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India’s Foreign Trade: Direction and
Composition of Trade
Presented by
Range Gowda
I Ph.D (Agril. Economics)
INTRODUCTION
 Trade between two or more nations is called foreign trade or
international trade
 Foreign trade is also kn...
Importance
Development of the Economy
Meeting the shortages
Imports for better living standard
Improving quality of produc...
 India’s merchandise exports reached a level of US $ 312.61 billion during
2013-14 registering a growth of 4.06 percent a...
Fig. 1 Export target and Achievement
Table 1.Trade Data for period 2004-05 to
2013-14 Rs Crores
Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata
 Foreign trade has played a crucial role in India s economy and its
growth
 The composition and direction of foreign tra...
Composition
Export Import
Fuels, capital goods,
chemicals, food grains,
Petroleum products, Capital
goods ,Pearls and prec...
IMPORTS
 It refers to goods that we buy from other countries.
 At times of independence India was an agrarian economy.
...
 With development of economy over these days, there occurred
changes in composition of imports.
 The development require...
EXPORTS
 Exports means that we are selling commodities to other countries.
 At the time of independence our exports comp...
DIRECTION OF INDIA’S FOREIGN
TRADE
 Direction means countries to which India exports its goods and
countries from which i...
Group of countries to which India Exports
OECD OPEC
EASTERN
EUROPE
ASEAN
Organization for
Economic Co-
operation &
Development
(OECD).
• USA,
Canada,
European
Union (EU),
Australia
and Japan
Orga...
Rank Country Apr-Oct 2013 Apr-Oct 2014 %Growth %Share
1 U S A 1,38,361.69 1,56,989.51 13.46 13.99
2 U ARAB 1,06,301.59 1,1...
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
USA
UARAB
SAUDIARAB
HONGKONG
CHINA
SINGAPORE
UK
BRAZIL
GERMANY
NETHERLAND
SRILANKA
SOUTHAFRICA
BANGL...
13.99
10.58
4.36
4.29
3.66
3.1
2.97
2.52
2.42
2.04
1.99
1.99
1.93
1.9 1.81
1 U S A
2 U ARAB
3 SAUDI ARAB
4 HONG KONG
5 CHI...
Rank Country Apr-Oct 2013 Apr-Oct 2014 %Growth %Share
1 CHINA 182780.64 210531.91 15.18 12.76
2 SAUDI ARAB 125972.38 11585...
-20
-15
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
CHINA
SAUDIARAB
UARABEMTS
SWITZERLAND
USA
IRAQ
QATAR
KUWAIT
NIGERIA
INDONESIA
VENEZUELA
...
12.76
7.02
6.03
4.79
4.53
3.61
3.51
3.4
3.35
3.13
2.93
2.91
2.72
2.52
2.41 1 CHINA
2 SAUDI ARAB
3 U ARAB
4 SWITZERLAND
5 U...
Table 4. Top 15 Commodities of Export
Rank Commodity Apr-Oct 2013
Apr-
Oct 2014(P)
%Growth %Share
1 PETROLEUM PRODUCTS 2,2...
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
40
50
PETROLEUMPRODUCTS
PEARL,PRECS,SEMIPRECS
STONES
GOLDANDOTHPRECSMETL
JWLERY
DRUGFORMULATIONS,
BIOLO...
20.68
8.11
4.16
3.56
2.84
2.83
2.32
2.07
1.86
1.76
1.75
1.68
1.66
1.55 1.46
Fig.7 Top 15 Commodities % Share in
Export 201...
Table 5. Top 15 Commodities of Import
Rank Commodity Apr-Oct 2013 Apr-Oct 2014(P) %Growth %Share
1 PETROLEUM: CRUDE 4,98,9...
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
PETROLEUM:CRUDE
GOLD
OTHERCOMMODITIES
PETROLEUM
PRODUCTS
PEARL,PRECS,
SEMIPRECSS...
25.37
6.91
6.68
5.18
4.98
3.71
3.11
2.72
2.59
2.15
2.15
1.92
1.57
1.51
1.27
Fig. 9 Top 15 Commodities % Share in Import
20...
Table 6. Export of Principal Commodities Groups
Commodity Apr-Mar 2013 Apr-Mar 2014 %Growth %Share
A) PLANTATION 9,429.86 ...
2.57
12.36
62.55
11.33
30.39
6.78
27.74
17.97
21.03
1.6
-62.7
28.81
55.07
16.82
10.17
15.86
11.09
Fig. 10 Export of Princi...
0.51
10.27
1.61
1.79
1.82
13.24
0.08
13.99
19.63
2.45
0.02
9.7
0.09
0.33
1.17
20.12
3.2
Fig. 11 Export of Principal Commod...
Table 7. Import of Principal Commodities Groups 2013-
2014
Commodity Apr-Mar 2013 Apr-Mar 2014 %Growth %Share
A) BULK IMPO...
6.6
17.17
-2.19
-23.04
-3.97
A) BULK IMPORTS B) PEARLS
ANDPRECIOUS
STONES
C) MACHINERY D) PROJECT
GOODS
E) OTHERS
Fig.12 I...
