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Social welfare-programs-for-community-community-health-nursing-ppt

  1. 1. Social Welfare Programs For Community
  2. 2. Introduction  Nurturing the children, who are the tender seedlings of the social field is necessary.  Poor widows, destitute women, pregnant and lactating women need greater attention and support.  Keeping these needs in mind, special attention has been given by the State through a number of programmes under Social Welfare sector.
  3. 3. Social welfare  Definition Social welfare is any program which seeks to provide a minimum level of income, service or other support for any marginalized group. (poor, elderly, disabled)
  4. 4. Social Institutions Social institutions are networks of relationships that carry out the essential social functions. They are formalized way of providing resources for helping to meet human needs.
  5. 5. The priorities of social welfare service (a)To establish a social security system; (b) To extend facilities for community development; (c) To improve the quality and scope of services; (d) To ensure that adequate facilities are available for the disabled; (e) To provide services for the elderly (f) To ensure the adequate provision of probation and correctional services; and (g) To support training, planning, research and evaluation.
  6. 6. The Priority groups are (a) Children in need (b) Women (c) Old people (d) Disabled (e) People with ill-health (f) Under privileged sections of society
  7. 7. Children In-Need  More vulnerable group in the society  Constitute about 40% of Indian Population  IMR is 120/1000 children born  One child dies before 5 years for every 7 children born  Causes- malnutrition, nutritional anemia, RHD  16 million are child labour & most are exploited
  8. 8.  Constitutional provisions Law prescribing minimum age for boys and girls Hindu adoption & maintenance Act(1956) Juvenile justice Act 1986 Appointment of guardian for a minor child’s property Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act, 1994
  9. 9. Welfare services for children Girl Child Protection Scheme(GCPS 1-4-05)  The families who have one girl child and no male children and parents has undergone sterilization, aged below 35 years and their family income is below Rs.50000/- p.a.,  Initial deposit of Rs.22200/- for one girl child or Rs.15200/- each for 2 girl children will be made.  An amount of Rs.150/- as monthly incentive will be given to the child from the 5th year for educational purpose  On completion of 20 years, the girl child will receive the lump sum amount on condition that she has appeared for the 10th Std.
  10. 10. Welfare services for children cont…. Reception centres for adopting new born female babies/Cradle Baby scheme, Crèches for working and ailing mothers,
  11. 11. Women’s Welfare  Women are the most vulnerable group  Empowerment of women is the hall mark of the approach of the Government in its development initiatives (social, political and economic)
  12. 12. The government is playing a conscious role in empowering of women by The reservation of 33, 1/3rd Jobs for women in Govt. and public sector with carry forward policy. 1/3rd of budget of all departments for developmental programmes for women. The year 2001 was celebrated as ‘Year of Women Empowerment and the year 2003 as the Year of Adolescent Girls’.
  13. 13. First women
  14. 14. Welfare scheme for women  Marriage assistance schemes,  service homes,  guidance bureau for women,  setting up of family counselling centres.
  15. 15. Marriage assistance schemes  Financial assistance is given to daughters of poor widows, orphan girls, widow's remarriage and inter-caste marriage.  Minimum age limit of marriage is 20 years  The quantum of assistance of all marriage schemes except inter-caste marriage is fixed as Rs.10,000/- per beneficiary.  For inter-caste marriage, the quantum of assistance is fixed as Rs.20,000/- for SC/ ST with FC/ BC/ MBC and Rs.10,000/- for BC/ MBC with FC.
  16. 16. Guidance Bureau For Women  Helps needy women especially widows, deserted wives and destitute in obtaining bank loan, helps women to liaison with other Government departments in settling LIC dues, provident fund and pension benefits and helps to get admissions for needy children in orphanages, creches etc.
  17. 17. Service homes  Women in the age group of 18 to 40 and with income not exceeding Rs.12000 p.a. are admitted in the service homes with their children.  they are provided food, shelter, education, stipend, clothing allowance, vocational training in secretarial course and tailoring,  a lump sum grant for the purchase of raw material
  18. 18. Tamil Nadu Women's Development Project launched in 1996-97 free gas connections to newly married couples’  Women's Self Help Groups (SHGs) Regular group savings from the individual resources of the participating women Vocational training Rural SHG members to meet, interact, read newspapers and magazines, play games, have other recreational activities
  19. 19. Old people  There are 81million older people in India.  According to an estimate nearly 40% of senior citizens living with their families are reportedly facing abuse of one kind or another, but only 1 in 6 cases actually comes to light.
