Becoming an Effective Karate-DoPractitioner and Instructorfor the 21st CenturyDr. Ranjit Abraham Ph.DSANDAN (1995)Shorin-Ryu Seibukan Karate-do
Presentation StructureDr. Ranjit Abraham Kannur April 28, 2013
Karate-do Grandmaster traitsDr. Ranjit Abraham Kannur April 28, 20131. Selfless (egoless)2. Honourable and Humble (Funakoshi)3. Sincerity (faithful)4. Effort (give the best)5. Self-control (calm and assertive with controlof mind, emotions and actions at all time)6. Courtesy (respect others)Research work by Christine Smith 
Modern Karate-do HistoryDr. Ranjit Abraham Kannur April 28, 2013Apologies- Shown are only a few of the very many Grandmasters and styles of Modern Karate-DoChoki Motubo(1871-1944)Anko Itosu (1830-1915)Kosaku Matsumura (1829-1898)Gichin Funakoshi (1886-1957)SHOTOKAN, JKABODHIDHARMA (from Tangore, INDIA)Chinese Kempo (Unarmed fighting method)Kemp & Te (Okinawa), Tang- TeBeforeChrist1800Sokon Matsumura (1792-1837)Kenwa Mabuni (1889-1952)Chotoku Kyan (1870-1945)Hiroshi Otsuka (1882-1982)Kanryu Higashionna (1853-1916)Chojun Miyagi (1888-1953)Zenryo Shimabukuro (1882-1982)Shoshin Nagamine (1907-1997)SHORIN-RYU SEIBUKAN MATSUBAYASHISHITO-RYUWADO-RYUGOJU-RYU
Types of Modern KarateDr. Ranjit Abraham Kannur April 28, 2013(1) Traditional – Historical styles,Core values, Beliefs, Principles andBudo culture(2) Reality-based – Application oftechniques in real-life context, offshootof Police & Military defensivetechniques.(3) Sports - For competitive sportingenvironment, conforms to strict rules,modifications to older styles of Karate.
Modern versus Ancient KarateDr. Ranjit Abraham Kannur April 28, 2013Modern Karate Ancient KarateSelf-defence greatly influences a young exponent tolearn Karate. (This belief can lead to early student drop-outs)In ancient karate, to employ self-defence was thelast resort.Here, the teacher has to advertise to prospectivestudents and convince the student of his abilities.The student then decides to join or not.To study a student had to find a teacher that he hadtotal faith. Later, he had to prove his intent andgood character so that the teacher accepted himThe teacher often does not push his students to dosomething that they do not want to do in case theyleave. He answers questions and avoids repetitionto keep interest.The teacher expects students to obey instructionwithout any questions. As the master he isconsidered to know what was best for the student.The teacher instructs on an intellectual plane. Heexplains verbally over and over again and thestudent does not have to think. The teacher evenplaces the student’s hands and feet in the rightposition. The teacher gives the knowledge to thestudent.The teacher instructed at an intuitive plane ofwatch, copy and experience. He repeated the moveuntil the student grasped it. The student took theinformation from the teacher and used his mindand body to learn. The student took his knowledgefrom the teacher.
Modern versus Ancient Karate (cont..)Dr. Ranjit Abraham Kannur April 28, 2013Modern Karate Ancient KarateThe teacher spends a great part of a lessonconstantly pointing our error after error, sometimesnot allowing time for the first error to be corrected.Learning as a process of trial and error and makinga mistake was part of the process. Teacher pointedout one /two serious mistakes within the trainingsession & the student corrected mistakes himself.Training sessions only a few a week (1/2) andstudents often do not have time to practice on theirown. To keep the interest , the teachers has to oftencover more moves and do less repetition.Several training sessions in a week & student wasexpected to practice in his own time. Students weretaught fewer moves in a session and had to practisethe move time and time again until they got it right.Character building aspects of karate such as respectfor the dojo, instructors and fellow studentsalthough spelt out as essential principles - veryseldom are they taken seriously by studentsEtiquette and gratitude were important character-forming aspects of ancient karate. Gratitude wasnot just bowing or the lip service of thanks. Respectfor the teacher should be from the heart.