47.52
5.31
10.21.01
35.96
Fig. 13 Import of Principal Commodities Groups
2013-2014 %Share
A) BULK IMPORTS
B) PEARLS ANDPRE...
Table 8. Import by Region India
2013-2014Region Apr-Oct 2013 Apr-Oct 2014(P) %Growth %Share
1) Europe 2,57,950.06 2,57,687...
Regions (countries) Apr-Oct 2013 Apr-Oct 2014 % Growth % Share
1) Europe 2,57,950.06 2,57,687.52 -0.1 15.62
2) Africa 1,28...
15.62
8.98
12.42
59.54
1.85 1.59
Fig. 14 Import by Region India 2013-2014
%Share
1) Europe
2) Africa
3) America
4) Asia
5)...
Region Apr-Oct 2013 Apr-Oct 2014 %Growth %Share
1) Europe 1,97,857.81 2,00,017.00 1.09 17.82
1.1 EU Countries 1,76,765.43 ...
Region Apr-Oct 2013 Apr-Oct 2014 % Growth % Share
1) Europe 1,97,857.81 2,00,017.00 1.09 17.82
2) Africa 1,02,428.35 1,25,...
17.82
11.17
19.79
49.2
1.08 0.92
Fig.15 Export by Region India 2013-2014
%Share
1) Europe
2) Africa
3) America
4) Asia
5) ...
tim
e
Commodity
/Country
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Sub total
%Share of
commodity in
India's total
ExportU S A U ARAB CHINA
HONG...
Commodity/Cou
ntry
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Sub total of
Export of
10
Countries
%Share of
commodity
in India's
total ExportU S...
Commodity/Countr
y
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Sub total of
Import of 10
Countries
%Share of
commodity
in India's
total Import
CH...
Commodity/Coun
try
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Sub total of
Import of 10
Countries
%Share
of
commodi
ty in
India's
total
Import
C...
Conclusion
India’s Foreign Trade: Direction and Composition of Trade
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India’s Foreign Trade: Direction and Composition of Trade

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India’s Foreign Trade: Direction and Composition of Trade

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India’s Foreign Trade: Direction and Composition of Trade

  1. 1. India’s Foreign Trade: Direction and Composition of Trade Presented by Range Gowda I Ph.D (Agril. Economics)
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  Trade between two or more nations is called foreign trade or international trade  Foreign trade is also known as external trade. Foreign trade transaction Import trade Export trade Net Exports
  3. 3. Importance Development of the Economy Meeting the shortages Imports for better living standard Improving quality of production Growth of the Economy- Production; Employment; Expansion; Demand of other goods; utilization of resources Source of Foreign Exchange IMPORTS
  4. 4.  India’s merchandise exports reached a level of US $ 312.61 billion during 2013-14 registering a growth of 4.06 percent as compared to a negative growth of 1.82 percent during the previous year.  Exports recorded a growth of 4.06 per cent during Apr-Mar 2013-14.  The Government had set an export target of US $ 325 billion for 2013-14.  The merchandise exports have reached US $ 312.61 billion in 2013-14. Export target and achievement from 2004-05 to 2013-14 is given in the Fig.1
  5. 5. Fig. 1 Export target and Achievement
  6. 6. Table 1.Trade Data for period 2004-05 to 2013-14 Rs Crores Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata
  7. 7.  Foreign trade has played a crucial role in India s economy and its growth  The composition and direction of foreign trade has undergone substantial changes particularly after the liberalization process which began in early 1990’s.  Over the years, India's trade with other countries have gone up substantially. Apart from that, India is now a major player in global trading systems and all the major sectors of Indian economy are linked to the world outside either directly or indirectly through international trade.
  8. 8. Composition Export Import Fuels, capital goods, chemicals, food grains, Petroleum products, Capital goods ,Pearls and precious gems, Iron and steel Fertilizers ,edible oil Manufactured goods textiles , Gems and Jewellery, Handicraft, Light machinery etc.
  9. 9. IMPORTS  It refers to goods that we buy from other countries.  At times of independence India was an agrarian economy.  Partition of our country has brought food shortage because wheat growing regions vested with Pakistan.  Hence India need to import in large quantities, food , cotton jute. Etc
  10. 10.  With development of economy over these days, there occurred changes in composition of imports.  The development required setting up of industries modernization of agriculture etc.  Capital goods like machinery chemicals fertilizers metals minerals petroleum products etc. Contd..
  11. 11. EXPORTS  Exports means that we are selling commodities to other countries.  At the time of independence our exports comprise of agricultural products like tobacco, spices, raw materials of cotton and jute etc.  Due to industrialization the proportion of raw materials in our exports declined.
  12. 12. DIRECTION OF INDIA’S FOREIGN TRADE  Direction means countries to which India exports its goods and countries from which it imports.  Direction of trade also helps to understand the diplomatic relationship maintained by India with other countries of trade.  West Europe (28.1 per cent), America (25.4 per cent), Africa (6.3 per cent) and East Europe (3.1 per cent).
