Why Gandhi is a leader…• As we know the person who has the ability & quality to inspire, influence and guide the other people towards their objectives or ambition is called leader. As the same way Gandhi inspired the country people to establish their basic rights, Influence for non-violence and guide the indian people to achieve independence from British government. His movement “ Quit INDIA” played a key role to free India.
• Born• 2 October 1869 Porbandar, Gujarat, British India• Known for• Prominent figure of Indian independence movement, propounding the philosophy of Satyagraha and Ahimsa advocating , pacifism• Spouse• Kasturba Gandhi• Children• Harilal Manilal Ramdas Devdas• Parents• Putlibai Gandhi (Mother) Karamchand Gandhi (Father)
• Died• 30 January 1948 (aged 78) New Delhi, Dominion of India• Cause of death• Assassination by shooting• Resting place• Cremated at Rajghat, Delhi. 28.6415°N 77.2483°E• Nationality• Indian• Other names• Mahatma Gandhi, Bapu Gandhi
ENGLISH BARRISTERGandhi and his wife Kasturba(1902)
HIGHER EDUCATION:In 1888,Gandhi travelled to london,England to study law atuniversity college london where he studied indian law andjurisprudence and to train as a barrister at the InnerTemple.Gandhi tried to adopt “English”customs, includingtaking dancing lessons.Then he joined the vegetariansociety was elected to its executive committee and starteda local Bayswater chapter.
AWARDS• Gandhi did not receive the Nobel peace price though he was nominated for five times between 1937 to 1948,including the first nomination by American friends service committee though he made a short list only twice.decads later he again nominated for novel but assissinantion before nomination 9 closed.
Gandhi spent 21 years in South Africa, where he developed his political views, ethics and political leadership skills, He was a politician,laywer and revelutionary. That’s why he get a formal position.In India He took the leadership of congress then he hold a superior position.soon after holding the leadership he had led nationwide campagins for mitigating poverty,liberating women,end to untouchability ,cast discrimanetion & make the country economic sufficient.
GANDHI’S REFERENT POWER….. Gandhi’s london experience Provided a solid philosophical base focused on truthfulness, Temperance,chastity andVegetarianism.Gandhi was influenced by the reforms and teachings of swaminarayanstating.Those experience gave him a personal identification. people blindly believe in hisphiloophiy and accept him as a informal leader.
Fllowers&International influences:• Gandhi influenced important leaders and political movement. Time Magazine named Gandhi "Man of the Year" in 1930, the runner-up to Albert Einstein as "Person of the Century" at the end of 1999, and named the Dalai Lama of Tibet,Dr. Martin Luther King and Cesar Chavez of the USA, Aung San Suu Kyi of Burma/Myanmar, and Desmond Tutu and Nelson Mandela of South Africa as "Children of Gandhi," his spiritual heirs to non-violence.
AS A TRANSFORMATIONAL & BY BORN LEADERHis saintly, austere, religiously thoughts comes from his mother Putlibai and his equally-devout nurse Rambha were major spiritual influences on him,
Cont’d and his self-sacrificing father,Karamchand,serving as prime minister of the small state of Porbandar.thats why had some political leadership by born. And like a transformational leader he inspired his follower to transcend towards the peace, love, nonviolentresistance to injustice, and transformingvillage life through self-reliance and hard work.
GANDHI AS A CONTINGENCY LEADERWhen gandhi was at Africa he faced the discrimination directedat all colored people. He was thrown off a train at after refusingto move from the first-class. He protested and was allowed onfirst class the next day. Travelling farther on by stagecoach,he was beaten by a driver for refusing to move to make room fora European passenger. In another incident, the magistrate of aDurban court ordered Gandhi to remove his turban, which herefused to do. from that day he raised his voice for equal rights forall colored people. Though he was a by born leader but the processthat he handled the situation is prove that he was a good situationalleader also.
AS A DEMOCRATIVE LEADER…..• Gandhi expanded his non violence platfrom include the swadeshi policy- the boycott of foreign made goods,especially British made goods .He adviced that khadi(homespun) be worn by all Indians instead of British textiles.he was always against of untouchability,alcoholism, ignorence & poverty.He never froced the people to obtain his order & principles.he convenss & influnces the people towards non-violence and non co coporation.
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AS A PARTICIPATIVE & ACHIVEMENT ORIENTED LEADERSHIP…In 1915 Gandhi returne to Indian parmanently.He brought an international reputation as a leading Indian nationalist, theorist and organiger.He took leadership of congress in 1920 and start steady of demand until on 26 January 1930 when the congress declared the independence of India.But the British did not recognize that.Then the Gandhi demand immediate independence in 1942.and in 1947 Pakistan and India partition independently.
Cont’d CASE-1• Gandhi’s 1st major achievement came in 1918 with Champaran and Kheda agitation of Bihar and Gujrat.The Champaran agitation pitted by the local peasantry against the British landlords who were backed by local administration.The peasantry was forced to grow indigo & sell that at a very low price to the lord. pursuing a strategy of non violent protest,Gandhi took the administration and won concession from the authorities.
CASE 2:• In 1918, kheda was hit by floods and famine and the farmers were demanding relief from tax.But the govt. refused then Gandhi used non co- operation as a technique.Finaly after five month agitation in end may 1918 .the goverment gave away on important provision relaxed the condition of revenue tax.
CONCULETION:• Mahatma (Great Soul) Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869-1948) stands as one of history’s greatest heroes of “engaged spirituality,” a spirituality that is active within the world to help heal injustice, hatred, pettiness, fear and violence with justice, loving-kindness, equanimity, courage and nonviolence. He is the leader who born for his country, struggle for his country and at the end he died for his country.
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