Karate & HealthDr. Ranjit Abraham Kannur April 28, 20131. Breathing – The quality and depth of your breathing, howto use your breath in action, connecting breathing and awareness.2. Resilience - Ability to survive experiences unscathed, tomake physical and mental comeback, imbibe the spirit ofcontinuous engagement.3. Movement – To know how you use and treat your body, thequality and frequency of your movement, how to practice, enjoy,and improve, and establish the mind-body connection4. Love - Taking good care of yourself and those you love, thespirit of giving and protection, as well as the power of healing.Achieving freedoms
Karate & Goal SettingDr. Ranjit Abraham Kannur April 28, 20131. Rewards – Motivation to move forward, Enjoy the journeyas much as the destination, being part of the process involvingthe awarding of belts and trophies in competitions.2. Restrictions - Even if the obstacles seem obvious, abidingto them take them down. “We have met the enemy, and he is us.”3. Rituals - When you train in the dojo, you are performing aritual to take you deeper on the Path. Becoming flexible in howyou think about and perform rituals, but include them to keepyour passion burning strong.4. Resources – Meeting people with like-minded passions, youlearn to share and contribute. One plus one in the rightcombination equals far more than two.
Qualities for a Good InstructorDr. Ranjit Abraham Kannur April 28, 20131. Proper Ethical Behaviour: Not to get involvedin questionable, illegal, or immoral activities.2. At Peace: The Instructor is focused, not at oddswith oneself, not trying to prove anything.3. Not Egotistical: The Instructor is not absorbed in himself/herself orones own self image.4. Having Love/Compassion As Main Motivation To Teach: TheInstructor does not teach out of a desire for fame, money, or ego. Theteaching is out of a desire to help the students, and does not need favours(e.g. companionship, acceptance, friendship .. etc).5. Knows the Nature of the Fighting Mind, at least intellectually:The Instructor understands meditation, facing things without assumptions,or how to enter into a situation.
Qualities for a Good Instructor (cont..)Dr. Ranjit Abraham Kannur April 28, 20136. Energetic in Teaching: The Instructor is tirelessin teaching and perseveres with joy under difficultcircumstances.7. Possesses Wealth of Knowledge: not only abouthis/her own art but other arts.8. Exceeds Your Skills: Quite simply, the Instructor is better than you.9. Skilled Teacher: The Instructor is good at communicating effectively,verbally and non-verbally, to students.10. Beyond Giving Up: The Instructor doesnt get disappointed at thefailures of the student, and does not ever give up on them.
Karate Benefits – for MarketingDr. Ranjit Abraham Kannur April 28, 2013 Karate is excellent Exercise - one of the best forms of exercise today. Highrepetition movements improving cardiovascular and muscular fitness. Tends to build lean,athletic bodies unlike weight training that specialize on specific functions. Karate focuses onlearning a skill (defence & offence) and personal development making it never boring. Karate improves Athletic Ability - Adults and children can improve athleticability while doing karate because proper posture with proper head and eye position isstressed, improved balance, coordination, and mobility, necessary for good athletic ability.Reflexes and fitness are improved through training. Direct benefit to other sports and games. Karate teaches Discipline – By focusing mind and body, student learns to useboth together to achieve proficiency in the various techniques. Student masters basicbehaviours: respect, responsibility, self-control, motivation and patience. Students must beattentive to lessons in order to learn a new technique, and then must be motivated to practicethem to perfect it. As students progress in rank/belt, they become examples and positiverole-models to less-experienced students. Discipline learned through the martial arts is notexclusive; favourable behaviours are frequently applied to various aspects of a students life,including school, family, and social interactions.
Karate Benefits – for Marketing (cont..)Dr. Ranjit Abraham Kannur April 28, 2013 Karate instils Confidence - Helps in Positive self-image. Students who believe -achieves the goal. Karate teaches to raise their own expectations and push themselves toachieve them. Karate gives students the tools to handle themselves in most situations.Activities such as self-defence training, sparring, and board-breaking teach to dismiss fear anduncertainly, and focus on preparation, judgment, and self-awareness. As they strengthenthemselves physically, mentally, and emotionally, they begin to realize that one personsimpossibility is another persons reality. Karate Reduces Stress - Well known to reduce stress. Basic mental concentrationof karate training combined with energetic exercises produces activity for reducing stress.Focusing on balance, coordination, and improvement of personal skills, karate training leaveslittle room for distractions during training. The mental harmony and physical fitness whichare developed during training are carried outside the school and have a long-lasting effect. Karate Benefits Children - Concentrating and overcoming learning hurdlesimparts a feeling of achievement. Periodic karate belts leads to positive self-image. Karatemoves help to develop coordination, strength, and flexibility. The competitive aspect teachesfair play and sportsmanship. Self-defense skills result in self-confidence, self-restrained child.Karate is fun and a great way to burn off extra energy. Whether a child is outgoing or shy,athletic or academic, karate can be an effective way for that child to grow and develop.