  20. 20. Legislation  The President has given her assent to the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act  punishes children who abandon parents with a prison term of three months or a fine, situation is grim for elderly people in India.
  21. 21.  National Old Age Pension Scheme All persons of 65 years and above (belonging to below the poverty line) are eligible. Destitute persons who don’t have any kind of source of income can also avail this pension facility. The pension amount is Rs. 400 per month to per person.  Day care centres  Free medical care  Elder’s day on 18th November
  22. 22. Voluntary Organizations Involvement  Old-age homes  Help-Age India Create awareness on need of aged in society, Medicare units, old-age home, day centre  Age-Care India Mobile free geriatric health checkup to rural elderly
  23. 23. Welfare of the disabled  A disabled is a person who has a disadvantage from an impairment or disability, which alters his/her normal life in the society  Disability can result from accidents, disease or birth  10% of world population are disabled
  24. 24. In Tamilnadu  Department for the Welfare of the Differently Abled Persons has been created under the direct supervision of Hon’ble Chief Minister.  Government to refer them as Differently Abled Persons as they possess exceptional and extraordinary talents.
  25. 25. Welfare Activities  National Institute of disabled  Rehabilitation council  Spastic society of India  District rehabilitative centres  Artificial limb manufacturing corporation  Training facilities for Employment
  26. 26. Other services  Bank loans at concessional rate of interest  Concession for travelling in bus, air, train  Priority in allotment of Govt. houses  Scholarship for students  3% vacancy in govt. and public sector  Free prosthetic, Braille library, Braille watches
  27. 27. Drug addicts  Major problem of society  16-35 years are affected  Children and youth are mainly involved
  28. 28. Stringent legislation  Narcotic Drugs And Psychotropic Substance Act 1985  Prevention of Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs And Psychotropic Substance Act 1988 Covers areas like production, manufacturing, sales, purchase, warehousing, and consumption of drugs Person can be detained for 3 months
  29. 29. Welfare program for addicts  Voluntary action agency  Counseling centers  Public awareness and prevention education Street plays, house to house talk, essay, debate  De-addiction campaign  Introduction of award scheme for customs officers and informers.
  30. 30. The underprivileged sections of society  Includes scheduled class, scheduled tribes and other backward classes  Also known as deprived classes of the society because they suffered numerous disabilities and deprivations  1/4th of the total population are scheduled class and tribes
  31. 31.  Scheduled Castes Development Bureau, ensure financial and physical benefits for the benefit of Scheduled Castes.  Under the strategy, States/UTs are required to formulate and implement Special Component Plan (SCP) for Scheduled Castes as part of their Annual Plans by earmarking resources.  Special Central Assistance to Special Component Plan, in which cent percent assistance is given as additive to Schedules Caste Sub-Plan of the States/UTs
  32. 32. The Ministry implements two Acts for protecting the civil rights of the Scheduled Castes viz.  Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 and  The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities Act, 1989).
  33. 33.  Representation in legislatures Our constitution is providing reservation in Lok Sabha and state legislative in proportion to their population  Reservation in services SC/ST will be taken into consideration 22.50% of the total number of the vacancies for backward class who are not adequately represented
  34. 34. Centrally sponsored schemes  Post metric scholarship for students  Premetric scholarship for parents in under occupation  Book banks  Hostel for girls and boys  National Overseas Scholarship-to go abroad for higher education
  35. 35. Mandal Commission For Backward Class  27% of the public service post  Govt. should finance welfare programs  Set up of small scale industry  Radical land reform
  36. 36. Supply Chain of Social Reforms Government offers various schemes - Supply Beneficiaries of the schemes are identified and made aware - Demand Social Workers help the beneficiaries with required formalities for each scheme Social Workers study the schemes available Each application for benefits is followed up with the Government The social workers ensure that the beneficiaries receive their deserved benefits The needy receive the help they need and deserve
  37. 37. The Difficulties  Officially declared schemes remain on paper due to  Inadequate channeling  Lack of awareness
  38. 38. Solution...  Community health nurse should partner with the Government and bridge the gap that exists between the supply and demand of the schemes and in the process utilize the widely practiced management skills to help bring about Social Reforms
  39. 39. THANK YOU