Human Geography• Human Geography – How people organize space, interact with each other and make sense of our place, region and world – “Why of Where” and “So What”• Globalization – Processes that are increasing interactions and interdependence around the world
The functional or nodal regions shown on this map werebased on linkages between large banks of major central cities and the “correspondent” banks they served in smaller towns in the 1970s
What is culture? CULTURE OF NEW ORLEANSARCHITECTURE GOVERNMENT MUSIC FOOD DRESS ART LIVING HABITS LITERATURE LAW
Part of Culture• Culture regions• Cultural trait – Attribute of a culture• Culture complex – Combination of traits• Culture system – or Geographic region – Complexes with common traits• Culture realm – or Geographic realm – Generalized culture region
Can you guess the location byreading the cultural landscape?
Is this a Cultural Landscape? Rub al Khali, Saudi Arabia
Culture Hearths areas that produce ideas, ideologies & inventionsIf a cultural hearth influences the world, it is called a civilization
Cultural Diffusion• Process of spreading ideas or innovations but• Ideas or innovations can occur due to independent invention
Expansion Diffusion Idea develops in area and spreads.The idea remain strong in the original area
Relocation Diffusion Movement of people who have adopted the innovation to a distant groupExample: In 1066, England was successfully invaded by French Norman who established themselves at the pinnacle of English society This led to changes to the English language: English (peasants) French (lords) Sheep mutton Cow beef Swine pork
Relocation DiffusionCan lead to:• Acculturation – dominant innovation adopted by the less dominant• Assimilation – two groups cannot be distinguished• Transculturation – both groups are of equal strength and exchange ideas
ermany – Beer can be purchased Canada’s McLobster Chile – Burger with Guacamole Greek Pita Mac Costa Rica side of Gallo Pinto No Beef Burgers in India Uruguay’s “McHuevo Hong Kong Rice Burgers Time-distance decay As an innovation moves from its sources, it becomes less powerful
Cultural PerceptionPerceptual Regions: our impression of cultures and regions What is your perception of Britain?
Cultural Environments Environmental Possibilism Determinism Human behavior is The environment limits determined by the the choices open to aphysical environment culture
Vocabulary• Human Geography • Culture • Culture Hearth• Globalization • Cultural Perceptions • Cultural Diffusion• Landscape • Cultural Landscape • Time-Distance Decay• Formal Region • Cultural • Cultural Resistance• Functional Region Environment • Contagious Diffusion• Perceptual Region • Culture regions • Hierarchical• Reference Maps • Acculturation Diffusion• Transculturation • Assimilation • Stimulus Diffusion• Thematic Maps • Cultural trait • Relocation Diffusion• GPS • Culture complex • Environmental• Mental Maps • Culture system Determinism• Activity Space • Culture realm • Possibilism• Remote Sensing • Sequent Occupance• GIS