Multiple Intelligences in your child


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Multiple Intelligences in your child

  1. 1. coverstoryWake-up! Y our seven-year-old daughter’s teachers at school are complaining about her. The child has some difficulty following the lessonsYour taught; her classwork is often incomplete. But she draws beautiful diagrams; her project work is imaginative. At home, you know that she likes science. She brings you an illustrated encyclopaedia with pictures of fiery volcanoes, surging seas and interesting pot-bellied antschild is and asks you to read aloud to her. She cannot bear to see a mosquito squashed. She cannot tolerate the fact that dirty water is going untreated into the sea.KNOWING YOUR An intelligence You feel that she has an is the ability to intelligence innate in herCHILD’S MULTIPLE solve problems, or that makes her appreciate the world outside. WhatINTELLIGENCES to create products, is this intelligence and is it that are valued enough for her to get by BY RANGASHREE SRINIVAS within one or more in academics? How should cultural settings. this intelligence be tapped? Are schools (and parents Howard Gardner, too) progressive enough Frames of Mind (1983) to treat each child as a unique individual, and adapt themselves accordingly to satisfy her needs? It is therefore important that both you as a parent and her teachers understand the multiple intelligences (MI) present in every child, learn to identify the dominant ones and tap them appropriately. Howard Gardner, the father of the Multiple Intelligence theory, visited India recently renewing an interest in MI and how it
  2. 2. Word NumberSmart Smartwill impact the world in the years to The MI theory suggests that an In contrast, the MI theory recognizes atcome. In the 30 years since he first individual possesses intelligences in least eight different intelligences thatpropounded the theory of MI, further several areas as against the traditional have to be considered while creating anresearch has been done, not just by idea of a single intelligence. An ‘intelligence’ profile of a person.him, but by several other scholars and intelligent person has been recognizedpractitioners around the world. so far only by her linguistic (language) MI theory strives to provide educators abilities or logical (mathematical) and parents with a tool to recognizeWHAt IS MI? abilities as these are considered and nurture the different abilities of theGardner developed this theory based to be important for academic child. It redefines the word ‘intelligent’on his observations of hundreds of advancement. Thus, only the student or ‘smart’. It brings in new thinkingpeople from different walks of life, who achieves high scores in class is towards nurturing excellence, creativityunder everyday circumstances. His study considered intelligent. Another child and genius. It emphasises that allalso included stroke victims, prodigies, may just be ‘talented’ in the area of children can learn and that it is theautistic individuals, and the so-called her achievement – ‘She is a good adults who need to know how to‘idiot savants’. According to Gardner, dancer; let us send her for the inter- teach them. school dance competition.’ ‘He is a All human beings possess all eight good cricket player; but he needs to THE 8 INtELLIGENCES IN tHE MI intelligences in varying amounts, concentrate now on improving his FRAmEwORK with some, more dominant than grades’ and so on. Chitra Ravi (Founder and CEO, EZ others. Vidya), who has worked under Gardner Each person has a different Worse still, in some schools only the on Project Zero at Harvard University, intellectual composition. academically well-performing students gives some pointers to parents to spot We can improve education by are given the opportunity to participate intelligences in their children. addressing the multiple intelligences in co-curricular activities when there of our students. could be others more suited for this. 1.Linguistic intelligence is the These intelligences are located in For instance, it is the class topper who capacity to use languages, to express different areas of the brain and can gets to deliver the school’s morning oneself, and to understand other either work independently assembly speech. It is the girl who people. Poets specialise in linguistic or together. scores a 100% in math who gets to intelligence. But any kind of writer, These intelligences may define the automatically represent her school in orator, speaker, lawyer, or a person for human species. the inter-school quiz competition. whom language is an important 8 13
  3. 3. Naturalist Intelligence Best suited to be an animal health technician, anthropologist, astronomer, Intrapersonal botanist, environmental Intelligence Best suited lawyer, farmer, forest to be a career counsellor, ranger, gardener, consultant, criminologist, geologist, landscaper, healer, futurist or trend meteorologist, nature predictor, personal photographer,counsellor, philosopher, veterinarian, Verbal-programme planner, water conservationist, Linguisticentrepreneur, wetlands ecologist, Intelligence Best psychologist, researcher, wildlife expert suited to be a writer, small business, owner, poet, journalist, teacher, spiritual counsellor, lawyer, librarian, theologian, therapist, marketing consultant, writer, wellness newscaster, counsellor politician Show them Interpersonal the moon and Mathematical- Logical Intelligence Intelligence Best suited they will Best suited to be an accountant, mathematician, to be an administrator, reach for statistician, economist, detective, computer analyst, communications manager, customer service representative, the stars! computer technician, computer human resources manager, programmer, marketing specialist, Best suited careers database designer, engineer, network nurse, politician, for an intelligence analyst, physicist, psychologist, religious scientist leader, social worker, The MI profile of your child can teacher, trainer guide him in choosing a suitable career path. Bodily- Kinesthetic Intelligence Best suited Musical Visual- Intelligence to be an actor, athlete, Spatial Intelligence carpenter, computer games Best suited to Best suited to be a be an audiologist, designer, crafts person, dancer, 3D modelling & simulation, sports composer, architect, artist, film animator, conductor, therapist, graphic artist, interior decorator, forest ranger, disc jockey, photographer, mechanic, navigator, music critic, jeweller, pilot, sculptor, strategic planner, mechanic, sound editor, surveyor, urban planner, music teacher, music personal webmaster trainer, therapist, musician, surgeon recording engineer, singer, songwriter, speech pathologist 17