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Industry ecology and LCA(Life Cycle Assessment)


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Industry ecology and LCA(Life Cycle Assessment)

  1. 1. Environment ManagementIndustry Ecology and Life Cycle Assessment Presented by : Ranjit George 11 725
  2. 2. Flow Industrial Ecology Life Cycle Assessment What is Industrial Definition and Goals Ecology ?  Process and Case StudyPrinciples of Industrial Ecology? Impact Assessment ToolsGoals and Benefits of  Uses of LCA Industrial Ecology Variants of LCAExample of Industrial Ecology LCA benefit for Industry Ecology
  3. 3. Industrial Ecology Industrial Material Energy Systems Economics Engineering Sociology Toxicology Natural Sciences Systems-based, multidisciplinary discourse that seeks to understand emergent behaviour of complex integrated human/natural systems.
  4. 4. Principles Technological Society Systems Biosphere Natural Systems reuse materials and have a largely closed loop cycling of nutrients. Using similar principles, industrial systems can be improved to reduce their impact on the natural environment.
  5. 5. Principles - Metaphors Biosphere Technosphere Environment Market Organism Company Natural Product Industrial Product Natural Selection Competition Ecosystem Eco-Industrial Park Anabolism/ Catabolism Manufacturing/ Waste Management Mutation/ Selection Design for Environment Succession Economic growth Adaptation Innovation Food Web Product Life Cycle
  6. 6. Goals Sustainable development and use of resources at Global, Regional and Local level Preserving Ecological and Human Health Promotion of environmental equity(Inter societal) Minimal use of non renewable resources High degree of inter connectedness and integration that exists in nature
  7. 7. Benefits Protection to EnvironmentCost Saving Revenue Process Generation Market Leader
  8. 8. Case Study Seshasayee Paper and Boards Ltd (SPB), in Tamil Nadu. SPB started a paper mill, which went into commercial production in 1962. In order to ensure regular supply of raw material, a sugar mill was set up. The waste from the sugar mill (called bagasse) was used as a raw material for paper- making. Another waste from the sugar mill, molasses, was used in a distillery nearby for the production of ethyl alcohol. In order to ensure regular supply of sugarcane for the sugar mill, the company took interest in the cultivation of sugarcane by organizing the farmers in the region.
  9. 9. Definition and Goals "Compilation and evaluation of the inputs, outputs and the potential environmental impacts of a product system throughout its life cycle“ ISO 14040 Effects on environment of A decision making aid tool for products and processes implementing sustainable including packaging development
  11. 11. CASE STUDY
  12. 12. Products: Shrink to Fabric, Medium Stone wash type of jeans Purpose:To develop strategies to address the greatest impacts of business on the environmentTo addresses both environmental sustainability as well as sustainability of the business
  13. 13. Life Cycle Inventory : ISO 14041
  14. 14. Life Cycle Assessment ISO 14042
  15. 15. Life Cycle Assessment ISO 14042
  16. 16. Life Cycle Assessment Interpretation ISO 14043As per the results, the maximum environmental impact of the product is at the use stage i.e. at the hands of the consumer.Corrective measures: reduce the temperature of water and frequency of washes
  17. 17. Life Cycle Assessment ISO 14043
  18. 18. Role of LeviPartnership Care Labels Technology
  19. 19. Life Cycle Impact AssessmentEvaluation of the significance of potential environmental impacts based on the LCI flow results Stages : Classification Characterisation
  20. 20. Life Cycle Assessment InterpretationSystematic technique to identify, quantify, check, and evaluate informationResults from the inventory analysis and impactassessment are summarized during theinterpretation phase Outcome of the interpretation phase is a set of conclusions and recommendations for the study
  21. 21. USES Identify Design Environmentally Determination friendly products Research and Input to product and process Development design Labeling Education
  22. 22. LCA Variants Cradle to Grave Cradle to Gate Cradle to Gate to Gate Cradle Well to Wheel
  23. 23. LCA Benefit to Industrial Ecology Only tool that examines the environmental impacts of a product or service throughout its life cycle ISO standardized method Comprehensive overview of a product or service Guides Company’s Decision Making
  24. 24. Conclusion Industrial Ecology is the study of how we humans can continue rearranging Earth, but in such a way as to protect our own health, the health of natural ecosystems, and the health of future generations ofplants and animals and humans. It encompasses manufacturing, agriculture, energy production, and transportation