation: a people’s feeling of belonging to a cultural community with a common history The Kurds are stateless but they have a national identity
    6. 6. Stateless NationsEurope Sami in Finland/Norway Basques in Spain Chechnya in RussiaAfrica Ogoni in Nigeria Igbo in NigeriaAsia Balochis Turkmen in Iraq Tibetans in China Tamils in Sri LankaNorth America Navajo Ka LahuiSouth America Aymara Mapuche of Chile/Argentina
    7. 7. Afghanistan is a state but not a nation Durand Line
    8. 8. European State Model During the 15th and 16th Centuries, European States began to emerge Characteristics: Powerful Monarch (weakened nobility) Standardized Language & Culture National integrated economy  mercantilism Religious uniformity Military rivalrySovereignty: idea that territory exists as an independent state ruledby a monarch
    9. 9. The Nation-State• The European State has become the global model for the Nation-State.• Problem: Many States do not have a unified nationality• Solution: encourage “National Spirit” among the people of a state
    10. 10. Nation, State or Nation-State? Greeks Greeks (NS) Danes Danes (NS) Scots Scots (N) Swiss Swiss (S) Palestinians Palestinians (N) English English (N) British British (S) Israelis Israelis (NS) Ukrainians Ukrainians (NS) Arabs Arabs (N)
    11. 11. What do states do?
    12. 12. What are the characteristics of a state?• Defined territory• Substantial population• Political Organization• Power (Sovereignty)
    13. 13. Defined Territory
    14. 14. Territorial Morphology11 time zones15 republics10 million km east to west (distance from Scotland to Alaska)
    15. 15. Smithtown 111 sq milesMicrostate Long Island 1,401 sq miles Miles² Vatican City 0.44 Monaco 1.95 San Marino 61 Liechtenstein 164 Marshall Islands 181 St Kitts & Nevis 261 Maldives 298 Malta 316 Grenada 344 Barbados 430 Seychelles 455 Andorra 468 Singapore 683 Bahrain 694
    16. 16. A political boundary is a vertical plane
    17. 17. Evolution of Boundaries “The southern and western limits of New Mexico….shall consist of a straight line drawn from the middle of the Rio Gila, where it unites with the Colorado, to a point on the coast of the Pacific Ocean….” Treaty of Guadalupe- Hidalgo (1848)
    18. 18. Types of BoundariesGeometric BoundaryPhysical-Political Boundary
    19. 19. Antecedent boundary: created by a Subsequent boundary: created by longnatural break in settlement term adjustment & modificationSuperimposed boundary: created Relict boundary: boundary that hasby an outside force (UN, ceased to function but still influencesimperialism..) culture
    20. 20. What type of boundary was this?
    21. 21. Purpose of boundaries• Defense• Limit jurisdiction• Foster nationalism

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