Colonial slavery

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Colonial slavery

  1. 1. Colonial Slavery AP US History
  2. 2. Captured Africans being brought to the coast to be traded
  3. 3. Elmina Fortress, Ghana
  4. 4. Gate of No Return, Ghana, West Africa
  5. 5. "The first object which saluted my eyeswhen I arrived on the coast was the sea,and a slave ship, which was then ridingat anchor, and waiting for its cargo.These filled me with astonishment,which was soon connected with terror,when I was carried on board. I wasimmediately handled, and tossed up tosee if I were sound, by some of thecrew; and I was now persuaded that Ihad gotten into a world of bad spirits,and that they were going to kill me."Olaudah Equiano, The InterestingNarrative of the Life of OlaudahEquiano (London: Printed for and soldby the author, 1790), p. 46. Olaudah Equiano
  6. 6. The life that awaited most slaves in the colonies
  7. 7. To the King’s Most Excellent Majesty 1768Your subjects hope, dread Sire–The crown upon your brows may flourish long,And that your arm may in your God be strong!O may your sceptre numrous nations sway,And all with love and readiness obey!But how shall we the British king reward!Rule thou in peace, our father, and our lord!Midst the remembrance of thy favours past,The meanest peasants most admire the lastMay George, beloved by all the nations round,Live with heavns choicest constant blessings crownd!Great God, direct, and guard him from on high,And from his head let evry evil fly!And may each clime with equal gladness seeA monarchs smile can set his subjects free! Phyllis Wheatley
  8. 8. • Revolt by African slaves led by Joseph Cinqué bound for Cuba• Ship intercepted off the coast of Long Island• People onboard are brought to CT to be sold as slaves• However, sale of African slaves illegal in the US since 1808• Supreme Court Case: Were the slaves ‘salvage’? • John Quincy Adams argued the case for the slaves • Decision: slaves illegally transported and must be freed
  9. 9. Joseph Cinqué returned to Sierra Leone in 1842

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