  13. 13. Group of countries to which India Exports OECD OPEC EASTERN EUROPE ASEAN
  14. 14. Organization for Economic Co- operation & Development (OECD). • USA, Canada, European Union (EU), Australia and Japan Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) • Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and others. Eastern Europe. • Romania, Russia and others Developing Nations • China, Hong Kong, South Korea, Singapore and Malaysia. Contd..
  15. 15. Rank Country Apr-Oct 2013 Apr-Oct 2014 %Growth %Share 1 U S A 1,38,361.69 1,56,989.51 13.46 13.99 2 U ARAB 1,06,301.59 1,18,755.34 11.72 10.58 3 SAUDI ARAB 44,574.68 48,892.93 9.69 4.36 4 HONG KONG 46,268.35 48,174.01 4.12 4.29 5 CHINA 43,553.83 41,049.86 -5.75 3.66 6 SINGAPORE 51,821.36 34,751.25 -32.94 3.1 7 U K 33,009.03 33,334.27 0.99 2.97 8 BRAZIL 17,541.28 28,308.36 61.38 2.52 9 GERMANY 25,330.86 27,134.18 7.12 2.42 10 NETHERLAND 29,841.05 22,915.51 -23.21 2.04 11 SRI LANKA 13,774.66 22,381.28 62.48 1.99 12 SOUTH AFRICA 18,243.74 22,368.88 22.61 1.99 13 BANGLADESH 19,292.92 21,677.57 12.36 1.93 14 VIETNAM 16,291.64 21,369.50 31.17 1.9 15 BELGIUM 21,547.40 20,267.13 -5.94 1.81 Total 10,80,203.40 11,22,499.74 3.92 100 Values in Rs. Crores Source: (DGCI&S), Kolkata Table 2. Top 15 Countries of Export (2013- 2014)
  16. 16. -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 USA UARAB SAUDIARAB HONGKONG CHINA SINGAPORE UK BRAZIL GERMANY NETHERLAND SRILANKA SOUTHAFRICA BANGLADESHPR VIETNAM BELGIUM 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Fig. 2 Top 15 countries % Growth in Export 2013-14 Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata
  17. 17. 13.99 10.58 4.36 4.29 3.66 3.1 2.97 2.52 2.42 2.04 1.99 1.99 1.93 1.9 1.81 1 U S A 2 U ARAB 3 SAUDI ARAB 4 HONG KONG 5 CHINA 6 SINGAPORE 7 U K 8 BRAZIL 9 GERMANY 10 NETHERLAND 11 SRI LANKA DSR 12 SOUTH AFRICA 13 BANGLADESH 14 VIETNAM 15 BELGIUM Fig. 3 Top 15 countries % Share in Export 2013-14 Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata
  18. 18. Rank Country Apr-Oct 2013 Apr-Oct 2014 %Growth %Share 1 CHINA 182780.64 210531.91 15.18 12.76 2 SAUDI ARAB 125972.38 115854.96 -8.03 7.02 3 U ARAB 110228.82 99425.31 -9.8 6.03 4 SWITZERLAND 77638.23 78953.48 1.69 4.79 5 U S A 85294.26 74775.57 -12.33 4.53 6 IRAQ 69632.05 59472.33 -14.59 3.61 7 QATAR 51771.75 57953.07 11.94 3.51 8 KUWAIT 62476.6 56084.46 -10.23 3.4 9 NIGERIA 45226 55214.16 22.09 3.35 10 INDONESIA 50493.38 51555.86 2.1 3.13 11 VENEZUELA 52390.42 48347.22 -7.72 2.93 12 KOREA RP 44509.77 47931.73 7.69 2.91 13 GERMANY 44901.09 44943.11 0.09 2.72 14 MALAYSIA 32752.77 41564.97 26.91 2.52 15 BELGIUM 36770.14 39733.32 8.06 2.41 Total 1590363.02 1649496.64 3.72 100 Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata Values in Rs. CroresTable 3 .15 Countries of Import
  19. 19. -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 CHINA SAUDIARAB UARABEMTS SWITZERLAND USA IRAQ QATAR KUWAIT NIGERIA INDONESIA VENEZUELA KOREARP GERMANY MALAYSIA BELGIUM 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Fig. 4 Top 15 countries % Growth in Import 2013 14 Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata
  20. 20. 12.76 7.02 6.03 4.79 4.53 3.61 3.51 3.4 3.35 3.13 2.93 2.91 2.72 2.52 2.41 1 CHINA 2 SAUDI ARAB 3 U ARAB 4 SWITZERLAND 5 U S A 6 IRAQ 7 QATAR 8 KUWAIT 9 NIGERIA 10 INDONESIA 11 VENEZUELA 12 KOREA RP 13 GERMANY 14 MALAYSIA 15 BELGIUMFig.5 Top 15 countries %Share in Import 2013-14 Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata
