OVERVIEW CHAP. 1AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
Human Geography• Human Geography   – How people organize space, interact with each other and     make sense of our place, ...
MAPS!• Reference Maps• Thematic Maps• GPS Devices  – Geocaching http://www.wherigo.com/• Mental Maps & Activity Space• Rem...
Types of Regions• Formal  – Visible uniformity• Functional  – Product of interactions (e.g. city)• Perceptual  – Our impre...
Formal RegionThe Mediterranean
The functional or nodal regions shown on this map werebased on linkages between large banks of major central  cities and t...
What is culture?                    CULTURE OF                   NEW ORLEANSARCHITECTURE  GOVERNMENT   MUSIC              ...
Part of Culture• Culture regions• Cultural trait  – Attribute of a culture• Culture complex  – Combination of traits• Cult...
Cultural Perceptions
Sequent OccupanceCultural Landscape: Landscape altered or  imprinted by humansSequent occupance: changes made by humans  t...
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DEeQPZONYSU&feature=mr_meh&list=PL02864CBAFC1A4DC7&playnext=0
Can you guess the location byreading the cultural landscape?
Is this a Cultural Landscape?        Rub al Khali, Saudi Arabia
Culture Hearths areas that produce ideas, ideologies & inventionsIf a cultural hearth influences the world, it is         ...
Cultural Diffusion• Process of spreading ideas or innovations                     but• Ideas or innovations can occur due ...
Expansion Diffusion   Idea develops in area and spreads.The idea remain strong in the original area
Relocation Diffusion Movement of people who have adopted the innovation to a                     distant groupExample: In ...
Relocation DiffusionCan lead to:• Acculturation  – dominant innovation adopted by the less dominant• Assimilation  – two g...
Cricket
Origins of Pasta
Stimulus Diffusion Expansion occurs but the idea/product is                adaptedItalians brought their food to American…...
Contagious Diffusion–Expansion to all nearby areas   Examples:   •Smallpox   •Measles
The Diffusion of InnovationMajority Adopters   Innovators                     Early Adopters   Laggards
Hierarchical diffusion     • Expansion to some susceptible       groups but leapfrogs othersExamples:• AIDS• Foreign Langu...
Diffusion Problems• Cultural resistance
ermany – Beer can be purchased                                                       Canada’s McLobster                   ...
Cultural PerceptionPerceptual Regions: our impression of cultures and regions             What is your perception of Brita...
Cultural Environments   Environmental            Possibilism    Determinism Human behavior is     The environment limits d...
Vocabulary•   Human Geography     •   Culture                •   Culture Hearth•   Globalization       •   Cultural Percep...
Overview chap 1
Overview chap 1
Overview chap 1
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Overview chap 1

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Overview chap 1

  1. 1. OVERVIEW CHAP. 1AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
  2. 2. Human Geography• Human Geography – How people organize space, interact with each other and make sense of our place, region and world – “Why of Where” and “So What”• Globalization – Processes that are increasing interactions and interdependence around the world
  3. 3. MAPS!• Reference Maps• Thematic Maps• GPS Devices – Geocaching http://www.wherigo.com/• Mental Maps & Activity Space• Remote Sensing – http://maps.google.com/maps• Geographic information systems (GIS)
  4. 4. Types of Regions• Formal – Visible uniformity• Functional – Product of interactions (e.g. city)• Perceptual – Our impressions based upon what we know
  5. 5. Formal RegionThe Mediterranean
  6. 6. The functional or nodal regions shown on this map werebased on linkages between large banks of major central cities and the “correspondent” banks they served in smaller towns in the 1970s
  7. 7. What is culture? CULTURE OF NEW ORLEANSARCHITECTURE GOVERNMENT MUSIC FOOD DRESS ART LIVING HABITS LITERATURE LAW
  8. 8. Part of Culture• Culture regions• Cultural trait – Attribute of a culture• Culture complex – Combination of traits• Culture system – or Geographic region – Complexes with common traits• Culture realm – or Geographic realm – Generalized culture region
  9. 9. Cultural Perceptions
  10. 10. Sequent OccupanceCultural Landscape: Landscape altered or imprinted by humansSequent occupance: changes made by humans to a cultural landscape over time
  11. 11. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DEeQPZONYSU&feature=mr_meh&list=PL02864CBAFC1A4DC7&playnext=0
  12. 12. Can you guess the location byreading the cultural landscape?
  13. 13. Is this a Cultural Landscape? Rub al Khali, Saudi Arabia
  14. 14. Culture Hearths areas that produce ideas, ideologies & inventionsIf a cultural hearth influences the world, it is called a civilization
  15. 15. Cultural Diffusion• Process of spreading ideas or innovations but• Ideas or innovations can occur due to independent invention
  16. 16. Expansion Diffusion Idea develops in area and spreads.The idea remain strong in the original area
  17. 17. Relocation Diffusion Movement of people who have adopted the innovation to a distant groupExample: In 1066, England was successfully invaded by French Norman who established themselves at the pinnacle of English society This led to changes to the English language: English (peasants) French (lords) Sheep mutton Cow beef Swine pork
  18. 18. Relocation DiffusionCan lead to:• Acculturation – dominant innovation adopted by the less dominant• Assimilation – two groups cannot be distinguished• Transculturation – both groups are of equal strength and exchange ideas
  19. 19. Cricket
  20. 20. Origins of Pasta
  21. 21. Stimulus Diffusion Expansion occurs but the idea/product is adaptedItalians brought their food to American….then Midwest “adapted”
  22. 22. Contagious Diffusion–Expansion to all nearby areas Examples: •Smallpox •Measles
  23. 23. The Diffusion of InnovationMajority Adopters Innovators Early Adopters Laggards
  24. 24. Hierarchical diffusion • Expansion to some susceptible groups but leapfrogs othersExamples:• AIDS• Foreign Language Movies• Terrorism
  25. 25. Diffusion Problems• Cultural resistance
  26. 26. ermany – Beer can be purchased Canada’s McLobster Chile – Burger with Guacamole Greek Pita Mac Costa Rica side of Gallo Pinto No Beef Burgers in India Uruguay’s “McHuevo Hong Kong Rice Burgers Time-distance decay As an innovation moves from its sources, it becomes less powerful
  27. 27. Cultural PerceptionPerceptual Regions: our impression of cultures and regions What is your perception of Britain?
  28. 28. Cultural Environments Environmental Possibilism Determinism Human behavior is The environment limits determined by the the choices open to aphysical environment culture
  29. 29. Vocabulary• Human Geography • Culture • Culture Hearth• Globalization • Cultural Perceptions • Cultural Diffusion• Landscape • Cultural Landscape • Time-Distance Decay• Formal Region • Cultural • Cultural Resistance• Functional Region Environment • Contagious Diffusion• Perceptual Region • Culture regions • Hierarchical• Reference Maps • Acculturation Diffusion• Transculturation • Assimilation • Stimulus Diffusion• Thematic Maps • Cultural trait • Relocation Diffusion• GPS • Culture complex • Environmental• Mental Maps • Culture system Determinism• Activity Space • Culture realm • Possibilism• Remote Sensing • Sequent Occupance• GIS

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