ORGANIZATIONAL CULTUREBY:RANNY V. SEBARIA
What is organizationalCulture? Organizational culture refers to a system of shared norms,  beliefs, values, and assumptio...
Characteristics ofOrganizational Culture1. Member identity The degree to which  employees       identify  with the organi...
2. Team    emphasis   The degree to which work    activities are organized    around groups rather than    individuals.12...
3. Management focus    The    degree    to    which     management decisions take     into account the effect of     outc...
4. Unit integration    The degree to which units within the organization are     encouraged to operate in a coordinated o...
5. Control    the degree to which rules,     policies, and direct supervision     are used to oversee and control     emp...
6. Risk tolerance    The degree to which employees     are encouraged to be aggressive,     innovative, and risk seeking....
7. Reward criteria    The degree to which     rewards such as promotion     and salary increases are     allocated    acc...
8. Conflict tolerance    The degree to which employees are encouraged to air     conflicts and criticisms openly.12/11/20...
9. Means versus end orientation      The degree to which management focuses on       outcomes rather than on techniques a...
10. Open-systems focus    The degree to which the organization monitors and     responds to changes in the external envir...
Culture’s Important   Functions in Organizations   • Provides a sense of identity   • Helps legitimize the management syst...
Identifying Cultural   Characteristics   1. Study the physical      characteristics of an      organization12/11/2012     ...
2. Read about the organization12/11/2012                           15
3. Observe how people interact   within the organization12/11/2012          Free template from www.brainybetty.com   16
4. Interpret stories and folklore   surrounding the organization12/11/2012           Free template from www.brainybetty.co...
Rituals, Stories, and Symbols    A significant portion of an organization’s culture is     transmitted and reinforced sym...
tHE eND!!12/11/2012       Free template from www.brainybetty.com   19
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Organizational culture

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Organizational culture

  1. 1. ORGANIZATIONAL CULTUREBY:RANNY V. SEBARIA
  2. 2. What is organizationalCulture? Organizational culture refers to a system of shared norms, beliefs, values, and assumptions which bind people together, thereby creating shared meanings. This system is manifested by customs, norms, and habits. Culture reflects the personality of the organization Culture is also one of the defining aspects of an organization. 2
  3. 3. Characteristics ofOrganizational Culture1. Member identity The degree to which employees identify with the organization as a whole rather than with their type of job or field of professional expertise. 3
  4. 4. 2. Team emphasis  The degree to which work activities are organized around groups rather than individuals.12/11/2012 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 4
  5. 5. 3. Management focus  The degree to which management decisions take into account the effect of outcomes on people within the organization12/11/2012 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 5
  6. 6. 4. Unit integration  The degree to which units within the organization are encouraged to operate in a coordinated or interdependent manner.12/11/2012 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 6
  7. 7. 5. Control  the degree to which rules, policies, and direct supervision are used to oversee and control employee behaviour.12/11/2012 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 7
  8. 8. 6. Risk tolerance  The degree to which employees are encouraged to be aggressive, innovative, and risk seeking.12/11/2012 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 8
  9. 9. 7. Reward criteria  The degree to which rewards such as promotion and salary increases are allocated according to employee performance rather than seniority, favouritism, or other non- performance factors.12/11/2012 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 9
  10. 10. 8. Conflict tolerance  The degree to which employees are encouraged to air conflicts and criticisms openly.12/11/2012 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 10
  11. 11. 9. Means versus end orientation  The degree to which management focuses on outcomes rather than on techniques and processes used to achieve those results.12/11/2012 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 11
  12. 12. 10. Open-systems focus  The degree to which the organization monitors and responds to changes in the external environment.12/11/2012 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 12
  13. 13. Culture’s Important Functions in Organizations • Provides a sense of identity • Helps legitimize the management system • Clarifies and reinforces standards of behaviour • Helps create social order12/11/2012 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 13
  14. 14. Identifying Cultural Characteristics 1. Study the physical characteristics of an organization12/11/2012 14
  15. 15. 2. Read about the organization12/11/2012 15
  16. 16. 3. Observe how people interact within the organization12/11/2012 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 16
  17. 17. 4. Interpret stories and folklore surrounding the organization12/11/2012 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 17
  18. 18. Rituals, Stories, and Symbols  A significant portion of an organization’s culture is transmitted and reinforced symbolically. Organizational Rituals  Are defined as formal and customarily repeated acts that convey basic norms and throughout the organization. Stories, Myths, and Legends  Many of under lying beliefs and values of an organization’s culture are expressed as legends and stories that become part of the organization’s culture.12/11/2012 18
  19. 19. tHE eND!!12/11/2012 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 19

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