  21. 21. Table 4. Top 15 Commodities of Export Rank Commodity Apr-Oct 2013 Apr- Oct 2014(P) %Growth %Share 1 PETROLEUM PRODUCTS 2,29,299.95 2,32,089.79 1.22 20.68 2 PEARL, PRECS, SEMIPRECS STONES 1,05,188.65 91,005.42 -13.48 8.11 3 GOLD AND OTH PRECS METL JWLERY 36,456.20 46,715.35 28.14 4.16 4 DRUG FORMULATIONS, BIOLOGICALS 36,385.69 39,993.19 9.91 3.56 5 IRON AND STEEL 30,130.97 31,892.78 5.85 2.84 6 RMG COTTON INCLACCESSORIES 29,556.86 31,754.95 7.44 2.83 7 PRODUCTS OF IRON AND STEEL 22,965.26 26,078.31 13.56 2.32 8 MOTOR VEHICLE/CARS 20,871.11 23,224.72 11.28 2.07 9 MARINE PRODUCTS 16,851.27 20,834.66 23.64 1.86 10 ORGANIC CHEMICALS 18,984.98 19,803.09 4.31 1.76 11 COTTON FABRICS, MADEUPS ETC. 17,580.49 19,633.30 11.68 1.75 12 MANMADE YARN,FABRICS,MADEUPS 17,644.25 18,835.06 6.75 1.68 13 SHIP, BOAT AND FLOATING STRUCT 12,817.86 18,583.18 44.98 1.66 14 AIRCRAFT, SPACECRAFT AND PARTS 14,001.14 17,390.52 24.21 1.55 15 INDL. MACHNRY FOR DAIRY ETC 14,449.88 16,421.57 13.65 1.46 Total 10,80,203.40 11,22,499.74 3.92 100 Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata Values in Rs. Crores
  22. 22. -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 PETROLEUMPRODUCTS PEARL,PRECS,SEMIPRECS STONES GOLDANDOTHPRECSMETL JWLERY DRUGFORMULATIONS, BIOLOGICALS IRONANDSTEEL RMGCOTTONINCL ACCESSORIES PRODUCTSOFIRONAND STEEL MOTORVEHICLE/CARS MARINEPRODUCTS ORGANICCHEMICALS COTTONFABRICS,MADEUPS ETC. MANMADE YARN,FABRICS,MADEUPS SHIP,BOATANDFLOATING STRUCT AIRCRAFT,SPACECRAFTAND PARTS INDL.MACHNRYFORDAIRY ETC 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata Fig. 6 Top 15 Commodities % Growth in Export 2013-14
  23. 23. 20.68 8.11 4.16 3.56 2.84 2.83 2.32 2.07 1.86 1.76 1.75 1.68 1.66 1.55 1.46 Fig.7 Top 15 Commodities % Share in Export 2013-14 PETROLEUM PRODUCTS PEARL, PRECS, SEMIPRECS STONES GOLD AND OTH PRECS METL JWLERY DRUG FORMULATIONS, BIOLOGICALS IRON AND STEEL RMG COTTON INCL ACCESSORIES PRODUCTS OF IRON AND STEEL MOTOR VEHICLE/CARS MARINE PRODUCTS ORGANIC CHEMICALS COTTON FABRICS, MADEUPS ETC. MANMADE YARN,FABRICS,MADEUPS SHIP, BOAT AND FLOATING STRUCT AIRCRAFT, SPACECRAFT AND PARTS INDL. MACHNRY FOR DAIRY ETC Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata
  24. 24. Table 5. Top 15 Commodities of Import Rank Commodity Apr-Oct 2013 Apr-Oct 2014(P) %Growth %Share 1 PETROLEUM: CRUDE 4,98,932.69 4,18,522.14 -16.12 25.37 2 GOLD 1,20,335.78 1,13,969.57 -5.29 6.91 3 OTHER COMMODITIES 42,854.16 1,10,246.83 157.26 6.68 4 PETROLEUM PRODUCTS 68,708.96 85,457.93 24.38 5.18 5 PEARL, PRECS, SEMIPRECS STONES 86,144.39 82,157.64 -4.63 4.98 6 COAL,COKE AND BRIQUITTES ETC 56,454.13 61,221.04 8.44 3.71 7 TELECOM INSTRUMENTS 39,869.59 51,295.04 28.66 3.11 8 ORGANIC CHEMICALS 39,355.32 44,835.22 13.92 2.72 9 IRON AND STEEL 34,058.25 42,707.77 25.4 2.59 10 PLASTIC RAW MATERIALS 27,524.61 35,437.01 28.75 2.15 11 VEGETABLE OILS 23,637.73 35,408.86 49.8 2.15 12 INDL. MACHNRY FOR DAIRY ETC 31,248.24 31,629.44 1.22 1.92 13 COMPUTER HARDWARE, PERIPHERALS 26,080.38 25,866.05 -0.82 1.57 14 BULK MINERALS AND ORES 19,331.44 24,938.30 29 1.51 15 FERTILEZERS MANUFACTURED 24,145.46 20,990.74 -13.07 1.27 Total 15,90,363.03 16,49,496.65 3.72 100 Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata Values in Rs. Crores