Running a Dojo – for BusinessDr. Ranjit Abraham Kannur April 28, 2013 8 out of 10 businesses fail within the first 5 years Business is war, and unless you are a warrior, you should not walk onto the battlefield.No Title Description1SET THE PRICE OFTHE TRAINING /STUDENTYou should set your price based on hard costs and how much youwant to make. Secondly, do not set your price based on what othersin the area are charging.2COLLECT WHAT ISDUE FOR YOURSERVICE.Pay me later / Pay me when you can ..etc - eliminated from yourvocabulary. Have good collection or billing systems in place so youget paid for your services you are providing.3RUN YOUR SCHOOLON YOUR TERMS.Set your teaching schedule, work hours based on what works foryou, not what you think the students needs. Be aware of activitiesand people that slow you down or entangle you in wasteful activities.4PROMOTE YOURSELFAND YOUR DOJOFORCEFULLYYou must become an expert at marketing and get over the fact thata humble Sensei doesn’t talk about how good their product andservices are. If you can’t do it, then hire someone who can(including other Instructors)
Running a Dojo – for Business (cont..)Dr. Ranjit Abraham Kannur April 28, 2013No Title Description5APPLY THE 80-20RULEEighty percent of your success should come from twenty percent ofyour activity. Eighty percent of a business profits should come fromtwenty percent of its customers (students).6SPEND WISELY YOURMONEY.Never waste money on something you can’t track. Demand highvalue from anyone that you spend money with and track results ofany activity you pay for.7BE HONEST WITHYOURSELF &OTHERS.When you are being honest, don’t worry about offending others.Listen to the concerns and needs of others, especially yourcustomers.8DEVELOPREPUTATION FORBEING FAIR &TOUGH IN DEALINGSAlways do what is right for you and the Dojo, don’t lose your abilityto be the dominant force when it comes to the law of the jungle.9BE IMMUNE TOCRITICISM IF YOUARE DOING RIGHTIf you are successful, people can get offended and talk bad aboutyou, because they feel jealous. Try and hang around people youconsider to be mentors and leaders.10BELIEVE IN THE LAWOF ABUNDANCEJust because you are successful, doesn’t mean that you are takingaway from others their piece of the pie. See it as an important toolin the raising of the youth of the nation
Making of an effective InstructorDr. Ranjit Abraham Kannur April 28, 2013 Keep students motivated- Students gain so much more from wanting to learnrather than being forced to learn. A favourable attitude aids in retention and the feeling ofaccomplishment provides fuel for more learning. Keep students informed- Students feel insecure when they do not know what isexpected of them or what is going to happen to them. Instructors can minimize thefeelings of insecurity by informing the students what is expected of them and what theycan expect from you. Approach students as individuals - Each individual within the group has apersonality which is unique and should be constantly considered. This may be difficult inlarger dojos but its importance remains the same. A student called by name or given one-on-one attention from the instructor has a greater sense of being, as opposed to the onelost in the back row of a large class. Give credit when due -When the student does something right, let them know.However, praise given too freely becomes valueless. But, when deserved, it pays dividendsin student effort and achievement.
Making of an effective Instructor (cont..)Dr. Ranjit Abraham Kannur April 28, 2013 Criticize constructively- To tell students that they have made errors and notprovide explanations does not help them. If a student has made an earnest effort but is toldthat the work is not satisfactory, with no further explanation, frustration occurs. Be consistent- Students naturally want to please their instructors. The instructor’sphilosophy and actions must therefore remain consistent. This includes the periodic gradingGrading of Judo (1950’s) set a good example Admit errors- If the instructor tries to cover up or bluff, the students will sense it. Ifin doubt about some point, the instructor should admit it to the students. Good humanrelations promote more effective learning. Instil a belief in moral aspects -Most students are interested in the immediateresults of fighting techniques and care little about morality, which is the foundation behindtrue karate.
Finally - For the beginner and experienced practitioner"You may train for a long time, but if you merelymove your hands and feet and jump up anddown like a puppet, learning karate is not verydifferent from learning a dance. You will neverhave reached the heart of the matter; you willhave failed to grasp the quintessence of karate-do."(Gichin Funakoshi)