• What is patrol?
• Skills needed for the patrol officer
• Knowledge, Experience, Education Required
for: "Police Patrol Officer“
• Job Activities for: "Police Patrol Officer“
• Case study on police patrol
What is patrol?
• The act of moving about an area especially by an authorized
and trained person or group, for purposes of observation,
inspection, or security.
• Police patrols also includes the following activities.
• Accident Prevention Squad Police Officer
• Alcohol Law Enforcement Agent
• Border Guard
• Campus Police Officer
• Community Service Patrol Officer
• Crime Prevention Police Officer
• Motor cycle police etc.
Police officers attempt to prevent traffic accidents by making sure
drivers follow traffic laws. They may drive through towns or along
highways and observe motorists' behavior. They pull over motorists who
are speeding or driving dangerously and give them citations or
warnings. Officers document why they gave tickets and may write
reports about their decisions. Occasionally officers testify in court. They
present facts about crimes or accidents and explain their decisions.
When officers respond to fights, they attempt to calm people down.
When robberies occur, officers take statements from the people who
were robbed. They make lists of the missing items and try to determine
who committed the crime. Officers respond to a variety of other
problems. They first determine whether people are safe. Then they
gather information and figure out if crimes were committed. They follow
up on these cases or transfer them to other police officers.
In large police departments, officers are usually assigned to a specific
duty. For example, some respond to traffic accidents, while others
Skills needed for the patrol officer
• 1) Judgment and Decision Making -- Considering the
relative costs and benefits of potential actions to
choose the most appropriate one.
• 2) Active Listening -- Giving full attention to what other
people are saying, taking time to understand the points
being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not
interrupting at inappropriate times.
• 3) Critical Thinking -- Using logic and reasoning to
identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative
solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems
• 4) Social Perceptiveness -- Being aware of
others' reactions and understanding why they
react as they do
• 5) Monitoring -- Monitoring/Assessing
performance of yourself, other individuals, or
organizations to make improvements or take
• 6) Active Learning -- Understanding the
implications of new information for both
current and future problem-solving and
Knowledge, Experience, Education
Required for: "Police Patrol Officer"
• 1) Law and Government -- Knowledge of laws, legal codes,
court procedures, precedents, government regulations,
executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political
• 2) Public Safety and Security -- Knowledge of relevant
equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote
effective local, state, or national security operations for the
protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
• 3) Psychology -- Knowledge of human behavior and
performance; individual differences in ability, personality,
and interests; learning and motivation; psychological
research methods; and the assessment and treatment of
behavioral and affective disorder
• 4) Education and Training -- Knowledge of principles
and methods for curriculum and training design,
teaching and instruction for individuals and groups,
and the measurement of training effects.
• 5) Telecommunications -- Knowledge of transmission,
broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of
• 6) Transportation -- Knowledge of principles and
methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or
road, including the relative costs and benefits
Job Activities for: "Police Patrol
• 1) Getting Information -- Observing, receiving, and
otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
• 2) Performing for or Working Directly with the Public --
Performing for people or dealing directly with the public.
This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores,
and receiving clients or guests.
• 3) Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or
Equipment -- Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving
vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts,
passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
• 4) Making Decisions and Solving Problems -- Analyzing
information and evaluating results to choose the best
solution and solve problems.
• 5) Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates --
Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates
by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
• 6) Communicating with Persons Outside Organization --
Communicating with people outside the organization, representing
the organization to customers, the public, government, and other
external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in
writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
• 7) Documenting/Recording Information -- Entering, transcribing,
recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or
• 8) Training and Teaching Others -- Identifying the educational
needs of others, developing formal educational or training
programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
• Issue Traffic Citations
• Issue Parking Citations
• Investigate Traffic
• Arrest Drunk Drivers
• Enforce Seatbelt Laws
• Direct Traffic
• Insure Safety of Public
• Reduce Accidents and
• Collect Information
• Make Criminal Arrests
• Enforce Laws
• Facilitate Traffic Flow
Case study on police patrol
THE VISIBLE POLICING METHOD IN THE CITY HAS YIELDED THE DESIRED RESULTSWRITES V. S.
Police now respond to emergency calls in less than five minutes, writes V.S.Palaniappan
The New Patrol System (NPS) implemented by the Coimbatore City Police has brought down the
response time of the police to emergency and distress calls to around 3.6 minutes. Now the
average time taken in 90 per cent of the calls is less than five minutes.
Earlier and conventional patrol systems lacked focus and aim and the response time was close to
10 minutes and even more. City Police Commissioner Amaresh Pujari said while concerted
efforts by the police force had ensured reduction in response time, efforts were on to address
the deficiencies in distress calls being routed to the control room.
The police had recently held several rounds of talks with the cellular phone operators since calls
to the Coimbatore control room emanated from even as far as Tuticorin and Erode. Mr. Pujari
said the calls were being streamlined now with the problem being sorted out in the switches of
the operators. Only the finishing touches have to be given to the new system, he added.
Case study 2
Virtual police patrol China web
• Internet users will be reminded not to visit outlawed sites
• Chinese authorities are to send two virtual police officers to patrol the
internet, in a bid to combat "illicit activities", state media has reported.
• The animated figures, a man and a woman, will appear on users' screens
every 30 minutes "to remind them of internet security", China Daily said.
• They will appear on news portals from Saturday and then on all Beijing
sites and forums by the end of the year.
• The Chinese government censors all internet and media content.
• It blocks content it deems politically or morally threatening, but some
users have found ways to circumvent government controls.
The virtual officers will appear either on foot, on motorbikes or riding in a car.
• They would "be on watch for websites that incite secession, promote superstition,
gambling and fraud", the China Daily said, citing Beijing's Municipal Public Security
• "It is our duty to wipe out information that does public harm and disrupts social
order," the newspaper quoted the bureau's deputy chief of Internet surveillance,
Zhao Hongzhi, as saying.
• He said the virtual police officers would protect "netizens" from harm.
• Users will be able to click on the icons to connect to the bureau's Internet
Surveillance Centre, where they can report illegal activities, Mr Zhao said.
• China has experienced an internet boom in recent years. It is thought there are
more than 120 million web surfers, a figure second only to the US.
• The Chinese government has tens of thousands of real security officers monitoring
the web and it regularly jails activists who have posted online messages criticising
Case study 3
• Police patrol intercepts robbery suspects
Oyo State Police Command has intercepted a five-man inter-state robbery gang at
Iwo-Road Interchange, Ibadan.
• The suspects were said to have been intercepted by a police patrol team led by
Inspector Julius Oyedare on July 25. The suspects were on their way to Ilorin, Kwara
• Four of the robbery suspects, however, escaped, while the fifth person, Dare Hassan,
• The hoodlums were accosted in a Honda Civic car marked LAGOS FL 183 LND with
• Items recovered from the hoodlums were three locally-made pistols, eight live
cartridges, two expended cartridges, charms and the Honda Civic car.
• Hassan told the police that they were on their way to Ilorin for their next operation.
• The case had been transferred to the State Anti-Robbery Squad, Dugbe, Ibadan for
• The state Police Public Relation Officer, Olabisi Ilobanefor, said, “The decision of the
commissioner of police to patrol the state more is paying off. The command has
resolved not to relent in its efforts at curbing criminal activities in and around the
Police Officers on Patrol
by Kersten Hamilton, R.W. Alley
• Urban Police Patrol Analysis by Richard C.
• Police Patrol: Operations and Management (3rd
Edition) Charles D. Hale (Author)