  25. 25. -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 PETROLEUM:CRUDE GOLD OTHERCOMMODITIES PETROLEUM PRODUCTS PEARL,PRECS, SEMIPRECSSTONES COAL,COKEAND BRIQUITTESETC TELECOM INSTRUMENTS ORGANICCHEMICALS IRONANDSTEEL PLASTICRAW MATERIALS VEGETABLEOILS INDL.MACHNRYFOR DAIRYETC COMPUTER HARDWARE,… BULKMINERALSAND ORES FERTILEZERS MANUFACTURED 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata Fig.8 Top 15 Commodities % Growth in Import 2013-14
  26. 26. 25.37 6.91 6.68 5.18 4.98 3.71 3.11 2.72 2.59 2.15 2.15 1.92 1.57 1.51 1.27 Fig. 9 Top 15 Commodities % Share in Import 2013-14 PETROLEUM: CRUDE GOLD OTHER COMMODITIES PETROLEUM PRODUCTS PEARL, PRECS, SEMIPRECS STONES COAL,COKE AND BRIQUITTES ETC TELECOM INSTRUMENTS ORGANIC CHEMICALS IRON AND STEEL PLASTIC RAW MATERIALS VEGETABLE OILS INDL. MACHNRY FOR DAIRY ETC COMPUTER HARDWARE, PERIPHERALS BULK MINERALS AND ORES FERTILEZERS MANUFACTURED Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata
  27. 27. Table 6. Export of Principal Commodities Groups Commodity Apr-Mar 2013 Apr-Mar 2014 %Growth %Share A) PLANTATION 9,429.86 9,672.45 2.57 0.51 B) AGRI & ALLIED PRDTS 1,74,194.01 1,95,731.08 12.36 10.27 C) MARINE PRODUCTS 18,841.20 30,627.28 62.55 1.61 D) ORES & MINERALS 30,597.00 34,063.47 11.33 1.79 E) LEATHER & MNFRS 26,596.87 34,679.98 30.39 1.82 F) GEMS & JEWELLERY 2,36,162.03 2,52,175.14 6.78 13.24 G) SPORTS GOODS 1,125.33 1,437.49 27.74 0.08 H) CHEMICALS & RELATED PRODUCTS 2,25,865.81 2,66,453.03 17.97 13.99 I) ENGINEERING GOODS 3,08,948.09 3,73,931.68 21.03 19.63 J) ELECTRONIC GOODS 45,970.26 46,703.78 1.6 2.45 K) PROJECT GOODS 780.8 291.22 -62.7 0.02 L) TEXTILES 1,43,444.81 1,84,770.64 28.81 9.7 M) HANDICRAFTS 1,110.29 1,721.68 55.07 0.09 N) CARPETS 5,374.22 6,278.31 16.82 0.33 O) COTTON RAW INCL WASTE 20,276.51 22,337.84 10.17 1.17 P) PETROLEUM PRODUCTS 3,30,790.01 3,83,247.88 15.86 20.12 Q) UNCLASSIFIED EXPORTS 54,811.74 60,888.15 11.09 3.2 Total 16,34,318.83 19,05,011.08 16.56 100 Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata Values in Rs. Crores
  28. 28. 2.57 12.36 62.55 11.33 30.39 6.78 27.74 17.97 21.03 1.6 -62.7 28.81 55.07 16.82 10.17 15.86 11.09 Fig. 10 Export of Principal Commodities Groups Growth (2013-14) Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata
  29. 29. 0.51 10.27 1.61 1.79 1.82 13.24 0.08 13.99 19.63 2.45 0.02 9.7 0.09 0.33 1.17 20.12 3.2 Fig. 11 Export of Principal Commodities Groups % Share (2013-14) A) PLANTATION B) AGRI & ALLIED PRDTS C) MARINE PRODUCTS D) ORES & MINERALS E) LEATHER & MNFRS F) GEMS & JEWELLERY G) SPORTS GOODS H) CHEMICALS & RELATED PRODUCTS I) ENGINEERING GOODS J) ELECTRONIC GOODS K) PROJECT GOODS L) TEXTILES M) HANDICRAFTS N) CARPETS O) COTTON RAW INCL WASTE P) PETROLEUM PRODUCTS Q) UNCLASSIFIED EXPORTS
  30. 30. Table 7. Import of Principal Commodities Groups 2013- 2014 Commodity Apr-Mar 2013 Apr-Mar 2014 %Growth %Share A) BULK IMPORTS 12,10,529.52 12,90,386.27 6.6 47.52 B) PEARLS, PRECIOUS & SEMI- PRECIOUS STONES 1,23,043.23 1,44,167.22 17.17 5.31 C) MACHINERY 2,83,054.87 2,76,846.86 -2.19 10.2 D) PROJECT GOODS 35,658.51 27,442.24 -23.04 1.01 E) OTHERS 10,16,700.06 9,76,373.77 -3.97 35.96 Total 26,69,161.95 27,15,433.90 1.73 100 Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata Values in Rs. Crores
  31. 31. 6.6 17.17 -2.19 -23.04 -3.97 A) BULK IMPORTS B) PEARLS ANDPRECIOUS STONES C) MACHINERY D) PROJECT GOODS E) OTHERS Fig.12 Import of Principal Commodities Groups 2013-2014 % Growth Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata
  32. 32. 47.52 5.31 10.21.01 35.96 Fig. 13 Import of Principal Commodities Groups 2013-2014 %Share A) BULK IMPORTS B) PEARLS ANDPRECIOUS STONES C) MACHINERY D) PROJECT GOODS E) OTHERS Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata
  33. 33. Table 8. Import by Region India 2013-2014Region Apr-Oct 2013 Apr-Oct 2014(P) %Growth %Share 1) Europe 2,57,950.06 2,57,687.52 -0.1 15.62 1.1 EU Countries 1,75,161.91 1,71,111.07 -2.31 10.37 1.2 European Free Trade Association (EFTA) 79,494.22 81,199.90 2.15 4.92 1.3 Other European Countries 3,293.93 5,376.55 63.23 0.33 2) Africa 1,28,077.64 1,48,080.27 15.62 8.98 2.1 Southern African Customs Union (SACU) 24,668.44 26,166.80 6.07 1.59 2.2 Other South African Countries 22,581.21 20,910.81 -7.4 1.27 2.3 West Africa 57,798.12 79,689.17 37.88 4.83 2.4 Central Africa 475.46 937.44 97.17 0.06 2.5 East Africa 3,480.37 4,509.45 29.57 0.27 2.6 North Africa 19,074.06 15,866.62 -16.82 0.96 3) America 1,99,364.70 2,04,886.70 2.77 12.42 3.1 North America 1,08,231.28 99,028.64 -8.5 6 3.2 Latin America 91,133.42 1,05,858.06 16.16 6.42 4) Asia 9,72,654.69 9,82,078.67 0.97 59.54 4.1 East Asia (Oceania) 36,871.44 37,530.24 1.79 2.28 4.2 ASEAN 1,45,355.99 1,60,189.17 10.2 9.71 4.3 West Asia- GCC 3,64,202.50 3,38,675.39 -7.01 20.53 4.4 Other West Asia 1,13,868.61 1,09,977.42 -3.42 6.67 4.5 NE Asia 3,04,478.28 3,26,447.30 7.22 19.79 4.6 South Asia 7,877.88 9,259.15 17.53 0.56 5) CIS & Baltics 25,746.61 30,503.73 18.48 1.85 5.1 CARs Countries 1,704.43 3,834.90 125 0.23 5.2 Other CIS Countries 24,042.18 26,668.84 10.93 1.62 6) Unspecified Region 6,561.25 26,186.97 299.12 1.59 Total 15,90,363.02 16,49,496.64 3.72 100 Values in Rs. Crores
  34. 34. Regions (countries) Apr-Oct 2013 Apr-Oct 2014 % Growth % Share 1) Europe 2,57,950.06 2,57,687.52 -0.1 15.62 2) Africa 1,28,077.64 1,48,080.27 15.62 8.98 3) America 1,99,364.70 2,04,886.70 2.77 12.42 4) Asia 9,72,654.69 9,82,078.67 0.97 59.54 5) CIS & Baltics 25,746.61 30,503.73 18.48 1.85 6) Unspecified Region 6,561.25 26,186.97 299.12 1.59 Total 15,90,363.02 16,49,496.64 3.72 100 Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata Table 9. Import by Region India 2013-2014 Values in Rs. Crores
  35. 35. 15.62 8.98 12.42 59.54 1.85 1.59 Fig. 14 Import by Region India 2013-2014 %Share 1) Europe 2) Africa 3) America 4) Asia 5) CIS & Baltics 6) Unspecified Region Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata
  36. 36. Region Apr-Oct 2013 Apr-Oct 2014 %Growth %Share 1) Europe 1,97,857.81 2,00,017.00 1.09 17.82 1.1 EU Countries 1,76,765.43 1,75,256.71 -0.85 15.61 1.2 European Free Trade Associatipn (EFTA) 8,381.81 4,494.31 -46.38 0.4 1.3 Other European Countries 12,710.57 20,265.98 59.44 1.81 2) Africa 1,02,428.35 1,25,376.38 22.4 11.17 2.1 Southern African Customs Union (SACU) 19,738.12 23,131.75 17.19 2.06 2.2 Other South African Countries 6,796.66 12,513.79 84.12 1.11 2.3 West Africa 24,571.90 25,196.60 2.54 2.24 2.4 Central Africa 3,601.79 4,238.47 17.68 0.38 2.5 East Africa 29,770.03 39,132.24 31.45 3.49 2.6 North Africa 17,949.85 21,163.53 17.9 1.89 3) America 1,87,482.67 2,22,092.91 18.46 19.79 3.1 North America 1,51,645.44 1,74,292.29 14.93 15.53 3.2 Latin America 35,837.23 47,800.63 33.38 4.26 4) Asia 5,31,151.26 5,52,240.93 3.97 49.2 4.1 East Asia (Oceania) 9,267.40 11,825.87 27.61 1.05 4.2 ASEAN 1,20,091.96 1,08,631.00 -9.54 9.68 4.3 West Asia- GCC 1,69,071.42 1,85,766.51 9.87 16.55 4.4 Other West Asia 43,996.66 41,560.55 -5.54 3.7 4.5 NE Asia 1,34,378.83 1,34,384.92 0 11.97 4.6 South Asia 54,344.98 70,072.09 28.94 6.24 5) CIS & Baltics 11,746.08 12,133.88 3.3 1.08 5.1 CARs Countries 1,713.55 2,074.83 21.08 0.18 5.2 Other CIS Countries 10,032.53 10,059.06 0.26 0.9 6) Unspecified Region 49,316.20 10,322.38 -79.07 0.92 Total 10,80,203.40 11,22,499.74 3.92 100 Table 10. Export by Region India 2013-2014 Values in Rs. Crores
