BACKGROUND• Apache gets its name from the Native Indian American tribe Apache• Key people – Rob McCool, Brain Behlendorf, Cliff Skolnick and other web masters• February 1995 – 8 core contributors formed the foundation of the original Apache group• April 1995 – First Apache HTTP server project was started• December 1, 1995 Apache 1 was released which ran on Novell’s Netware, Microsoft Windows and also on Linux with more features.
WHY APACHE?• Apache has more than twice the market share than its next competitor, Microsoft IIS.• Since its an open source it is more reliable• Apache suites sites all sizes and types• Currently serves internet giants like Google and Wikipedia• Apache is a public domain software
FEATURES OF APACHE• Users can create own Apache server module using custom module• APACHE can support in all OS without any hardware changes• APACHE works on various OS’s for example: UNIX FreeBSD, Linux, Solaris, Novell NetWare, Mac OSX and Microsoft Windows.
ADVANTAGES OF APACHE• User gets the ability to create their own module according to their needs• It is bug free cross platform open sources application• It provides support to PHP, which has inbuilt mod_php module in it and also supports My SQL and Perl and many more.• It provides SSL authentication to have a secure connection between server and the client.
DISADVANTAGE OF APACHE• Not advisable to use same name based virtual hosting to identify different SSL based virtual hosts because if we are using the same host name then we need to use the same IP address and same port no. and if we do this then there will be problem in the SSL thus giving room to the hackers to sniff the packets. SSL : Secure Sockets Layer
COMPARISION WITH THE IMMEDIATE COMPITETOR MICROSOFT IIS
APACHE INTERNET INFORMATION SERVICE (MS IIS)Cross platform Only in Windows Operating SystemFree software Not a free softwareThe user has the capability to IIS does not allow a user toalter the module according to modify or create new modulethe requirement. The moduleused is mod_rewriteNew version of Apache can be IIS cannot be enhanced inenhanced in any operating higher version operatingsystem system of windowsVery high security VulnerableIntegrating DOT NET is not DOT NET is integratedpossibleBugs can be fixed by just To fix bug an administrator isadding the free patches needed also more expensive.
CONCLUSION• The Apache project will continue to be an open source project that keeps up with the advances in the HTTP protocol and web development in general. The people behind the project are open to suggestions for fixes and improvements.• Part of the Apaches success was due to the numerous tests conducted by developers and users• The Apache group maintains rigorous standards before releasing any new version of the server, and when bugs are reported, the developers release patches and new versions as soon as they are available.
REFERENCES• Apache website (http://httpd.apache.org/)• Wikipedia• Apache (The Definitive Guide)• Introduction to Apache Web Server