  37. 37. Region Apr-Oct 2013 Apr-Oct 2014 % Growth % Share 1) Europe 1,97,857.81 2,00,017.00 1.09 17.82 2) Africa 1,02,428.35 1,25,376.38 22.4 11.17 3) America 1,87,482.67 2,22,092.91 18.46 19.79 4) Asia 5,31,151.26 5,52,240.93 3.97 49.2 5) CIS & Baltics 11,746.08 12,133.88 3.3 1.08 6) Unspecified Region 49,316.20 10,322.38 -79.07 0.92 Total 10,80,203.40 11,22,499.74 3.92 100 Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata Table 11. Export by Region India 2013-2014 Values in Rs. Crores
  38. 38. 17.82 11.17 19.79 49.2 1.08 0.92 Fig.15 Export by Region India 2013-2014 %Share 1) Europe 2) Africa 3) America 4) Asia 5) CIS & Baltics 6) Unspecified Region Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata
  39. 39. tim e Commodity /Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Sub total %Share of commodity in India's total ExportU S A U ARAB CHINA HONG K ONG SINGAPORE SAUDI ARAB UNSPEC IFIED U K NETHER LAND GERMAN Y 1 PETROLEUM (CRUDE & PRODUCTS) 23,588.20 25,404.48 6,295.97 155.61 43,974.57 41,144.32 33,670.71 6,569.97 23,232.07 209.06 2,04,244.97 20.12 -6.15 -6.63 -1.64 -0.04 -11.47 -10.74 -8.79 -1.71 -6.06 -0.05 -53.29 2 GEMS & JEWELLARY 47,236.17 77,262.22 758.33 67,621.71 3,215.34 136.46 11,513.54 2,650.74 131.13 708.57 2,11,234.20 13.24 -18.73 -30.64 -0.3 -26.82 -1.28 -0.05 -4.57 -1.05 -0.05 -0.28 -83.76 3 TRANSPORT EQUIPMENTS 9,081.35 14,807.37 3,269.14 103.06 11,638.29 2,356.81 34.28 5,905.31 2,179.83 2,400.80 51,776.24 6.82 -6.99 -11.4 -2.52 -0.08 -8.96 -1.82 -0.03 -4.55 -1.68 -1.85 -39.88 4 MACHINERY AND INSTRUMENTS 12,570.03 4,582.86 3,083.94 605.54 2,621.97 3,356.97 116.66 4,583.46 1,179.31 4,955.45 37,656.18 5.15 -12.82 -4.68 -3.15 -0.62 -2.67 -3.42 -0.12 -4.68 -1.2 -5.06 -38.41 5 DRUGS,PHRMCUTE S & FINE CHEMLS 24,361.32 718.64 729.17 247.6 740.34 210.07 1,285.22 3,169.03 1,536.03 2,776.81 35,774.24 4.84 -26.43 -0.78 -0.79 -0.27 -0.8 -0.23 -1.39 -3.44 -1.67 -3.01 -38.81 Table 12. India's First 10 Product Groups and First 10 Countries ( 10x10 Matrix) Matrix of Export for the Period Apr-2013 to Mar-2014 Values in Rs. Crores Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata
  40. 40. Commodity/Cou ntry 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Sub total of Export of 10 Countries %Share of commodity in India's total ExportU S A U ARAB EMTS CHINA P RP HONG K ONG SINGAP ORE SAUDI ARAB UNSPEC IFIED U K NETHER LAND GERMAN Y 6 OTHER COMMODITIE S 8,557.61 6,676.23 1,266.10 118.49 1,251.12 583.81 18,886.08 1,731.80 599.71 1,690.41 41,361.35 3.19 -14.08 -10.98 -2.08 -0.19 -2.06 -0.96 -31.07 -2.85 -0.99 -2.78 -68.04 7 MANUFACTU RES OF METALS 11,037.99 7,148.95 630.19 120.96 666.77 2,216.40 26.07 3,511.51 1,263.59 3,366.07 29,988.51 3.08 -18.79 -12.17 -1.07 -0.21 -1.14 -3.77 -0.04 -5.98 -2.15 -5.73 -51.06 8 RMG COTTON INCL ACCESSORIES 13,522.94 4,294.08 257.85 349.92 195.25 1,164.76 50.96 6,486.38 2,101.17 5,235.83 33,659.13 2.88 -24.63 -7.82 -0.47 -0.64 -0.36 -2.12 -0.09 -11.81 -3.83 -9.53 -61.29 9 COTTON YARN,FABRIC S,MADEUPSE TC 9,168.45 999.67 11,758.11 949.57 44.57 170.49 110.54 1,181.28 392.62 1,403.41 26,178.71 2.84 -16.96 -1.85 -21.75 -1.76 -0.08 -0.32 -0.2 -2.19 -0.73 -2.6 -48.44 10 ELECTRONIC GOODS 6,322.04 5,752.23 2,082.36 1,288.36 1,892.87 955.08 959.79 1,498.76 2,802.74 2,085.97 25,640.20 2.43 -13.66 -12.43 -4.5 -2.78 -4.09 -2.06 -2.07 -3.24 -6.06 -4.51 -55.42 Sub-total Export of 10 Commodity 1,65,446.10 1,47,646.73 30,131.16 71,560.82 66,241.09 52,295.18 66,653.84 37,288.24 35,418.19 24,832.38 6,97,513.73 {69.90} {79.90} {33.18} {92.65} {88.36} {70.80} {97.49} {62.69} {72.64} {54.50} % Share of country in India's total Export 12.42 9.7 4.77 4.05 3.94 3.88 3.59 3.12 2.56 2.39 50.42 Values in Rs. Crores Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata
  41. 41. Commodity/Countr y 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Sub total of Import of 10 Countries %Share of commodity in India's total Import CHINA P RP SAUDI ARAB U ARAB EMTS U S A SWITZE RLAND IRAQ KUWAI T QATA R INDONE SIA NIGER I A 1 ELECTRONIC GOODS 96,844.78 3.33 301.72 9,818.36 726.6 5.62 0.27 0.72 1,054.60 5.22 1,08,761.22 6.9 -51.7 0 -0.16 -5.24 -0.39 0 0 0 -0.56 0 -58.07 2GOLD 306.25 195.21 30,475.75 7,070.60 98,699.90 13.32 1,36,761.02 6.12 -0.18 -0.12 -18.33 -4.25 -59.37 -0.01 -82.27 3 PERLS PRCUS SEMIPRCS STONES 203.16 947.67 36,111.78 3,984.51 1,394.69 0.02 0 0.24 10.3 42,652.37 5.31 -0.14 -0.66 -25.05 -2.76 -0.97 0 0 0 -0.01 -29.59 4 MACHRY EXCPT ELEC & ELECTRONIC 35,321.77 46.69 510.38 14,944.83 2,484.73 0 0.3 3.52 654.28 0.51 53,967.00 5.26 -24.73 -0.03 -0.36 -10.46 -1.74 0 0 0 -0.46 0 -37.79 5 OTHER COMMODITIES 15,724.64 52.39 6,204.36 21,094.30 618.97 7.16 61.52 8.46 1,450.97 47.57 45,270.35 4.18 -13.85 -0.05 -5.47 -18.58 -0.55 -0.01 -0.05 -0.01 -1.28 -0.04 -39.88 Table 13. India's First 10 Product Groups and First 10 Countries ( 10x10 Matrix) Matrix of Import for the Period Apr-2013 to Mar-2014 Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata Values in Rs. Crores
  42. 42. Commodity/Coun try 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Sub total of Import of 10 Countries %Share of commodi ty in India's total Import CHINA P RP SAUDI ARAB U ARAB EMTS U S A SWITZE RLAND IRAQ KUWAIT QATAR INDONE SIA NIGERI A 6 COAL,COKE & BRIQUITTES ETC. 3,510.93 0 3,207.49 41,328.87 48,047.28 3.65 -3.54 0 -3.24 -41.69 -48.47 7 ORGANIC CHEMICALS 26,754.82 7,351.97 141.13 5,201.00 679.14 0 4,407.13 1,575.53 1,243.35 0 47,354.08 3.53 -27.88 -7.66 -0.15 -5.42 -0.71 0 -4.59 -1.64 -1.3 0 -49.34 8 TRANSPORT EQUIPMENTS 12,327.54 8.11 3,536.13 16,606.36 45.82 0.01 1.09 1,557.15 0.02 34,082.24 3.51 -12.92 -0.01 -3.71 -17.4 -0.05 0 0 -1.63 0 -35.72 9 METALIFERS ORES & METAL SCRAP 444.11 2,309.74 4,971.81 2,591.96 65.4 0.01 811.63 201.46 4,539.63 171.79 16,107.53 2.68 -0.61 -3.18 -6.84 -3.57 -0.09 0 -1.12 -0.28 -6.25 -0.24 -22.17 10 VEGETABLE OILS FIXED (EDIBLE) 0.2 19.06 409.79 166.34 0 27,807.99 0 28,403.38 2.08 0 -0.03 -0.72 -0.29 0 -49.15 0 -50.21 Sub-total Import of 10 Commodity 1,91,438.20 10,934.17 82,662.84 84,685.74 1,04,715.25 12.79 5,280.88 1,790.78 79,650.39 235.42 5,61,406.47 {61.91} {4.96} {47.47} {62.45} {93.21} {0.01} {5.11} {1.88} {89.46} {0.27} % Share of country in India's total Import 11.39 8.12 6.41 4.99 4.14 4.11 3.81 3.5 3.28 3.16 52.91 Source: DGCI&S, Kolkata Values in Rs. Crores
  43. 43. Conclusion

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